• Title, Summary, Keyword: Deregulation

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The Effects of Airline Deregulation: A Comparative Analysis

  • Kim, Dongho
    • The Journal of Business Economics and Environmental Studies
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    • v.6 no.3
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    • pp.5-10
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    • 2016
  • Purpose - The purpose of this study is to explore and examine the effects of airline deregulation in the United States and South Korea as a comparative analysis. The study focuses on identifying the purposes of airline deregulation and analyzing its benefits and consequences. Research Design, Data, and Methodology - This is a case study, a comparative method, which analyzes and measures the benefits and disadvantages of airline deregulation in both the United States and South Korea. Results - Airline deregulation removed unnecessary and ineffective government controls, resulting in more efficient airline industries in both countries. However, the negative consequences are much greater than the benefits of airline deregulation. Conclusion - The purpose of airline deregulation was to foster an efficient and effective environment in airline industry, and clear evidence of the positive intended effects of airline deregulation e.g., increasing domestic competition, decreasing airfare, increasing productivity, and removing unnecessary government regulations in the beginning of airline deregulation. However, the current state of airline industry in both countries depicts only the consequences of airline deregulation.

Changes in Labor Regulations During Economic Crises: Does Deregulation Favor Health and Safety?

  • Jhang, Won-Gi
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.44 no.1
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    • pp.14-21
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    • 2011
  • Objectives: The regulatory changes in Korea during the national economic crisis 10 years ago and in the current global recession were analyzed to understand the characteristics of deregulation in labor policies. Methods: Data for this study were derived from the Korean government's official database for administrative regulations and a government document reporting deregulation. Results: A great deal of business-friendly deregulation took place during both economic crises. Occupational health and safety were the main targets of deregulation in both periods, and the regulation of employment promotion and vocational training was preserved relatively intact. The sector having to do with working conditions and the on-site welfare of workers was also deregulated greatly during the former economic crisis, but not in the current global recession. Conclusions: Among the three main areas of labor policy, occupational health and safety was most vulnerable to the deregulation in economic crisis of Korea. A probable reason for this is that the impact of deregulation on the health and safety of workers would not be immediately disclosed after the policy change.

A Study on the Changes of Planning Factors of Apartment Houses in Newspaper Advertisements - Focused on the comparison in times of deregulation of the price ceiling - (신문광고에 나타난 아파트 계획요소의 변화에 관한 연구 - 분양가 자율화 전.후의 비교를 중심으로 -)

  • Park, Joo-Yeon;Kim, Yu-Hee;Yoo, Chang-Geun;Cho, Yong-Joon
    • Journal of the Korean housing association
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    • v.17 no.6
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    • pp.73-81
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    • 2006
  • This study focused on the fact that changes of policies have influence on housing culture of Korea and analyzed changes in apartment houses planning since the deregulation of the price ceiling through newspaper advertisement. The research compared and analyzed advertisements of apartment houses sales appeared in the 'Gwangju Il-Bo' daily newspaper from 1990 to 2003 by planning factors. : The results are as follows. Reliability and economy were important factors in deciding apartment before the deregulation of the price ceiling policy, but as apartment houses were merchandised after the deregulation of the price ceiling policy, brand of enterprise and image of apartment houses were highlighted more. In the environment of apartment complex, the concerns of location after the deregulation of the price ceiling policy were more increased than before its policy and it means emphasis on living environment for better life. The apartment housing unit and building showed change of the apartment housing unit plan considering residents, high quality of interior design and high-tech and differentiation of equipment since the deregulation of the price ceiling policy. The ground space has been parked or afforested and the underground space is used for parking lot as a part of environment-friendly in the apartment complex planning. The deregulation of the price ceiling policy made brand, image, high-grade and differentiation, and got many changes in the planning side of the apartment sales advertisement.

Awareness and Opinion of Occupational Health Manager on the Deregulation of Occupational Safety and Health (산업안전보건 규제완화에 대한 보건관리자의 인지도 및 보건관리자의 평가)

  • Park, Soo-Man;Jung, Hye-Sun;Lee, Bok-Im
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.83-94
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study is to analysis the awareness and opinion of occupational health managers on the deregulation of occupational safety and health. The data were collected by using constructed questionnaires from December 1 to December 20, 2000. The subjects for this study were 107 respondents. The results were as follows ; 1. The highest awareness score was voluntary employment for occupational health doctor. High awareness score was exemption from obligatory education for occupational health manager, and expansion cover range of group occupational health agencies. 2. Most of the occupational health managers had a negative opinion on the deregulation of occupational safety and health. In particular, one of the most negative opinions was no restrictions on occupational health managers holding other jobs. 3. The correlation between awareness and opinion on the deregulation of occupational safety and health was negative, showing that the negative opinion on the deregulation of occupational safety and health tended to increases as awareness increases.

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Quantifying the Price Effect of Deregulation as a Pro-competition Policy

  • Choi, Dong Ook;Kim, Yunhee
    • STI Policy Review
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.24-35
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    • 2015
  • This research constructs a data set regarding competition policy through a comprehensive review of previous studies, and performs a meta-analysis to quantitatively assess the price effects of deregulation. A structural econometric model is used to eliminate possible biases from heterogeneity of the studies,such as in publication types and measurement methods. Four types of regulations that deter competition are characterized and three groups of industries are made for drawing practical implications. We fnd that deregulation to promote competition reduces prices by 0.23% and that these estimated price effects are more stable when we control for the publication types and measurement ways. Easing regulations that restrict consumers' choice is shown to be most effcient in promoting competition, lowering prices by 0.7%. This is followed by eliminating the limitation in the number of frms in the industry, with 0.2% price reduction. Overall, the network and service industries are shown to be more responsive to deregulation than the R&D industry. These results could shed light on policy implementation when a pro-competition policy is called for due to restrictive regulations in the corresponding industries.

The Realities and Problems of Deregulation of Shipping Industry in Major Countries (주요국의 해운산업 규제완화 실태와 문제점에 관한 소고)

  • Kim, Eun-Joo;Han, Nak-Hyun
    • The Korean Research Institute of International Commerce and Law
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    • v.20
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    • pp.153-179
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    • 2003
  • Deregulation is not a matter or problem to be resolved simply by revising a law or a system in a short period of time. Rather, it should be implemented at a steady pace on the basis of a full understanding of the relationships between government regulation and the government's role, taking into account the inherent functions of the market. Moreover, arguments about government regulation and its deregulation vary according to viewpoints and approaches on the part of parties concerned. This makes it more difficult to form a consensus or reach a conclusion in recognizing and resolving the basis of problems at issue. This paper aims to review the shipping industry deregulation of major countries, to analyze Korea's situation and problems of shipping regulation, and to suggest it's improving methods. Although government regulation is a sensitive policy issue, this paper remains relatively at the basic research. Regulation problems should be tackled by interdisciplinary approach. A specific approach in regulation study could not explain exactly the causes and results of government policy

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고용보호규제 완화의 노동시장 성과에 대한 효과

  • Choe, Gyeong-Su
    • KDI Journal of Economic Policy
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.45-112
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    • 2002
  • Enhancing labor market flexibility is currently posted as one of the major economic policy objectives in Korea. However, the labor market effects of specific policies to achieve it have not been sufficiently investigated. This paper takes up the issue of employment protection deregulation and surveys and empirically analyzes its policy effects. Academic researches generally confirm that deregulation tends to promote labor turnover and employment of the disadvantaged groups such as the youth and female by raising the overall efficiency of the economy, but its effects on unemployment is not clear. In the Korean labor market, both job creation and destruction, and labor mobility have increased after the economic crisis of 1998, but they can not be seen as deregulation effects as the changes are confined to the temporary and daily employment whose labor markets are least regulated whereas the regular employment market remains virtally unchanged. Such results suggest that labor market deregulation need to be pursued consistently as a policy goal since the labor demand condition shift and the need for expanding regular employment necessitates it, for which detailed policy agenda for removing market inefficiencies should be carefully arranged.

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A Study of the Deregulation of New Apartment Sales Price and the Stock Price of Construction Firms (분양가 자율화와 건설회사의 주가)

  • Yang, Choonsik
    • Korean Journal of Construction Engineering and Management
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    • v.20 no.5
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    • pp.3-11
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    • 2019
  • This study is designed to examine the stock price of construction firms which are affected by the deregulation of new apartment sales price. As empirical methodology, it uses the traditional event study analysis to test the influence of the deregulation of new apartment sales price and the regression analysis to test which variables are related. The results of this study are summarized as follows : First, the cumulative abnormal return of stock is positive when government announced the deregulation of new apartment sales price. The cumulative abnormal return of stock for 21 trading day before -10 to +10 day is 25.51% which is significant different from zero at 1 percent level. This result suggests that the deregulation of new apartment sales price conveys good information to stock market that the firms performance will be good in the future. Second, in the regression analysis this study shows that the cumulative abnormal return of stock is related to firm's profit margin ratio.

The Vision of Urban Redevelopment & Reconstruction and the Policy of Deregulation (도시재개발.재건축의 규제완화와 개발사업 "비전")

  • Jeong, Mu-Yong
    • Journal of the Korean Professional Engineers Association
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    • v.41 no.4
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    • pp.24-31
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    • 2008
  • How to do redevelopment & reconstruction project of the old city in the seoul metropolitan policy? Focusing on the vision of future urban development that it will be necessary to divert from problem of regulation to policy of deregulation. After the redevelopment & reconstruction policy is improving as soon so possible that it must be reflected urban development project.

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Cell Cycle and Cancer

  • Park, Moon-Taek;Lee, Su-Jae
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.36 no.1
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    • pp.60-65
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    • 2003
  • Cancer is frequently considered to be a disease of the cell cycle. As such, it is not surprising that the deregulation of the cell cycle is one of the most frequent alterations during tumor development. Cell cycle progression is a highly-ordered and tightly-regulated process that involves multiple checkpoints that assess extracellular growth signals, cell size, and DNA integrity. Cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) and their cyclin partners are positive regulators of accelerators that induce cell cycle progression; whereas, cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors (CKIs) that act as brakes to stop cell cycle progression in response to regulatory signals are important negative regulators. Cancer originates from the abnormal expression of activation of positive regulators and functional suppression of negative regulators. Therefore, understanding the molecular mechanisms of the deregulation of cell cycle progression in cancer can provide important insights into how normal cells become tumorigenic, as well as how cancer treatment strategies can be designed.