• Title, Summary, Keyword: Diabetes Mellitus Patients

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Comparision of Body Image between DM patients who used Insulin Pump and didn't use Insulin Pump (인슐린 펌프 착용 유무에 따른 당뇨병환자의 신체상 비교)

  • Lee, Myung-Hwa;Woo, Kyung-Mi;Kim, Kyung-Hee
    • The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.105-118
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    • 2001
  • The purpose of study was to compare body image between diabetes mellitus patients who used insulin pump therapy and didn't use insulin pump therapy. The study design was comparative survey study the subjects were 60 diabetes mellitus patients who used insulin pump therapy and 60 diabetes mellitus patients who didn't use insulin pump therapy at B hospital in Busan The data were collected from 15th April to 20th August, 1998. The instrument used for this study were Osgood's body image scale. The collected data were analyzed frequency, percentage, $X^2$-test, mean, standard deviation, t-test, ANOVA, Scheffe test. The results were as follows 1. Demographical characteristics between diabetes mellitus patients who used insulin pump therapy and didn't use insulin pump therapy were no significant difference. 2. Characteristics related disease between diabetes mellitus patients who used insulin pump therapy and didn't use insulin pump therapy were significant difference in paticipation of D.M. meeting, no of paticipation of D.M. meeting. 3. Body inmage score of diabetes mellitus patients was $69.08{\pm}18.13$. In body image, diabetes mellitus patients who used insulin pump therapy were higher than that didn't use insulin pump therapy(t=1.964, P<.05) 4. In body image's each item, common-strange item, noble-humble item, competent-incompetent item, light-heavy item, diabetes mellitus patients who used insulin pump therapy were higher than diabetes mellitus patients who didn't use insulin pump therapy(P<.05) 5. In body image according to economic status, marital status, occupational status were significantly difference. 6. In body image according to causes of regular hospital visiting, paticipation of diabetes mellitus class were significantly difference. In conclusion, diabetes mellitus patients who used insulin pump therapy were more positive than diabetes mellitus patients who didn't use insulin pump therapy.

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Comparision of Body Image between DM Patients who used Insulin Pump and didn't use Insulin Pump (인슐린 펌프 착용 유무에 따른 당뇨병환자의 신체상 비교)

  • Lee, Myung-Hwa;Woo, Kyung-Mi;Kim, Kyung-Hee
    • The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.251-264
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    • 2001
  • The purpose of study was to compare body image between diabetes mellitus patients who used insulin pump therapy and didn't use insulin pump therapy. The study design was comparative survey study the subjects were 60 diabetes mellitus patients who used insulin pump therapy and 60 diabetes mellitus patients who didn't use insulin pump therapy at B hospital in Busan. The data were collected from 15th April to 20th August, 1998. The instrument used for this study were Osgood's body image scale. The collected data were analyzed frequency, percentage, $X^2$-test, mean, standard deviation, t-test, ANOVA, Scheffe test. The results were as follows 1. Demographical characteristics between diabetes mellitus patients who used insulin pump therapy and didn't use insulin pump therapy were no significant difference. 2. Characteristics related disease between diabetes mellitus patients who used insulin pump therapy and didn't use insulin pump therapy were significant difference in paticipation of D.M. meeting, no of paticipation of D.M. meeting. 3. Body inmage score of diabetes mellitus patients was $69.08{\pm}18.13$. In body image, diabetes mellitus patients who used insulin pump therapy were higher than that didn't use insulin pump therapy(t=1.964, P<.05) 4. In body image's each item, common-strange item, noble-humble item, competent-incompetent item, light-heavy item, diabetes mellitus patients who used insulin pump therapy were higher than diabetes mellitus patients who didn't use insulin pump therapy(P<.05). 5. In body image according to economic status, marital status, occupational status were significantly difference. 6. In body image according to causes of regular hospital visiting, paticipation of diabetes mellitus class were significantly difference. In conclusion, diabetes mellitus patients who used insulin pump therapy were more positive than diabetes mellitus patients who didn't use insulin pump therapy.

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A Study on the Polymorphisms in Parotid Salivary Proteins of the Patients with Diabetes Millitus (당뇨병 환자의 이하선 타액내 단백질의 다형현상에 대한 연구)

  • Jong-Mo Ahn;Chang-Lyuk Yoon
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.99-108
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    • 1992
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the polymorphosms in parotid salivary proteins of the patients with diabetes mellitus. Saliva from the parotid glands was collected from 94 healthy Korean adults who were live in Kwang-ju and from 33 diabetes mellitus patients who had more than 140mg/dl of fastingblood sugar for one week. Diabetes mellitus patient group was subdivided to insulin dependent diatetes mellitus (IDDM) and non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM). In the saliva collected from the parotid glands, parotid acidic protein(Pa), proline-rich protein(Pr) and double band protein(Db) were analyzed to evaluate the distribution of phenotype using alkaline slab polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The results were as follows : 1. The parotid acidic protein (Pa) was found more frequently in the diabetes mellitus patient group than in the control group, but the difference was not statistically significant. 2. The Pr(1-2) type was found more frequently in the control group, but the Pr(1-1) and Pr(2-2) type were found more freqnently in the diabetes mellitus patient group and the difference of phenotypic distribution was statistically significant between the two groups. (p<0.05) 3. The parotid acidic protein(Pa) and Pr(1-2) type were found more frequently in the noninsulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) patients than in the insulin dependent diabetes mellitus patients, though the difference was not statistically significant.

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Factors Related to Self Management in Middle Aged and Elderly with Diabetes Mellitus (중년기와 노년기 당뇨병 환자의 자가관리 관련요인)

  • Moon, Mi-Young;Kim, Myung-Ae
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.261-273
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    • 2005
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore the self management and related factors that affect the self management of diabetes between the middle aged and elderly groups. Method: This study was based by the conceptual framework of Cox's interaction model of client health behavior. The subjects were two groups; the middle aged group, 80 and the elderly group, 85 who were diabetes mellitus patients. Result: In the middle aged group, gender, education and social support were significantly correlated with self-management of diabetes mellitus. In the elderly group, gender, education, social support and the duration of diagnosis were significantly correlated with self-management of diabetes mellitus. In too middle aged group, the intrinsic motivation of diabetes mellitus patients and their understanding of diabetes were significantly correlated with self-management of diabetes mellitus. Understanding of diabetes and self perception were significantly correlated with self-management in middle aged group. In the elderly group, intrinsic motivation, understanding of diabetes and the attitude of the patients were significantly correlated with self-management Conclusion: In the middle aged group, maintaining a positive attitude of diabetes, reducing stress and continuous social support were important for improving self-management of diabetes mellitus. In the elderly group, enhancing their knowledge of diabetes, and maintaining continuous social support were important to improve self-management of diabetes mellitus.

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Knowledge and Diffusion of Knowledge for Nursing Care of Patients with Diabetes Mellitus among Clinical Nurses (우리나라 임상간호사의 당뇨병 지식 및 지식 확산도 조사연구)

  • Hong, Myeong Hee;Yoo, Joo Wha;Kim, Soon Ai;Lee, Jeong Rim;Roh, Na Ri;Park, Jeong Eun;Gu, Mee Ock
    • Journal of Korean Clinical Nursing Research
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.61-74
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: In order to increase the quality of nursing care for patients with diabetes mellitus, it is important for clinical nurses to accept changes in diabetes knowledge and correct their approach immediately. This approach will also contribute to effective nursing practice. Methods: The study was designed to investigate the level of knowledge and diffusion of knowledge for nursing care of patients with diabetes mellitus among clinical nurses. It was conducted with nurses from 29 general hospitals in Korea from November 3 to December 5, 2008. The questionnaire consisted of 129 items and it was sent to the participants by mail. Of the 1,060 questionnaires returned, only 930 were valid for use in the statistical analysis. Results: 1) The average score for clinical nurses' knowledge of diabetes mellitus was 0.67 out of 1.0. 2) The level of persuasion of knowledge for nursing care of patients with diabetes mellitus averaged 0.64 out of 1.0 3) The level of practical application of knowledge for nursing care of patients with diabetes mellitus averaged 1.05 out of 2.0, indicating that they applied their knowledge 'sometimes'. 4) The level of diffusion of knowledge for nursing care of patients with diabetes mellitus was 2.37 out of 4.0 and level was estimated as the stage of 'persuasion'. 5) There were significant differences in nursing knowledge of diabetes mellitus, according to experience in practical education for diabetes mellitus. Conclusion: The results indicate that nurses with a lower level of knowledge of diabetes mellitus have a lower level of persuasion of knowledge for nursing care of patients with diabetes mellitus and lower practical application. To improve the level of nurses' knowledge of diabetes mellitus, practical training programs are needed for areas in which knowledge level is low, such as 'diagnosis and management of diabetes mellitus', 'oral diabetes medication', and 'glucose control in special conditions'.

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A Survey on Knowledge of Diabetes and Self-care Behavior of Rural Patients with Diabetes Mellitus (농촌지역 당뇨병 환자의 당뇨지식 및 자가관리에 대한 연구)

  • Lee, Hye-Ran
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Rural Health Nursing
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.13-24
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the knowledge of diabetes and self-care behavior of patients with diabetes mellitus living in rural area. Methods: Participants in this study were 94 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Data were collected from July 13 to September 14, 2012. The instruments were the knowledge of diabetes measurement developed by Park Oh Jang and the measurement of self-care behavior for patients with diabetes developed by Kim Young Ok. Data were analyzed using the SPSSWIN 18.0 program for t-test, one-way ANOVA and Scheffe test. Results: There were significant differences in knowledge of diabetes according to education level (p=.011), alcohol use (p=.010), regular exercise (p=.046), and duration of illness (p=.045). There were significant differences in self-care behavior of patients with diabetes according to satisfaction with income (p=.031), regular exercise (p<.001), experience with diabetes education (p=.001), number of diabetes education sessions (p<0.001), and complications (p=.001). Conclusion: Based on the result of this study, there is a need to develop and confirm the efficacy of education programs by examining their fit to characteristics of patients with diabetes mellitus living in rural areas.

The Anthropometric Characteristics on Non Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus in Korea (우리 나라 당뇨병 환자의 체위 특성)

  • 양은주
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.401-406
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    • 1999
  • The purpose of this study was to identify some anthropometric characteristics related to the incidence of diabetes mellitus in Korea. The subjects were 165 male and female patients aged 30 to 70 years who had been diagnosed with diabetes mellitus for less than five year, recruied from eight different hospitals in Seoul, Korea. Weight, height, waist circumference, hip circumference and triceps skinfold thickness were measured. Weight before diagnosis of diabetes was also surveyed. The body mass index(BMI) of diabetic patients before diabetic diagnosis was significantly higher than that of reference values. Fifty percent of patients had BMI values greater than 25kg/$m^2$, and female patients were somewhat fatter than male patients. Since many subjects were overweight before diagnosis, obestty could be regarded as a risk factor for the incidence of diabetes mellitus. However, waist-hip ratios(WHR) fell within the normal range, so WHR may not be regarded as an important risk factor for NIDDM in Korea. This study suggests that the risk factors of onset of diabetes in Western populations may not be applicable to the Korea population. More study is needed to clarify the risk factors of Korean diabetes.

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The Development of Exercise Therapy Protocol Applied to an Efficacy Expectation Promoting Program in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients (효능기대증진 프로그램을 적용한 운동요법 프로토콜 개발 - 제 2 형 당뇨병 환자를 중심으로 -)

  • Hwang Ae-Ran;Kim Chun-Ja
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.366-378
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    • 2000
  • Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus patients have chronic metabolic disorder and they need self care for their lifetime. But most Diabetes Mellitus patients don't know how to do a self care due to the lack of adequate support from health care professionals. It has been reported that lack of exercise therapy compliance guide is very important one. This study was conducted to develop an exercise therapy protocol applied to an efficacy expectation promoting program based on Bandura's self efficacy model for type 2 Diabetes Mellitus patients. Firstly, a conceptual framework was developed through efficacy expectation promoting Program based on Bandura's self efficacy model. In order to identify the contents of program and to design a preliminary protocol, a with the consultation experts was made. A clinical validity was tested using twenty type 2 Diabetes Mellitus patients who received follow-up care regularly through the diabetic out-patient clinic from October, 1998 to May, 2000. After this process, the final protocol was developed. The results of this study are summarized as bellows : The final exercise therapy protocol applied to an efficacy expectation promoting program for type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients consists of individualized exercise test and prescription, a small booklet relating personal experience with Diabetes Mellitus and a telephone coaching program for 12 weeks on performance accomplishment, vicarious experience and verbal persuasion, which are all induction modes of efficacy expectation. It is concluded that the exercise therapy protocol applied to an efficacy expectation promoting program is applicable to type 2 diabetes mellitus. And this exercise therapy protocol could show a positive effect on the exercise compliance of Diabetes Mellitus patients.

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Relationship between Body image and Depression of Diabetes Mellitus Patients (당뇨병환자의 신체상과 우울과의 관계)

  • Lee, Myung-Hwa;Song, Myung-Sook
    • The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.49-59
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of study was to identify relationship between body image and depression of diabetes mellitus patients. The subjects of study were 120 diabetes mellitus patients who were B hospital in Pusan. Data were collected from 15th April to 20th August, 1998. The instrument used for this study were Osgood's body image scale and Zung's depression scale. The collected data were analyzed frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, t-test, ANOVA, Scheffe test, Pearson's correlation coefficients. The results were as follows: 1. The mean score of body image was $68.91{\pm}18.04$, and the mean score of depression was $56.18{\pm}11.58$. 2. The score of body image according to marital status(t=-2.434, p=.016), economic status (F=6.252, p=.001), reason of different regular hospital visiting(F=3.017, p=.014), treatment method of diabetes mellitus(F=3.048, p=.013) were significantly difference. ere significantly difference. 3. The score of depression according to sex(t=2.353, p=.020), occupational status(F=4.657, p=.002), marital status(t=-2.325, p=.022), economic status(F=5.536, p=.001), regular hospital visiting(t=2.081, p=.040), reason of different regular hospital visiting(F=3.352, p=.007), treatment method of diabetes mellitus(F=3.102, p=.012), paticipation of diabetes mellitus(t=3.726, p=.000), paticipation of diabetes mellitus visiting(F=4.819, p=.003) were significantly difference. 5. Body image and depression was a significant negative correlation(r=-.679. p=.000). Conclusion: From this study, a relationship between body image and depression inpatients with diabetes mellitus was idetified. Therefore, nursing intervention are needed to promote body image and depression in patients with diabetes mellitus.

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A study on relationship between HbA1c, WHR, WTR and compliance in elderly diabetes mellitus patients (노인 당뇨병 환자의 당화혈색소, 허리/엉덩이둘레, 허리/허벅지둘레 및 치료지시이행과의 관계)

  • Yoo, Yong Kwon;Song, Min Sun
    • Journal of Korean Academic Society of Home Health Care Nursing
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.14-21
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify relationships between HbA1c (Glycosylated Hemoglobin), WHR (Waist hip ratio), WTR (Waist thigh ratio) and compliance in elderly diabetes mellitus patients aged 65 years or over. Method: We conducted a survey and measured HbA1c, WHR, WTR in a total of 180 elderly patients with diabetes from 5 May 2014 to 30 May 2014. The data were analyzed by t-test, ANOVA, and Pearson's Correlation Coefficient using the SPSS program. Results: There were no significant differences in diabetes-related characteristics for HbA1c, WHR and WTR. However, patients with a family history had low compliance scores (p=.004). Furthermore, patients who visited the hospital regularly had higher compliance scores than patients who visited hospital when they were sick (p<.001). Patients with diabetic complications had low treatment compliance scores (p=.001). In addition, WHR and WTR (r=0.47, p<.001). and WHR and compliance (r=0.15, p=.045) showed positive correlation. Conclusion: For elderly diabetes mellitus patients, diabetes-related characteristics and compliance were highly related, so it is necessary to improve compliance for managing diabetes mellitus.