• Title, Summary, Keyword: Disaster response

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A Study on the Effects of Disaster Response Exercise on Exercise Participants (Focused on Manufacturing Company Exercise Cases) (재난대응훈련이 훈련참가자에게 미치는 효과에 관한 연구(제조기업의 훈련사례 중심으로))

  • Kim, Dae Jin;Kim, Dong Heon;Lee, Dong Won
    • Journal of Korean Society of Disaster and Security
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.35-44
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    • 2019
  • In the event of a disaster (or accident), first of all, the ability to respond to an immediate disaster is important. This study investigated the disaster response capacity and the effects of disaster response exercise personnel. A questionnaire consisting of 28 items was used to assess disaster response capabilities. The questionnaire consists of contrast, preparedness initial response, warning, and response steps. Survey participants are self-service fire-fighters of small and medium-sized manufacturing companies participating in exercise. The effectiveness of the exercise. was measured by dividing the subjects before and after the exercise. Analyzing the difference between before and after exercise, it was confirmed that disaster response exercise. had significant effects on improving disaster response capacity. This study suggests that the disaster response exercise. has the effect on the disaster response capacity of the members and the necessity of disaster response exercise. As in the case study, if a company or organization regularly conducts disaster response exercise., its disaster response capabilities will improve. In addition, it is anticipated that in the event of a disaster (or accident), it will be possible to prevent or reduce property damage as well as property damage.

Disaster preparedness and response competency of emergency medical technician-paramedics in the disaster medical assistant team (재난의료지원팀 내 1급 응급구조사의 재난대비·대응역량에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Jong-Chan;Lee, Kyoung-Youl
    • The Korean Journal of Emergency Medical Services
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.19-31
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: This study aimed to investigate disaster preparedness competence and disaster response competence of paramedics working in emergency medical centers operating a disaster medical assistance teams. Methods: Data of 174 emergency medical technician(EMT)-paramedics were collected from July 15 to August 14, 2018 at regional and local emergency medical centers that operate disaster medical assistant team. Analysis of the data was carried out with IBM SPSS statistics 24.0 software (IBM, Armonk, NY, USA). Results: The mean disaster preparedness competence score was $3.57{\pm}0.63$ (out of five). Participants' disaster preparedness competence significantly differed according to type of emergency medical center (p<.000), disaster education experience (p<.000), and education frequency (p=.001). The mean disaster response competence score was $4.09{\pm}0.57$ (out of five). Participants' disaster response competence significantly differed according to disaster education experience (p<.000) and medical assistance experience (p=.045). Conclusion: Emergency medical technician-paramedics without disaster training should first be provided with this training. Further, it is important for EMT-paramedics to know their disaster preparedness and response capacities and strengthen their shortcomings. It is also important to develop education and training programs that properly equip EMT-paramedics with practical competencies.

A Study on the Establish and Operating Plan of Reserve Components Emergency Response Forces (재난상황 시 예비군 긴급대응부대 창설 및 운용방안에 관한 연구)

  • Seo, SeungBae
    • Journal of the Society of Disaster Information
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.9-16
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    • 2018
  • In the event of a disaster, we need people who specialize in rapid regional disaster recovery. However, in the present disaster response system, disaster relief is carried out at the level of public support, volunteer service, etc. There are various problems such as initial response due to lack of expertise, delays in disaster recovery, and inadequate response to disasters. Therefore, it is necessary to establish a unit with early ability to respond to local governments in the event of a disaster and expertise to enable rapid disaster recovery. Therefore, this study limited the preparation of the reserve forces emergency response units for the direction of local security, disaster relief and disaster relief through emergency disaster recovery under the disaster situation.

International Disaster Assistance Based on Human Focused Emergency Response System : Example of Health Disaster Assistance to Iraq (인간 중심의 긴급 대응체계를 근거로 한 국제 방재 지원 - 이라크 보건의료방재지원 사례 중심)

  • Wang, Soon Joo
    • Journal of the Society of Disaster Information
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.129-146
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    • 2007
  • The disaster preparedness system in Korea has been developed in spite of many obstacles, but there are still many problems for response to various kinds of disasters in 21th century. Disaster response system in Korea was focused on policy, administration, hardwares in the past. But in the future it is necessary to change the system to adapt the global needs about the human based disaster response system and capacity to assist the international disaster by official assistance and research for that field. Because nearly all the disasters are associated with the safety, welfare, injury, disability and survival of human, health disaster preparedness and response system should be a important part in the whole disaster system considering the common value of human right to disaster preparedness for human.

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Health Disaster Preparedness System for Response to Newly Emerging Terrorism (신종 테러리즘 대응을 위한 보건방재체계의 현황)

  • Wang, Soon Joo
    • Journal of the Society of Disaster Information
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.73-89
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    • 2005
  • The disaster preparedness system in Korea has been developed in spite of many obstacles, but there are still many problems for response to newly emerging terrorisms due to the existing problems of disaster response system. The newly emerging terrorism in 21th century like biochemical terrorism has made us focus on terrorism preparedness, but health and medical aspect of terrorism has been overlooked. The health disaster system is more necessary for 21th terrorism response as well as the disaster engineering, economic and administrative aspects. The disaster preparedness system for bioterrorism has been developed by Ministry of Health with syndromic surveillance system and no case has been found in Korea yet and the resources of personnel and equipment as decontamination system in medical facilities are lacking in case of chemical terrorism. So through the multiple access method reflecting the risk factors in real terrorism field and human based health disaster concept, the disaster preparedness and response system to make up for the weak point should be suggested.

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Research on Disaster and Fire Response Capability and Hazard Analysis Using Basic Mapping Method (Mapping을 이용한 소방방재력 및 재해취약성의 연구)

  • Wang, Soon-Joo;Baek, Min-Ho
    • Journal of the Society of Disaster Information
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.69-86
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    • 2007
  • The fire department has one of the most important role as public resources of response to disasters in the aspect of supply and the adequate distribution of resources of response is essential, but the distribution of the response capability to disaster of fire department does not reflect the regional hazard vulnerability and hazard risks. Researchers performed database process with simple mapping based on the regional fire disaster response capability and the regional hazard vulnerability and hazard risks. The cities and towns are divided to four types each, total eight types and relative threat ratios are extracted from every type. The fire disaster response capability was extracted from number of firemen and fire vehicles in defined region. The distribution of the fire disaster response capability was inadequate and not matching to relative threat especially in small cities and some types of towns. The regional relative threat and resources should be analyzed by more delicate mapping and software development in the future.

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A Study on Disaster Vulnerable People who Desire to Use Smartphone for Disaster Information : Focusing on Yeongdeungpo Traditional Market Case (재난약자의 스마트폰 재난정보 활용 욕구에 관한 연구 : 영등포전통시장 사례 중심으로)

  • Park, Sang Kil;Choi, Jae Boong
    • Journal of Information Technology Services
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.1-15
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    • 2019
  • Disadvantaged from disaster response training and disaster safety education who people are vulnerable to disasters when faced with disasters. The vulnerability of these disaster response will be linked to the desire for disaster information. Therefore, using smartphone to provide timely disaster information will be an effective disaster response service that enables disaster vulnerable people to avoid disaster efficiently. In particular, the importance of using smartphone as a part of the body will become more and more important in everyday situations when information is acquired through smartphone. In this study, Through a survey of traditional market traders, I can find out that the desire of elderly women, who are weak in disaster, to receive disaster information through smartphone text service is relatively strong. Based on the results of this study, I expect that the opportunity to improve disaster response capability through smartphone text service will be provided to elderly women who are weak in disaster.

A Study on Improvement of Local Government Disaster Management System in Korea - Focused on Strengthening the Disaster Management Capacity of Local Government - (지방자치단체 재난관리체계 개선에 관한 연구 - 지방자치단체의 재난관리 역할 강화를 중심으로 -)

  • Hong, Ji-Wan
    • Journal of the Architectural Institute of Korea Planning & Design
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    • v.34 no.9
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    • pp.21-30
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    • 2018
  • This study aims for improving the system in Disaster Management of Local Government. In addition, the overall disaster management system was compared to the effectiveness of the disaster prevention system and reliability, and problems and improvement points were derived. The disaster management system in Korea has a structure that promptly investigates and restores damage by a simple procedure. Korea disaster management system manages information on top-down structural disasters through the flow of prevention, preparation, response, and recovery. The process from disaster response to recovery under the leadership of the central disaster safety headquarters is simplified. Disaster management tasks are dispersed among departments, making it difficult to respond promptly. Under the control of the central government, disaster management, such as disaster prevention, investigation, and recovery, are carried out. The disaster management improvement direction of the local government should establish the disaster response system focusing on the local government. Therefore, it is necessary to have budget to operate the organization - centered disaster management budget and the disaster management organization. The disaster response manual should be prepared considering the disaster environment and disaster prevention plan. In order to utilize disaster information, it is necessary to reorganize information system such as integrate and streamline of the private resource database and NDMS.

Study on disaster response competencies of 119 EMTs (구급대원의 재난대응역량에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Jeong-Hyeok;Lee, Kyoung-Youl
    • The Korean Journal of Emergency Medical Services
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.55-66
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to investigate the disaster response competencies of 119 emergency medical technicians (EMTs). Methods: The subjects of this study were 226 119 EMT's at the fire station located in G province. The questionnaire consisted of 5 sub-factors and 29 items for measuring disaster response competencies and the collected data were analyzed using SPSS program. Results: Disaster response competency comprising immediate response, patient triage, patient treatment, patient transport, and collaboration support were 3.48, 3.64, 3.52, 3.64, and 3.16, respectively. Advanced EMTs scored significantly higher in patient triage (p<.001), treatment (p<.001), and transport (p=.022) competency than basic EMTs. Conclusion: In order to improve disaster response competency, it is necessary not only to enhance individual ability but also to continue disaster management training with related organizations.

Reorganization of Disaster Management Systems for Effective Emergency and Disaster Response: The Pivotal Role of The National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA) (대형 재난의 효율적 대응을 위한 소방조직 중심의 재난대응체계 개편 방안)

  • Mun, Gi-Sik
    • Journal of the Korea Safety Management & Science
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.1-8
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    • 2017
  • The current study aims to propose a reorganization plan for the national emergency management system to improve the current organizational structure for responding to national disasters and emergency situations. As a theoretical framework, the current study identified four key elements of successful disaster response systems: responsiveness, controllability, expertise, and devotedness. On the basis of the four key elements of disaster response systems, this study critically reviewed the current state of the organizational structure of the Korean national emergency response system by discussing the issues inherent in the current structure and by doing a comparative analysis of two high-profile national disaster cases-the Sewol ferry disaster in 2014 and the Gwangsan Rescue of buried people in 2013. Then, this study proposed the reorganization plan for the national disaster response system in which the NEMA is under direct control of the Prime Minister of Korea. It coordinates and controls the related government departments, such as the police, maritime police, and military during the national disaster and emergency situation. This study also proposed a reorganizational plan for the regional disaster response system in Korea. Finally, it was suggested that the status of firefighters should be elevated to the national public servant level in order to achieve organizational efficiency and solve existing problems that come from the current separated systems.