• Title, Summary, Keyword: Diagnosis Related Group

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The Effects of Clinical Application of a Nursing Diagnosis Protocol (간호진단 프로토콜(Protocol)의 임상적용 효과에 관한 연구)

  • 이향련;조미영;조결자;김윤희;김귀분;김광주;문희자;박신애;강현숙
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.40-62
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    • 1989
  • This study was conducted to measure the effects of clinical application of a Nursing Diagnosis Protocol. The dependent variables were the degree of patient's satisfaction and the degree of nurse's satisfaction with the nursing activity. Analysis of the effect of the use of the nursing diagnosis protocol was based on the nursing record. The subjects for this study were 61 nurses(experimental group 31, control group 30) and 155 patients (experimental group 55, control group 100) on four internal medicine wards in K University Hospital in Seoul. Data collection was done from August to October 12,1988. The results obtained in this study can be summarized as follows, 1, Effect of the clinical application of the nursing diagnosis protocol. 1) The first hypothesis ; “nurses who use the nursing diagnosis protocol will have higher degrees of satisfaction than those who use traditional methods” was rejected (t=.54, df=58, p=.59). 2) The second hypothesis ; “patients nursed by nurses using the nursing diagnosis protocol will have higher degrees of satisfaction than those nursed with traditional methods” was supported(t=1.93, df=154, p=.05). 3) The third hypothisis : Major hypothesis ; “the nursing records of the experimental group, who used the nursing diagnosis protocol, will be more detailed than those of the control group” was supported (t=6.40, df=79.90, p=.000). (1) The first subhypothesis ; “The recorded data collection of the experimental group will be more detailed than that of the control group” was rejected (t=1.79, df=118, p=.07). (2) The second subhypothesis ; “The recorded patient's problem statement of the experimental group will be more detailed than that of the control group”, was supported. (3) The third subhypothesis ; “The nursing record of the experimental group will be more convenient for implementation than that of the control group” was supported. 2. Factors related to the nurse's degree of satisfaction with protocol. 1) No general characteristics(age, religion, education level, duty career, present duty career) were related to the nurse's degree of satisfaction. 2) Variables related to the nurse's degree of satisfaction were “satisfaction as a nurse” and “consider nursing as lifelong job” (t=-2.6, df=13.22, p=.02, t=2.41, df=23.85, p=.02). 3. Factors related to the patient's degree of satisfaction. 1) General characteristics related to the patient's degree of satisfaction with nurses using the protocol were age, educational level, and being married.(F=5.17, df=3/153, p=.00, t= -2.39, df=154, p=,01, f=5.91, df=2/153, p=.00) 2) The variables previous hospitalization, duration of hospitalization, the hospital unit presence of a relative, medical insurance, or medical diagnosis were not related to the patient's degree of satisfaction. 1. The experimental group's nursing record was more detailed than the control group's record with regard to the physical and psychological state of the patients. As noted above, the experimental group nurses, who use a nursing diagnosis had protocol were less satisfied than the control group who used traditional methods of the recording, but experimental group patients had a higher degree of satisfaction than the control group patients. The nursing records of experimental group, using the nursing, diagnosis protocol was more detailed than that of the control group. If the nursing diagnosis protocol is used in clinical nursing practice, the quality of nursing care may be improved.

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Clinical Features of the Patients with Craniomandibular Disorders (두개하악장애환자의 임상양태에 관한 연구)

  • Myung-Yun Ko;Mi-Eun Kim
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.29-41
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    • 1993
  • A prevalence study was carried out on 847 CMD patients who had visited the Department of Oral Medicine in Pusan National University from 1990 to 1993. To obtain the same type of information, all subjects were interviewed and examined clinically using a standardized examination form, The ratio of women to men was about 3:1 and all subjects were divided into acute and chronic groups on the basis of 6 months of duration. Diagnostic groups consisted of muscle disorder, joint disorder and muscle-joint disorder. As related to gender, duration and diagnosis subjective and objective symptoms in CMD were studied. The obtained results were as follows : 1. Muscle-joint disorder had the highest percent, followed by muscle disorder and joint disorder. 2. The most common reasons for CMD treatment were pain, joint noise and limited opening, while headache and neckache were relatively often reported as associated symptoms and dizziness, ringing in the ears also reported as secondary CNS excitatory effects. 3. Pain was more ofter seen in women, acute group and muscle-related disorder groups (p<0.05, p<0.01). Noise was significantly frequent in chronic group and joint-related groups (p<0.01). 4. Analysis of contributing factors presented that macrotrauma was found frequently in men (p<0.05), and that muscle-related groups were more related to stress than joint disorder grop (p<0.05). 5. Hard end feel was seen significantly often in joint-related disorder group (p<0.05). On the other hand, soft end feel was frequent in muscle disorder. 6. Reciprocal clicks and crepitation increased with chronicity. Subjects with joint-related disorder groups significantly often reported all kinds of noises (p<0.01). 7. Tender muscles and joints were more often reported in women and chronic group. Whereas muscle-related disorder groups revealed significantly more tender muscles (p<0.01). joint-related disorder groups presented significantly more tender joints (p<0.01).

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Clozapine-related Sudden Pericarditis in a Patient Taking Long Acting Aripiprazole and Valproate: A Case Report

  • De Berardis, Domenico;Fornaro, Michele;Orsolini, Laura;Olivieri, Luigi;Nappi, Francesco;Rapini, Gabriella;Vellante, Federica;Napoletano, Cosimo;Serroni, Nicola;Di Giannantonio, Massimo
    • Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.505-507
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    • 2018
  • Clozapine may be associated with cardiovascular adverse effects including QTc prolongation and, more rarely, with myocarditis and pericarditis. Although rare, these latter cardiovascular adverse effects may be life-threatening and must be immediately recognized and treated. Several cases of clozapine related-pericarditis have been described and often it has a subtle and insidious onset with symptoms that may be often misdiagnosed with psychiatric manifestations (e.g. anxiety, panic or somatization) leading to a delayed correct diagnosis with potential fatal consequences. In the present report we describe the case of a 27-year-old girl with schizoaffective disorder taking long acting aripiprazole and valproate who developed a sudden onset clozapine-related pericarditis during titration phase that resolved with immediate clozapine discontinuation and indomethacin administration. We underline the importance of an early diagnosis of clozapine-related pericarditis and the need to have monitoring protocols to prevent this potentially fatal adverse effect especially when polypharmacy is administered to patients taking clozapine.

Comparative Analysis of Stomach Cancer Stages and Related Factors according to the Diagnosis Path (위암 환자의 진단 경로에 따른 병기 및 관련요인의 차이)

  • Lee, Hyun-Ah;Lee, Tae-Yong;Kim, Young-Ran
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.2656-2664
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study is to compare the difference between stomach cancer stages and related factors according to the diagnosis path. The self-administered questionnaire was filled out by 375 inpatients with primary stomach cancers who had been scheduled at Chungnam National University Hospital were targeted for the survey during the period from August 1st 2010 to March 31st 2013. Rogistic regression model were estimated to identify related factors between Medical checkups group and symptom group. As a results, the study suggests that early checkups is important because ratio of early stomach cancer is higher in Medical checkups group than in symptom group(p=0.001). And if there was a symptom at diagnosis of stomach cancer, stomach cancer stage appeared to have a strong possibility(p=0.001). If cancer screening has been widely implemented and supported by a large scale prospective studies will be possible even in the most appropriate tests and interval estimation for the country.

The Use of Nursing Diagnosis in Practice (간호진단의 임상적용 현황, 문제점 및 개선방안)

  • 박신애;강현숙;문희자;김광주;이향련;조미영;조결자;김윤희;김귀분
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.24-39
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    • 1989
  • This study was conducted to investigate the present situation and problems related to the use of nursing diagnosis in practice. The data were obtained from 332 subjects (27 director of nursing service, 302 staff nurses) who worked in university hospitals in Korea from July through August 1988 using a mailed questionnaire. Data were analyzed by frequency, X$^2$ test and t-test. The findings were as follows ; 1, Clinical use of nursing diagnosis by directors of nursing service and staff nurses. 1) The majority of the nursing departments (88.9%) conducted group education on nursing diagnosis during the last 5 years and 81.5% of them kept a record format for nursing diagnosis : 88.9% of them had had prior experience with the nursing diagnosis. 2) Most of nurses (97.0%) had received education on nursing diagnosis. 2. Factors related to the clinical use of nursing diagnosis in nursing service departments and by staff nurses. 1) The one factor related to the use of nursing diagnosis in the nursing service department was the existence of a record. 2) Factors related to the use of nursing diagnosis by the staff nurses were the organization style of the nursing service department, group education during the last 5 years, existence of a record, the attitude of the director of nursing service, and prior experience of the use of the nursing diagnosis as characteristics of nursing service department and educational experience of nursing diagnosis as a character of nurse. 3. Problems with the use of nursing diagnosis. 1) The primary problem was the lack of time and personnel (mean : 3.757) ; the second problem was the lack of knowledge and will to use nursing diagnosis in practice by the staff nurses(mean : 3.546). 2) There was no significant difference in problems expressed by the director of nursing services and the nurses. The majority of nurses who worked in the university hospitals expressed interest in and concern about the use of nursing diagnosis. Most of the nurses had had education about on nursing diagnosis but use in practice was limited. The primary problem was lack of time and manpower. Strategies for improving use of the nursing diagnosis in practice : 1) Strengthening the education about nursing diagnosis and a holistic approach to understanding human beings. 2) Develop protocols for the use of nursing diagnosis. 3) Eliminate the language barrier regarding nursing diagnosis by translation into in Korean. 4) Decentralization of the nursing service to promote accountability by individual nurses for use of nursing diagnosis.

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Effects of Down-regulation of HDAC6 Expression on Proliferation, Cell Cycling and Migration of Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma Cells and Related Molecular Mechanisms

  • Li, Ning;Tie, Xiao-Jing;Liu, Pei-Jie;Zhang, Yan;Ren, Hong-Zheng;Gao, Xin;Xu, Zhi-Qiao
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.685-689
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    • 2013
  • Objective: To study the effects of down-regulation of HDAC6 expression on proliferation, cell cycling and migration of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) cells and related molecular mechanisms. Methods: ESCC cell line EC9706 cells were randomly divided into untreated (with no transfection), control siRNA (transfected with control siRNA) and HDAC6 siRNA (transfected with HDAC6 small interfering RNA) groups. Effects of HDAC6 siRNA interference on expression of HDAC6 mRNA and protein in EC9706 cells were investigated by semi-quantitative RT-PCR, Western blotting and immunocytochemistry methods. Effects of down-regulation of HDAC6 expression on cell proliferation, cell cycle, and cell migration were studied using a CCK-8 kit, flow cytometry and Boyden chambers, respectively. Changes of mRNA and protein expression levels of cell cycle related factor (p21) and cell migration related factor (E-cadherin) were investigated by semi-quantitative RT-PCR and Western blotting methods. Results: After transfection of HDAC6 siRNA, the expression of HDAC6 mRNA and protein in EC9706 cells was significantly downregulated. In the HDAC6 siRNA group, cell proliferation was markedly inhibited, the percentage of cells in G0/G1 phase evidently increased and the percentage of cells in S phase decreased, and the number of migrating cells significantly and obviously decreased. The mRNA and protein expression levels of p21 and E-cadherin in the HDAC6 siRNA group were significantly higher than those in the untreated group and the control siRNA group, respectively. Conclusions: HDAC6 siRNA can effectively downregulate the expression of HDAC6 mRNA and protein in EC9706 cells. Down-regulation of HDAC6 expression can obviously inhibit cell proliferation, arrest cell cycling in the G0/G1 phase and reduce cell migration. The latter two functions may be closely related with the elevation of mRNA and protein expression of p21 and E-cadherin.

Changes in Quality of Care for Cesarean Section after Implementation of Diagnosis-Related Groups/Prospective Payment System (DRG 지불제도 도입 후 제왕절개술에서의 의료의 질 변화)

  • Kwon, Young-Hun;Hong, Du-Ho;Kim, Chang-Yup;Kim, Yong-Ik;Shin, Young-Soo;Yim, Jun
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.347-353
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    • 2001
  • Objectives : To determine the impacts of Diagnosis-Related Groups/Prospective Payment System (DRG/PPS) on the quality of care in cases of Cesarean section and to describe the policy implications for the early stabilization of DRG/PPS in Korea. Methods : Data was collected from the medical records of 380 patients who had undergone Cesarean sections in 40 hospitals participating in the DRG/PPS Demonstration Program since 1999. Cesarean sections were peformed in 122 patients of the FFS(Fee-For-Service) group and 258 patients of the DRG/PPS group. Measurements of quality used included essential tests of pre- and post-operation, and the PPI(Physician Performance Index) score. The PPI was developed by two obstetricians. Results : Univariate analysis demonstrated significant differences in PPI scores according to the payment systems. With respect to the mean of PPI scores, a higher score was found in the DRG/PPS group than in the FFS group. However, the adjusted effect did not show significant differences between the FFS group and the DRG/PPS group. Conclusion : This study suggested that the problem of poor quality may not be related to the implementation of DRG/PPS in Cesarean section. However, this study did not consider the validity and reliability of the process measurement, and it did not exclude the possibility of data emission in medical records.

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The diagnosis of sleep related breathing disorders and polysomnography (수면호흡장애의 진단과 수면다원검사)

  • Park, Ji Woon
    • The journal of the Korean dental association
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    • v.53 no.4
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    • pp.238-248
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    • 2015
  • Sleep related breathing disorders(SRBDs) are a group of diseases accompanied by difficulties in respiration and ventilation during sleep. Central sleep apnea, obstructive sleep apnea(OSA), sleep-related hypoventilation, and hypoxemia disorder are included in this disease entity. OSA is known to be the most common SRBDs and studies show its significant correlation with general health problems including hypertension, arrhythmia, diabetes, and metabolic syndrome. The diagnostic process of OSA is composed of physical examinations of the head and neck area and also the oral cavity. Radiologic studies including cephalography, CT, MRI, and fluoroscopy assist in identifying the site of obstruction. However, polysomnography(PSG) is still considered the gold standard for the diagnosis of OSA since it offers both qualitative and quantitative recording of the events during a whole night's sleep. The dentist who is trained in sleep medicine can easily identify patients with the risk of OSA starting from simple questions and screening questionnaires. Diagnosis is the first step to treatment and considering the high rate of under-diagnosis for OSA the dentist may play a substantial role in the diagnosis and treatment of OSA which will eventually lead to the well-being of the patient as a whole person. So the objective of this article is to assist dental professionals in gaining knowledge and insight of the diagnostic measures for OSA including PSG.

Analysis of Changes in Patient Costs in 7Diagnosis-Related Groups through Time Series Analysis - Focusing on the Characteristics of Medical Institutions - (시계열 분석을 통한 7개질병군 포괄수가제의 환자 비용 변화 분석 -의료기관의 유형별 특성을 중심으로-)

  • Yun, Hye-Jee;Lee, Chang-Min
    • The Korean Journal of Health Service Management
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.23-35
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    • 2017
  • Objectives : This study analyzed the trends of patient costs in 7diagnosis-related groups(DRG) since July 2013 when the government made it mandatory for all hospitals and clinics. Methods : Data were collected from the 7DRG score chart published by the Ministry of Health and Welfare(MoHW) from July 2013 to January 2017. The average value of the weekday relative value scale was multiplied by unit price, referred to as'- "patient costs by disease group"-' and they were analyzed by time series. Results : Patient costs had increased among all patients with a comprehensive disease. Small and medium-sized hospitals (hospitals and clinics) showed a slight increase in patient costs. Conclusions : Enforcement of the Korean diagnosis-related groups has led to management crisis in small and medium-sized hospitals and deterioration medical service quality. To solve this problem, The weekday relative value scale of small and medium-sized hospitals should be increased significantly.

Is the Hospital Caseload of Diagnosis Related Groups Related to Medical Charges and Length of Stay? (DRGs(Diagnosis Related Groups)별 환자집중도 수준에 따른 입원진료비와 재원일수의 차이 분석)

  • Kwak, Jin-Mi;Lee, Kwang-Soo
    • The Korean Journal of Health Service Management
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.13-24
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    • 2014
  • This study analyzes the effects of hospital caseload on medical charges and length of stay for inpatients. Hospital caseload, representing the level of concentration of patients, was measured with the Internal Herfindal Index for three diagnosis related group (DRG) codes (appendectomy, operations on anus, and operations on uterus and adnexa). Ordinary least squares regression was used for analysis. Results showed that medical charges per inpatient and average length of stay significantly differed with respect to hospital concentration indices, and that hospital caseload was inversely related to operational performance for appendectomy and operations on uterus and adnexa. The significant negative relationship between concentration index and length of stay may decrease the total medical charges. The results imply that the expansion of the DRG payment system to hospitals will have a negative influence on their gross sales.