• Title, Summary, Keyword: Disabilities

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Research on the Trend of Welfare of Children with Disabilities and Facility Reorganization in Japan - Focused on Medical-type Facility for Children with Disabilities (일본의 장애아를 위한 복지의 동향과 시설재편에 관한 연구 - 의료형 장애아 입소시설을 중심으로)

  • Bae, Minjung;Takemiya, Kenji
    • Journal of The Korea Institute of Healthcare Architecture
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.67-74
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: In 2012, the Child Welfare Act was revised to provide better support to children with severe disabilities in Japan. Previously, inpatient facilities had been classified according to the type of disabilities of patients. After the revision of the Act, however, these facilities were assigned into the category of "medical-type facilities for children with disabilities", or "welfare-type facilities for children with disabilities." The focus of the study is to evaluate the reorganization of the Child Welfare Act and to analyze the new layout of Center K after its transition from a facility for children with motional disabilities to a medical-type facility for children with disabilities. Methods: A literature review was conducted to identify the trend in the treatment for persons with disabilities and the process of policy making in Japan. Field research was performed twice in 2015 and 2016, before and after the renovation of the Center K facilities depending upon the revision of the Child Welfare Act. Results: There is an increasing tendency of the population of persons with disabilities in Japan, and the severity level of disability of children with disabilities. In the case of Center K, two types of ward constructed to meet the two types of disability has been reconstructed into three types of unit following the various severity level of disability. Implications: As a result, it could be argued that it is also necessary in Korea to reorganize the facilities for persons with disabilities to deal with the fact that the population of persons with disabilities in Korea has been growing and their degree of disabilities also getting severe.

Interaction and Image of Characters with Disabilities Displayed in Korean Folk Tales Picture Books (우리나라 옛이야기 그림책에 나타난 장애 등장인물의 상호작용과 이미지)

  • Yoo, Soo-Ok
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.235-250
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    • 2007
  • Using content analysis this study examined Korean people's traditional view on children with disabilities, hoping to contribute to the selection of appropriate picture books for an understanding of disabilities in kindergartens and child care centers. Story book characters with disabilities mainly interacted with their families and village people, had lower positions, did not accomplish their work on their own, and suffered from others' anger and beating. Differences in types of disabilities were that physical disabilities were viewed positively, while mental disabilities were viewed negatively. The former had wider scope of activities and maintained more positive relationships with other characters than the latter; furthermore, the former had higher position than the latter and had cooperative interactions with people without disabilities.

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A Study on the Employment Needs of People with Disabilities using Internet Knowledge Search

  • Choi, Mi-Young
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.20 no.12
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    • pp.121-128
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    • 2015
  • This study was to analyze the employment needs of people with disabilities used Internet Knowledge Search for their employment. The questions related to employment of people with disabilities used Naver's Knowledge-iN Search during the year of 2014 to the year of 2015 were analyzed. The results are the follows. First, people with intellectual disabilities, mental disorders and physical disabilities asked many questions related to employment. Second, most minor disabilities asked many questions related to employment than severe disabilities but exception for people with mental disorders. Third, their's questions related to employment had some different but various according to the types of disabilities. Fourth, their's expected occupation had some different but various according to the types of disabilities. Implications for employment activation of people with disabilities were proposed.

Comparing the smoking rates between people with and without disabilities: Using propensity score matching (장애인 인구집단과 일반인구집단간의 흡연율 비교: 성향점수매칭법을 활용하여)

  • Choi, Minhyeok;Choi, Jinhyeok
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.61-70
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    • 2016
  • Objectives: It has been well documented that people on the lower socioeconomic position are significantly more likely to smoke cigarettes. The purposes of this study were (a) to identify a potential difference of socioeconomic factors, and (b) to compare a smoking rate, one of the most representative health behavior between people with/without disabilities after the controlling socioeconomic factors. Methods: The Korea Panel Survey of Employment for People of Disabilities (2012) and the Korea National Health and Nutrition Survey (2012) were employed for calculating the smoking rates of persons with/without disabilities. Results: The results demonstrated that the socioeconomic position indicators (education, occupation and household equivalent income) of persons with disabilities were lower than persons without disabilities. The smoking rates of the persons with/without disabilities were 35.9% and 19.0% respectively before propensity score matching. After propensity score matching with the socioeconomic factors, however, ATT of people with disabilities was 0.201 which is lower than ATT of people without disabilities (0.227). Conclusions: Our findings indicated that the socioeconomic level of persons with disabilities is important to improve the smoking rates and health level regardless of their disabilities.

Analysis and Development Plans of Employment Policy for Persons with Disabilities in North Korea (북한 장애인고용정책 분석)

  • Jeong, Ji-Ung
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.627-634
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the employment policy for persons with disabilities, and to propose a policy development plan to promote employment of persons with disabilities in North Korea. For this purpose, this study reviewed the laws and employment status related in persons with disabilities in North Korea through literature studies and secondary data analysis as the context of the policy analysis. Since then, North Korea's employment policy for persons with disabilities was analyzed according to the framework of Gilbert and Specht(1974). The results of this study are as follows. First, the benefits of the North Korean employment policy for persons with disabilities are employment benefits and vocational skills development benefits. Second, segregated employment is mainly composed of employment policy for persons with disabilities. Third, the allocation of employment policy for persons with disabilities is centered on persons with mild and physical disabilities. Fourth, the delivery system of employment policy for persons with disabilities is segmented around the Cabinets and the People's Committee of each municipality. Based on the results of this analysis, this study suggests the development of employment policy for persons with disabilities in North Korea through the revision of regulations, the diversification of benefits, and the reorganization of delivery systems.

The effects of the implementation of long-term care insurance on the quality of life trajectory among older adults with disabilities (노인장기요양보험제도의 시행이 장애노인의 삶의 질 궤적에 미치는 영향)

  • Jeon, Hae Sook
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.97-107
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    • 2015
  • Objectives: The current study aims to examine whether the influence of National Long-term Care Insurance(NLCI) on the quality of life(QoL) trajectory of older adults with disabilities is more positive than its influence on those without disabilities. Methods: Sample consisted of 5,362 elderly aged 65 and over who participated in the Korean Welfare Panel Study from Wave1 to Wave7. Data were analyzed using latent growth curve modeling. Results: Major findings are as follows. (1) Before the NLCI, the trajectories of QoL between older adults with disabilities and those without were same. (2) After the NLCI, elders with disabilities showed lower levels of QoL at the beginning, but the gaps gradually decreased with time. These results indicate that the implementation of NLCI more positively affected elders with disabilities than those without disabilities. Conclusions: These results suggest that the NLCI functions properly as one of social security nets to cope with the needs of older adults with disabilities. In conclusion, it is critical to develop a sustainable NLCI system to enhance the QoL of older adults with disabilities.

A study on the potential market conditions and the road map of Korean vehicles for people with disabilities (장애인 복지차 시장현황과 한국형 장애인 복지차 로드맵에 관한 연구)

  • Rhee, K.M.;Kim, D.O.
    • Journal of rehabilitation welfare engineering & assistive technology
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.29-37
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study is to suggest the potential domestic and international market conditions vehicles for people with disabilities through a review of the literature and internet resources, and to propose a road map developing South Korean vehicles for people with disabilities taking into consideration the current state of domestic and international technology and the usage of the vehicles for people with disabilities depending on the type of disability. The results of the study are as follows: First, vehicles for people with disabilities safety standards of South Korea do not meet the safety standards of developed countries and the technology of development related vehicles for people with disabilities is not as advanced as that of developed countries. Vehicles for people with disabilities installation methods, specifications, features and safety standards should be designed to be more similar to those of Japan and the United States. Second, vehicle modifications for people with disabilities will become more common as measures directed at promoting the welfare of people with disabilities, such as travel and transportation measures, employment opportunities, education, and funding for vehicle modifications, are implemented along with laws, such as The Americans with Disabilities Act, The British Disability Discrimination Act, and Japan's barrier-free transport law, that protect people with disabilities generally. Third, through a comparative analysis of domestic and international market conditions and demands of people with disabilities in vehicle modifications, important things to pay attention by purchasing a modified vehicle for people with disabilities are the employment rate for people with disabilities and monthly income. To enable this, government agencies and industry bodies should work together through the revision of the current Disability Welfare Act or the enactment of the special law for guiding principles of Disability Welfare Act. Through the future changes in vehicles for people with disabilities-related system or society of South Korean, the annual demand of the vehicles is expected to be more than 10,000.

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Design for Spatial Information for Effective Implementation of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (장애인권리협약의 효과적 이행을 위한 공간정보 구축방안 연구)

  • Ahn, Jong Wook;Shin, Dong Bin
    • Spatial Information Research
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    • v.20 no.6
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    • pp.59-68
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    • 2012
  • The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities is the international conventions to acknowledge that persons with disabilities have dignity as human being and to give us duty to make an effort for protection of persons with disabilities' rights. This study deducts several tasks in spatial information field to fulfill the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities effectively. First of all, For the deduction, this study starts by considering accessability, personal movement, freedom of expression and accessability to information. Second, this study defines persons with disabilities as the spatial information what ensure for prior considerations. Third, this study deducts some requirements on spatial information of persons with disabilities on the basis of the survey targeting persons with disabilities and the expert opinion, and suggests objectives, strategies, tasks, systems for effective implementation of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. Especially, this study sets up a goal on spatial information establishing strategy of persons with disabilities as 'Disadvantaged groups like persons with disabilities can obtain requirable information without distinction of person, thereby pursuing the convenience of life and improving the quality of life.

Study on the Occupational Therapy Students Attitudes & Behavior for the Person with Disabilities (작업치료과 학생의 장애인에 대한 태도와 행동에 관한 연구)

  • Jang, Chel;Shin, Hyun-Suk
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.317-326
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    • 2013
  • PURPOSE: The purpose of this research is to check the attitudes and behavior toward the disabilities of occupational therapy students who are going to be the future subjects of medical rehabilitation service, based on this to provide occupational therapy students an alternative to have the right attitude toward the disabilities to find ways to reduce prejudice against them in society meeting in the future. METHODS: The survey was carried out to select randomly 6 cities and provinces nationwide with occupational therapy, to choose 20 students at each grade and have them to fill up the questionnaire themselves after reading the text, and as a result of the survey. RESULTS: The attitudes and behavior toward the disabilities according to the gender, there was more positive significant difference in women than men, the attitudes and behavior toward the disabilities by each grade, the higher grade they were, the more positive significant difference they had. As the results of the attitudes and behavior toward the disabilities whether to take classes related to them, there was a positive significant difference in the students who took classes related to disabilities person, and the results of the attitudes and behavior toward the disabilities whether to participate in a clinical practice and voluntary service, there was a positive significant difference in the students who took part in that service. CONCLUSION: The positive attitudes and behavior toward disabilities were higher in women than men, higher grade students than the lower, the more time for voluntary service and the more contact with disabilities persons. As through the results of this, the comprehensive and continuous education about the disabilities for the students in all Departments related to medical rehabilitation service and the suggestion for continuous research on the fundamental problems should be made in the future.

Differences in Obesity Rates Between People With and Without Disabilities and the Association of Disability and Obesity: A Nationwide Population Study in South Korea

  • Oh, Moo-Kyung;Jang, Hyeon-Gap;Kim, Yong-Ik;Jo, Belong;Kim, Yoon;Park, Jong-Heon;Lee, Jin-Seok
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.45 no.4
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    • pp.211-218
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    • 2012
  • Objectives: The objective of this study was to identify the differences in obesity rates among people with and without disabilities, and evaluate the relationship between obesity rates and the existence of disabilities or characteristics of disabilities. Methods: Mass screening data from 2008 from the National Disability Registry and National Health Insurance (NHI) are used. For analysis, we classified physical disability into three subtypes: upper limb disability, lower limb disability, and spinal cord injury. For a control group, we extracted people without disabilities by each subtype. To adjust for the participation rate in the NHI mass screening, we calculated and adopted the weight stratified by sex, age, and grade of disability. Differences in obesity rates between people with and without disabilities were examined by a chi-squared test. In addition, the effect of the existence of disabilities and grade of disabilities on obesity was examined by multiple logistic regression analysis. Results: People with disabilities were found to have a higher obesity rate than those without disabilities. The obesity rates were 35.2% and 35.0% (people with disabilities vs. without disabilities) in the upper limb disability, 44.5% and 34.8% in the lower limb disability, 43.4% and 34.6% in the spinal cord injury. The odds for existence of physical disability and grade of disability are higher than the nondisabilities. Conclusions: These results show that people with physical disability have a higher vulnerability to obesity.