• Title, Summary, Keyword: DiTV

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MHP-based SCORM Contents Trans-Coding System for DiTV Service (DiTV 서비스를 위한 MHP 기반의 SCORM 콘텐츠 트랜스코딩 시스템)

  • Im, Seung-Hyun;Lee, Si-Hwa;Hwang, Dae-Hoon
    • Journal of Korea Multimedia Society
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    • v.10 no.5
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    • pp.642-651
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    • 2007
  • Recently, digital convergence, whose core demand is OSMU (One Sourse Multi Use),has been the main topic in e-learning domain and industry. However, the existing web learning content and the new resource developed toprovide contents to different learning environment must be processed to adapt the new learning settings, which causes the cost and time problem, So in this paper we design and implement a Java based SCORM content transcoding system which can transcode the SCORM-based learning content into MHP-based DiTV content in order to adapt t-learning environment using DiTV, which is closer to our real life. Using this system which has ability of inter-operation, reuse, highly-use, the problem mentioned above can be solved well. Moreover, it is possible for a learner who is not familiar with computer to study using DiTV instead of PC.

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Design of SCROM Metadata Transformation system for DiTV (DITV를 위한 SCORM 메타데이터 변환 시스템의 설계)

  • Hwang Dae-Hoon;Im Seung-Hyun;Lee Si-Hwa
    • Proceedings of the Korea Information Processing Society Conference
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    • pp.157-160
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    • 2006
  • 최근 e-러닝 산업 및 기술에서 큰 화두는 디지털 융합과 현상이라고 할 수 있으며, 이러한 융합화 시대를 향한 진화의 핵심적인 요구사항은 OSMU 이다. 현재까지 e-러닝 산업은 표준화 활동을 통해 디지털 융합화를 실현하고 있으며, 미국 ADL의 SCORM이 사실상의 표준으로 인식되고 있다. 하지만 기존 웹 기반의 e-러닝 환경은 학습을 할 때 컴퓨터에 의존함으로써 실질적인 디지털 격차를 극복하기에 한계가 있다. 이에 본 논문에서는 보다 실생활에 근접한 DiTV용 T-러닝 학습 환경에의 적용을 위하여 이미 작성된 SCORM 기반의 학습 콘텐츠 메타데이터를 DiTV용 TV-Anytime 메타데이터로 변환하여 상호운용성, 재사용성 및 고 이용성 등을 가능하게 하는 시스템의 설계를 제안하고자 한다. 이 시스템을 통하여 PC 에 익숙하지 못한 사람들을 DiTV 앞에서 더욱 편한 학습 기회를 제공할 수 있을 것이다.

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MHP-based Multi-Step the EPG System using Preference of Audience Groups (시청자 그룹 선호도를 이용한 MHP 기반의 다단계 EPG 시스템)

  • Lee, Si-Hwa;Hwang, Dae-Hoon
    • Journal of Korea Multimedia Society
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.219-230
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    • 2009
  • With the development of broadcasting technology from analogue to interactive digital, the number of TV channels and TV contents provided to audiences is increasing in a rapid speed. In this multi-channel world, it is difficult to adapt to the increase of the TV channel numbers and their contents merely using remote controller to search channels. For these reasons, the EPG system, one of the essential services providing convenience to audiences, is proposed in this paper. Collaborative filtering method with multi-step filtering is used in EPG to recommend contents according to the preference of audience groups with similar preference. To implement our designed TV contents recommendation EPG, we prefer DiTV and use JavaXlet programming based on MHP. The European DVB-MHP specification will be also our domestic standard in DiTV. Finally, the result is verified by OpenMHP emulator.

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Inhibitory effects of 2,6-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxymethylphenol on asthmatic responses to ovalbumin challenge in conscious guinea pigs

  • Jeong, Seul-Yong;Lee, Ji-Yun
    • The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.81-89
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    • 2018
  • This study evaluated the anti-asthmatic activities of 2,6-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxymethylphenol (DBHP) that is a potent phenolic antioxidant in edible vegetable oil. The effects of DBHP on bronchial asthma were evaluated by determining the specific airway resistance (sRaw) and tidal volume (TV) during the immediate asthmatic response (IAR) and the late-phase asthmatic response (LAR) in guinea pigs with aerosolized ovalbumin-induced asthma. Recruitment of leukocytes and the levels of biochemical inflammatory mediators were determined in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluids (BALFs), and histopathological surveys performed in lung tissues. DBHP significantly inhibited the increased sRaw and improved the decreased TV on IAR and LAR, and also inhibited recruitment of eosinophils and neutrophils into the lung, and release of biochemical inflammatory mediators such as histamine and phospholipase $A_2$ from these infiltrated leukocytes, and improved pathological changes. However, anti-asthmatic activities of DBHP at oral doses of 12.5 to 50 mg/kg was less than those of dexamethasone (5 mg/kg, p.o.) and cromoglycate (10 mg/kg, p.o.), but more potent or similar to that of salbutamol (5 mg/kg, p.o.). These results in the present study suggest that anti-asthmatic effects of DBHP in the guinea pigs model of OVA-induced asthmatic responses principally are mediated by inhibiting the recruitments of the leukocytes and the release of biochemical inflammatory mediators from these infiltrated leukocytes.

A Design and Implementation of EPG Using Collaborative Filtering Based on MHP (MHP 기반의 협업필터링을 적용한 EPG 설계 및 구현)

  • Lee, Si-Hwa;Hwang, Dae-Hoon
    • Journal of Korea Multimedia Society
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.128-138
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    • 2007
  • With the development of broadcasting technology from analogue to interactive digital, the number of TV channels and contents provided to audience is increasing in a rapid speed. In this multi-media and multi-channel world, it is difficult to adapt to the increase of TV channel numbers and their contents merely using remote controller to search channels. Due to this reason, EPG (Electronic Program Guide) has been one of the essential services providing convenience to audience. So EPG complying with European DVB-MHP specifications, which will be also our domestic standard, is proposed in this paper. In order to provide audiences with DiTV contents they preferred, we apply collaborative filtering algorithm to recommend contents according to preference value of audience group with similar preference. And we use JavaXlet application which is based on MHP to implement this EPG, while the result can be verified by OpenMHP emulator.

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Single-Switch ZVZCS Quasi-Resonant CLL Isolated DC-DC Converter for 32'' LCD TV

  • Ryu, Seung-Hee;Ahn, Jung-Hoon;Cho, Kwang-Seung;Lee, Byoung-Kuk
    • Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.1646-1654
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    • 2015
  • In this paper, a single-switch ZVZCS quasi-resonant CLL isolated DC-DC converter for driving a low-power (less than 100 W) 32'' LED backlighting liquid crystal display television (LCD TV) is proposed. The proposed converter exhibits both forward and flyback operational characteristics. All semiconductors are activated and deactivated under the soft switching conditions during the switching transition without additional active devices. The switching frequency varies less than about 10 kHz for load variations, leading to minimizing the efficiency reduction under light load. Furthermore, the low di/dt and dv/dt by soft switching enhance the electromagnetic interference (EMI) performance above 1 MHz. A theoretical analysis is described in detail, and a 72-W prototype converter verifies the validity of the analysis.

Development and Research for the Professional Brand of TV Broadcasting Program -By focusing the actually proved study for news program brand- (TV 방송 프로그램의 전문 브랜드 개발 연구 -뉴스 프로그램 브랜드의 실증연구를 중심으로-)

  • Jeong, Bong-Keum;Chang, Dong-Ryun
    • Archives of design research
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.39-48
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    • 2005
  • In the age of digital culture, TV broadcasting is exercising more influence as a information and communication medium compared to past. With the appearance of satellite broadcasting service in 2002, the broadcasting environment became a diversified field of local TV, cable TV, satellite, internet, etc. and created the time of multi-media and multi-channel. This ongoing change of broadcasting environment made the passive audience of the past, active image makers and new accepters, participants and users of communications, who know how to choose and use media as the active centerpiece, The active acceptor as the centerpiece of channel selections has become the center of the broadcasting, whereby they pick up and enjoy their favorite TV programs and came to remember the list of their favorite channels and zap them finally. In this point of spotting their favorite channels and improving the degree of recognition for the channels, the development of the noticeable brand for a particular program has made a great contribution. The aim of this study, therefore, is to recognize the factors, which are important in the habits of watching TV and to develop professional brands for TV broadcasting programs. The range of the survey for this study was home news programs and broadcasting stations abroad, which were on air from March to May in 2004. The focus of the survey was universal and professional news programs. Through this study, it was ascertained that, in the case of news, developing a brand for an anchor as well as for a professional brand of TV program could be an important element.

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수직형 발광다이오드의 표면패턴 밀도 증가에 따른 광추출 효율 향상에 관한 연구

  • Jeong, Ho-Yeong;Kim, Su-Jin;Kim, Gyeong-Heon;An, Ho-Myeong;Kim, Tae-Geun
    • Proceedings of the Korean Vacuum Society Conference
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    • pp.416-417
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    • 2013
  • 최근 질화물계 발광다이오드(light emitting diode, LED) 소자는 핸드폰, 스마트 TV 등의 디스플레이 분야와 실내외조명, 감성조명, 특수조명 등의 조명분야에 그 응용분야가 급속히 확대되고 있다. 이러한 LED 소자는 에너지 절감과 친환경에 장점을 가지고, 가까운 미래에 조명시장을 대체할 것으로 예상된다. 이를 만족하기 위해서는 현재보다 더 높은 효율을 갖는 LED 개발이 요구되어지고 있는 상황이다. 일반적으로 질화물계 LED 소자의 효율은 내부양자 효율, 광추출 효율 등으로 나타낼 수 있다. 내부 양자효율은 성장된 결정의 질의 개선 및 다층의 이종접합 또는 다중양자우물 구조와 같이 활성층의 캐리어 농도를 높이는 접합구조로 설계되어 80% 이상의 효율을 나타낸다. 그러나 광추출 효율은 이에 미치지 못하고 있다. 이는 반도체 재료의 높은 굴절률로 인하여 빛이 외부로 탈출하지 못하고 내부로 반사되거나 물질 안에서 흡수가 일어나기 때문이다. 따라서 이러한 문제를 해결하기 위해 많은 연구 그룹들은, 표면에 패턴 형성하여 빛의 전반사를 줄여 그 효율을 올리는 연구결과를 보고하고 있다. 대표적인 방법으로는 wet etching, 전자빔 리소그라피, 나노임프린트 리소그라피, 레이저 홀로 리그라피, 나노스피어 리소그라피 등이 사용되고 있다. 이 중, 나노스피어 리소그라피는 폴리스틸렌 혹은 실리카 등과 같은 나노 크기의 bead를 사용하여 반도체 기판 표면에 단일층으로 고르게 코팅한 마스크로 사용하여 패턴을 주는 방법이다. 이 방법의 장점으로는 대면적에 균일한 패턴을 형성할 수 있고, 공정비용이 저렴하여 양산하기에 적합하다는 특징이 있다. 나노스피어 리소그라피를 통해서 표면에 생성된 패턴 모양의 각도에 따라서, 식각되는 깊이에 변화에 따라 실험한 결과들은 있지만, 아직까지 크기가 다른 나노입자들의 마스크 이용하여 형성된 패턴 밀도에 따른 광 추출 효과에 대한 연구가 많이 미흡하다. 따라서 본 연구에서는 다양한 크기의 실리카로 패턴을 형성시켜 패턴 밀도에 대한 광추출 효율의 효과에 대해서 조사하였다. 실험 방법으론, DI, 에탄올, TEOS, 암모니아의 순서대로 그 혼합 비율을 조정하여 100, 250, 500 nm 크기의 나노입자를 합성하였고 이것을 질화물계 LED의 표면 위에 단일층으로 스핀코팅 방법을 통해 코팅을 하였다. 그 후 ICP-RIE 방법으로 필라 패턴을 형성하였는데, 그 결과 100 nm SiO2 입자를 이용한 경우 $4.5{\times}10^9$/$cm^2$, 250 nm의 경우 $1.4{\times}10^9$/$cm^2$, 500 nm의 경우 $0.4{\times}10^9$/$cm^2$의 패턴의 밀도를 보여주었다(Fig. 1). 패턴의 밀도에 따라 전계광학적 특성을 확인하여 보았는데, 그 결과는 평평한 표면과 비교하였을 때 100 nm에서 383%, 250 nm에서는 320%, 500 nm에서는 244% 상승하는 결과를 보여주었다(Fig. 2). 이번 실험을 통해서 LED의 광추출 효율은 표면 모양과 깊이 뿐 아니라 밀도가 커질수록 그 효율이 올라간다는 사실을 알 수 있었다.

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