• Title, Summary, Keyword: Diabetes

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Comparision of Body Image between DM Patients who used Insulin Pump and didn't use Insulin Pump (인슐린 펌프 착용 유무에 따른 당뇨병환자의 신체상 비교)

  • Lee, Myung-Hwa;Woo, Kyung-Mi;Kim, Kyung-Hee
    • The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.251-264
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    • 2001
  • The purpose of study was to compare body image between diabetes mellitus patients who used insulin pump therapy and didn't use insulin pump therapy. The study design was comparative survey study the subjects were 60 diabetes mellitus patients who used insulin pump therapy and 60 diabetes mellitus patients who didn't use insulin pump therapy at B hospital in Busan. The data were collected from 15th April to 20th August, 1998. The instrument used for this study were Osgood's body image scale. The collected data were analyzed frequency, percentage, $X^2$-test, mean, standard deviation, t-test, ANOVA, Scheffe test. The results were as follows 1. Demographical characteristics between diabetes mellitus patients who used insulin pump therapy and didn't use insulin pump therapy were no significant difference. 2. Characteristics related disease between diabetes mellitus patients who used insulin pump therapy and didn't use insulin pump therapy were significant difference in paticipation of D.M. meeting, no of paticipation of D.M. meeting. 3. Body inmage score of diabetes mellitus patients was $69.08{\pm}18.13$. In body image, diabetes mellitus patients who used insulin pump therapy were higher than that didn't use insulin pump therapy(t=1.964, P<.05) 4. In body image's each item, common-strange item, noble-humble item, competent-incompetent item, light-heavy item, diabetes mellitus patients who used insulin pump therapy were higher than diabetes mellitus patients who didn't use insulin pump therapy(P<.05). 5. In body image according to economic status, marital status, occupational status were significantly difference. 6. In body image according to causes of regular hospital visiting, paticipation of diabetes mellitus class were significantly difference. In conclusion, diabetes mellitus patients who used insulin pump therapy were more positive than diabetes mellitus patients who didn't use insulin pump therapy.

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Peripheral Nerve Abnormalities in Patients with Newly Diagnosed Type I and II Diabetes Mellitus (새로 진단된 제1형 및 제2형 당뇨병 환자에서 말초신경이상)

  • Lee, Sang-Soo;Han, Heon-Seok;Kim, Heon
    • Annals of Clinical Neurophysiology
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.8-14
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    • 2014
  • Background: Early detection of neuropathy may prevent further progression of this complication in the diabetic patients. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of early neuropathic complication in patients with newly diagnosed type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Methods: Nerve conduction studies (median, ulnar, posterior tibial, peroneal, and sural nerves) were performed for 49 type 1 (27 males, mean $14.1{\pm}7.5$ years) and 40 type 2 (27 males, $42.0{\pm}14.1$ years) diabetic patients at onset of diabetes. Children with age at onset under 4 years and adults over 55 years were excluded to eliminate the aging effect and the influence of obstructive arteriosclerosis. Neuropathy was defined as abnormal nerve conduction findings in two or more nerves including the sural nerve. Results: Mean HbA1c level was $12.6{\pm}3.3%$ for type 1 and $10.5{\pm}2.9%$ for type 2 diabetes. The prevalence of neuropathy was 12.2% for type 1, and 35.0% for type 2 diabetes, respectively. There were significant trends in the prevalence of neuropathy with increasing age (p<0.05). The effect of the mean level of glycosylated hemoglobin on the prevalence of polyneuropathy at onset of diabetes was borderline (p=0.0532). Neither sex of the patients nor the type of diabetes affected the neurophysiologic abnormalities at the diagnosis. Conclusions: Even in a population with diabetes at the diagnosis, the prevalence of subclinical neuropathy was not low. Neuropathy has been significantly associated with increasing age indicating the possibility of longer duration of undetected diabetes among them, especially in type 2 diabetes.

Urinary Glucose Screening for Early Detection of Asymptomatic Type 2 Diabetes in Jeonbuk Province Korean Schoolchildren

  • Kim, Min Sun;Lee, Dae-Yeol
    • Journal of Korean Medical Science
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    • v.32 no.6
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    • pp.985-991
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    • 2017
  • This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of glucosuria and the characteristics of diabetes in schoolchildren as detected by a school urine glucose screening program implemented from 2010 to 2013 in the Jeonbuk province area of Korea. A total of 110 children without known diabetes were analyzed. They were checked with an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) with other laboratory tests and their clinical data were collected. A total of 707,238 schoolchildren from a school population of 1,064,999 were screened for glucosuria. In total, over a 4-year period, 545 schoolchildren (0.077%) were positive for glucosuria on the second urine test. The prevalence of glucosuria was more common among middle and high schoolchildren than among elementary schoolchildren. Among 110 students who completed the OGTT to confirm diabetes, 40 were diagnosed with diabetes mellitus (DM); 39 children, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and 1 child, slowly progressive insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (SPIDDM). The mean annual incidence of diabetes was 5.6 per 100,000 schoolchildren and adolescents. The subjects with diabetes diagnosed through the urine screening test showed minimal or no symptoms of diabetes. The students with diabetes were more likely to be woman and obese, and they have a higher body mass index, higher cholesterol, triglyceride, insulin, C-peptide, and fasting glucosuria values than the students with normal glucose tolerance. We identified 40 new cases of diabetes in the Korean schoolchildren with asymptomatic glucosuria on urine glucose screening. This finding shows that school urine glucose screening is a feasible and simple method for early detection of asymptomatic T2DM.

Therapy of Diabetes Mellitus Using Experimental Animal Models

  • Min, T.S.;Park, Soo Hyun
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.23 no.5
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    • pp.672-679
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    • 2010
  • Diabetes mellitus is a worldwide epidemic with high mortality. As concern over this disease rises, the number and value of research grants awarded by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) have increased. Diabetes mellitus is classified into two groups. Type 1 diabetes requires insulin treatment, whereas type 2 diabetes, which is characterized by insulin resistance, can be treated using a variety of therapeutic approaches. Hyperglycemia is thought to be a primary factor in the onset of diabetes, although hyperlipidemia also plays a role. The major organs active in the regulation of blood glucose are the pancreas, liver, skeletal muscle, adipose tissue, intestine, and kidney. Diabetic complications are generally classified as macrovascular (e.g., stroke and heart disease) or microvascular (i.e., diabetic neuropathy, nephropathy, and retinopathy). Several animal models of diabetes have been used to develop oral therapeutic agents, including sulfonylureas, biguanides, thiazolidinediones, acarbose, and miglitol, for both type 1 and type 2 diseases. This review provides an overview of diabetes mellitus, describes oral therapeutic agents for diabetes and their targets, and discusses new developments in diabetic drug research.

Factors Influencing Fundus Examination in Patients with Diabetes (당뇨병 환자의 안저검사 수검 영향요인)

  • An, Soodeuk;Yu, Jungok
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.44-55
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to identify factors influencing fundus examination to prevent diabetic retinopathy in diabetes patients to provide basic data to improve screening rates of fundus examinations. Methods: Raw data from the 6th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, which is a cross-sectional and nationally representative survey, were used in this study. The subjects of the study were 1,029 adult diabetes patients over the age of 19 years who had been diagnosed with diabetes. The demographic characteristics, diabetes and disease-related characteristics and health behavior characteristics according to the fundus examinations were analyzed by the chi-squared test and logistic regression analyses were used to examine the factors influencing fundus examination. Results: A total of 333 patients underwent fundus examination at a screening rate of 32.2%. We identified factors influencing fundus examination in patients with diabetes as level of education, type of diabetes care, period of diabetes, and smoking. Conclusion: A multiple approach is required to raise the low screening rate of fundus examination, including specialized education for low-education groups. Moreover, nursing intervention should focus on subjects who do not engage in insulin and oral hypoglycemic agents and with diabetes for a long period.

Health Behavior Factors Related Type 2 Diabetes by Obesity for Health Promotion in Adolescents (청소년 건강증진교육을 위한 비만여부에 따른 당뇨병 관련 건강행태)

  • Paek, Kyung-Won;Chun, Ki-Hong
    • The Journal of the Korean Society of School Health
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.61-73
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: Several health behavior factors affect the incidence of type 2 diabetes. Especially, obesity, which causes insulin resistance, is the most important determinant of diabetes. Therefore, we expect the risk factors associated with insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes are affected by obesity and, additionally, the related factors with diabetes caused by obesity can be controlled. Methods: This study used data collected from the 2001 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES). A stratified multistage probability sampling method was applied and the final sample included 5,500 subjects over 30 years old who had completed necessary health examinations and health behaviors survey. Results: The risk factors associated with type 2 diabetes are affected by obesity. According to logistic regression model stratified by body mass index (BMI) and sex, abdominal obesity and age were the significant risk factors of diabetes regardless of sex and BMI. However, drinking, smoking, total energy consumption, and protein consumption were risk factors for women with normal BMI, while carbohydrate consumption was a risk factor for man with normal BMI. Sleeping hours affected diabetes for women with obesity and fiber consumption was a risk factor for both women and men with obesity. In addition, statistically the family history of diabetes was a significant risk factor only in the group with normal weight, not in the group with obesity. Conclusion: The study results will provide information for implementing a regional initiative of type 2 diabetes prevention by BMI.

Patterns of Diagnosis and Risk Factors for Type 2 Diabetes in Women with a History of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (임신성 당뇨 과거력을 가진 여성의 2형 당뇨진단 양상과 관련요인)

  • Choi, Mi Jin;Chung, Chae Weon
    • Perspectives in Nursing Science
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.17-28
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: This study aimed to identify patterns of diagnosis and to explore risk factors for type 2 diabetes beyond the postpartum period in women with a previous history of gestational diabetes, and to identify differences in such risk factors between early and late-onset (aged <45 and ${\geq}45$). Methods: Using epidemiological data from the Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study, a retrospective analysis of 175 women with various timings of type 2 diabetes diagnosis was performed. Results: The average age ($42.6{\pm}10.6$) at type 2 diabetes diagnosis was earlier than the general population, and obesity was prevalent with marked weight gains around 35 years old. Longer duration of breastfeeding was observed in women with late-onset of type 2 diabetes. Conclusion: For prevention of type 2 diabetes, early intervention is required, and modifiable factors such as weight control and breastfeeding should be taken into consideration for intervention strategies.

Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease and Diabetes: Part II: Treatment

  • Kim, Kyung-Soo;Lee, Byung-Wan;Kim, Yong Jin;Lee, Dae Ho;Cha, Bong-Soo;Park, Cheol-Young
    • Diabetes and Metabolism Journal
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    • v.43 no.2
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    • pp.127-143
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    • 2019
  • Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and diabetes are common metabolic disorders that are often comorbid conditions. Among many proposed treatments, weight reduction is the only approved option for NAFLD to date. However, it is not easy to maintain weight loss by lifestyle modification alone; pharmacological treatments are helpful in this regard. Although many drugs have been investigated, pioglitazone could be a first-line therapy in patients with NAFLD and diabetes. Many more drugs are currently being developed and investigated, and it is likely that combination strategies will be used for future treatment of NAFLD and diabetes. Attention should be paid to the management of NAFLD and diabetes and efforts should be made to intervene early and individualize treatment of NAFLD in patients with diabetes.

A Case Report of Paralytic Patient Associated with Diabetes Mellitus (당뇨를 동반한 뇌경색 환자의 천화산가미방 치험 1례)

  • Kim, Byoung-Woo
    • Journal of Pharmacopuncture
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.97-102
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    • 2009
  • Objectives : This report aimed to study of paralytic patient associated with Diabetes Mellitus. Methods : Diabetes Mellitus has one of the highest death rate, because of it induces various complications. Especially paralytic patients who associated with diabetes mellitus are slow in recovery and easy to induce many complications. So control of the diabetes mellitus is the most important thing to treatment. We observed and treated with Cheunhwasangamibang and acupunture. Results : The paralytic patient with Diabetes Mellitus was treatment with Cheunhwasangamibang and improvement was seen. Conclusions : Results in this case support a role for Cheunhwasangamibang in controlling Diabetes Mellitus.

Clinical Characteristics of Coronary Artery Disease Patients by Comorbidity of Diabetes Mellitus (당뇨병을 동반한 관상동맥질환자의 임상적 특성)

  • Choi, Eun-Ha;Song, Mi-Soon
    • Journal of Korean Critical Care Nursing
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.1-10
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: The study was conducted to find out clinical characteristics for coronary artery disease patients with diabetes mellitus. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the electronic medical records which included the data of 6,792 patients, who had been diagnosed coronary artery disease (CAD) such as angina or acute myocardial infarction and admitted to a university hospital in Seoul from January, 2005 to November, 2010. Results: Of the 6,792 patients, 43% had been diagnosed diabetes as comorbidity. The CAD patients with diabetes had lower left ventricular ejection fraction, stayed longer at hospital, and spent on more time from the first symptom to hospital visit than those without diabetes. In addition, they were more likely to have multi vessel coronary artery disease. Conclusion: The CAD patients with diabetes lay on the various factors which can make more worsen condition. Hence, we need to pay attention to specialized nursing care and patient education for the CAD patients with diabetes.

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