• Title, Summary, Keyword: Defense Technology Security Act

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A Study on Establishment of Criteria to Identify the Defense Industrial Technology of Diesel Engine for Military Vehicle (군용차량을 위한 디젤기관의 방산기술 식별기준 정립에 관한 연구)

  • Yoon, Heung-Soo;Ryu, Yeon-Seung
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.177-184
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    • 2019
  • The Defense Technology Security Act was enacted in 2015 to protect the defense industrial technology from being duplicated or interfering technologies being developed, which prevents its value and utility from deterioration and prevents inappropriate export. Defense industrial technology refers to technology that should be protected for national security among the national defense science and technology related to the defense industry. However, technical identification criteria of identification and management system of protection technology are not regulated. Therefore, in this study, through the Delphi survey, diesel engine core technology identification criteria related to the high efficiency internal combustion engine propulsion technology among the 141 defense industrial technologies is established to improve the identification and management system of the technology to be protected among the defense industrial technology protection system. As a result of the study, operational operability, durability, safety, sequencing and modularization were established as diesel engine core technology identification criteria.

Conceptualization of Defense Industrial Security in Relation to National Security (국가 안보와 연계한 방위산업 보안 개념 정립)

  • Go, Hee-Jae;Lee, Yong-Joon
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.20 no.12
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    • pp.265-270
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    • 2019
  • In order to protect the advancement of defense technology that has a tremendous e?ect on both the national security and the economy, the Republic of Korea established the Defense Technology Security Act in 2015. As the new enactment brought changes to the landscape of the defense industry and defense industrial security, a new examination of the concept of the defense industrial security has now become necessary. Even after taking into consideration the undisclosed nature of defense industrial security research, and the fact that only the limited number of firms participates in the subject matter, scientific studies related to the topic have not been active. However, with the new enactment of the Defense Technology Security Act, it is necessary to expand the scope of security and to redefine the concept of defense industrial security. In this paper, we analyzed the research works on related technology protection policies and our environment of the defense industry in order to conceptualize defense industrial security. The established concepts are expected to provide a systematic way to protect the confidential and defense technology.

Review of the Revised 2019 Trade Secret Protection Act and Industrial Technology Protection Act : Focusing on Civil and Criminal Remedies (2019년 개정 영업비밀보호법 및 산업기술보호법에 대한 검토: 민·형사적 구제를 중심으로)

  • Cho, Yongsun
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.61
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    • pp.333-352
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    • 2019
  • In January and August 2019, there were amendments to the Unfair Competition and Trade Secrets Protection Act (UCPA) and the Industrial Technology Protection Act(ITPA). These amendments will contribute to technology protection. But these amendments need to be supplemented further. In the area of civil remedies, despite the introduction of treble damages in the case of the UCPA and ITPA, the provisions related to the submission of supporting data have not been maintained. Therefore, it is necessary to recognize the claim of the other party as true if it is maintained at the level of the revised Patent Act and the scope of submission of supporting data. And the enforcement of the case of compulsory submission for the calculation of damages, and the order of filing documents are not followed. ITPA, on the other hand, has introduced the compensation for damages, but there is no provision for estimating the amount of damages. Therefore, it is necessary to estimate the amount of lost profits, profits, and royalties. In the area of criminal remedies, both the UCPA and ITPA have raised the penalty, but the sentencing regulations are not maintained. In addition, although the recent outflow of technology has expanded beyond organizational deviations to organizational outflows, amendments need to be made in relation to the serious consequence for the punishment of related juristic persons, such as companies involved in it. It should be noted that Japan and the United States have corporate regulations and regulations. In addition, in relation to the confiscation system, Act on Regulation and Punishment of criminal proceeds concealment require that domestic defenses be confiscated by defense industry technology, while trade secrets and industrial technologies are confiscated only by "foreign" outflows, and an amendment is necessary.

China's Maritime Strategy (중국의 해양전략)

  • Lee, Won-Bong
    • The Journal of Information Technology
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.35-56
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    • 2009
  • After Chinese reforms and market opening, China actively started working on ways to attach importance to the ocean and it's maritime strategy has been developed and carried out by external and internal factors. We can take two things as external factors attributed to China's marine strategy. The first one is maritime environment change in the East Asian region and the second one is the strategic importance of Taiwanese Straits and the South China Sea. And we can take about national strategy, security strategy, and change of foreign policy as internal factors. China recognizes the ocean as a major step to achieve a goal of national development. The main goal of China's marine strategy in the 21st century is to secure marine transportation and marine resources and to make peaceful maritime environment in the ocean to keep up with their economic development by opening itself to the world. China has strengthened their defense abilities to act against threat of national security by modernizing sea forces and increased national power by building up the marine power. It is expected that China will continue to seek more aggressive maritime strategy on matters of national security as well as pour heir efforts into making economic development and obtaining energy resources. This will also be one factor making new dynamics between countries in and around the East Asian region.

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The Representative Technology Field Analysis of Domestic Defense Companies in Communication-electronics based on Patent Information Data (특허 자료 정보 기반 국내 통신전자 방산업체 대표 기술 분야 분석)

  • Kim, Jang-Eun;Cho, Yu-Seup
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.446-458
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    • 2017
  • In order to make a decision about the acquisition of command control communication weapon systems considering the client's technology level requirements, the improvement of the domestic technology level and security of core technology, the person in charge can perform technology evaluation/analysis based on command control communication weapon system patent data. As a method of collecting such patent data, we can collect the patent data of government-designated (Defense Acquisition Program Act Article 35) companies (11 Major defense companies/9 General defense companies) through the Korea Intellectual Property Rights Information System (KIPRIS) of the Korean Intellectual Property Office (KIPO) In this way, we collected 1,526 patents and 134 International Patent Classification (IPC) types through the KIPRIS of the KIPO. Based on these data, we performed three types of analysis, General information analysis, Principal Components Analysis (PCA) and Network analysis, and extracted 27, 19 and 13 IPC types from them, respectively. Based on the above three analysis results, we confirmed 8 IPC types (F41A, F41G, G06F, G01S, H04B, H04L, H04M and H04W) as the key technologies and representative technology fields of domestic communication-electronics defense companies.

USN's Efforts to Rebuild its Combat Power in an Era of Great Power Competition (강대국 간의 경쟁시대와 미 해군의 증강 노력)

  • Jung, Ho-Sub
    • Strategy21
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    • pp.5-27
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this paper is to look at USN's efforts to rebuild its combat power in the face of a reemergence of great powers competition, and to propose some recommendations for the ROKN. In addition to the plan to augment its fleet towards a 355-ships capacity, the USN is pursuing to improve exponentially combat lethality(quality) of its existing fleet by means of innovative science and technology. In other words, the USN is putting its utmost efforts to improve readiness of current forces, to modernize maintenance facilities such as naval shipyards, and simultaneously to invest in innovative weapons system R&D for the future. After all, the USN seems to pursue innovations in advanced military Science & Technology as the best way to ensure continued supremacy in the coming strategic competition between great powers. However, it is to be seen whether the USN can smoothly continue these efforts to rebuild combat strength vis-a-vis its new competition peers, namely China and Russian navy, due to the stringent fiscal constraints, originating, among others, from the 2011 Budget Control Act effective yet. Then, it seems to be China's unilateral and assertive behaviors to expand its maritime jurisdiction in the South China Sea that drives the USN's rebuild-up efforts of the future. Now, some changes began to be perceived in the basic framework of the hitherto regional maritime security, in the name of declining sea control of the USN as well as withering maritime order based on international law and norms. However, the ROK-US alliance system is the most excellent security mechanism upon which the ROK, as a trading power, depends for its survival and prosperity. In addition, as denuclearization of North Korea seems to take significant time and efforts to accomplish in the years to come, nuclear umbrella and extended deterrence by the US is still noting but indispensible for the security of the ROK. In this connection, the naval cooperation between ROKN and USN should be seen and strengthened as the most important deterrents to North Korean nuclear and missile threats, as well as to potential maritime provocation by neighboring countries. Based on these observations, this paper argues that the ROK Navy should try to expand its own deterrent capability by pursuing selective technological innovation in order to prevent this country's destiny from being dictated by other powers. In doing so, however, it may be too risky for the ROK to pursue the emerging, disruptive innovative technologies such as rail gun, hypersonic weapon... etc., due to enormous budget, time, and very thin chance of success. This paper recommends, therefore, to carefully select and extensively invest on the most cost-effective technological innovations, suitable in the operational environments of the ROK. In particular, this paper stresses the following six areas as most potential naval innovations for the ROK Navy: long range precision strike; air and missile defense at sea; ASW with various unmanned maritime system (UMS) such as USV, UUV based on advanced hydraulic acoustic sensor (Sonar) technology; network; digitalization for the use of AI and big data; and nuclear-powered attack submarines as a strategic deterrent.

Control Policy for the Land Remote Sensing Industry (미국(美國)의 지상원격탐사(地上遠隔探査) 통제제탁(統制制度))

  • Suh, Young-Duk
    • The Korean Journal of Air & Space Law and Policy
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.87-107
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    • 2005
  • Land Remote Sensing' is defined as the science (and to some extent, art) of acquiring information about the Earth's surface without actually being in contact with it. Narrowly speaking, this is done by sensing and recording reflected or emitted energy and processing, analyzing, and applying that information. Remote sensing technology was initially developed with certain purposes in mind ie. military and environmental observation. However, after 1970s, as these high-technologies were taught to private industries, remote sensing began to be more commercialized. Recently, we are witnessing a 0.61-meter high-resolution satellite image on a free market. While privatization of land remote sensing has enabled one to use this information for disaster prevention, map creation, resource exploration and more, it can also create serious threat to a sensed nation's national security, if such high resolution images fall into a hostile group ie. terrorists. The United States, a leading nation for land remote sensing technology, has been preparing and developing legislative control measures against the remote sensing industry, and has successfully created various policies to do so. Through the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's authority under the Land Remote Sensing Policy Act, the US can restrict sensing and recording of resolution of 0.5 meter or better, and prohibit distributing/circulating any images for the first 24 hours. In 1994, Presidential Decision Directive 23 ordered a 'Shutter Control' policy that details heightened level of restriction from sensing to commercializing such sensitive data. The Directive 23 was even more strengthened in 2003 when the Congress passed US Commercial Remote Sensing Policy. These policies allow Secretary of Defense and Secretary of State to set up guidelines in authorizing land remote sensing, and to limit sensing and distributing satellite images in the name of the national security - US government can use the civilian remote sensing systems when needed for the national security purpose. The fact that the world's leading aerospace technology country acknowledged the magnitude of land remote sensing in the context of national security, and it has made and is making much effort to create necessary legislative measures to control the powerful technology gives much suggestions to our divided Korean peninsula. We, too, must continue working on the Korea National Space Development Act and laws to develop the necessary policies to ensure not only the development of space industry, but also to ensure the national security.

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Risk Management-Based Application of Anti-Tampering Methods in Weapon Systems Development (무기 시스템 개발에서 기술보호를 위한 위험관리 기반의 Anti-Tampering 적용 기법)

  • Lee, Min-Woo;Lee, Jae-Chon
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.19 no.12
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    • pp.99-109
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    • 2018
  • Tampering involves illegally removing technologies from a protected system through reverse engineering or developing a system without proper authorization. As tampering of a weapon system is a threat to national security, anti-tampering measures are required. Precedent studies on anti-tampering have discussed the necessity, related trends, application cases, and recent cybersecurity-based or other protection methods. In a domestic situation, the Defense Technology Protection Act focuses on how to prevent technology leakage occurring in related organizations through personnel, facilities and information systems. Anti-tampering design needs to determine which technologies are protected while considering the effects of development cost and schedule. The objective of our study is to develop methods of how to select target technologies and determine counter-measures to protect these technologies. Specifically, an evaluation matrix was derived based on the risk analysis concept to select the protection of target technologies. Also, based on the concept of risk mitigation, the classification of anti-tampering techniques was performed according to its applicability and determination of application levels. Results of the case study revealed that the methods proposed can be systematically applied for anti-tampering in weapon system development.

Space Development and Law in Asia (아시아의 우주개발과 우주법)

  • Cho, Hong-Je
    • The Korean Journal of Air & Space Law and Policy
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.349-384
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    • 2013
  • The Sputnik 1 launching in 1957 made the world recognize the necessity of international regulations on space development and activities in outer space. The United Nations established COPUOS the very next year, and adopted the mandate to examine legal issues concerning the peaceful uses of outer space. At the time, the military sector of the U.S.A. and the Soviet Union were in charge of the space development and they were not welcomed to discuss the prohibition of the military uses of outer space at the legal section in the COPUOS. Although both countries had common interests in securing the freedom of military uses in outer space. As the social and economic benefits derived from space activities have become more apparent, civil expenditures on space activities have continued to increase in several countries. Virtually all new spacefaring states explicitly place a priority on space-based applications to support social and economic development. Such space applications as satellite navigation and Earth imaging are core elements of almost every existing civil space program. Likewise, Moon exploration continues to be a priority for such established spacefaring states as China, Russia, India, and Japan. Recently, Companies that manufacture satellites and ground equipment have also seen significant growth. On 25 February 2012 China successfully launched the eleventh satellite for its indigenous global navigation and positioning satellite system, Beidou. Civil space activities began to grow in China when they were allocated to the China Great Wall Industry Corporation in 1986. China Aerospace Corporation was established in 1993, followed by the development of the China National Space Administration. In Japan civil space was initially coordinated by the National Space Activities Council formed in 1960. Most of the work was performed by the Institute of Space and Aeronautical Science of the University of Tokyo, the National Aerospace Laboratory, and, most importantly, the National Space Development Agency. In 2003 all this work was assumed by the Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency(JAXA). Japan eases restrictions on military space development. On 20 June 2012 Japan passed the Partial Revision of the Cabinet Establishment Act, which restructured the authority to regulate Japanese space policy and budget, including the governance of the JAXA. Under this legislation, the Space Activities Commission of the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology, which was responsible for the development of Japanese space program, will be abolished. Regulation of space policy and budget will be handed over to the Space Strategy Headquarter formed under the Prime Minister's Cabinet. Space Strategy will be supported by a Consultative Policy Commission as an academics and independent observers. By revoking Article 4 (Objectives of the Agency) of a law that previously governed JAXA and mandated the development of space programs for "peaceful purposes only," the new legislation demonstrates consistency with Article 2 of the 2008 Basic Space Law. In conformity with the principles laid down in the 1967 Outer Space Treaty JAXA is now free to pursue the non-aggressive military use of space. New legislation is the culmination of a decade-long process that sought ways to "leverage Japan's space development programs and technologies for security purposes, to bolster the nation's defenses in the face of increased tensions in East Asia." In this connection it would also be very important and necessary to create an Asian Space Agency(ASA) for strengthening cooperation within the Asian space community towards joint undertakings.

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