• Title, Summary, Keyword: Diazinon

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Removal of Pesticide Residue during the Preparation of Baechu Kimchi and Perilla Leaf Pickle (배추김치와 깻잎지의 제조과정에 따른 잔류농약의 제거)

  • Hwang, Lae-Hwong;Cho, In-Soon;Kim, Min-Jung;Cho, Tae-Hee;Park, Young-Hye;Park, Hye-Won;Park, Kyung-Ai;Kim, Hyun-Jeong;Kim, Mu-Sang
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.403-409
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    • 2011
  • The removal amount of pesticide residue which were remained in baechu (Chinese cabbage) and perilla leaf were measured during the preparation process of kimchi. The amounts of diazinon, procymidone and endosulfan applied to chinese cabbage were $9.18{\pm}0.03$mg/kg, $22.27{\pm}0.22$ and $10.46{\pm}0.02$ mg/kg respectively. When chinese cabbage was brined with 10% salt solution for 12 hours, the removal rates of three pesticides were 22.5%, 25.3% and 0.6% for diazinon, procymidone and endosulfan, respectively. When chinese cabbage was brined and rinsed 3 times with water, the removal rates of three pesticides were 69.9%, 85.6% and 11.2% for diazinon, procymidone and endosulfan, respectively. When kimchi was prepared and fermented for 28 days at $4^{\circ}C$, the removal rates of three pesticides were 79.4%, 94.4% and 21.0% for diazinon, procymidone and endosulfan, respectively. The relative percentages of removal dose of pesticides during brining were 28.4%, 26.9% and 3.2% for diazinon, procymidone and endosulfan, respectively and which were 59.7%, 63.8% and 50.4% during rinsing and which were 11.9%, 9.3% and 46.4% during fermentation, respectively. The amounts of diazinon, procymidone and endosulfan applied to perilla leaf were $18.11{\pm}0.62$ mg/kg, $31.80{\pm}0.33$ and $12.01{\pm}0.01$ mg/kg, respectively. When perilla leaf was rinsed 3 times with water, the removal rates of three pesticides were 60.5%, 52.0% and 23.7% for diazinon, procymidone and endosulfan, respectively. When perilla leaf was rinsed and brined with 10% salt solution for 14 days, the removal rates of three pesticides were 93.9%, 92.4% and 49.6% for diazinon, procymidone and endosulfan, respectively. The relative percentages of removal dose of pesticides during rinsing were 64.5%, 56.3% and 47.8% for diazinon, procymidone and endosulfan, respectively, and which during brining were 35.5%, 43.7% and 52.2% for diazinon, procymidone and endosulfan, respectively.

Photodegradation of Organophosphorous Pesticides using TiO2 Photocatalyst Coated on Glass Plates in Circular Reactor (순환식 반응기에서 유리판에 코팅된 TiO2 광촉매를 이용한 유기인계 농약의 광분해)

  • 류성필;오윤근
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.11 no.6
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    • pp.589-596
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    • 2002
  • Photocatalytic degradation of chlorpyrifos and diazinon, which are extensively used as an organophosphorous pesticide in the agriculture field, has been investigated with UV-radiated TiO$_2$ in aqueous phase. Photodegradation rate was increased with increasing pH of the solution. The removal efficiencies of chlorpyrifos and diazinon were 100% after 200 min in pH 9. Photodegradation followed a pseudo-first-order reaction. The rate constants of chlorpyrifos and diazinon were 0.0160min$\^$-1/ and 0.0180min$\^$-1/, respectively. NO$_3$$\^$-/, PO$_4$$\^$3-/, SO$_4$$\^$2-/ and Cl$\^$-/ were found as end products on the photocatalytic degradation of chlorpyrifos and diazinon with TiO$_2$/UV.

Comparative effects of nicotine and diazinon on larval mortality and activity of cytochrome P-450 monooxygenases in Helicoverpa assulta and Spodoptera exigua (담배나방과 파밤나방의 유충사망률과 cytochrome P-450 monooxygenases의 활성에 미치는 니코틴과 다이아지논의 영향)

  • 이정호;부경생
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.225-235
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    • 1993
  • This study was carried out to investigate effects of diazinon, an organophosphate, and nicotine, a plant~originated toxic chemical, on larval mortality and activity of cytochrome P-45D monooxygenases, a major detoxifwation enzyme system, in Helicoverpa assulta and Spodoptera exigua. Diazinon treatment gave a higher mortaliLy to H. assulta larvae than S. exigua larvae. In contrast to the case of diazinon, nicotine caused a higher mortahty to S. exigua than to H. assulla larvae. It was partly due to the fact that nicotine induced the actiVIty of midgut cytochrome P-450 monooxygenases (MFO) more than diazinon did in If assulta larvae. When If. aSSlllta larvae were reared on their host p\am. NicotwlIa tuoocum leaves, other componentS were mostly metabolized with the exception of dietary nicotine.

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Study on the Pesticide Residues in Peaches in Chonnam province (전남지역 복숭아중의 농약잔류에 관한 조사 연구)

  • 김영국;오금순;송병준;박종태;김순천;박재홍
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.23-28
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    • 1992
  • 전남지방의 주요 재배단제에서 채취한 총 16종의 복숭아들에 대한 농약 잔류량 조사하였으며, 이들 복숭아를 수세 및 탈피 그리고 저장하였을 때의 농약 잔류량의 변화를 고찰하고자 하였다. 총 24종의 조사대상 농약중 TPN(Chlotothalonil) 및 Diazinon 그리고 Fenitrothion만이 3지점의 시료에서 검출되었으며 그 잔류량은 보사부에서 설정한 잔류허용기준(Maximum Residue Limits : MRL)에 크게 미달되는 수준이었다. 그러나 이들 시료들을 수세 및 탈피하지 않고 분석한 결과 TPN의 우 MRL을 훨씬 초과한 양이 검출되었는데, Diazinon은 MRL에는 미치니 못하였지만 수세 및 탈피한 시료들보다 높은 수준으로 검출되었다. 수세에 의한 복숭아중의 잔류농약의 경감효과는 TPN의 경우 63.4~66.4% 이었으며 Diazinon은 거의100% 수준이었다. 한편 탈피에 의한 잔류농약의 경감효과는 TPN 및 Diazinon 모두에서 대부분 제거되어 수세에 의한 경감보다도 훨씬 우수하다는 것을 알 수 있었다. 시료를 2주간 저장한 후 복숭아를 수세나 탈피를 하지 않거나 수세만 하여도 TPN과 Diazinon이 대부분 제거되며, 탈피를 한 경우는 별로 차이가 없었다.

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Metabolic aspects of the toxicology of mixtures of diazinon, toxaphene and/or endrin in mice (마우스에서 diazinon, toxaphene 과 endrin 단독 혹은 그 혼합물 독성의 대사)

  • Kim, Jong-shu;Kim, Gon-sup;Hah, Dae-sik
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.38 no.2
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    • pp.265-272
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    • 1998
  • The effects of mixtures of diazinon(DA;5mg/kg), toxaphene(TOX;40mg/kg) and/or endrin(END; 5mg/kg) on the hepatic mixed-function oxygenase(MFO) system were stuided in ICR mice(18~22g) by oral intubation daily for 7 days. In general, TOX and TOX-containing mixtures were found to induced the metabolism of aminopyrine(22~60%), aniline(42~85%), phenacetin(145~194%) and benzo [a]pyrene(158~210%), and pentobaribtal biotransformation in the 9,000g liver supernatants and to increased the hepatic cytochrome p-450 contents(47~89%). Results of these may be, at least in part, associated with the MFO system. TOX pretreatment increased the aliesterase activity in the serum and liver homogenates and supernatants by 23~145%. The toxicity of TOX and TOX-containing mixtures would be lower than that of diazinon because of TOX-induced increase in the metabolism of diazinon(DA) or diazioxon(DO) and capability of TOX to stimulate the metabolism of diazinon and diazioxon and provide a pool of non-critical enzymes. These results suggest that this information might be helpful in the evaluation of the potential hazard due to occupational and/or environmental exposures to pesticides and their mixtures.

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Chemical Control Effect Against Spot Clothing Wax Cicada, Lycorma delicatula (Hemiptera: Fulgoridae) Nymphs and Adults (꽃매미(Lycorma delicatula) 약충과 성충에 대한 약제방제 효과)

  • Kim, Sun-Kook;Lee, Gi-Yeul;Shin, Yon-Ho;Kim, Gil-Bah
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.440-445
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    • 2010
  • This study was carried out to investigate the toxicities of five registered insecticides to the Lycorma delicatula nymphs and adults. Insecticidal activities were evaluated by testing systemic and residual effects in the laboratory, and control efficacy in the vineyard. For the 3rd nymphal instars and adults, etofenprox+diazinon, chlorpyrifos, etofenprox, dinotefuran and imidacloprid showed perfect insecticidal activity. The systemic effects of dinotefuran and etofenprox+diazinon on grape roots at half concentration were showed the adult mortality of 82.2% and 84.4%, respectively. Chlorpyrifos at recommended concentration was showed mortality of 86.0%. The leaf systemic effects at recommended and half concentrations of all insecticides except dinotefuran were lower than 65% but the mortality at double concentration of chlorpyrifos, dinotefuran, etofenprox were more than 82%. The residual effect between etofenprox+diazinon and dinotefuran at recommended and double concentrations were 100% at 14 days after treatment, the other insecticides have low efficacy. All the four insecticides showed 87% control value on nymphs in the field test and adults appeared more than 96% control value st and adinotefuran, etofenprox+diazinon, however, the other insecticides decreased to 59.1 % and 61.2%. Therefore, dinotefuran and etofenprox+diazinon showing high systemic effects to roots and long residual effects to leafs have high control efficacies.

Characteristic of Decomposition of Residual Pesticides on Diazinon and Endosulfan in Young Radish (시설 열무 중 diazinon 및 endosulfan에 대한 잔류농약 분해특성)

  • Choi, Geun-Young;Kim, Jun-Hyoung;Han, Byung-Jae;Jeong, Yang-Mo;Seo, Hye-Young;Shim, Sung-Lye;Kim, Kyong-Su
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.47 no.2
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    • pp.238-243
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    • 2004
  • To investigate the changes in content of residual pesticides for safety production of young radishes in the production steps in greenhouse and to evaluate the safety of young radishes in the final consuming step, biological half-life of pesticides (diazinon, endosulfan) in packaging products was studied. Samples were collected regularly from 2 hours to 10 days after the distribution of pesticides in young radishes. The contents of residual pesticides in young radishes during cultivating in greenhouse as the levels of distribution concentrations reduced with time. During 10 days of pesticides distribution, decomposition rate of pesticides were diazinon > endosulfan. A half-life of endosulfan was 0.6 day longer than diazinon because endosulfan derived persistent endosulfan sulfate. To produce the safe young radish, after the distribution of the pesticides the desirable harvest time based on maximum residue limit (MRL) was 6th day diazinon for and 10th day for endosulfan.

열무 중 살충제의 잔류농약 분해 특성 연구

  • 김준형;서혜영;최근영;정양모;박순연;김관수;최택열;손길선;김경수
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Postharvest Science and Technology of Agricultural Products Conference
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    • pp.150.1-150
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    • 2003
  • 열무의 안전한 생산을 위한 생산단계에서의 각 농약 잔류량 변화 추이와 최종 소비단계에서의 농산물 안전성 평가자료로 활용하기 위하여 실제 시험포장에 열무를 파종한 후 수확 10일 전에 4 종(diazinon, endosulfan, cypermethrin, cyhalothrin)의 살충제를 각 성분별로 안전사용 기준에 따라 기준량 및 배량의 처리구에 직접 살포하여 열무의 포장상태에서의 잔류량 감소(생물학적 반감기) 변화를 조사하였다. 각 농약별로 2 수준 농도의 표준물질을 첨가하여 실험한 결과 평균회수율은 diazinon 98.7∼99.9%, endosulfan 97.6∼98.5%, cypermethrin 98.3∼99.6%, cyhalothrin 98.4∼99.1%이였고, 검출한계는 diazinon 및 cypermethrin은 0.04 mg/kg, endosulfan은 0.012 mg/kg, cyhalothrin은 0.01 mg/kg 이었다. 약제 살포 후 분해속도가 빠른 성분은 diazinon > endosulfan > cypermethrin >cyhalothrin 순이었다. 작물체(열무)내에서 시간의 경과에 따른 잔류량의 변화를 1차 반응으로 표현하여 농약 4종의 살포농도별 생물학적 반감기를 산출한 결과, 기준량 살포의 경우 diazinon 0.9일, endosulfan 2.0일, cypermethrin 2.2일, cyhalothrin 2.5일 그리고 배량 살포의 경우에는 diazinon 1.1일, endosulfan 2.0일, cypermethrin 2.1일, cyhalothrin 2.2일로 나타났다. 안전한 농산물 생산을 위한 열무 중 약제 살포 후 수확일은 잔류허용기준(MRL)을 적용시킬 경우 기준량으로 볼 때 diazinon은 6일 후, endosulfan은 10일 후에 수확하는 것이 바람직한 것으로 나타났으며 합성 피레스로이드계인 cypermethrin과 cyhalothrin은 농약살포 후 2 시간 후에 농약 잔류량이 잔류허용기준 미만으로 나타났다.

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Multicomponent pesticides analysis by automated liquid phase microextraction (자동화된 LPME(Liquid Phase Microextraction)장치를 이용한 다성분 농약분석)

  • Myung, Seung-Woon;Jung, Hong-Rae
    • Analytical Science and Technology
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.224-231
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    • 2005
  • In this study, the optimum conditions for the LPME (liquid phase microextraction) were investigated to overcome several shortcomings of traditional liquid-liquid extraction method. The LPME, which is automatic and dynamic, was used to analyze the five pesticides (dementon-S-methyl, diazinon, parathion, fenitrothion, EPN) extracted from vegetable, and HP 6890 GC/NPD was used as an analytic instrument. It was possible to optimize the extraction condition using the automatic LPME. The optimum extraction rate was obtained at pH 3.0 and $100{\mu}g/mL$ of salt concentration and standard curve showed linearity with over $R^2=0.9921$ in the range of $0.2{\sim}10{\mu}g/g$. The relative standard deviations were 7.7%, 9.8%, 7.8%, 9.7% and 8.2% in the $5.0{\mu}g/g$ concentration of dementon-S-methyl, diazinon, parathion, fenitrothion and EPN, respectively. The acquired accuracies were satisfactory showing 12.7%, 7.8%, 10.4%, -6.7% and -0.7% for dementon-S-methyl, diazinon, parathion, fenitrothion and EPN respectively.

A Study on Removal of Pesticide Residues (Diazinon, Diniconazole, Dimethomorph) during Making and Fermentation of Chonggak Kimchi (총각김치의 제조과정 중 잔류농약(diazinon, diniconazole, dimethomorph)의 제거율 연구)

  • Lee, Yun-Mi;Oh, Moon-Seog;Jeon, Jong-sup;Lee, Seong-Bong;Kim, Han-Taek;Kang, Hyang-Ri;Lee, Hyo-Kyung;Son, Ji-Hee;Lee, Byoung-Hoon;Lee, Pil-Seok;Kim, Ji-Won;Choi, Ok-Kyung
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.35 no.2
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    • pp.152-161
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    • 2020
  • This study determined the removal ofrates for three types of pesticides which were spiked from Chonggak radish during the preparation of chonggak kimchi. When Chonggak radish (leaves) were brined with 10% salt solution and rinsed with water, the removal rate of the three pesticides was 43.8%, 41.9% and 89.8% for diazinon, diniconazole and dimethomorph, respectively. When Chonggak kimchi (leaves) were prepared and fermented for 4 weeks at 4℃, the removal rate of the three pesticides was 82.4%, 77.2% and 98.9% for diazinon, diniconazole and dimethomorph, respectively. Pesticide residues in chonggak radish (roots) were removed by up to 54.7-85.1% of initial concentration through brining and washing. During the fermentation of chonggak kimchi (roots) for 4 weeks at 4℃, the amount of pesticide residues was decreased by 94.0%, 91.8% and 90.0% of initial concentration for diazinon, diniconazole and dimethomorph, respectively. The highest relative removal rate by percentage for the three pesticides asreached 66.5% by salting chonggak radish (leaves). On the other hand, the highest relative removal rate by percentage of pesticides was shown during fermentation, reaching 51.8% and 55.8% for diazinon and diniconazole, respectively, in Chonggak kimchi (roots). As a result of examining the differences ofbetween the three pesticide removal rates rates according to temperature while fermentedduring fermentation of Chonggak kimchi with three pesticides for 4 weeks at 0℃ and 4℃, diazinon pesticide removal was has a high pesticide removal rate of 2.7-10.8% from fermented Chonggak kimchi (roots) at 4℃ compared to 0℃. In the other pesticides, the difference in removal rate of the pesticideresidual pesticides residues by aging temperature was found to be insignificant.