• Title, Summary, Keyword: Domestic water use

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A study on the prediction of the generation of domestic sewage by improvement of water demand estimation (생활용수 수요추정방법 개선에 의한 하수발생량 예측에 관한 연구)

  • 김재윤
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.11 no.12
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    • pp.1275-1279
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    • 2002
  • This study was performed to improve water demand estimation and analize correlation between generation of domestic sewage and domestic water use. To improve the prediction of water demand estimation, new water demand equation was developed. The results is as follows. $InQ_t = {\beta}_0+{\beta}_1InP_t+{\beta}_2InY_t+{\beta}_3InH_t+{varepsilon}_t$By using the statistical analysis of the "generation of domestic sewage" and "domestic water use", the regression equation between them is formed. The result is as follows. Generation of domestic sewage : 0.8487 $\times$ Domestic water use + 684.57 ($R^2$= 0.972)>$R^2$= 0.972)

Analysis of Domestic Water Consumption Characteristics for Water Usage Purpose (가정용수의 사용 목적별 소비경향 특성분석)

  • Choi, Sun-hee;Son, Mi-na;Kim, Sang-hyun
    • Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.23-29
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    • 2008
  • Throughout the analysis of field data from water distribution system, valid parameters were determined that can be included in the water service and design plan. This study investigates water consumption patterns to understand the variation of water-demand structures utilizing the pattern analysis of domestic purpose water. Water use data were collected by a public water resources management firm in Korea, Kwater, for 140 houses monitored during three years. Flow meters were installed at the faucet for drinking water, the shower booth, the laundry machine, bathroom sink, toilet, and garden faucet. Data was filtered using multiple physically meaningful criteria to improve analysis credibility. Mann Kendall and Spearman's Rho tests were used to carry out the analysis. Distinct factors of water consumption patterns can be determined for both increasing and decreasing trends of water use. Throughout the data analysis, the characterization of terms was classified and analyzed by the condition of the location of water-demand. Analysis of this data provide a physical basis for the parameter configuration of a reasonable design for a domestic water demand prediction model.

Field Application of Waterworks Automatic Meter Reading and Analysis of Household Water Use (상수도 원격검침시스템의 현장 적용성 평가 및 가정용수 사용량 분석)

  • Joo, Jin Chul;Ahn, Hosang;Ahn, Chang Hyuck;Ko, Kyung-Rok;Oh, Hyun Je
    • Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers
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    • v.34 no.10
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    • pp.656-663
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    • 2012
  • After the construction of waterworks automatic meter reading with 15 mm diameter digital water mater with magnetoresistance sensor developed in this study at 96 households of apartment complexes located in Incheon-City B-Gu S-Dong, the feasibility of field application of waterworks automatic meter reading was evaluated. The field application of waterworks automatic meter reading was performed from July to December in 2011, and average reception rate was as low as 84.6% due to the instable wibro networks, the existence of communication blackout and temporary malfunction of router. After the extraction of 10 households with one to five residents out of 96 households by using stratified random sampling method and analysis of domestic water use, it was found that domestic water use was significant at August and showed a decreasing trend at September, followed by increase in domestic water use at November and decrease in domestic water use at December. This phenomenon should be attributed to weather factors (temperature, humidity, etc.), which significantly affected domestic water use. Similar trend in domestic water use in terms of weather factors was obtained in case of Liter per capita day of water use after the extraction of 30 households out of 96 households by using stratified random sampling method. After analysis of Liter per capita day for 96 households, single residents increases resulted in reduction of domestic water usage by about 14% of Liter per capita day. These results might be due to the fact that domestic water usage such as laundry, beverages, catering, cleaning, etc. should be required for even the household with one resident, whereas domestic water usage for those common utilization can be significantly saved for the household with more than one resident.

A small-scale membrane electro-dialyser for domestic use

  • Chaalal, Omar;Hossain, Md.M.
    • Membrane Water Treatment
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.43-52
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    • 2015
  • A small-scale electro-dialysis system was constructed for domestic use. It is composed of six compartments in which five special polystyrene ionic membranes are housed. A series of experiments on the transport of sodium and chloride ions through polystyrene membranes was performed and the effects of electric current and voltage on the pH of water were investigated. This electrodialyser could reduce the NaCl content to an acceptable level (5307 mg/L) when water containing 9945 mg/L of sodium chloride is fed to the electrodialyser. The reduction was by the action of direct current 60 mA/100 mA when a 15 V / 20 V potential is maintained across the membrane. The results showed that the pH of the treated water attained a value in the range of 7-8, with the chloride concentration of 5307 mg/L when the voltage was in the range of 20 volts. This was achieved when two of the small-scale electro-dialysers were placed in series and the solutions from the respective compartments were mixed. This is considered useful because this complies to the requirement of drinking water standard both in terms of chloride and pH. Therefore, this type electrodialyserhas the potential for domestic uses in isolated houses where potable water supply is not available.

Estimation of Drought Damage Based on Agricultural and Domestic Water Use (농업 및 생활용수 부문에 대한 가뭄피해액 산정)

  • Seo, Soon-Seok;Kim, Duck-Gil;Lee, Keon-Haeng;Kim, Hung-Soo;Kim, Tae-Woong
    • Journal of Wetlands Research
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.77-87
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    • 2009
  • Drought has different characteristics from other disasters. Say, drought effect can be prolonged according to drought duration and so the estimation of drought damage can be difficult. Therefore this study suggested and applied the proper drought damage estimation method developed based on previous methods. The suggested method was used for the drought damage estimations considering agricultural aspect and domestic water use which the data are available. We estimated drought damages on Gimhae-si, Namhae-gun, Uiryeong-gun, Changnyeong-gun, and Changwon-si in Gyungsang Nam-do from 2006 to 2008. As a result, in agricultural aspect, the damage on rice was about 195million won in Uiryeong-gun and on rice was about 67million won in Changnyeong-gun. In domestic water use, the damage was about 21billion won on 4 towns of Namhae-gun when we assumed the expense for sufferance is 400,000 won. We may need develope the method in the direction of the best use of present data for the improvement of the suggested method in agricultural aspect. In the case of the estimation of drought damage about domestic water use, we could suggest more realistic method if we consider the weights for the expense for sufferance and water use.

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Effect on the amount of domestic water use by the water pressure and the number of a family in each house (아파트의 층수와 주거인구가 생활용수량(生活用水量)에 미치는 영향(影響))

  • Hyun, In Hwan;Ji, Byoung Jun;Lee, Sang Jun;Lee, Che In
    • Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.217-223
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    • 2000
  • This study is to investigate the effect on the mount of domestic water use by the water pressure and the number of a family for the each house. Tow apartment sites which had elevated water tanks on the roof were selected as the reserch area. Tow techniques such as Analysis of Variance(ANOVA) and Analysis of Correlation were used for the analysis.

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Treatment of surface water using cold plasma for domestic water supply

  • Nguyen, Dung Van;Ho, Phong Quoc;Pham, Toan Van;Nguyen, Tuyen Van;Kim, Lavane
    • Environmental Engineering Research
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.412-417
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    • 2019
  • This paper presents the results of using cold plasma to treat surface water for domestic use purpose. Experimental results showed that cold plasma was an effective method for destroying bacteria in water. After treatment with cold plasma, concentration of coliform and Escherichia coli dramatically reduced. Besides, cold plasma significantly removed water odor, increased dissolved oxygen and decreased the concentration of chemical oxygen demand. However, cold plasma significantly raised the concentration of nitrite and nitrate. Other disadvantages of treating with cold plasma were conductivity increase and pH reduction. Pretreatment steps of coagulation, flocculation, sedimentation and sand filtration followed by disinfection with cold plasma exhibited a high efficiency in surface water treatment. All parameters of surface water after treatment by using the prototype satisfied with the allowance standard of domestic water quality.

Evaluation of Water Productivity of Thailand and Improvement Measure Proposals

  • Suthidhummajit, Chokchai;Koontanakulvong, Sucharit
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • pp.176-176
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    • 2019
  • Thailand had issued a national strategic development master plan with issues related to water resources and water security in the entire water management. Water resources are an important factor of living and development of the country's socio-economy to be stable, prosperous and sustainable. Therefore, water management in both multidimensional and multi-sectoral systems is important and will supports socio-economic and environmental development. The direction of national development in accordance with the national strategic framework for 20 years that requires the country to level up security level in terms of water, energy and food. To response to the proposed goals, there is a subplan to increase water productivity of the entire water system for economical development use by evaluating use value and to create more value added from water use to meet international standard level. This study aims to evaluate the water productivity of Thailand in each basin and all sectors such as agricultural sector, service and industrial sectors by using the water use data from water account analysis and GDP data from NESDB during the past 10 years (1996-2015). The comparison of water productivity with other countries will also be conducted and in addition, the measures to improve water productivity in next 20 years will be explored to response to the National Strategic Master Plan goals. Water productivity is defined as output per unit of water depleted. The simplest way to compare water productivity across different enterprises is in monetary terms. World Bank presents water productivity as an indication of the efficiency by which each country uses its water resources. There are two data sets used for water productivity analyses, i.e., the first is water use data at end users and the second is Gross Domestic Product. The water use at end users are estimated by water account method based on the System of Environmental-Economic Accounting for Water (SEEA-Water) concept of United Nations. The water account shows the analyses of the water balance between the use and supply of each water resource in physical terms. The water supply and use linkage in the water account analyses separated into each phases, i.e., water sources, water managers, water service providers, water user at end user under water regulators of all kinds of water use activities such as household, industrial, agricultural, tourism, hydropower, and ecological conservation uses. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP), a well- known measuring method of the national economic growth is not actually a comprehensive approach to describe all aspects of national economic status, since GDP does not take into account the costs of the negative impacts to natural resources that result from the overexploitation of development projects, however, at present, integrating the environment with the economy of a country to measure its economic growth with GDP is acceptable worldwide. The study results will show the water use at each basin, use types at end users, water productivity in each sector from 1996-2015 compared with other countries, Besides the productivity improvement measures will be explored and proposed for the National Strategic Master Plan.

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Characterization of Infiltration Analyses Using Long-Term Monitoring Flow Data (장기 모니터링 자료를 활용한 침입수 산정 방법론별 특성 분석)

  • Lee, Jaehyun;Kim, Insop;Oh, Jeill;Park, Chulhwi
    • Journal of Korean Society on Water Environment
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.411-418
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    • 2009
  • The analysis of characteristics of water use evaluation and nighttime domestic flow evaluation was performed by using result from flow monitoring and surveying water supply records and nighttime domestic flow for a year. The analysis of correlations showed that, for both sites, the infiltration ratio and wastewater flow have shown a good relationship with high correlation factor and that the calculation of wastewater flow was highly affected by monthly rainfall depth as well as number of rain days. From this result, it was concluded that the measurement of infiltration should be performed when the rainfall does not significantly affect the sewer flow. Also, it is notable that each value of calculated using method for infiltration evaluation are not comparable to each other, but independent methods. In selecting of evaluation method for infiltration, therefore, a great emphasis should be imposed to the character of area and the seasonal factor in order to select optimal one. It is desirable way for evaluating infiltration and reduction ratio using result from an optimal method.

Analysis of Patents Artificial Floating Island for Maximizing the Development of Water Purification (수질 정화 기능 극대화 인공식물섬 개발을 위한 특허 동향 분석)

  • Kim, Jeong-Ho;Yoon, Yong-Han
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.21 no.7
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    • pp.825-835
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    • 2012
  • This study for the development of water purification Artificial floating island maximizing domestic Artificial floating island patent trends and product development, according to the timing of patent registration was analyzed for trends. In addition, domestic invention patent technology Artificial floating island typed according to the purpose and characteristics of domestic patents were Artificial Floating Island. In particular, domestic leisure space with a growing population and the need for securing emerging role as a reservoir of water only in the past, who do appeal as a tourist destination or as an ecological space utilized, and accordingly will transform and the need to secure a hydrophilic, degrade water quality problems using this aquatic environment (water acquisition and hydrophilic), the requirements are a big obstacle is the reality factor. This patented product differentiation strategy through the analysis of the development of technology progressiveness (Field Application) in terms of water quality improvement and maintenance side, and the hydrophilic side scenery, ecological restoration aspects, and applicability to the field and taking into account existing technology economic aspects of distinction were presented and advertised a lot in terms of cost compared to other techniques without the use of highly efficient methodology for building a water purification and also appears identity appeal, wetlands, rivers, etc. can be applied broadly technician widespread deployment and installation time to less simple and more are expected to spread.