• Title, Summary, Keyword: Diversion dam

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Impacts on Water Surface Level of the Geum River with the Diversion Tunnel Operation for Low Flow Augmentation of the Boryong Dam (금강-보령댐 도수터널 운영에 따른 금강 본류 내 수위 영향 분석 연구)

  • Jang, Suk-Hwan;Oh, Kyoung-Doo;Oh, Ji-Hwan
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.26 no.9
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    • pp.1031-1043
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    • 2017
  • Recently severe drought caused the water shortage around the western parts of Chungcheongnamdo province, South Korea. A Diversion tunnel from the Geum river to the Boryong dam, which is the water supply dam for these areas has been proposed to solve this problem. This study examined hydraulic impacts on the Geum river associated with the diversion plan assuming the severe drought condition of 2015 would persist for the simulation period of 2016. The hydraulic simulation model was verified using hydrologic and hydraulic data including hourly discharges of the Geum river and its 8 tributaries, fluctuation of tidal level at the mouth of the river, withdrawals and return flows and operation records of the Geum river barrage since Feb. 1, 2015 through May 31, 2015. For the upstream boundary condition of the Geum river predicted inflow series using the nonlinear regression equation for 2015 discharge data was used. In order to estimate the effects of uncertainty in inflow prediction to the results total four inflow series consisting of upper limit flow, expected flow, lower limit flow and instream flow were used to examine hydraulic impacts of the diversion plan. The simulation showed that in cases of upper limit and expected flows there would be no problem in taking water from the Geum river mouth with a minimum water surface level of EL(+) 1.44 m. Meanwhile, the simulation also showed that in cases of lower limit flow and instream flow there would be some problems not only in taking water for water supply from the mouth of the Geum river but also operating the diversion facility itself with minimum water surface levels of EL(+) 0.94, 0.72, 0.43, and 0.14 m for the lower limit flow without/with diversion and the instream flow without/with diversion, respectively.

Performance Prediction of Tunnel-Type Small Hydro Power Plants with Diversion Dam

  • Lee, Chul-Hyung;Park, Wan-Soon
    • Solar Energy
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.67-73
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    • 2000
  • This study represents the methodology of performance prediction for small hydro power(SHP) sites. Nine tunnel type SHP sites with diversion dam were selected and the performance characteristics were analyzed by using a developed model. Also, primary design specifications such as design flowrate, plant capacity, and operational rate were suggested and feasibility for tunnel-type SHP sites were estimated. It was found that the design flowrate was most important parameter to exploit SHP plant and the methodology developed in this study was useful tool to analyze the performance of SHP sites.

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A Study on the Safety Inspection System Improvement of Agricultural Reservoir Considering Fill-Dam Characteristics (필 댐의 특성을 고려한 농업용 저수지 정밀안전진단체계 개선 연구)

  • Lee, Chang Beom;Jung, Nam Su;Park, Seong Ki;Jeon, Sang Ok
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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    • v.58 no.4
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    • pp.1-8
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    • 2016
  • In 2008, 17, 596 dams and reservoirs are scattered across South Korea, and 17, 505 of them (99.5 %) are used for agriculture and 99.3 % are fill dam types. This study aimed to review literature related to the precise safety diagnosis system for agricultural reservoirs established by Korea Rural Community Corporation (KRCC) and analyze problems of its evaluation method. And then, it proposed ways to improve the system including a modified diagnosis system, which was applied to pilot districts in order to verify the utility. For assessment model development of agricultural reservoir, we reviewed status of precision safety inspections systems of agricultural reservoir. There are many problems such as assess agricultural reservoir not by sheet which used in fill dam but by block which used in concrete dam construction and diversion tunnel which main element in reservoir levee is treated as water intake facility. For considering diversion tunnel in reservoir levee, previous precision safety inspection systems which summed in separated phenomenon, separated element, separated site, separated facility was change to new systems which summed in site, phenomenon, element, and facility. Compared results of previous inspection system calculated total assessment index (Ec) with new system calculated total assessment index (Ec) are not show statistical difference.

Methodologies for Survey and Retrofit of Small Dams Pierced by Diversion Tunnel (복통을 갖는 저수지의 결함 조사 및 보수보강 방안)

  • Jang, Bong Seok;Im, Eun Sang;Oh, Byung Hyun
    • Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.75-82
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    • 2008
  • There are almost 18,000 dams including about 1,200 large dams in Korea. The large dams are well operated and maintained by KWATER(Korea Water Resource Corporation), KRC(Korea Rural Community & Agriculture Corporation) and KHNP(Korea Hydro & Nuclear Power Co., Ltd.). Several research reports concern with the safety of these large dams are presented but there is no paper concerned with small dams which has diversion tunnel through the dam body. The purpose of this study is to show the common defects of small dams according to various cases of degradation of dams and the repair and retrofit methods which applied to the damaged dams. And this study performed resistivity survey to evaluate the effect of retrofitting dam. Also, this study tries to present the solution which concerned with these common defects in maintenance and design steps.

Failure Probability Analysis of Concrete Cofferdam Considering the Overflow in Flood Season (홍수시 월류를 고려한 콘크리트 가물막이댐의 파괴확률 산정)

  • Hong, Won Pyo;Song, Chang Geun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.35 no.5
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    • pp.30-38
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    • 2020
  • In order to construct a dam, the diversion facility such as cofferdam and a diversion tunnel should be installed in advance. And size of a cofferdam depends on type of a main dam. According to the Korea Dam Design Standard, if the main dam is a concrete dam, design flood of the cofferdam is 1~2 years flood frequency. This means that overflow of the cofferdam occurs one time for 1 or 2 years, therefore, stability of the cofferdam should be secured against any overflow problem. In this study, failure probability analysis for the concrete cofferdam is performed considering the overflow. First of all, limit state function of the concrete cofferdam is defined for overturning, sliding and base pressure, and upstream water levels are set as El. 501 m, El. 503 m, El. 505 m, El. 507 m. Also, after literature investigation research, probabilistic characteristics of various random variables are determined, the failure probability of the concrete cofferdam is calculated using the Monte Carlo Simulation. As a result of the analysis, when the upstream water level rises, it means overflow, the failure probability increases rapidly. In particular, the failure probability is largest in case of flood loading condition. It is considered that the high upstream water level causes increase of the upstream water pressure and the uplift pressure on the foundation. In addition, among the overturning, the sliding and the base pressure, the overturing is the major cause for the cofferdam failure considering the overflow.

Rock Support Design of Bakun Tunnelling Project in Sarawak, Malaysia (바쿤 가배수로 터널의 최적지보설계)

  • 지왕률
    • Tunnel and Underground Space
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.296-306
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    • 1998
  • Ongoing huge Bakun Hydropower project is including the construction of a 210 m height hydroelectric rockfill dam with an installed capacity of 2,520 MW and a power transmission system connecting to the existing networks between Sarawak and peninsula Malaysia. In order to allow the main dam construction during the dry season, the Ballui river will have to be detoured through 3 concrete lined diversion tunnels with an internal diameter of 12 m and a length of 1,400 m each. The geology of Bakun site belongs to the several thousand meters thick Belaga formation deposited from the late Cteteceous to the early Teriary in the Northwest Borneo geosyncline. The orientation of the bedding plane, strike at N55$^{\circ}$E to N70$^{\circ}$E and dip at 50$^{\circ}$SE to 70$^{\circ}$SE, is developed uniformly in Bakun sedimentary rocks. Rock mechanical characteristics of Bakun site have been classified into 4 rock mass types(RMT) depending on the degree of weathering and the occurrence of rock jointing with RMR. Graywacke(Sandstone) as well as Shale can take place together in the same rock mass type if their rock mass properties are similar. It was summarized the rock support type and support system design of underground diversion tunnels in view of rock mechanics.

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Soft Sedimentary Rock Slopes Design of Diversion Tunnel

  • Jee, Warren Wangryul
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Rock Mechanics Conference
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    • pp.63-79
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    • 2007
  • Several remedial works were attempted to stabilize the collapsed area of the inlet slopes of diversion tunnel, but prevention of any further movement was being only carried out at beginning stage by filling the area with aggregates and rock debris, after several cracks had been initiated and developed around the area. The extra specialty developed folding zone is consisted with highly weathered Greywacke and Black shale. The suggested solution is to improve the properties of the rock mass of failed area by choosing the optimum level of reinforcement through the increment of slope rock support design so as to control the movement of slopes during the re-excavation. The Bakun hydroelectric project includes the construction of a hydroelectric power plant with an installed capacity of 2,520MW and a power transmission system connecting to the existing transmission networks in Sarawak and Western Malaysia. The power station will consist of a 210m height Concrete Faced Rockfill Dam. During the construction of the dam and the power facilities the Balui River has to be diverted of the tunnels is 12m and the tunnel width is 16m at the portal area. This paper describes the stability analysis and design methods for the open cut rock slopes in the inlet area of the diversion tunnels. The geotechnical parameters employed in stability calculations were given as a function of four defined Rock Mass Type (RMT) which were based on RMR system from Bieniawski. The stability calculations procedure of the rock slopes are divided into two stages. In the first stage, it is calculated for the stability of each "global" slope without any rock support and shotcrete system. In the second stage, it is calculated for each "local" slope stability with berms and supported with rock bolts and shotcrete. The monitoring instrumentation was performed continuously and some of the design modification was carried out in order to increase the safety of failed area based on the unforeseen geological risks during the open cut excavation.

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Design of Sedimentary Rock Slopes in River Diversion Works (가배수로 터널공사의 퇴적암 사면 안정화 설계)

  • Jee, Wang-Ruel
    • Geotechnical Engineering
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.17-32
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    • 1998
  • The Bakun hydroelectric project includes the construction of a hydroelectric power plant with an installed capacity of 2,520MW and a power transmission system connecting to the existing transmission networks in Sarawak and Western Malaysia, The power station will consist of a 210m height concrete faced rockfill dam. During the construction of the dam and the power facilities the Balui river has to be diverted by three diversion tunnels with a length of some 1,400m each. The inner diameter of the tunnels is 12m and the tunnel width is 16m at the portal area. This paper describes the stability analysis and design methods for the open cut rock slopes in the inlet and outlet area of the diversion tunnels. The geotechnical parameters employed in stability calculations were given as a function of four. defined Rock Mass Types (RMT) which were based on RMR system from Bieniawski. The stability calculations procedure of the rock slopes are divided into two stages. In the first stage, it is calculated for the stability of each 'global' slope without any rock support and shotcrete system. In the second stage, it is calculated for each 'local'slope stability with berms and supported with rock bolts and shotcrete. The monitoring instrumentation was performed continuously and some of the design modification was carried out in order to increase the safety of failed area based on the unforeseen geological risks during the open cut excavation.

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Analysis of Performance Characteristic for Small Scale Hydro Power Plant with Long Term Inflow Condition Change (장기유입량 변화에 의한 소수력발전소 성능특성분석)

  • Park, Wan-Soon;Lee, Chul-Hyung
    • New & Renewable Energy
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    • v.5 no.4
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    • pp.39-43
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    • 2009
  • The variation of inflow at stream and hydrologic performance for small scale hydro power(SSHP) plants due to climate change have been studied. The model, which can predict flow duration characteristic of stream, was developed to analyze the variation of inflow caused from rainfall condition. And another model to predict hydrologic performance for SSHP plants is established. Monthly inflow data measured at Andong dam for 32 years were analyzed. The existing SSHP plant located in upstream of Andong dam was selected and analyzed hydrologic performance characteristics. The predicted results from the developed models show that the data were in good agreement with measured results of long term inflow at Andong dam and the existing SSHP plant. Inflow and ideal hydro power potential had increased greatly in recent years, however, these did not lead annual energy production increment of existing SSHP plant. As a results, it was found that the models represented in this study can be used to predict the primary design specifications and inflow of SSHP plants effectively.

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