• Title, Summary, Keyword: Disaster Management

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A Study on Improvement of Local Government Disaster Management System in Korea - Focused on Strengthening the Disaster Management Capacity of Local Government - (지방자치단체 재난관리체계 개선에 관한 연구 - 지방자치단체의 재난관리 역할 강화를 중심으로 -)

  • Hong, Ji-Wan
    • Journal of the Architectural Institute of Korea Planning & Design
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    • v.34 no.9
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    • pp.21-30
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    • 2018
  • This study aims for improving the system in Disaster Management of Local Government. In addition, the overall disaster management system was compared to the effectiveness of the disaster prevention system and reliability, and problems and improvement points were derived. The disaster management system in Korea has a structure that promptly investigates and restores damage by a simple procedure. Korea disaster management system manages information on top-down structural disasters through the flow of prevention, preparation, response, and recovery. The process from disaster response to recovery under the leadership of the central disaster safety headquarters is simplified. Disaster management tasks are dispersed among departments, making it difficult to respond promptly. Under the control of the central government, disaster management, such as disaster prevention, investigation, and recovery, are carried out. The disaster management improvement direction of the local government should establish the disaster response system focusing on the local government. Therefore, it is necessary to have budget to operate the organization - centered disaster management budget and the disaster management organization. The disaster response manual should be prepared considering the disaster environment and disaster prevention plan. In order to utilize disaster information, it is necessary to reorganize information system such as integrate and streamline of the private resource database and NDMS.

Disaster Management System and a Necessity of Standardization in Korea (국가 재난관리체계와 표준화의 필요성)

  • Ryu, Ji Hyeob;Kim, Woo Hyeok;Hwang, Eui Jin
    • Journal of Korean Society of societal Security
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.35-43
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    • 2008
  • This study analyzes the present state of disaster management system in Korea and the international standardization trend of disaster management systems in advanced nations. ISO has developed international disaster management standards in ISO/TC 223 Societal Security Technical Committee, and the advanced nations such as U.S.A., U.K. and Japan are in competition with each others to reflect their national disaster management standards in international standardization. Each disaster management organization in Korea separately carries on the disaster management standardization and activities because national standards for the disaster management is not established yet. The national standardization efforts for disaster management system have to be executed in Korea to raise efficiency in disaster management activities and to cope with the international standardization of disaster management.

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Application of Disaster Information Classification System for Disaster Management (시설물 재해관리를 위한 재해정보분류체계 구성 방안)

  • Kang Leen-Seok;Park Seo-Young;Moon Hyoun-Seok
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.335-342
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    • 2006
  • Disaster management system should be built for minimizing damage factor that affects to construction facility from natural disaster. It could be classified by three categories such as disaster prevention, damage survey and recovery phases. For an integrated disaster management system, a disaster information classification system(DICS) is necessary for the reasonable disaster information management. This study suggests an integrated DICS that includes disaster type classification, facility type classification and information type classification for disaster management service. The applicability of suggested DICS is verified by railway facility and the research result could be used as a basic information system for national disaster management system.

A Content Analysis of Disaster Nursing Education in Korean and Japanese Universities (한국과 일본 대학의 재난간호교육 내용분석)

  • Han, Suk Jung;Cho, Chung Min;Lee, Young Ran;Nagasaka, Kaori;Izummune, Mie;Lee, Sang Bok;Lee, Ji Hye
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.307-323
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to analyze the contents of disaster nursing education at universities in Korea and Japan, with focus on textbooks. Methods: Disaster nursing contents from 11 Korean community health nursing textbooks and 3 Japanese disaster nursing textbooks were analysed. Results: Three themes and 8 categories of disaster nursing content in the selected textbooks were analyzed. The themes classified include 'understanding of disaster', 'disaster management' and 'disaster management system'. The theme of 'understanding of disaster' consists of such categories as 'disaster concept/outline', 'classification of disaster', 'disaster management step' and 'disaster impact'. The theme of 'disaster management activities' consists of categories such as 'disaster management activities' and 'disaster nursing'. The theme of 'national disaster management system' consists of categories like 'national disaster management system' and 'international disaster relief'. From the comparison of disaster nursing education in the two countries, we found that themes were similar but there were differences between the two countries in content configuration. Korea and Japan have adopted the framework of International Council of Nurses for disaster nursing education. Korea stressed legal and ethical capabilities, while Japan included psychological support for disaster management service providers. Conclusion: Disaster education is an important factor in a nurse's ability for a disaster management. Development of a comprehensive disaster education program is necessary to enhance disaster care capacities.

A Proposal of the Disaster Mitigation Activity Management System Model for Strengthening Disaster Prevention Activities (재난 예방활동 강화를 위한 재해경감활동관리체계 모델 제안)

  • Kim, Sang Duk;Kim, Chang Soo
    • Journal of the Society of Disaster Information
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.502-513
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: This study intends to review the procedures for the establishment of the plan for disaster mitigation activities and the system for the management of disaster mitigation activities for the requirements of the enterprise disaster management standard. Method: The requirements, including the activities of each stage of disaster management defined within the scope of the corporate disaster management standard, were identified, the operational cases of 'A' institution were reviewed, and the targets of continuous planning were reviewed to meet the requirements. Result: It was reviewed that the contents and procedures of each phase of disaster management, which is a requirement of the enterprise disaster management standard, are clearly defined, and a task continuity plan is established for each stage of activity. Conclusion: Conclusion : The PDCA model including the activities of each stage of disaster management activities was presented for the requirements of the enterprise disaster management standard, and the disaster mitigation activity management system model of the broad concept of disaster management including prevention and preparedness plans for disasters was presented.

Research about Recognition of Government Officials Regarding Korean Disaster Management System in Charge (한국 재난관리체계에 대한 담당공무원들의 인식에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Jung-Il
    • Fire Science and Engineering
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    • v.24 no.5
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    • pp.10-25
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    • 2010
  • As disaster potential power of modern society grows larger, to improve and reinforce efficiently a national system which prepares and responds disasters, analyzed the survey for government officials of the department disaster management. Following is the contents of this research. First, cooperative relationship to disaster management organizations. Second, necessity of law establishment related crisis and disaster department. Third, by recognition regarding disaster management situational variable, overall recognition regarding disaster management situation, overall recognition regarding crisis type, recognition regarding occurrence possibility along disaster scale. Fourth, by recognition regarding structural variable of disaster management, the National Emergency Management Agency regarding disaster management, related organization, recognition difference of local government. It is a research about confusion regarding step of prevention - preparation - correspondence - restoration.

A Study on the Framework Construction of Disaster Monitoring and Transmitting System based on Smart-Phone (스마트 폰(Smart-Phone)기반의 재난 감시 및 상황전달시스템 프레임워크(Framework) 구축에 관한 연구)

  • Jeong, Duk-Hoon;Min, Geum-Young;An, Chang-Keun;Lee, Hoon-Seok
    • Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.31-42
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    • 2011
  • Smart-Phones are utilized in disaster management field because it can deliver disaster information to large population simultaneously and quickly, and provide accurate information through situation-based service using the LBS(Location Based Service). To study on the utilization of smart phone for disaster information collection and dissemination method, this study suggest a framework which connects smart phone by loading application for reporting disaster. The disaster monitoring and situation dissemination system framework using smart phone is composed of 4 parts. First, smart phone application enters image, video, voice and text information and location of the disaster. Second, the disaster report reception and situation dissemination server receives the information, save in the DB, and send through smart phone SMS. Third, store into disaster information database. Fourth, display the disaster report and management information on 2D GIS, support the decision making process in deciding whether to manage as disaster, and disaster management web service which disseminates situation.

Comparative Analysis of Earthquake Management in Pohang and Japan (포항 지진과 일본 지진관리 업무 비교·분석)

  • Kim, Su Ran;Kim, Hye Won
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.193-199
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    • 2018
  • This study aims to create a disaster management system after an earthquake. Japan's earthquake disaster management system, including the Disaster Countermeasures Basic Act, addresses all of the disaster phases of prevention, mitigation, preparedness and emergency response as well as recovery and reconstruction with roles and responsibilities among the national and local governments clearly defined. Korea's earthquake disaster management system are including the Disaster Countermeasures Basic, but when the 9.12 earthquake occurred, problems such as insufficient early response, study on the earthquake lack were revealed. This study conducted a field survey and analyzed coping process after Po Hang earthquake. Therefore, this study have found that Disaster Management Headquarters are operated rapidly. They are coped with urgent safety inspection for damage facilities and soil liquefaction with advanced equipment. And The headquarters interviewed with victims. So they found out What the victims needed. However, when carrying out relief activities, Research of temporary housing and allocation of donations was not rapid. Further, this study have found that earthquake specialists were lack and disaster information transfer was not working. This study will be utilized as fundamental data in planning disaster management system after an earthquake.

A Study on the Operation of Disaster Management Using Cadastral Data and Organizational Structure (지적자료와 조직을 활용한 재난관리 운영방안에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Jong-Cheul
    • Journal of Cadastre & Land InformatiX
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    • v.46 no.2
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    • pp.79-92
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    • 2016
  • The development to the high quality of life society requirers not only economic development but also high level of capacity in disaster management which can address the disaster promptly and ready for man made disaster such as fires, traffic accidents, stopping the function of infrastructure in energy and telecommunication sectors. In this research a disaster management system which utilize cadastral data and cadastral sturcure has been p roposed a s a m ean o f enhancement of disaster management capacity. It is expected that to make use of all cadastral information in every disaster management steps, disaster risk information will be calculated and provided by parcel unite and the cadastral organization will participate to disaster management utilizing cadastral organization's nation wide structural network and skilled manpower by adopting parcel-based disaster management system.

Investment Direction of Disaster Safety Projects Considering Characteristics of Disaster Safety (재난안전사고 피해특징을 고려한 재난안전사업 투자방향 제시)

  • Heo, Bo-Young;Cho, Sung-Eun
    • Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.41-50
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    • 2017
  • Disaster and safety budget can be characterized as a large-scale public asset on which the government has a significant role. It is of a crucial importance to properly allocate the limited national budget to various areas as necessary. Higher investment efficiency of the budget related to disaster and safety management requires distribution criteria based on relevance and efficiency. Currently, the budget related to disaster and safety management is orchestrated through the prior consultation system. However, there is still no clear framework for reviewing the investment direction and setting the priority investment areas by prior consultation. This study analyzes the status and characteristics of disaster and safety management projects by damage type and proposes a structured system for prioritization. This framework can be useful in selecting the areas that need priority investments by damage type of disaster and safety management projects, thereby contributing to improving investment efficiency.