• Title, Summary, Keyword: Dog

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A COMPARATIVE EXPERIMENTAL STUDY ON GROSS REACTIONS OF SURROUNDING MAXILLARY SUTURES TO THE WIDENING OF MIDPALATAL SUTURE IN YOUNG AND ADULT DOG (성견과 유견에 있어서 정중구개 봉합선의 급속확장에 따른 상악골 인접 봉합선 부위의 육안적 비교 관찰에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Kwang Ho;Rhu, Young Kyu
    • The korean journal of orthodontics
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.109-117
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    • 1982
  • The author has observed the gross reactions of surrounding maxillary sutures to the widening of midpalatal suture in comparison of young dog with adult dog. Experimental animals used was two young dog and two adult dog with normal palate. After midpalatal suture was seperated with rapid palatal expansion device, experimental animals were sacrificed to observe the surrounding maxillary sutures. The following results were obtained. 1. In adult dog, nasoincisive suture was not expanded, while in young dog it was expanded. 2. In adult dog, pterygopalatine suture was hardly expanded, while in young dog it was expanded definitely. 3. In adult dog, frontomaxillary suture was not expanded, while in young dog it was expanded unilaterally. 4. In adult dog, palatoethmoidal suture was not expanded, while in young dog it was expanded unilateraily.

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Microsatellite Polymorphism and Genetic Relationship in Dog Breeds in Korea

  • Cho, G.J.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.18 no.8
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    • pp.1071-1074
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    • 2005
  • Microsatellite polymorphism and their genetic relationships were estimated using genotype information of 183 dogs from 11 microsatellite loci. The breeds include the indigenous Korean breeds Jindo dog (30), Poongsan dog (20) and Miryang dog (44) together with Chihauhau dog (31) and German Shepherd dog (58). Jindo dogs showed the highest expected heterozygosity (0.796${\pm}$0.030) and polymorphic information contents (0.755) in all populations. The phylogenetic analysis showed the existence of two distinct clusters supported by high bootstrap values: the Korean native dogs and other dogs. They clearly show that Poongsan dog and Miryang dog are closely related to each other when compared with Jindo dog. Microsatellite polymorphism data was shown to be useful for estimating the genetic relationship between Korean native dogs and other dog breeds, and also can be applied for parentage testing in those dog breeds.

The Korean`s Recognition of Dog Meat Food (한국인의 개고기 음식에 대한 인식)

  • 안용근
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.372-378
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    • 2000
  • After making survey of edibility of dog meat on 963 male adults and 539 female adults, totalled 1,502 persons, the results were primarily divided into ages and sexes. dealing wish statistics by Statistical Analysis System. As a result, dog meat food most favored is Bosintang(dog meat soup), followed by Jeongol(dog meat stew), Suyuk(boiled dog meat), Muchim(boils dog meat added by spice and mixed). The frequency of having dog meat is two or three times a year. The age of having firstly had dog meat is most at the age of 21∼30 in male, and in female, 11∼20. Among dog meat cookery of Chosun dynasty known by respondents, Gaejang(dog meat soup) is most, and Musulzu(wine made from dog meat), Ott-bosintang(dog meat soup boiled with lacker tree), Pyeonyuk(boiled and sliced dog meat) follow respectively. It shows that the largest number of respondents answered what was improved after having dog meat was to \`become healthy, \`followed by \`become energetic\`. It reveals that dog meat cuisine desired to be newly developed was roasted dog meat, on which respondents answered most, followed by Tangsuyuk (fried dog meat served with syrup) and impromptu Bosintang.

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Korean′s Recognition on Edibility of Dog Meat (한국인의 개고기 식용에 대한 인식)

  • 안용근
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.365-371
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    • 2000
  • After making a survey of edibility of dog meat on 963 male adults and 539 female adults, totalled 1,502 persons, the results were primarily divided into ages and sexes, dealing with statistics by Statistical Analys System. As a result, those who had eaten dog meat is average 83%, among them male adults is 91.9%, female adults is 67.9 %. The reason they have dog meat is as follows : in case of male adults "Following others going to dog meat restaurant and eating" shows high of 34.7 %, in female, "following family members who eat dog meat at home and eating" is most in the figure of 25.6%. Average 86.3 % favors edibility of dog meat, and among them, male is 92.3% and female 72.1%. The highest reason that male or female who opposed to edibility of dog meat is for being inhumane. 79.5% of male and 64.9 % of female know the fact that edible dog is exceptionally bred. The respondents answered most that dog meat was purchased from market. The first reason for objection to the criticism of eating dog meat is that male and female commonly answered most that ′As dog meat food Is our traditional food culture. it is not the problem to be found fault with by others.′ The second reason for that is followed by iris deliciousness.

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Microsatellite-based Genetic Diversity and Evolutionary Relationships of Six Dog Breeds

  • Ye, J.-H.;Ren, D.-R.;Xie, A.-F.;Wu, X.-P.;Xu, L.;Fu, P.-F.;Zhao, H.-A.;Yang, Qianyong
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.22 no.8
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    • pp.1102-1106
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    • 2009
  • The Tibetan Mastiff is one of the most archaic, ferocious and the largest dogs in the world. The Kunming dog is the chief working-dog breed in China. In this study, ten microsatellite loci were used to assess the genetic diversity and evolutionary relationships in six dog breeds, including Tibetan Mastiff, Kunming dog, Belgian Malinois, Labrador Retriever, English Springer Spaniel, and German Shepherd. The highest genetic diversity was exhibited by the Tibetan Mastiff, indicating useful protection and little inbreeding in the modern Tibetan Mastiff. Higher genetic diversity was observed in European breeds, supporting the hypotheses that breeders outcross their pure breed dogs occasionally to avoid deleterious effects in Europe. Evolutionary relationships showed that English Springer Spaniel and Labrador Retriever were clustered together, then with the Tibetan Mastiff, consistent with previous cluster results. German Shepherd and Kunming dog were grouped together, coinciding with the breeding history of Kunming dog. It is the first time that Tibetan Mastiff and Kunming dog have been analyzed with microsatellites.

Dog Meat Eating History and Culture in Korea (한국의 개고기 식용의 역사와 문화)

  • 안용근
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.387-396
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    • 1999
  • Dog meat was begun to be edible by the Chinese, Japanese, the French, Belginan, German Philippines Vietnamese, North-Americans African-Indians Canadian-aborigines Alaskan aborigines including Kor-eans. According to the record, Korea has a long history to have eaten dog meat from the era of Sam-kug(three kingdoms BC 57∼AC 668) and so there are numerous languages proverbs, and customs re-lated to the dog meat. Over the long history there have been many records and recipes about the edib-leness of dog meat. But at present time only the way of cooking such as Bosintang(a soup) Suyuk(a boiled meat) Duruchighi(boiled meat added spice and slightly roasted) Muchim(boiled meat added by spice and mixed) Gaesoju(an extract) Jeongol(boiled meat mixed with spices vegetables and water on the pot) remains. Koreans eat dog meat following the traditional customs n the Boknal(hottest day in summer). Also the areas of Buyo. Sochon, Boryong adn Chongyang of Chungnam province and the ad-jacent areas like Kongju, Iksan, and Nonsan have customs to kill the dog and offer dog meat to the gue-sts in time of small or big occasions such as funeral ceremony Hoigap(anniversary of one's 60th birth-day) and one's birthday. This range of customs is expanding larger and larger. These areas are the cen-ter of past Baekche(BC 57∼AC 660). In spite of this it is unreasonable, and excessive action for foreig-ner to fine fault with the dog meat or Korean food culture.

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Development of New Value-added Corn Dog Using Milk Powder, Egg and Potato (분유, 계란 및 감자를 이용한 새로운 Value-added Com Dog 개발에 관한 연구)

  • Park Jin-Kwan;Kim Jin-Man;Lee Si-Kyung;Lee Chi-Ho
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.236-240
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    • 2006
  • This study was conducted to manufacture new value-added corn dog using potato, milk powder and egg as nutritious and surplus agricultural and livestock products. A typical corn dog was manufactured with corn dog powder, potato, milk powder and egg as the same method of conventional corn dog. Corn dogs were divided into four groups; control group A [conventional corn dog], group B [corn dog manufactured with the fixed content of corn dog powder, milk powder, and egg, potato, water (3: 3: 1: 1: 2)], group C [corn dog manufactured with the fixed content of corn dog powder, milk powder, and egg, potato, water (3: 3: 2: 1: 2)], group D [corn dog manufactured with the fixed content of corn dog powder, milk powder, and egg, potato, water (3: 3: 1: 2: 2)], Viscosity of corn dog batter, pH of corn dog, rheology and sensory evaluation were measured. There were no significant differences for viscosity and pH between original corn dog and manufactured corn dog (p>0.05). However, hardness and brittleness of manufactured corn dog D were superior to the other groups (p<0.05). Also, manufactured corn dog D was superior to the other groups by the results of sensory evaluation. Therefore, these results suggest that it may be possible to manufacture new value-added corn dog which can help to stimulate the consumption of nutritious and surplus agriculture and livestock products.

A Review of the Legal Responsibility of Dog Owners regarding Dog Bite Accidents - Focused on a Comparison with American Dog Bite Legislation - (개물림 사고에 대한 소유자의 법적 책임에 관한 소고 - 미국의 개물림 법제와의 비교를 중심으로 -)

  • Baek, Kyoung-Hee;Shim, Young-Joo
    • Journal of Legislation Research
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    • no.54
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    • pp.261-301
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    • 2018
  • In South Korea, the number of households that rear companion animal has been gradually increasing. With the rise of household dogs, the frequency of humans that are being bitten by another's dog has also increased. This type of accident, which is known as a dog bite accident throughout the United States. It can cause significant physical and emotional damage to the victims and may result in grave injuries or death. Dog bite accidents are serious public health problems and can cause immeasurable hidden costs to the community. South Korea has enacted several laws to address dog bite accidents, which include the Animal Protection Act, the Civil Act, and the Criminal Act. On March 20, 2018, the Animal Protection Act was amended to reinforce the current legislation. These amendments addressed the duty of care owed by a companion dog owner to society members and the punishment that an owner of a fierce dog would face in the event of a dog bite accident. Conversely, several states in the United States have enacted a single law that regulates the details regarding dog bite accidents, such as the type of dog or animal, the type of damage, the scope of compensation for damages, and the scope of recognition of liabilities. This paper is intended to review the present situation of dog bite legislation in several states in the United States, which have a variety of laws that address dog bite accidents, and compare them with current South Korean dog bite legislation. Through this research, this paper will discuss what issues may exist in South Korean's current dog bite laws, analyze the responsibility of companion dog owners, and provide solutions to any issues that are discovered.

Dog park planning items and needs assessment in consideration of Korean pet culture (애견문화를 고려한 '도그파크' 계획항목과 요구도)

  • Lim, Soo-Hee;Lee, Gwan-Gyu;Yang, Byoung-E
    • KIEAE Journal
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.19-25
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    • 2005
  • Rapid urbanization and social development have brought about changes in family structure. In urbanized areas, recently the number of dogs that are a majority of companion animals has increased significantly in Korea. Consequently, a lot of friction between the general public who are not fond of dogs and dog owners in public places such as parks has been happening. A lot of countries that are taking a lead role in animal welfare have built dog parks that the general public and dogs can enjoy together. This research starts with the realization that the concept of 'dog park' needs to be introduced in Korea as more and more Koreans own dogs and other pets. This research aims to provide guidance for dog park planning by drawing planning items and analyzing the needs of each item. Total 56 planning items including dog zone, dog playground, and dog training facility, are drawn in this research. There are differences in the needs according to sex, age and the amount of time they spent with their dogs, however overall there is the highest needs in separated area for dogs in parks.

A Study on Feed Dog Motion of a Lock Stitch Sewing Machine (본봉용 재봉기의 톱니 운동에 관한 연구)

  • 전경진;송창섭;신대영
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
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    • v.15 no.12
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    • pp.37-47
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    • 1998
  • This study discusses the feed dog feeding mechanism of an industrial lock stitch sewing machine, which is a good example to study a machine kinematics. The feed dog feeding mechanism makes the fabrics directly be fed by an elliptic motion of the feed dog that is moved by a rotation of the top shaft and controlled by the feeding control mechanism. This study makes mathematical expressions of machine's motion in the feed dog feeding mechanism. Thus, the motions of this mechanism are characterized, namely how an elliptic motion of the feed dog is affected by the feeding control mechanism. Therefore, the above mathematical expressions may be a basis for the new design of the feed dog feeding mechanism and may be adapted to analysis. Development of the similar feed dog feeding mechanism can be applied to other type sewing machine.

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