• 제목, 요약, 키워드: Displacement Limit

검색결과 306건 처리시간 0.07초

An application of large displacement limit analysis to frame structures

  • Challamel, Noel
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.159-177
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    • 2009
  • The aim of this paper is to give a rigorous framework for the interpretation of limit analysis results including large displacements. The presentation is oriented towards unidimensional media (beams) but two-dimensional (plates) or three-dimensional media are also concerned. A single-degree-of-freedom system is first considered: it shows the basic phenomena of large displacement limit analysis or second-order limit analysis. The results are compared to those of a continuous system and the differences between both systems are discussed. Theoretical results are obtained using the kinematical approach of limit analysis. An admissible load-displacement plane is then defined, according to the yield design theory. The methodology used is applied to frame structures. The presented results are nevertheless different from those already published in the literature, as the virtual displacement field can be distinguished from the displacement field at collapse. The simplicity of large displacement limit analysis makes it attractive for practical engineering applications. The load-displacement upper bound can be used for instance in the optimal design of steel frames in seismic areas.

Design charts for yield acceleration and seismic displacement of retaining walls with surcharge through limit analysis

  • Aminpoor, Mohamad Mahdi;Ghanbari, Ali
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.52 no.6
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    • pp.1225-1256
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    • 2014
  • Calculating the seismic displacement of retaining walls has an important role in the optimum design of these structures. Also, studying the effect of surcharge is important for the calculation of active pressure as well as permanent displacements of the wall. In this regard, some researchers have investigated active pressure; but, unfortunately, there are few investigations on the seismic displacement of retaining walls with surcharge. In this research, using limit analysis and upper bound theorem, permanent seismic displacement of retaining walls with surcharge was analyzed for sliding and overturning failure mechanisms. Thus, a new formulation was presented for calculating yield acceleration, critical angle of failure wedge, and permanent displacement of retaining walls with surcharge. Also, effects of surcharge, its location and other factors such as height of the wall and internal friction angle of soil on the amount of seismic displacements were investigated. Finally, designing charts were presented for calculating yield acceleration coefficient and angle of failure wedge.

쏘일네일 보강 연직굴착면의 한계 평형법을 이용한 설계기법 개발 (Development of design method using Limit Equilibrium Method applying to vertical excavation reinforcing by soil-nailing)

  • 이섬범;이인;윤배식;김홍택
    • 건설안전기술
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    • pp.56-62
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    • 2008
  • In order to apply the Limit Equilibrium Method generally used for the slope stability analysis to the vertical excavation walls reinforced by soil-nailing, in this study, the Limit Equilibrium Method for the temporary shoring facilities reinforced by soil-nailing was proposed, which is based on the stability for the horizontal displacement. In this study, the relation of the internal friction angles of the ground and the vertical excavation depths was arranged, which is satisfying the stability on the horizontal displacement by using the verification of the Limit Equilibrium Method. And then, the rational reinforcing length of soil-nailing was proposed for the critical areas. In addition, the modified safety ratio satisfying the stability on the horizontal displacement was proposed, when the Limit Equilibrium Method was applied to the vertical excavation walls reinforced by soil-nailing.

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측두하악관절조영술을 이용한 측두하악관절장애의 임상적 연구 (A CLINICAL STUDY OF TEMPOROMANDIBULAR JOINT DISORDERS BY USING ARTHROGRAPHY)

  • 이승현;황의환;이상래
    • 치과방사선
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.155-169
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    • 1998
  • The purpose of this study was to prove the relationship between arthrographic and clinical features in temporomandibular joint disorders. In order to carry out this study, ninety-eight arthrographic examinations of temporomandibular joints were performed on eighty-two patients who had the temporomandibular joint disorders. As the arthrographic examination, the cases were classified in three groups, disk displacement with reduction, disk displacement without reduction, within normal limit. After this, the cases were clinically examined, and the results were compared and analyzed in each other group. The obtained results were as follows; 1. As the classification by arthrographic examination, three groups (disc displacement with reduction, disc displacement without reduction, within normal limit) were 41 %, 54%, 5% of total cases in this study, respectively. 2. The third decade(65%) was most frequent in this study. The average age of each group (disc displacement with reduction, disc displacement without reduction, within normal limit) was 24, 28, 21, and disc displacement without reduction group was higher than any other group. 3. In the chief complaint, pain was the most frequent in all three groups. Joint sound was also frequent in disc displacement with reduction group, but in disc displacement without reduction group, limitation of mouth opening was more frequent. 4. Of the various pain, the movement pain was most frequent ( 61 %) in this study. In joint sound, click(63%) was the most frequent in disc displacement with reduction group, but sound history(42%) and no sound (31 %) were more frequent in disc displacement without reduction group. 5. The average maximum opening of each group (disc displacement with reduction, disc displacement without reduction, within normal limit) was 44mm, 32.9mm, 44mm, and disc displacement without reduction group was less than any other group. 6. The masticatory disturbance of each group (disc displacement with reduction, disc displacement without reduction, within normal limit) was 53%, 79%, 40%, and the trauma history of each group was 50%, 40%,60%.

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쏘일네일 보강벽체의 수평변위와 안전율과의 관계 분석연구 (An Analytical Study on the Relationship between Factor of Safety and Horizontal Displacement of Soil Nailed Walls)

  • 김홍택;이인
    • 한국지반환경공학회 논문집
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.45-53
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    • 2011
  • 쏘일네일 공법은 일반적으로 한계평형해석법을 토대로 검토한 사면안정해석결과를 이용하여 설계기준안전율 이상을 만족하면 안정한 것으로 판단하여 설계하고 있다. 그러나 쏘일네일의 길이가 짧은 경우 설계기준안전율을 만족하고도 발생변위가 과다하여 사용상에 문제가 발생하는 경우가 있다. 본 연구는 대형파괴재하시험결과에 의한 재하하중-안전율 및 재하하중-발생변위비와의 관계를 분석하여 쏘일네일 보강벽체의 안전율-발생변위비와의 상관관계를 분석하였으며, 분석결과 쏘일네일 보강벽체의 사용한계상태에 해당하는 발생 변위비 0.3% 이내를 만족하기 위해서는 한계평형해석에 의한 안전율이 최소 1.35 이상을 확보하여야 할 것으로 평가되었다. 또한 한계평형해석결과 최소 안전율 1.35 이상을 만족하여도 지반의 전단강도가 작거나 벽체높이가 높을 경우 사용한계상태에 해당하는 발생 변위비 0.3% 이내를 만족하지 못하는 경우가 있어 수치해석을 통한 발생변위 검토가 필요할 것으로 판단된다.

제사위전위증유우에 있어서 몇가지 혈청전해질 농도에 관한 조사연구 (Changes in Selected Electrolyte Concentrations in Dairy Cowe with Abomasal Displacement)

  • 이사균;정창국
    • 한국임상수의학회지
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.143-150
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    • 1985
  • The concentrations of serum calcium, inorganic phosphorus, sodium and potassium from 24 cows with left displacement of abomasum and 21 cows with right displacement of abomasum on pre and postoperation were determined. 1. The preoperative levels of serum calcium in left and right displacement of abomasum were below normal and returned to normal levels postoperatively. 2. The preoperative levels of serum inorganic phosphorus in left and right displacement of abomasum showed slight increase preoperatively and consistent slight rise postoperatively. 3. The preoperative levels of serum sodium in left and right displacement of abomasum were slightly below normal and maintained low levels postoperatively. 4. The preoperative levels of serum patassium in left and right displacement of abomasum were low normal limit and increased to upper normal limit postoperatively.

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Characterization and uncertainty of uplift load-displacement behaviour of belled piers

  • Lu, Xian-long;Qian, Zeng-zhen;Zheng, Wei-feng;Yang, Wen-zhi
    • Geomechanics and Engineering
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.211-234
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    • 2016
  • A total of 99 full-scale field load tests at 22 sites were compiled for this study to elucidate several issues related to the load-displacement behaviour of belled piers under axial uplift loading, including (1) interpretation criteria to define various elastic, inelastic, and "failure" states for each load test from the load-displacement curve; (2) generalized correlations among these states and determinations to the predicted ultimate uplift resistances; (3) uncertainty in the resistance model factor statistics required for reliability-based ultimate limit state (ULS) design; (4) uncertainty associated with the normalized load-displacement curves and the resulting model factor statistics required for reliability-based serviceability limit state (SLS) design; and (5) variations of the combined ULS and SLS model factor statistics for reliability-based limit state designs. The approaches discussed in this study are practical and grounded realistically on the load tests of belled piers with minimal assumptions. The results on the characterization and uncertainty of uplift load-displacement behaviour of belled piers could be served as to extend the early contributions for reliability-based ULS and SLS designs.

변형률계를 이용한 강재보의 건전도 평가 시스템 개발에 관한 연구 (A Study on Development of Structural Health Monitoring System for Steel Beams Using Strain Gauges)

  • 한현규;안형준
    • 한국구조물진단유지관리공학회 논문집
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.99-109
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    • 2012
  • 이 연구에서는 변형률계를 사용하여 변위를 추정하는 이론식을 제안 및 검증하고 하중 작용점과 크기를 추정하여 강재보의 건전도 평가 시스템을 개발하고자 하였다. 실험결과 160kN(항복하중의 56%)가력시 최대처짐 점에서 변형률계를 사용하여 얻는 처짐과 변위계의 측정처짐과의 오차율이 2%이내로 나타났으며 하중작용점 및 크기의 추정도 오차율1% 이내로 나타났다. 이를 통해 변형률계로 강재보의 변위 및 하중을 계측 할 수 있으며 나아가 변위계와 하중계의 생략으로 경제적인 센서설계를 할 수 있다. Lab VIEW로 구현된 건전도 평가 프로그램은 측정된 데이터가 일정 범위(강도 한계상태, 사용성 한계상태, 항복변형률)를 넘어설 때 단계별 경고를 발생하였고 변형률계 만으로 사용성한계상태와 강도한계상태를 동시에 모니터링 할 수 있었다.

The MIN-N family of pure-displacement, triangular, Mindlin plate elements

  • Liu, Y. Jane;Riggs, H.R.
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.297-320
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    • 2005
  • In recent years the pure displacement formulation for plate elements has not been as popular as other formulations. We revisit the pure displacement formulation for shear-deformable plate elements and propose a family of N-node, displacement-compatible, fully-integrated, pure-displacement, triangular, Mindlin plate elements, MIN-N. The development has been motivated by the relative simplicity of the pure displacement formulation and by the success of the existing 3-node plate element, MIN3. The formulation of MIN3 is generalized to obtain the MIN-N family, which possesses complete, fully compatible kinematic fields, in which the interpolation functions for transverse displacement are one degree higher than those for rotations. General element-level formulas for the thin-limit Kirchhoff constraints are developed. The 6-node, 18 degree-of-freedom element MIN6, with cubic displacement and quadratic rotations, is implemented and tested extensively. Numerical results show that MIN6 exhibits good performance for both static and dynamic analyses in the linear, elastic regime. The results illustrate that the fully-integrated MIN6 element has excellent performance in the thin limit, even for coarse meshes, and that it does not require shear relaxation.

아치 구조물의 지진응답 제어를 위한 들림방지 면진장치의 적용 (Application of Seismic Base Isolation With Anti-Uplift Device for Arch Structure)

  • 김기철;이준호
    • 한국공간구조학회논문집
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.169-176
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    • 2020
  • When an unexpected excessive seismic load is applied to the base isolation of arch structure, the seismic displacement of the base isolation may be very large beyond the limit displacement of base isolation. These excessive displacement of the base isolation causes a large displacement in the upper structure and large displacement of upper structure causes structural damage. Therefore, in order to limit the seismic displacement response of the base isolation, it is necessary to install an additional device such as an anti-uplift device to the base isolation. In this study, the installation direction of the base isolation and the control performance of the base isolation installed anti-uplift device were investigated. The installation direction of the base isolation of the arch structure is determined by considering the horizontal and vertical reaction forces of the arch structure. In addition, the separation distance of the anti-uplift device is determined in consideration of the design displacement of the base isolation and the displacement of the arch structure.