• Title, Summary, Keyword: Dictyoceratida

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Two New Psammocinian Sponges (Dictyoceratida: Irciniidae) from Korea

  • Sim, Chung-Ja;Lee, Kyung-Jin
    • Animal cells and systems
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.53-57
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    • 2002
  • Two new species of the genus Psammocinia (Dictyoceratida, Irciniidae), P. lobatus and P. rubra, are described from Gageodo Island (Sohuksando Island)and Jejudo Island, Korea. Psammocinia lobatus is most closely related to P. wandoensis Sim and Lee in growth form. However, it can be distinguished by its sharp conules and primary and secondary fibres, lightly cored with detritus. Psammocinia rubra is readily distinguished from the other described Psammocinia species by the blunt conules, reddish brown color of specimen, brown color of fibres and filaments, secondary web between adjacent primary fibres and filament coated with brown granules.

New species in two genera, Sarcotragus and Bergquistia (Demospongiae: Dictyoceratida: Irciniidae), from Korea

  • Sim, Chung Ja;Lee, Kyung Jin;Kim, Young A
    • Journal of Species Research
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    • v.6 no.spc
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    • pp.135-147
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    • 2017
  • Seven new species in two genera, Sarcotragus and Bergquistia (Demospongiae: Dictyoceratida: Irciniidae), are described from Jeju Island, Korea. The separation of the two genera was made on basis of morphological evidence in skeletal structure, especially fasciculation of primary fibres and filament thickness. Two new species in the genus Sarcotragus and five new species in the genus Bergquistia are compared with other reported species.

New species in two genera, Psammocinia and Ircinia (Demospongiae: Dictyoceratida: Irciniidae), from Korea

  • Sim, Chung Ja;Lee, Kyung Jin;Kim, Young A
    • Journal of Species Research
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    • v.6 no.spc
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    • pp.94-109
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    • 2017
  • Eleven new species of two genera, Psammocinia and Ircinia (Demospongiae: Dictyoceratida: Irciniidae) are described from Gageo Island, Ulleung Island and Jeju Island, South Korea. The separation of these two genera was made on basis of morphological evidence, especially skeletal structure with foreign debris. Six new species of Psammocinia and five new species of Ircinia were added to known fauna. All skeletal fibres are very irregular.

A New Sponge of the Genus Smenospongia (Dictyoceratida: Thorectidae) from Gageodo Island, Korea

  • Lee, Kyung-Jin;Sim, Chung-Ja
    • Animal cells and systems
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.9-11
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    • 2005
  • A new species of the genus Smenospongia (Dictyoceratida, Thorectidae), S. coreana n. sp., is described from Gageodo Island, Korea. This new species is readily distinguished from the other species of Smenospongia by the un-lobated growth forms and un-crowded primary fibres. S. aurea and S. lamellata are no distinction between primary and secondary elements, but this species is easily distinguished from them. The matrix easily derived from the fibres. This species has five sesterterpenes, three scalaranetypes and two linear furanosesterterpenes, in chemical compounds.

A New Species in the Family Irciniidae(Demospongiae: Dictyoceratida) from Korea

  • Sim, Chung-Ja;Lee, Kyung-Jin
    • Animal cells and systems
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.283-285
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    • 2002
  • Sponges of the family Irciniidae are poorly known in Korean waters. This paper describes a new species of new genus, Bergquistia coreana n. sp. in the family Irciniidae (Demospongiae: Dictyoceratida) from Jejudo Island, Korea from 1998 to 1999. Bergquistra n. gen. is characterized by extremely simple fasciculated and uncored primary fibres. However, in the choano-somal region, primary fibres are made of wider clear web. Secondary fibres form a very thin regular uncored network. The sponge surface has thick and regular conules. The colour is beige throughout the sponge, and the texture is slightly hard and compressible. Thickness of filament is variable.

Psammocinian sponges(Demospongiae: Dictyoceratida: Irciniidae) from Korea

  • Kim, Young A;Lee, Kyung Jin;Sim, Chung Ja
    • Journal of Species Research
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.340-347
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    • 2018
  • Four psammocinian species(Demospongiae: Dictyoceratida: Irciniidae) are described from Gageodo and Jejudo Islands, Korea. Among them, three are new species, Psammocinia rana, P. massa and P. vermins, which are very different from other recorded species. Secondary fibres of Psammocinia rana are mostly wide platelike shape with large perforation. Primary and secondary fibres of Psammocinia massa are lumped together in a thick mass through numerous areas. Psammocinia vemis is similar to P. mosulpia in skeletal structure, but differs in size of cored sands in primary fibres. The fourth species, we reclassify from Ircinia chupoensis to Psammocinia chupoensis based on more detailed observation of the skeletal structure. Ircinia only has sand cored primary fibres, while the observed species, has sand cored primary and secondary fibres.

Two new species of genus Luffariella (Dictyoceratida: Thorectidae) from Korea

  • Sim, Chung Ja;Lee, Kyung Jin;Kim, Young A
    • Journal of Species Research
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.190-194
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    • 2017
  • Two new species of the genus Luffariella (Dictyoceratida: Thorectidae), L. tubula n. sp. and L. koreana n. sp. were collected from Jeju-do, Korea. These species differ significantly from the previously reported five species in terms of shape and skeletal structure. L. tubula n. sp. has two categories in thickness of secondary fibres which were different from other species. L. koreana n. sp. is very similar to L. variabilis from Tahiti in skeletal structure, but differs in sponge shape with irregular branching and indistinct surface conules. Primary fibres of the two new species are separated from secondary and tertiary fibres.

Two New Marine Psammocinian Sponges (Demospongiae: Dictyoceratida: Irciniidae) from Korea

  • Lee, Kyung-Jin;Sim, Chung-Ja
    • Animal cells and systems
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.139-143
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    • 2004
  • Two new species of the genus Psammocinia (Dictyoceratida, Irciniidae), P. conulosa n. sp. and P. ulleungensis n. sp., are described from Namhaedo Island and Ulleungdo Island, Korea. Psammocinia conulosa n. sp. seems to be close to both P. amodes Cook and Bergquist, 1998 and P. hawere Cook and Bergquist, 1996 on the basis of the skeletal structure. However, these three species are clearly separated by the following differences: Shape of P. amodes is spatulate and thin, with a broad blade narrowing to a semi-cylindrical stalk; P. hawere forms cups with a shallow excavated bowl, and attached to the substratum by a narrow base. The whole surface of the new species is very finely conulose. Psammocinia ulleungensis n. sp. is similar to P. gageoensis Sim and Lee, 2001 in shape, but this species is easily distinguished from P. gageoensis by the simple skeletal structure.

Four New Species of the Genus Hyattella (Dictyoceratida: Spongiidae) from Korea

  • Sim, Chung Ja;Lee, Kyung Jin
    • Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.16-21
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    • 2014
  • Four new species of the genus Hyattella (Dictyoceratida: Spongiidae); H. sinchangensis n. sp., H. mara n. sp., H. chuja n. sp. and H. lendenfeldi n. sp., were collected from Jeollanam-do and Jeju-do, Korea. Hyattella sinchangensis n. sp., H. mara n. sp., H. chuja n. sp. and H. grobosa Lendenfeld, 1889 are very similar to each other in some characters. However, Hyattella sinchangensis n. sp. characterized by no special dermal lamella and no tertiary fibres, and more thin secondary fibres than H. globosa. Hyattella mara n. sp. is differs in having well developed dermal lamella, slightly fasciculated primary fibres, and thick tertiary fibres. Hyattella chuja n. sp. differs in surface characters with a slightly elevated part, skeleton with abundant spongine, and very complex meshes. Hyattella lendenfeldi n. sp. is similar to H. tenella (Lendenfeld, 1889) in skeletal structure, thickness of primary and secondary fibres, but differs in growth form.

Five New Species of Genus Hyattella (Dictyoceratida: Spongiidae) from Korea

  • Sim, Chung Ja;Kim, Young A;Lee, Kyung Jin
    • Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.8-14
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    • 2015
  • Five new species of the genus Hyattella (Dictyoceratida: Spongiidae); Hyattella chaguiensis n. sp., H. munseomensis n. sp., H. sumsangiensis n. sp., H. bakusi n. sp., and H. purpurea n. sp., were collected from Jeju-do, Korea. Hyattella chaguiensis n. sp. is similar to H. mara Sim and Lee, 2014 in shape, but differs in dermal membrane and primary fibres. Hyattella munseomensis n. sp. differs in cored primary fibres, having middle-size sand. Hyattella sumsangiensis n. sp. is characterized by color changes and very soft texture. Hyattella bakusi n. sp. and H. purpurea n. sp. are similar in shape, having tube-like elevated holes, but differ in skeletal structures.