• Title, Summary, Keyword: Degree of distortion

Search Result 188, Processing Time 0.031 seconds

Development of Block type Inlet Distortion Simulating Device for Gas Turbine Engine Inlet Distortion Test

  • Lee, Kyung-Jae;Lee, Bo-Hwa;Kang, Sang-Hun;Jung, Jae-Hong;Yang, Soo-Seok;Lee, Dae-Sung;Kwak, Jae-Su
    • International Journal of Aeronautical and Space Sciences
    • /
    • v.8 no.2
    • /
    • pp.121-125
    • /
    • 2007
  • In late 1960's, engineers of the engine manufacturer experienced that the distortion of inlet flow of turbofan and turbojet engine could cause the surge in compressor and affect overall engine operational performance, which result in the deterioration of stability of the engine. In this study, block type of inlet distortion simulating device has been developed in order to investigate the effect of inlet distortion on the deterioration of overall engine operational performance. The inlet distortion simulating device was installed in front of engine inlet in order to simulate distortion of inlet flow. The degree of inlet distortion was measured by rakes installed upstream the inlet distortion simulating device and between the engine inlet and inlet distortion simulating device. Before applying the inlet distortion simulating device to real engine, preliminary tests were performed with a simulated engine in order to verify the degree of inlet distortion by the device. Preliminary inlet distortion tests were performed in Altitude Engine Test Facility(AETF) of Korea Aerospace Research Institute(KARI) and results showed that the inlet distortion simulating device could be used in simulating various inlet distortion cases.

Multipath Channel Modeling for UWB (UWB 다중경로 전송환경 모델)

  • Bae Bag-Geun;Park Jin-Hwan;Ko Young-Eun;Choi Min-Sung;Bang Sung-Il
    • Proceedings of the IEEK Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.23-26
    • /
    • 2004
  • This paper analyzed time delay and phase distortion that generates in multipath and the degree of distortion due to power attenuation factor when UWB system is applied at indoor environment and the effects of indoor structure and material on distortion factors. Based on these distortion factors, channel model similar to actual environment is mathematically described and multipath and the degree of signal distortion generated when UWB system is applied to random environment is tested through channel model simulation and varies distortion factor that UWB system needs to consider in different indoor environment is analyzed.

  • PDF

Diagnosis Technique of Surface Contamination Degree for EPDM Insulator according to Variation of Environment Condition (환경조건의 변화에 따른 EPDM 애자의 표면 오손정도의 진단기술)

  • Park, Jae-Jun;Choi, In-Hyuk;Kim, Jeong-Boo
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers
    • /
    • v.17 no.10
    • /
    • pp.1132-1141
    • /
    • 2004
  • The waveforms of the leakage currents for the surface discharge according to the degree of salt contamination and the variation of environmental condition on the EPDM polymer insulators, were shown in this paper. The variation phenomena of fundamental wave, 3rd and 5th harmonic waveforms were also shown from the beginning of the applied voltage and to the flashover voltage. To develop the technique of percentage contamination degree of EPDM polymer insulator according to the variation of environmental condition, the distortion degree of 3rd and 5th harmonic wave to the fundamental wave was utilized through the spectrum analysis for the waveforms of leakage current in the simulation of salt and fog test. The fact that distortion degree % of 3rd and 5th harmonics for fundamental wave is a necessary indicator for the assessment of contamination degree for the polymer insulators, was known.

Design and Numerical Analysis of Swirl Generator in Internal Duct using Delta Wing with Vortex Flap (와동 플랩 삼각날개를 이용한 관내 와류 발생장치 설계 및 수치해석)

  • Kim, Myung-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aeronautical & Space Sciences
    • /
    • v.35 no.9
    • /
    • pp.761-770
    • /
    • 2007
  • In this study, a swirl generator using delta wing was developed in order to simulate total pressure distortion and flow angle distortion. The delta wing was used for $65^{\circ}$-degree sweep back angle to satisfy the design performance for vortex core position, total pressure distortion(DC90) and swirl angle. To extend the swirling flow area, a $45^{\circ}$-degree vortex flap have applied to the delta wing. The swirl generator satisfied the design requirement of distortion coefficient in the flow distortion test to be applied to the simulation duct, and the performances of distortion for vortex core position and swirl angle using CFD(computational fluid dynamics) analysis results that was verified by flow distortion test results.

The Optimal Degree of Reciprocity in Tariff Reduction

  • Chang, Pao-Li
    • East Asian Economic Review
    • /
    • v.24 no.3
    • /
    • pp.237-252
    • /
    • 2020
  • This paper characterizes the optimal reciprocal trade policy in the environment of Melitz (2003) with firm productivity heterogeneity. In particular, without making parametric assumptions on firm productivity distribution, this paper derives the optimal degree of reciprocal tariff reductions that maximize the world welfare. A reciprocal import subsidy raises the industry productivity, lowering aggregate price; a reciprocal import tariff helps correct the markup distortion, increasing nominal income. With all the conflicting effects of import tariffs on welfare considered, the optimal degree of reciprocity in multilateral tariff reduction is shown to be free trade.

Distortion of Printed Patterns in Printed Electronics (전자 인쇄에서의 인쇄 패턴 왜곡)

  • Kim, Chung-Hwan;Lee, Taik-Min;Kim, Dong-Soo;Choi, Byung-Oh
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
    • /
    • v.24 no.8
    • /
    • pp.74-80
    • /
    • 2007
  • The distortion of printed pattern is frequently observed in gravure offset printing process, which can be a serious problem in printing process for printed electronics. The mechanism of pattern distortion is studied and the factors which affect the amount and shape of distortion are found using FEM. The amount and shape of distortion is influenced by material properties of the roller, thickness of roller, applied load, and so on. As the printing pressure increases and Possion ratio increases, the degree of the image distortion increases. And the increase of the thickness of rubber roller brings a large distortion of image, too. In some cases, the distortion of printed pattern can reach a few hundred micromillimeters. The comparison of the experiment result and the simulation result shows good agreement in their quantitative tendency.

Analysis of Visual Distortion and Suggestion of Design Criteria at Curve Sections (곡선부 시각왜곡현상 분석 및 설계기법 제시)

  • Ha, Tae-Jun;Jeong, Jun-Hwa;Lee, Jeong-Hwan;Lee, Suk-Ki
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
    • /
    • v.29 no.6D
    • /
    • pp.663-673
    • /
    • 2009
  • Driver's perceived curve radius is different from actual curve radius at curve sections. This is called visual distortion. It has effect on operation speed according to driver's perception and finally bad effect on safety at curve sections. At present, however, there is no research on quantitatively analysis of visual distortion and no criteria for curve section design considering the visual distortion. Therefore, this study focus on finding degree of visual distortion and suggesting design criteria by visual distortion analysis. The process of this study is as below; First, a calculaiton model of perceived curve radius was developed by survey using computer simulation. In this model, a dependent variable is perceived curve radius and an independent variable is geometric factors. Second, degree of visual distortion was calculated from ratio of perceived curve radius to actual curve radius. Finally, design criteria were suggested through influencing factor analysis of visual distortion at curve sections.

  • PDF

Measurement of the Perceptual Distortion of 3D Depth/Shape in Realistic Broadcasting (실감 방송에서의 3D 깊이/모양 지각감 왜곡의 측정)

  • Li, Hyung-Chul O.
    • Journal of Broadcast Engineering
    • /
    • v.14 no.2
    • /
    • pp.210-218
    • /
    • 2009
  • The 3D shape as well as the depth of an object presented on a 3D display is perceptually distorted depending on viewing distance. It is quite undesirable that different observers perceive different depth and shape from an object displayed on a 3D monitor. To resolve the problem of perceptual distortion of 3D depth and shape, the degree of the distortion should be measured appropriately. As a basis for resolving these problems, the present research suggests an instrument for measuring the degree of the perceptual distortion of 3D depth and shape.

A Study on Welding Distortion and Residual Stress for Tubular Welded Joint (튜브 용접부의 용접변형 및 잔류응력에 관한 연구)

  • Jin, Hyung-Kook;Shin, Sang-Beom;Lee, Dong-Ju;Park, Dong-Hwan
    • Journal of Welding and Joining
    • /
    • v.30 no.5
    • /
    • pp.51-56
    • /
    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study is to evaluate the distortion and the residual stress of GTA tubular welds between tube and head. In order to do it, the heat input model for GTA welding process was first developed by experiment and FE analyses. The welding distortion and the residual stress distribution of the tubular welds according to welding pass and various restraint degrees were evaluated by using FEA with the heat input model. From FEA results, it was found that the residual stress and the radial distortion at the weld toe of tube part decrease with a decrease in the number of welding pass. However, the maximum residual stresses in each direction of tubular welds are almost constant regardless of the external restraint degree. It was mainly due to the high internal restraint of the welds.

The Image Distortion Analysis of Levin-tube tip by Patient position and Incidence Angle when taking Mobile Chest AP Projection (Mobile Chest AP 검사 시 환자자세와 입사각도에 따른 Levin-tube tip의 영상왜곡 분석)

  • Lee, Jinsoo;Park, Hyonghu
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Radiology
    • /
    • v.9 no.7
    • /
    • pp.467-471
    • /
    • 2015
  • This study's purpose is improve image quality to keep accurate tube angle in order to recognize distortion degree conditions by patient's position or tube angle and to provide exact clinical informations when taking chest AP projection for patient which have L-tube in stomach. The experimental equipment was ELMO-T6S by SHIMADZU corporation, then we put L-tube which attached 1 mm gap scales ruler on chest phantom surface. The experiment set by 90 kVp, 4 mAs, 120 cm distance. Each phantom position which changed supine, 30degree, 45degree, 60degree on the table exposured direct, ${\pm}5degree$, ${\pm}10degree$, ${\pm}15degree$ to head and feet directions. As a result, L-tube tip's position was changed by patient's position and tube angle. When patient's position is supine, tip's position change was lower than 30degree, 45degree, 60degree. We have to adjust patient's position or tube angle in order to occur image distortion by fault tube angle when confirming correct position L-tube tip through chest x-ray. Also, Radiological technologist try to make accurate evaluation index for satisfied L-tube insertion.