• Title, Summary, Keyword: Disaster exercise

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A Study on the Effects of Disaster Response Exercise on Exercise Participants (Focused on Manufacturing Company Exercise Cases) (재난대응훈련이 훈련참가자에게 미치는 효과에 관한 연구(제조기업의 훈련사례 중심으로))

  • Kim, Dae Jin;Kim, Dong Heon;Lee, Dong Won
    • Journal of Korean Society of Disaster and Security
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.35-44
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    • 2019
  • In the event of a disaster (or accident), first of all, the ability to respond to an immediate disaster is important. This study investigated the disaster response capacity and the effects of disaster response exercise personnel. A questionnaire consisting of 28 items was used to assess disaster response capabilities. The questionnaire consists of contrast, preparedness initial response, warning, and response steps. Survey participants are self-service fire-fighters of small and medium-sized manufacturing companies participating in exercise. The effectiveness of the exercise. was measured by dividing the subjects before and after the exercise. Analyzing the difference between before and after exercise, it was confirmed that disaster response exercise. had significant effects on improving disaster response capacity. This study suggests that the disaster response exercise. has the effect on the disaster response capacity of the members and the necessity of disaster response exercise. As in the case study, if a company or organization regularly conducts disaster response exercise., its disaster response capabilities will improve. In addition, it is anticipated that in the event of a disaster (or accident), it will be possible to prevent or reduce property damage as well as property damage.

A Study on Disaster Management Officer's Perception about the Disaster Response Exercise - Focused on General Officers and Firemen - (재난관리 공무원의 재난대응훈련에 관한 인식 연구 - 일반 행정직공무원과 소방공무원을 중심으로 -)

  • Ko, Gi-Bong;Lee, Si-Young;Chae, Jin
    • Fire Science and Engineering
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    • v.24 no.6
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    • pp.34-44
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    • 2010
  • This research paper surveyed the awareness of general administrative officials who oversee the disaster management and firefighting officials who take part in emergency rescue work in local governments on disaster response exercises. The result of the survey showed that both officials acknowledged the need of the equipment used in disaster response exercises, securing the budgets for exercises, establishing a network among related institutions, reflecting actual conditions and local characteristics to the exercises, reflecting the result of exercise evaluations to the disaster response manual and next exercises, and securing a command communication system required for exercises.

Overview and Issues of Disaster Management Training and Exercise Program for Local Government Officials (지방자치단체의 재난관리 담당 공무원 대상 교육훈련 현황 및 문제점)

  • Park, Jihwan;Kim, Younhee
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.14 no.11
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    • pp.702-712
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    • 2014
  • This article aims to analyse the overview and issues of current disaster management training and exercise program for local government officials who is currently in charge of the disaster management tasks by surveying and interviewing. Main issues that raised in the survey and interview are that current disaster management training and exercise program is not practically related with the current work tasks. Furthermore, the organizational issues including lack of awareness in disaster management from upper and middle management are derived. In order to solve such issues, this article suggests to establish regulations to force local government officials completing certain hours of training and exercise programmes and integrated system that can manages local government officials' training records and to improve awareness of senior officials towards importance of training and exercise in disaster management.

The change in temperature·humidity·perspiration of fire suit when applying phased intensive exercises to fire fighter wearing fire suit (소방공무원의 방화복 착용 후 단계별 운동강도 변화 시 의복 내 온도·습도·발한량 차이)

  • Choi, Seo-Yeon;Park, Il-Gyu;Kong, Il-Chean;Rie, Dong-Ho
    • Journal of the Korea Safety Management & Science
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.97-103
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study was to verify the change in temperature humidity perspiration of fire suit when applying phased intensive exercises to fire fighter wearing fire suit. For this study, three male fire fighters took basic physical test and performed 10 minute phased intensive exercises -exercise intensity I (30%VO2max), exercise intensity II (45%VO2max), exercise intensity III (60%VO2max) based on maximum oxygen consumption (VO2max)- wearing fire suit (helmet, boots, air respirator) in treadmill and took a rest. The result of study shows that the temperature in the suit elevated during stabilization period after each exercise intensity, humidity elevated as exercise intensity increased, perspiration elevated as exercise intensity increased. This study indirectly ascertained the fire suit's physiological change in fire fighters during field activities.

A Survey of Disaster Medical Drill in Korea (국내 재난의료훈련 현황의 고찰)

  • Wang, Soon-joo
    • Journal of the Society of Disaster Information
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.107-117
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    • 2010
  • The disaster preparedness system in Korea has been developed in spite of many obstacles, but there are still many problems especially on actual preparedness including disaster drill and disaster medical system. Disaster drills performed by wide regional emergency medical centers for one years were analyzed based on the disaster drill report and additional compensation of incomplete data by direct contact with the participating institutions. On the disaster medical drills in Korea, it is necessary to emphasize drills on various types of disaster, active participation of medical personnels, drills combined with various types of related institutions, process of disaster medical aspect.

Effect of Disaster and Safety Education on Disaster Risk Assessment (재난 위험도 평가 과정에 재난안전교육이 미치는 영향 평가)

  • Chung, Gunhui
    • Journal of the Society of Disaster Information
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.366-372
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    • 2014
  • As the disaster becomes bigger and more complicated and causes massive damage in the society, it becomes important to educate and exercise the people for the disaster response and safety. In this study, the effect of the disaster and safety education on the disaster risk assessment was evaluated. Disaster risk was calculated by the likelihood and consequences. The expert survey was used to evaluate the effect of the education on the likelihood and consequences. The inquiries were divided by the education target which makes different results of the survey. As a result, the disaster risk was reduced upto almost 48% when all people including the government workers and students were educated regularly. The result needs to be verified by the field data analysis. However, it provides the reason why the disaster and safety education is important.

A Study of the Situation Based Disaster Response Model from the Damage of Storm and Flood Field Manual (풍수해 현장조치 행동매뉴얼 분석을 통한 상황 기반 재난 대응 모델 연구)

  • Lee, Chang Yeol;Park, Gil Joo;Kim, Twehwan;Lee, Hyeon Sung
    • Journal of the Society of Disaster Information
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.617-625
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: The fields manuals which is managed by the each disaster types are the integrated guideline. When the disaster occurred, all kinds of SOPs which are described in the manual does not need. Therefore, the person in charge is confused which SOP is executed. In this study, we propose the disaster response process model based on the specific disaster situation case. Method: Firstly, we define the disaster situation cases which is mentioned in the field manual, and then, we develop the disaster response process model including indispensible SOPs for the specific disaster situation case. As a verification and feedback process, we apply the model to Safety Korea Exercise scenario. Result: We developed SOP model and disaster response process model reflecting the concept of the disaster situation case. Conclusion: Safety Kore Exercise scenario reflecting the developed model may continuously upgrade the field manual.

A Study on the Effective Command of Disaster Site: Lessons Learned from Sinking of the Sewol Ferry (효과적인 재난현장 지휘에 관한 연구: 세월호 사례의 교훈)

  • Kim, SungGeun;Hwang, K.T.
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.12 no.11
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    • pp.1-12
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    • 2014
  • Today, scale of a disaster becomes huge, all the available resources should be mobilized to control the disaster situation, and situations of the disaster site is broadcasted by the various media on a real-time basis. Accordingly, The commander of the disaster site should manage the situation taking all the factors into consideration. Despite the importance of the factors affecting the command of disaster site, there are not much research on this topic. This study utilizes METT-TC(Mission, Enemy, Troops, Terrain and weather, Time available, and Civilian considerations) which is applied in a combat situation by the military area and proposes MORT-TEC(Mission, Object, Resources available, Terrain and weather, Time available, Exercise, and Civilian considerations) as factors affecting the effective command of disaster site. These factors are applied to the Sewol Ferry Incidents and policy implications which can help researchers and practitioners in the area are suggested.

Disaster Risk Analysis of Domestic Public Institutions 1 - Focusing on Simulation Training and An Attitude Survey - (국내 공공기관의 재난위험성 현황 분석 1 - 모의훈련과 의식조사를 통하여 -)

  • Seo, Gwangduck;Kim, Dongheon;Choi, Yuncheul
    • Journal of the Society of Disaster Information
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.337-345
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    • 2015
  • As the modern society becoms industry acceleration and urbanization, disaster and safetry education becoms important to educate and exercise the people for the disaster response and safety. This study suggests safety management method by simulation training and an attitude survey. The researchers of the study suggest as followers: First must be about strengthening eduation that accords to responsibility and part. The second need about manual build and simulation training for expansion disaster and crisis management. The last must be consideration to reconstitute of organization which of be not up to the disaster and crisis management.

A study on the Mutual Cooperation in Emergency Operation Plan (재난대응계획에서의 상호협력체계 연구)

  • Kim, Jong Min;Lee, Young Jai
    • Journal of Korean Society of Disaster and Security
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.27-34
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    • 2012
  • As industries have developed rapidly as well as our society becomes urbanized and globalized, the damage by disaster spreads fast and its extent gets also wide consequently. Therefore, the quicker and systematic disaster response system is required to reduce the damage by disaster. In this context, several studies regarding the mutual cooperation system were conducted. However, the existing studies put more stress on the mutual cooperation system for the central administrative agency than on the local level at an incident scene. For the study on establishing the mutual cooperation system at the field, we took part in man-made disaster response exercises which have been carried out every month, attempted the establishing mutual cooperation system at the local level and researched requirements to build the mutual cooperation system. Also, we designed training scenarios that are necessary at the disaster response training through this study, and developed various forms for the mutual cooperation plan.