• Title/Summary/Keyword: Disease-free Survival Rate

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Disease Free Survival among Molecular Subtypes of Early Stage Breast Cancer between 2001 and 2010 in Iran

  • Najafi, Behrouz;Anvari, Saeid;Roshan, Zahra Atrkar
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.10
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    • pp.5811-5816
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    • 2013
  • Background: Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women. Molecular subtypes are important in determining prognosis. This study evaluated five-year disease-free survival among four molecular subtypes in patients with early stages of breast cancer. Materials and Methods: In this retrospective descriptive-analytical study, information on patients with breast cancer between 2001-2010 was evaluated. Five hundred ninety two patients in the early stages of breast cancer (stages 1 and 2) were selected to undergo anthracycline-based chemotherapy. Relapse, death or absence (censor) were considered as the end of the study. Patients based on ER, PR and HER-2 expression were divided into four subtypes (luminal A, luminal B, HER-2 enriched and triple negative). Information based upon questionnaire was analysed. To show the patients survival rate, life table and Kaplan-Meyer methods were used, and for comparing mean survival among different groups, the Log-Rank test was utilized. Results: Mean age at diagnosis was $47.9{\pm}9.6$. Out of the 592 patients, 586 were female (99%) and 6 were male (1%). Considering breast cancer molecular subtypes, 361 patients were in the luminal A group (61%), 49 patients in the luminal B group (8.3%), 48 patients in the HER-2 enriched group (8.1%) and 134 in the triple negative group (22.6%). Mean disease-free survival was 53.7 months overall, 55.4 months for the luminal A group, 48.3 months for the luminal B group, 43 months for the HER-2enriched group and 54.6 months for the triple negatives. Disease free survival differed significantly among the molecular subtypes (p value=0.0001). Conclusions: The best disease-free survival rate was among the luminal A subgroup and the worst disease-free survival rate was among the HER-2 enriched subgroup. Disease free survival rate in the HER-2 positive groups (luminal B and HER-2 enriched) was worse than the HER-2 negative groups (luminal A and triple negative).

Oncologic Outcome of Chondrosarcomas (연골육종의 종양학적 결과)

  • Kim, Chol Jin;Chung, Jun Young;Chung, Yang Guk;Rhee, Seung Koo;Kang, Yong Koo;Bahk, Won Jong;Shim, Jung In
    • The Journal of the Korean bone and joint tumor society
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.9-13
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: We evaluated oncologic outcomes of chondrosarcomas and analyzed the disease-free survival rate of chondrosarcomas according to the various factors. Materials and Methods: We performed a retrospective study for the disease-free survival rate of 48 chondrosarcomas, 44 of which underwent surgical treatment and followed up more than 18 months since 1993, and in the remaining 4 cases, the patients died before 18 months after surgery. The vsariables were location, tumor volume, histologic grade, stage, age at presentation and treatment performed. The mean follow up period was 43.8 months (1-196 months). Results: The overall disease-free survival rate was 77.1% at mean 43.8 month follow up. The 5 year- and 10 year disease-free survival rates were 64% and 58% respectively. The histologic grade, stage, age at presentation revealed statistical significance on disease-free survival. All 9 patients treated with extended curettage for grade 1 central chondrosarcomas revealed disease-free survival with excellent functional outcome. Conclusion: The disease-free survival rate of chondrosarcomas mainly depended on histologic grade, stage and age at presentation. Local recurrence and distant metastasis also revealed statistically significant differences of disease-free survival rate. Comparing to wide resection, extended curettage for low-grade central chondrosarcomas in extremities were efficient methods with similar survival rate and less functional losses and complications.

Radiation Therapy in T1 Glottic Cancer (병기 T1 성문암의 방사선치료)

  • Chung Eun-Ji;Lee Sang-Wook;Lee Chang-Geol;Kim Gwi-Eon;Kim Kwnag-Moon;Hong Won-Pyo
    • Korean Journal of Head & Neck Oncology
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.26-31
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    • 1996
  • Radiation therapy in T1 glottic cancer offers an excellent cure rate with preservation of voice. From 1983 to 1992 eighty nine patients with TNM staged T1N0M0 invasive squamous cell carcinoma of the glottis were treated at the Dept. of Radiation Oncology, Yonsei Cancer Center, Yonsei University. There were 84 men and 5 women with median age of 59 years. All patients were treated either with Co-60 teletherapy unit or 4MV linear accelerator with an median dose of 6400 cGy(6000-7000 cGy), 200 cGy per day, 5 days in a week. Fourteen local failures have been observed and the median time to local recurrence was 17 months. There were no nodal failure without local recurrence or distant metastases. The 5 year local control rate was 84.3%. The 5 year actuarial surivival rate and the 5 year disease free survival rate were 89.2%, 87.5%, respectively. The 5 year actuarial survival rate and the 5 year disease free survival rate of the nineteen patients with anterior commissure involvement were 77.8% and 74.5% which were lower than those of seventy patients without anterior commissure involvement(91.6%, 90.6%)(p < 0.05). Among the several influencing factors, anterior commissure involvement was the significant prognostic foctor. Final local control rate, taking into account the salvage surgery, was 89.9% at 5 years.

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Postoperative Radiotherapy for the Early Stage Carcinoma of the Uterine Cervix (초기 자궁경부암의 수술후 방사선 치료)

  • Kim, Jin-Hee;Kim, Ok-Bge;Lee, Tae-Sung
    • Radiation Oncology Journal
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.337-346
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    • 1993
  • This is a retrospective cohort analysis of 58 patients who treated with postoperative radiation therapy following radical hysterectomy and bilateral pelvic adenectomy for early stage carcinoma of uterine cervix between January 1988 and December 1990 at department of radiation oncology, Keimyoung University Hospital. Sixteen percent of patients (9/58) had chemotherapy. Most patients were FIGO I b (47 patients), and FIGO I a and II a were one and ten patients, respectively. The median follow-up periods were 48.5 months. The indications for radiation therapy included pelvic lymph node metastasis, large tumor size, deep stromal invasion, lymphovascular invasion, positive surgical margin, endometrial invasion and parametrial invasion. Eighty five percent of the patients had more than one risk factor. The actuarial overall five year survival rate (5 YSR) and five year disease free survival rate (5 YDFSR) were $89.5\%,\;and\;87.8\%,$ respectively. Their overall recurrence rate was $12.1\%,$(758). Distant metastasis was the most common cause of treatment failure $(71.4\%:5/7).$ The univariate analysis of prognostic factors affecting to five year survival rate disclosed pelvic lymph node status (negative: $95.5\%,\;positive:69.2\%,$ p=0.006) and hemoglobin level $(\le11 :75\%,>11g/dl:93.3\%,p=0.05)$ as significant factor. The age status was marginally significant $(\le40:96.0\%,\;>\;40:84.3\%p=0.15).$ Multivariate analysis clarified three independent prognostic factors: pelvic lymph node metastasis (p=p.006), hemoglobin level (p=0.015) and age (p=0.035). Multivariate analysis of prognostic factor affecting to five year disease free survival rate disclosed pelvic lymph node status (p=0.0078) and status of surgical margin (p=0.008). Complications relating to radiotherapy were $10.3\%,(6/58).$ There were no severe major complication requiring surgical intervention or a long hospital stay. It is our opinion that the benefit of postoperative pelvic radiotherapy may be gained in such a high risk patient population with acceptible morbidity.

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Survival Analysis of Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma in a Subgroup of Young Patients

  • Fan, Yi;Zheng, Lei;Mao, Ming-Hui;Huang, Ming-Wei;Liu, Shu-Ming;Zhang, Jie;Li, Sheng-Lin;Zheng, Lei;Zhang, Jian-Guo
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.20
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    • pp.8887-8891
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    • 2014
  • Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is predominantly a disease of middle-aged men with long-term exposure to tobacco and alcohol. An increasing trend has been reported at a younger age worldwide. Clinical records of 100 patients under the age of 45 years treated specifically for oral cavity SCC in our hospital during a 10-year period were retrospectively analyzed to calculate the survival rates. An obvious male predominance coincided with smoking trend among Chinese young individuals and female patients were more likely to have no traditional risk factors such as smoking or drinking. The 5-year overall survival rate and disease-free survival rate were 61.0% and 75.5%, respectively, consistent with other published series over the decade showing a relatively better survival among the young. No significant differences clearly correlated with outcome when comparing non-smokers non-drinkers to ever-smokers and ever drinkers (P>0.05). Overall survival rate and disease free survival rate was found to be significantly higher in patients with early-stage disease than with advanced stage disease (P=0.001, P=0.009 respectively). The strong influence of clinical stage on prognosis emphasizes the importance of early diagnosis and treatment of oral malignancies for this unique clinical subgroup.

The Results of Postoperative Radiation Therapy in the Rectal Cancer (직장암의 수술 후 방사선치료성적)

  • Lee Kyung-Ja
    • Radiation Oncology Journal
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.91-98
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    • 1994
  • Purpose: Despite apparently complete resection of cancer of the rectum, local recurrence rate was high. Radiation therapy has been used either alone or in combination with chemotherapy as an adjunct to surgery to reduce the risk of recurrence. This study was designed to evaluate the prognostic factors, survival rate and local recurrence rate of the rectal cancer who had received postoperative radiation therapy by retrospective analysis. Method: From 1982 to 1990, 63 patients with cancer of the rectum surgically staged as B2 or C disease received postoperative adjuvant radiation therapy after curative resection of tumor for cure. Postoperative radiation therapy was given to the whole pelvis(mean dose: 5040 cGy in 5-6weets) and perineum was included in irradiated field in case of abdominoperineal resection. Results: Three-year actuarial survival rate was 73.2$ \% $ overall, 87.7$ \% $ in stage B2+3 and 62.9$ \% $ in stage C2+3. Three-year disease-free survival rate was 69.5$ \% $ overall, 87.7$ \% $ in stage B2+3 and 56.8$ \% $ in stage C2+3, Three-year disease-free survival rate in anterior resection was 77.8$ \% $ and 44.4$ \% $ in abdominoperineal resection. The local recurrence rate was 15.9$ \% $ and distant failure rate was 20.6$ \% $. Severe late complication was small bowel obstruction in 6 patients and surgery was required in 4 patients(6.3$ \% $). The prognostic factors were stage(p=0.0221) and method of surgery(p= 0.0414) (anterior resection vs abdominoperineal resection). Conclusion: This study provides evidence supporting the use of postoperative radiation therapy for reducing the local recurrence rate in patients who have had curative resection of rectal cancer with involvement of perirectal fat or regional nodes or both(stage B2 and C).

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Postoperative Radiation Therapy in Resected Stage stage II and IIIA Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (Yonsei Cancer Center 20-Year Experience) (근치적 절제후 병기 II,IIIA 비소세포암에서 수술후 방사선 치료의 역할 [연세암센터 20년 경험])

  • 이창걸
    • Journal of Chest Surgery
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    • v.26 no.9
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    • pp.686-695
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    • 1993
  • A total of eighty one patients with resected stage II and IIIA non-small cell lung cancer treated with postoperative adjuvant radiation therapy between Jan. 1971 and Dec. 1990 were retrospectively analysed to evaluate whether postoperative radiation therapy improves survival. Patterns of failure and prognostic factors were also analysed. The 5 year overall and disease free survival rate were 40.5%, 43.4% and median survival 30 months. The 5 year actuarial survival rates by stage II and IIIA were 53.9% and 36.2%. Loco-regional failure rate was 14.7% and distant metastasis rate was 33.3% and both 4%. Statistically significant prognostic factor affecting survival was presence of mediastinal lymph node metastasis[N2]. This retrospective study suggests that postoperative radiation therapy in resected stage II and IIIA non-small cell lung cancer can reduce loco-regional recurrence and may improve survival rate as compared with other studies which were treated by surgery alone.

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Treatment Results of Early Laryngeal Carcinoma (조기후두암의 치료 성적)

  • Kim Kwang-Hyun;Sung Myung-Whun;Yun Ja-Bock
    • Korean Journal of Head & Neck Oncology
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.206-211
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    • 1996
  • On 147 patients with early laryngeal cancer undertaken surgery or radiation therapy at Seoul National University Hospital from January 1987 through December 1994, retrospective analysis with reviewing the medical record was performed. The number of recurred cases was twenty six. The recurrence rate was higher in the cases with radiation therapy than in those with surgical therapy. And the recurrence rate was remarkable in the cases with T2 in supraglottic cancer and in those with T1 in glottic cancer. Of the patients undertaken surgery, recurrence rate was higher in the patients with laser operation than in those with other procedures. It was, however, lower in the patients with laryngofissure with cordectomy than in those with other surgical techniques. The overall three year disease free survival rate was 72 % in early laryngeal carcinoma.

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Radiotherapy of Stage I and B localized Bead and Heck Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma (두경부에 국한된 Stage I, II, Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma의 방사선치료)

  • Oh W. Y.;Suh C. O.;Kim G. E.;Kim B. S.
    • Radiation Oncology Journal
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.49-58
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    • 1984
  • 53 patients of previously untreated Stage I&II Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma in head and neck treated with irradiation at Yonsei Cancer Center from January, 1970 to December, 1978 were retrospectively analysed. 5 year survival rate and 5 year disease free survival rate were $51.5\%\;and\;42\%$. Local control rate by irradiation was $92.4\%$ with mainly $4,000\~6,000$ rads. 21 patients suffered relapses after radiotherapy, 4 cases recurred within irradiated area, 4 cases at contiguous site of irradiation field, and 13 cases recurred at distant area, more commonly below diaphragm. Most cases relapsed within 1 year 6 months after treatment. Optimum irradiation field for head and neck localized lymphoma, prognostic factors ana usefulness of chemotherapy are also discussed.

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Result of Radiation Therapy of Sino-nasal Cancers Using Partial Attenuation Filter (투과성 필터를 이용하여 방사선 치료를 받은 부비동 및 비암의 치료 결과)

  • Kim, Jin-Hee;Kim, Ok-Bae;Choi, Tae-Jin
    • Radiation Oncology Journal
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.118-124
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    • 2007
  • [ $\underline{Purpose}$ ]: This study was to evaluate the survival and pattern of failure after radiation therapy of sino-nasal cancer using partial attenuation filer and wedged beams and to help radiotherapy planning of sino-nasal cancer. $\underline{Materials\;and\;Methods}$: Between February 1992 and March 2003, 17 patients with sino-nasal cancers underwent radiation therapy using partial attenuation filter at Dongsan Medical Center, Keimyung university. There were 9 male and 8 female patients. Patients' age ranged from 40 to 75 years (median 59 years). There were 10 patients of maxillary sinus cancer, 7 patiens of nasal cancer. The histologic type was squamous cell carcinoma in 11, adenoid cystic carcinoma in 4 and olfactory neuroblastoma in 2. The distribution of clinical stage by the AJCC system was 3 for stage II, 7 for III and 6 for IV. The five patients were treated with radiation alone and 12 patients were treated with surgery and postoperative radiation therapy. The range of total radiation dose delivered to the primary tumor was from 44 to 76 Gy (median 60 Gy). The follow-up period ranged from 3 to 173 months with median of 78 months. $\underline{Results}$: The overall 2 year survival rate and disease free survival rate was 76.4%. The 5 year and 10 year survival rate were 76.4% and 45.6% and the 5 year and 10 year disease free survival rate was 70.6%. The 5 year disease free survival rate by treatment modality was 91.6% for postoperative radiation group and 20% for radiation alone group, statistical significance was found by treatment modality (p=0.006). There were no differences in survival by pathology and stage. There were local failure in 5 patients (29%) but no distant failure and no severe complication required surgical intervention. $\underline{Conclusion}$: Radiation therapy of sino-nasal cancer using partial attenuation filter was safe and effective. Combined modality with conservative surgery and radiation therapy was more advisable to achieve loco-regional control in sino-nasal cancer. Also we considered high precision radiation therapy with dose escalation and development of multi-modality treatment to improve local control and survival rate in advanced sino-nasal cancer.