• Title, Summary, Keyword: Descriptive correlational study

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Health Promoting Behaviors and Quality of Life of Korean Women with Arthritis (여성 관절염 환자의 건강증진과 삶의 질)

  • 오현수
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.617-630
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    • 1993
  • Factors related to health promotion activities and quality of life in Korean women with arthritis have not been clearly identified. Predictors of health promotion might be identified that will enhance the well - being of this group. Accordingly, the findings of the study will contribute additional information about the relationship between health promotion and quality of life and will add to the research on quality of life of individuals with a leading cause of disability--arthritis. The purpose of the study was to examine the relationship of selected background factors (years of illness, perceived severity of illness, uncertainty in illness), perceived self- efficacy, and health promoting behaviors to the quality of life of Korean women with arthritis. A cross - sectional descriptive design was used in this study to investigate relationships among the variables of interest. The sample was composed of 96 women who had arhtrits and visited large university hospital in Seoul for regular check up or pre-scription of medication. The purpose of a descriptive correlational design was to determine the absence or presence of relationships among variables that were measurable (Polit & Hungler, 1981, p.147). The design of this study was appropriate because it yielded answers to the research questions and hypotheses regarding the relationships among the model variables. the Questionnaire contained demographic information, translated Mishel Uncertainty in illness Scale-Community form (MUIS-C) (Mishel, 1987), translated and modified Disease Course Graphic Scale(DCGS) which was developed by Braden (1990), translated Sherer. et al.’s General Self-Efficacy Scale (1982), The Health -Promoting Lifestyle Profile (HPLP), developed by Walker, Sechrist, and Fender (1987) and traslated to Korean by Ha, and quality of life was measured by Face Scale (Andrew, 1976). Several steps of verification for the translation process were carefully conducted. Data analysis included descriptive correlational statistics and multiple regression techniques. Health promotion was the only contributor to pre-dict quality of life. Results showed that enabling cognitive perceptual factor (self-efficacy) mediates the disruptive force (uncertainty in ill-ness) on achieving a health promoting self- help behavior. The findings of this study also indicated that illness - related variable of severity of illness was mediated by health promotion, which buffered it's impact on quality of life.

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Lifestyle Characteristics and Health Related Quality of Life in Korean Adult (성인의 생활양식과 건강관련 삶의 질에 대한 연구)

  • Kim, Aekyung;Kim, Jung A
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.772-782
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    • 2005
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between Korean lifestyle characteristics and health status and to identify the variables influencing health in Korea. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive correlational design was used to explore the lifestyle characteristics and health status of 397 Korean adults. Correlational analysis calculated the correlation between lifestyle and health status. To examine the relationship among demographic characteristics, lifestyle, and health status we used the t-test and one-way ANOVA. Stepwise multiple regression was conducted to examine the significant predictors of general health among subjects. Results: Positive correlations were seen between general health (GH) and the overall score and subscales of the Lifestyle. The stepwise regression model showed that vitality (VA), body pain (BP), nutrition, and occupation were significant variables influencing general health (GH). Conclusions: These findings provide evidence regarding the lifestyle patterns and healthstatus among Koreans. When planning intervention strategies for this population, exercise and physical activity should be principal focus areas.

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A Correlational Study on Uncertainty and Coping in Families of children with Cancer (암 환아 가족의 질병에 대한 불확실성과 대처양상에 관한 연구)

  • 민영숙
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.529-544
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    • 1994
  • For most parents their child's illness and hospitalization is strssful. Internal stress and over anxiousness leads to uncertainty. Parents have a variety of ways of coping when faced with such stress factors, especialy when the child has cancer. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between uncertainty in illness and mastery and coping styles in parents of pediatric cancer patients, and further to identify differences between three groups of subjects. A cross-sectional descriptive correlational design was used in this study to investigate the relationship among the three groups. The sample was composed of 59 parents of children with cancer in pediatric wards in three hospitals in Seoul : 21 in Group 4 with a child newly diagnosed with cancer : 25 in Group B, with a child under treatment and rehospitalized with a relapse : and 13 in Group C, with a child with a terminal cancer, A formalized questionnaire which included demegrapic information and consisted of 75 items was used in this study ; The Parent Perception of Uncertainty Scale(PPUS) adapted form Mishel’s Uncertainty in Illness Scale, Pearlin & Schooler's Mastery Scale(MS) and Folkman & Lazarus’s Ways of Coping Checklist(WCC) were used to measure the variables : uncertainty in illness, mastery, and coping styles. A pretest was conducted on the questionnaire items for reliability. The results gathered were analyzed using SPSS /PC/sup +/. Data analysis included descriptive correltional statistics such as ANOVA, Pearson Correlation Coefficient, amd chi square test. The conclusions of this analysis are summarized as follows : 1. A higher level of uncertainty was seen among parents of children with terminal cancer. 2. The first hypothesis that uncertainty in illness would differ among the three groups was supported(F=4.182, P=.020). The second and third hypotheses that mastery and coping styles would differ among the three groups were not supported. There was a correlation between uncertainty, mastery, and coping styles which was positive, also there was a positive correlation between mastery and coping style(r=.3744, P<.001) but a negative correlation between uncertainty md mastery(r=-.4749, P<.01). From the above results, it can be concluded that prediciting and controlling uncertainty in illness by considering coping styles and mastery are necessary for improved, efficient nursing interventions.

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Relationships among Information Resources Use, Problem Solving Ability, Nursing Information Literacy Competency in General Hospital Nurses (종합병원 간호사의 정보자원이용, 문제해결능력, 간호정보활용역량의 관계)

  • Ha, Yeong-Mi;Cho, Jeong-Eui;Yang, Seung-Kyoung
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.14 no.7
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    • pp.289-297
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to examine relationships among information resources use, problem solving ability, nursing information literacy competency in general hospital nurses. The descriptive correlational study design was used. The data were collected from 141 nurses working in the two general hospital located G city using self-reported questionnaires. Data were analyzed using SPSS statistics 20.0 program. As results of multiple regression analysis, the factors affecting nursing information literacy competency were problem solving ability and electronic information resources use. And this model could explain 38.0%(F=43.73, p<.001). Considering the findings from this study, nurses need to develop problem solving ability and electronic information resources use improvement program for them.

Unmarried College Students' Knowledge of Sex and Cognition of Prenatal Education (미혼 대학생의 성지식과 태교인식 조사)

  • Shin, Mi-A;Choi, Jung-Hyun
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.613-624
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    • 2010
  • This study investigated unmarried college students' knowledge of sex and cognition of prenatal education. It also aimed to provide insights into how college students' awareness of prenatal education may be raised and to make future married couples practice prenatal education. This study used a descriptive correlational research design. Participants were 346 college students in North and South Jeolla Province. Descriptive statistics with the SPSS WIN 12.0 program were used to analyze the collected data. Important findings were as follows: The mean knowledge of sex was .55, which was near moderate level. The mean cognition of prenatal education was 4.08, which was near high level. Knowledge of sex was influenced significantly by sex and major, whereas cognition of prenatal education was influenced significantly by sex. Thus, it was found that when considering how to raise the cognition of prenatal education and sexual knowledge of sex, both gender and major are important factors to consider.

Predictors of Quality of Life among Hemodialysis Patients (혈액투석환자의 삶의 질에 대한 영향요인)

  • Kim, Eun-Young;Kim, Jin-Sun
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.597-607
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    • 2004
  • Purposes: Quality of life is an important health outcome for hemodialysis patients. The purposes of this study were to identify the level of quality of life and to identify the predictors of quality of life among hemodialysis patients. Method: A descriptive correlational study was conducted. Data were collected from 103 hemodialysis patients at the hospitals in a community using structured questionnaire and medical record. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, correlation, and stepwise multiple regression. Results: Quality of life among hemodialysis patients was relatively lower than that of previous studies. In the final analysis, quality of life was predicted by presence of comorbidity, emotional health, gender, physical health, and knowledge of disease. These variables accounted for 45% of variance of the quality of life. The presence of comorbidity was the most significant predictor of quality of life among hemodialysis patients. Conclusion: Interventions to increase quality of life among hemodialysis patients such as health promotion program and educational program for dietary compliance are needed. These must be developed and applied.

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Relation of Compassionate Competence to Burnout, Job Stress, Turnover Intention, Job Satisfaction and Organizational Commitment for Oncology Nurses in Korea

  • Park, Sun-A;Ahn, Seung-Hee
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.16 no.13
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    • pp.5463-5469
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    • 2015
  • Background: Nursing focuses on the development of an empathic relationship between the nurse and the patients. Compassionate competence, in particular, is a very important trait for oncology nurses. The current study sought to determine the degree of compassionate competence in oncology nurses, as well as to determine the relationships between compassionate competence, burnout, job stress, turnover intention, degrees of job satisfaction, and organizational commitment in oncology nurses. Materials and Methods: A descriptive correlational study evaluating the relationships between compassionate competence, burnout, job stress, turnover intention, degrees of job satisfaction, and organizational commitment in 419 oncology nurses was conducted between January 30 and February 20, 2015. Results: The average score of compassionate competence for oncology nurses in the current study was higher than for clinical nurses. Conclusions: The correlational analysis between compassionate competence and organizational commitment, burnout, job stress, turnover intention, and degree of job satisfaction revealed a high correlation between compassionate competence and positive job satisfaction and organizational commitment. Conclusions: Compassionate competence was higher in oncology nurses than in nurses investigated in previous studies and positively correlated with work experience. Job satisfaction and organizational commitment in nurses may be improved through compassionate competence enhancement programs that employ a variety of experiences.

The correlation analysis between fatigue and health promoting life style among a rural college students (일 지역 대학생의 피로와 건강증진 생활양식과의 관계분석)

  • Jang Hee-Jung
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.6 no.3
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    • pp.477-492
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    • 1999
  • The disease patterns among the Korean was shifted from acute and infectious diseases to chronic diseases. According to the these disease patterns trends, people have concerned about the health promotion and health behaviors. Pender's(1996) revised health promotion model(HPM) is consist of three categories; Individual characteristics and experiences, Behavior-specific cognitions and affect, behavioral outcome. Of these categories, individual characteristics and experiences, this category of variables is considered to be of biological, psychological and socio-cultural personal factors, especially, individual fatigue. Futhermore. these variables constitute a critical core for nursing intervention, as they are subject to modification through nursing actions. But there is no few the research of the relationship between the fatigue and health promotion. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to investigate the correlation between the fatigue and health promoting life style among a rural college students. Additionally, this descriptive correlational study identified the relation of demographic factors and fatigue, health promoting life style. From June 20 to 26, 1998, a convenience sample of 270 college students completed the questionnaire of the fatigue and health promoting life style profile which were developed by the Yoshitake(1978) and Walker, et al.(1987), respectively. The descriptive correlational statistics, mean, t-test, ANONA, Pearson correlation coefficient were used to analyze the data gathered with SAS pc+ program. The results were as it follows: 1. The average fatigue score of the subjects was $64.93{\pm}12.89$. Fatigue scores by subcategory were physical symptoms($23.5{\pm}4.87$). psychological symptoms($22.11{\pm}4.66$) and neuro-sensory symptoms($19.32{\pm}5.14$). With the respect to the demographic characteristics of the subjects, there were statistically significant differences between the demographic factors and fatigue, especially, sex(t==3.69 p<0.01), major(t=-2.89 p<0.01). the experience of family illness(t=2.76 p<0.01). 2. The average health promoting life style item score of the subjects was $2.33{\pm}0.33$. In the subcategories, the highest degree of performance was self-actualization(2.94), following interpersonal support(2.81). stress management(2.33), exercise(2.20), nutrition(2.10), and the lowest degree was health responsibility(1.73). There were the significant differences on the learning of health education(t=2.00 p<0.01). religion(F=3.01, p<0.05), circle activity(t=2.07, p<0.05), nutrition control(t=5.25, p<0.01) of demographical factors with the health promoting life style. 3. The correlation between the fatigue and health promoting life style made statistically no significance(r=-0.09731, p>0.05). But there was negative significant relationship between health promoting life style and psychological symptom as a fatigue subcategory(r=-0.15721, p<0.05). The self-actualization showed negative significant correlation with all fatigue subcategory. The health responsibility showed significant relationship with total fatigue(r=0.13050. p<0.05). For further research, it suggests to replicate the correlational and causal study between the fatigue and the health promoting life style using the another fatigue scale which is able to measure the subjective and objective fatigue degree. And it needs to develop the nursing intervention program for maintaining and promoting the health behavior as well as for decreasing the college students's fatigue.

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Review of Nursing Research on Psychotropic Drugs in Korea (정신약물 복용과 관련된 국내 간호연구의 고찰)

  • Lee, Jongeun;Bae, Jeongyee;Im, Sookbin
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.338-356
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: This study critically reviewed nursing research psychotropic drugs that has been published in Korean journals. Another aim of this study was to identify trends in nursing research on psychotropic drugs and make suggestions for further study in Korea. Methods: Data were collected from degree theses and original articles on psychotropic drugs published in Korean journals from 1992 to 2013. Thirty-four articles were analyzed of which at least one nursing author participated in the study. Search keywords were "psychotropic drug" and "mentally ill patient & medication". Results: For the research design, quasi-experimental study was 58.8%, descriptive study was 17.7%, descriptive correlational study was 8.8%, qualitative study was 8.8% and model development research was 5.9%. Variables measured were knowledge of medication & symptom management, knowledge of disease, side effects, drug attitude, medication pattern, diet & activity, quality of life, and self-care. Conclusion: Despite recent increased interest in psychiatric medication, research on psychotropic drugs remains very limited, particularly regarding findings from a nurse's perspective. More research project should be designed to develop programs for the treatment of side effects from a nursing view-point.

A Study on Relationship between Health Locus of Control and Health Promoting Behavior of College Women (여대생의 건강통제위와 건강증진행위)

  • Shin, Hye-Sook
    • Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.224-237
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    • 1997
  • The purpose of this study was to identify relationship between Health Locus of Control and Health Promoting Behavior. The subjects of the study were 333 college women at D University in Seoul. The tools used for this study were Health Locus of Control developed Wallston et al(1978) (by modified Lee, 1994), Health Promoting Behavior Scale developed by Walker et al(1987) were modified by researcher. The descriptive-correlational study were analyzed by descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson Correlation Coefficient, Stepwise Multiple Regression using SPSS/PC+ program. The results were as follows : 1. Hypotheses 1 that higher the score of internal health locus of control, the higher the score of the level of health promoting behavior was supported(r=.4951, p<.001). Hypotheses 2 that the higher the score of chance health locus of control, the lower the score of the level of health promoting behavior was supported(r=-.3383, p<.001). 2. By means of multiple regression analysis, health locus of control provided explained 24.5% of health promoting behavior. 3. General Characteristic variables significantly related to the health promoting behavior were a major field of study, experience in learning health education.

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