• Title, Summary, Keyword: Deep-sea fishing vessel

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A basic study on the introduction of safety management system for the deep-sea fishing vessel in Korea (원양어선 안전관리체제 도입에 관한 기초 연구)

  • LEE, Yoo-Won;KIM, Seok-Jae;PARK, Tae-Geun;PARK, Tae-Sun;KIM, Hyung-seok;RYU, Kyong-Jin
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.52 no.4
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    • pp.364-371
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    • 2016
  • The analysis on the international safety management code (ISM Code) and case of foreign national safety management for fishing vessel was conducted to serve as a basic data on the introduction of safety management system (SMS) for a deep-sea fishing vessel in Korea. As a result, Maritime New Zealand (MNZ) has managed operations of SMS in the maritime rules according to the Maritime Transport Act since 1994. MNZ underwent a safe ship management (SSM), which includes elements applied to shipping companies, ship and verification of the ISM Code for ships, except ISM Code application since 1998. In 2014 the introduction of the advanced maritime operator safety system (MOSS) superior to the SSM by MNZ was promoted actively switch and enforcement. Meanwhile, the safe operation manual of Japanese fishing vessel includes large part of the contents of the ISM Code, and voluntary implementation to fit the realities of the fishing vessel. The law application of SMS for a deep-sea fishing vessel after the newly establishment of the Ocean Industry Development Act to SMS would be advantageous to the schematic management, supervision, maintenance and application and, in 2016 from the implementation of maritime safety supervisor for a deep-sea fishing vessel that the management and supervision through the fishing vessel will be the efficient operation. The configuration of the safety management system in a deep-sea fishing vessel should be included as an element of ISM Code. The introduction of such a system is gradually applicable, such as nationality overseas vessel case study of the ISM Code, and vessels that are excluded from the application will be implemented as autonomous as Japan. The results are expected to contribute to sustainable development in the ocean industry safety culture spread throughout the ocean industry through the enhancement of safety fishing competency and safety management responsibility of fisher.

The Revitalization of Deep-sea Fishery Through the Construction of Fish-Pier (원양어업 전용부두 개설 앞두고;-원양업 거듭나기 구상 -)

  • 유충열
    • The Journal of Fisheries Business Administration
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.17-53
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    • 1993
  • Pusan is the largest fishing port in Korea, and deals with more than I million ton of fish catches annually, including catches of coastal and off-shore fisheries as well as those of deep-sea fishery. However, it hen had no fishing port facilities specialized fer deep-sea fishery since it started 30 years ago. Economic and physical losses resulting from this have teen enormous. Although fishing port facilities are a part of infra-structures built by Governments, the construction of them has been delayed due to financial difficulties of Central or local governments. To overcome this harsh situation to which deep-sea fishery cooperations faced, some cooperations have decided to construct fishing port facilities including fish-pier specialized for deep-sea fishery in Gamcheon port. The construction expenses of these facilities were financed by private funds to which they themselves jointly contributed. As a result, a fish-[pier, which has the capacity of serving one fishing vessel of 10, 000 ton or four of 5, 000 ton or four of 1, 000 ton at the same time, will be opened in here by 1994. The paper examines the master plan to revitalize the deep-sea fisheries industry in a deep depression with the opening of these physical facilities. The framwork of the plan is pursued in two different aspects, which are both hardware and software. In a hardware aspect, the plan in to develop Pusan into a city which is suitable for one of the best fishing ports in the world. That is, it is to develop the city into a place famous for sightseeing as well as the distribution and processing of fish-products centering around fish-piers. On the other hand, in a software aspet, it is regarding improvement of the distribution system of fish-products. One way to do that is to make up some deficiencies of the current system of a producers' joint sale. And the other is to establish an exchange of fish-products futures. Through these institutions, we could abrsorb speculative funds, which would otherwise be invested in speculation on fish-products, into productive investment opportunities, We believe that if the plan is realized, the deep-sea fishery in Korea will revive from a long-tasted depression and make progress to become one of the mai industries of Korea.

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The Strengthening of Regional Fisheries Organizations Management Right and Korea's Strategic Responses (지역수산기구의 어업관리권 강화와 우리나라 대응방향)

  • Kim, Do-Hoon
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.238-256
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    • 2004
  • As the UN Fish Stocks Agreement has come into effect since 2001, the actual enforceable management on fish stocks in high seas has started. The Regioanl Fisheries Organizations (RFOs) have emerged as management bodies with a real responsible right to manage fish stocks. RFOs establish a strong and strict management rules providing a fishing right only to member countries and preventing all fishing activities from fishing vessels of non-member countries. In addition, RFOs have an own allocation way of fishing opportunity in their waters so that they can prevent the depletion of fish stocks. It is investigated that deep-sea fisheries have a negative impact from strengthening of RFOs' management right. As the amount of catch is reduced by the control of fishing vessel's activities, the level of fishing revenue becomes low. Moreover, as fishing costs such as oil, fishing fees, labor cost increase significantly, the condition of fishing business is getting worse as a result. In order to gain a fishing right for deep-sea fishing vessels in RFOs waters, there is no other alternative way but become a member of RFOs which are relevant to our fisheries but not joined.

Ship Stability Calculation for Cause Analysis of No. 501 Oryong Sinking Accident

  • Lee, Sang-Gab;Lee, Jae-Seok;Ki, Jee-Hun
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Navigation and Port Research Conference
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    • pp.248-255
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    • 2018
  • Deep-sea fishing vessel No. 501 Oryong was fully flooded through the openings and was sunk down to the bottom of sea due to the very rough sea weather on the way of evasion after fishing operation in the Bearing Sea with many crews dead and/or missed. In this study, calculation of ship stability was carried out using KST-SHIP(ship calculation system of KST), considering the effect of flow fluid and fish catch arrangement according to the progress of its sinking accident, and damage stability was analyzed. For this study, intact stability calculation of its accident ship under the full load departure condition and its calculation result were verified by comparing with each other, and intact stability according to displacement from the departure of accident ship just before the accident was calculated and analyzed. Damage stability was calculated according to the progress during sinking accident and also analyzed.

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Fishing investigation with trammel nets by mesh size in the Korean deep-water of the East Sea (삼중자망에 의한 동해 심해 수산자원의 망목별 어획특성)

  • Park, Hae-Hoon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.49 no.1
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    • pp.1-17
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    • 2013
  • The investigation for species composition and catch in the Korean deep-water of the East Sea (also known as Sea of Japan) was carried out with trammel nets of 7 mesh sizes (6.1~24.2cm) offshore Donghae (2006) and Yangyang (2007) of Korea. The catches were 1,268kg and composed of 37 species between 200m and 1,200m in depth. The principal species caught were Taknka's snailfish, salmon snailfish, red snow crab, hunchback sculpin, snow crab, spinyhead sculpin, Tanaka's eelpout, Alaska cod and so on. Those were target fish for commercial value except salmon snailfish. The mesh sizes for the largest catch were 10.6cm and 15.2cm in the fishing ground of Donghae and Yangyang, respectively. The habitat of snow crab was shallower than that of red snow crab in both areas. Trammel net enabled to investigate fish in deep-water with small fishing vessel and rather cheap expenses in contrast to bottom trawl that required too much of it. With increasing inner mesh size of trammel net the mean size of some principal species such as Taknka's snailfish, spinyhead sculpin, hunchback sculpin, Pacific cod, snow crab, red snow crab and hybrid between snow crab and red snow crab tended to be large in certain range of mesh size.

Design of Web application for Deep-sea fishing Sailing Information based by RIA (원양어선 항해정보를 위한 RIA기반의 웹 어플리케이션 설계 및 구현)

  • Jung, Hoe-Jun;Park, Dea-Woo
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering
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    • v.15 no.10
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    • pp.2272-2278
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    • 2011
  • The company which have deep-sea fishing vessel have to improve their voyage dashboard that was operating by manually to grasp sailing information of fishing vessel. This thesis design sailing information that is ship location on the globe, a catch of fish, and line of longitude and latitude to display on the map more visually by using on-line PC or DID (Digital Information Display). Thesis considered about designing web application which is available to visualize sailing information of 37 deep-sea fishing vessels in operation by using Flash-based RIA technology. This system was improving operator's and administrator's satisfaction of using information because, It make possible not only to grasp status of many vessels in one display but also to monitoring situation and deciding process.

A Study on Flooding·Sinking Simulation for Cause Analysis of No. 501 Oryong Sinking Accident

  • Lee, Jae-Seok;Oh, Jai-Ho;Lee, Sang-Gab
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Navigation and Port Research Conference
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    • pp.241-247
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    • 2018
  • Deep-sea fishing vessel No. 501 Oryong was fully flooded through its openings and sunk to the bottom of the sea due to the very rough sea weather on the way of evasion after a fishing operation in the Bearing Sea. As a result, many crew members died and/or were missing. In this study, a full-scale ship flooding and sinking simulation was conducted, and the sinking process was analyzed for the precise and scientific investigation of the sinking accident using a highly advanced Modeling & Simulation (M&S) system of the Fluid-Structure Interaction (FSI) analysis technique. To objectively secure the weather and sea states during the sinking accident in the Bering Sea, time-based wind and wave simulation at the region of the sinking accident was conducted and analyzed, and the weather and sea states were realized by simulating the irregular strong wave and wind spectrums. Simulation scenarios were developed and full-scale ship and fluid (air & seawater) modeling was performed for the flooding sinking simulation, by investigating the hull form, structural arrangement & weight distribution, and exterior inflow openings and interior flooding paths through its drawings, and by estimating the main tank capacities and their loading status. It was confirmed that the flooding and sinking accident was slightly different from a general capsize and sinking accident according to the simple loss of stability.

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An Analysis of Operational Efficiency and Productivity for deep-sea fishing vessels in the North Pacific Ocean (북태평양 조업선박의 운영 효율성 및 생산성 분석)

  • Cho, Wooyoun;Jo, Geonsik;Yeo, Gitae
    • Journal of Korea Port Economic Association
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.113-132
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    • 2014
  • With the global warming phenomenon, the deep sea water area that fishing vessels can enter and operate is ever widening. For example, the Arctic Ocean recently has overall competitive advantages due to having many deep-sea fish stocks. The North Pacific region is a strategic coastal district, the closest access point of Arctic Ocean. For Korean fishing vessels which now operate in North Pacific region, and want to entry the Arctic Ocean, the analysis of technical efficiency is needed for preparing the better industry's future. This paper aims to analyze the relative efficiency, and select the low effective deep-sea fishing vessels in the North Pacific, and to suggest their desirables strategies. As a research methodology, Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) and Malmquist Index are applied to 16 fishing vessels for the periods(2009 to 2013). To draw out the efficiency of targeted deep-sea fishing vessels, gross tons, horsepowers, and operating days are used as input variables while total catch stands for an output variable. As a result, CCR efficiency, BCC efficiency and scalability efficiency are measured to be 0.8405, 0.9484 and 0.8858 respectively for 5 years (2009 to 2013). In conclusion, 38% of total tons, 36% of horsepowers and 29% of operating days each fishing vessel should be reduced to keep their competitive powers.

A Study on the Marine Accidents' Prevention of Korean Fishing Vessel which Foreign Seafarers are on board (외국인선원 승선 한국어선의 해양사고 예방에 관한 고찰)

  • Chong, Dae-Yul
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.57-63
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    • 2015
  • Foreign seafarers have embarked on the fishing vessels as industrial trainees since 1990s and the total number of foreign seafarers on merchant ships and fishing vessels marked 21,327 as of the end of 2013. Especially, in case of deep-sea fishing vessels and coastal/inshore fishing vessels, although the number of fishing vessels decreased, the number of foreign seafarers nearly doubled during recent 5 years. Looking at the marine accidents occurred to fishing vessels, after multinational seafarers are joining on board fishing vessels, difficulties in communication among seafarers has become a major issue. And the safety rules which could be understandable by foreign seafarers are not provided and the education and training for foreign seafarers are not properly conducted either. Consequently, the risk of marine accidents during fishing operation on fishing vessels has increased and emergency response under the captain's control was not effective enough to cope with such emergency situation. Several forced labour issues were also reported resulting from abusive words and assault committed by Korean seafarers. Therefore, This study aims first to review the cases of marine accidents on board fishing vessels which foreign seafarers are working and, the problems concerning employment and education for those foreign seafarers, and then to point out the necessity of conducting training on the safety rules and regular emergency drills for the foreign seafarers in order to prevent marine accidents.

Sustainable Utilization and Management Scheme in Wangdol-cho Surrounding Sea Area (동해 왕돌초 어장의 지속적 이용 및 관리 방안)

  • Lee, Kwang-Nam;Myoung, Jung-Goo
    • Ocean and Polar Research
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.331-345
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    • 2003
  • The fishing ground surrounding Wangdol-cho is not only overexploited by the littering of dilapidated fishing net and equipment, but also by fishermen's overfishing, surpassing optimum fisheries resources. In addition, increasing fishing efforts (number of fishing vessel and fishing net, etc) contribute to the deterioration of fishing ground, and it is urgently required that schemes to tackle the problems should be taken. To effectively address the problems as such, this paper aims to propose sustainable utilization and management scheme of fishing ground through classification of fishing ground surrounding Wangdol-cho as one area which is less than 50m deep, measuring $13.66km^2$ and the other, permission fishing area of Gill Net fishery, measuring $347.23km^2$. The analysis shows that, for the water area less than 50m deep, implementation from a short-term perspective includes autonomous management fishery by gill net and trap fishery. For the permission fishing area of Gill Net fishery, implementation includes limit on fishing period, real name system of fishing equipment and limit on fishing equipment. Implementation from a medium and long-term perspective includes limit on scuba diving, designation of underwater sightseeing zone, sea farming, facilities of surveillance, adoption of approval system for the permission fishing area of Gill Net fishery and introduction of report system for fishing.