• Title/Summary/Keyword: Deep Learning

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Optimization of Cyber-Attack Detection Using the Deep Learning Network

  • Duong, Lai Van
    • International Journal of Computer Science & Network Security
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    • v.21 no.7
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    • pp.159-168
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    • 2021
  • Detecting cyber-attacks using machine learning or deep learning is being studied and applied widely in network intrusion detection systems. We noticed that the application of deep learning algorithms yielded many good results. However, because each deep learning model has different architecture and characteristics with certain advantages and disadvantages, so those deep learning models are only suitable for specific datasets or features. In this paper, in order to optimize the process of detecting cyber-attacks, we propose the idea of building a new deep learning network model based on the association and combination of individual deep learning models. In particular, based on the architecture of 2 deep learning models: Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) and Long Short Term Memory (LSTM), we combine them into a combined deep learning network for detecting cyber-attacks based on network traffic. The experimental results in Section IV.D have demonstrated that our proposal using the CNN-LSTM deep learning model for detecting cyber-attacks based on network traffic is completely correct because the results of this model are much better than some individual deep learning models on all measures.

A Review of Deep Learning Research

  • Mu, Ruihui;Zeng, Xiaoqin
    • KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems (TIIS)
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.1738-1764
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    • 2019
  • With the advent of big data, deep learning technology has become an important research direction in the field of machine learning, which has been widely applied in the image processing, natural language processing, speech recognition and online advertising and so on. This paper introduces deep learning techniques from various aspects, including common models of deep learning and their optimization methods, commonly used open source frameworks, existing problems and future research directions. Firstly, we introduce the applications of deep learning; Secondly, we introduce several common models of deep learning and optimization methods; Thirdly, we describe several common frameworks and platforms of deep learning; Finally, we introduce the latest acceleration technology of deep learning and highlight the future work of deep learning.

Deep Learning Research Trend Analysis using Text Mining

  • Lee, Jee Young
    • International Journal of Advanced Culture Technology
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.295-301
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    • 2019
  • Since the third artificial intelligence boom was triggered by deep learning, it has been 10 years. It is time to analyze and discuss the research trends of deep learning for the stable development of AI. In this regard, this study systematically analyzes the trends of research on deep learning over the past 10 years. We collected research literature on deep learning and performed LDA based topic modeling analysis. We analyzed trends by topic over 10 years. We have also identified differences among the major research countries, China, the United States, South Korea, and United Kingdom. The results of this study will provide insights into research direction on deep learning in the future, and provide implications for the stable development strategy of deep learning.

Deep-Learning-Based Molecular Imaging Biomarkers: Toward Data-Driven Theranostics

  • Choi, Hongyoon
    • Progress in Medical Physics
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.39-48
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    • 2019
  • Deep learning has been applied to various medical data. In particular, current deep learning models exhibit remarkable performance at specific tasks, sometimes offering higher accuracy than that of experts for discriminating specific diseases from medical images. The current status of deep learning applications to molecular imaging can be divided into a few subtypes in terms of their purposes: differential diagnostic classification, enhancement of image acquisition, and image-based quantification. As functional and pathophysiologic information is key to molecular imaging, this review will emphasize the need for accurate biomarker acquisition by deep learning in molecular imaging. Furthermore, this review addresses practical issues that include clinical validation, data distribution, labeling issues, and harmonization to achieve clinically feasible deep learning models. Eventually, deep learning will enhance the role of theranostics, which aims at precision targeting of pathophysiology by maximizing molecular imaging functional information.

Is it possible to forecast KOSPI direction using deep learning methods?

  • Choi, Songa;Song, Jongwoo
    • Communications for Statistical Applications and Methods
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.329-338
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    • 2021
  • Deep learning methods have been developed, used in various fields, and they have shown outstanding performances in many cases. Many studies predicted a daily stock return, a classic example of time-series data, using deep learning methods. We also tried to apply deep learning methods to Korea's stock market data. We used Korea's stock market index (KOSPI) and several individual stocks to forecast daily returns and directions. We compared several deep learning models with other machine learning methods, including random forest and XGBoost. In regression, long short term memory (LSTM) and gated recurrent unit (GRU) models are better than other prediction models. For the classification applications, there is no clear winner. However, even the best deep learning models cannot predict significantly better than the simple base model. We believe that it is challenging to predict daily stock return data even if we use the latest deep learning methods.

Deriving adoption strategies of deep learning open source framework through case studies (딥러닝 오픈소스 프레임워크의 사례연구를 통한 도입 전략 도출)

  • Choi, Eunjoo;Lee, Junyeong;Han, Ingoo
    • Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.27-65
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    • 2020
  • Many companies on information and communication technology make public their own developed AI technology, for example, Google's TensorFlow, Facebook's PyTorch, Microsoft's CNTK. By releasing deep learning open source software to the public, the relationship with the developer community and the artificial intelligence (AI) ecosystem can be strengthened, and users can perform experiment, implementation and improvement of it. Accordingly, the field of machine learning is growing rapidly, and developers are using and reproducing various learning algorithms in each field. Although various analysis of open source software has been made, there is a lack of studies to help develop or use deep learning open source software in the industry. This study thus attempts to derive a strategy for adopting the framework through case studies of a deep learning open source framework. Based on the technology-organization-environment (TOE) framework and literature review related to the adoption of open source software, we employed the case study framework that includes technological factors as perceived relative advantage, perceived compatibility, perceived complexity, and perceived trialability, organizational factors as management support and knowledge & expertise, and environmental factors as availability of technology skills and services, and platform long term viability. We conducted a case study analysis of three companies' adoption cases (two cases of success and one case of failure) and revealed that seven out of eight TOE factors and several factors regarding company, team and resource are significant for the adoption of deep learning open source framework. By organizing the case study analysis results, we provided five important success factors for adopting deep learning framework: the knowledge and expertise of developers in the team, hardware (GPU) environment, data enterprise cooperation system, deep learning framework platform, deep learning framework work tool service. In order for an organization to successfully adopt a deep learning open source framework, at the stage of using the framework, first, the hardware (GPU) environment for AI R&D group must support the knowledge and expertise of the developers in the team. Second, it is necessary to support the use of deep learning frameworks by research developers through collecting and managing data inside and outside the company with a data enterprise cooperation system. Third, deep learning research expertise must be supplemented through cooperation with researchers from academic institutions such as universities and research institutes. Satisfying three procedures in the stage of using the deep learning framework, companies will increase the number of deep learning research developers, the ability to use the deep learning framework, and the support of GPU resource. In the proliferation stage of the deep learning framework, fourth, a company makes the deep learning framework platform that improves the research efficiency and effectiveness of the developers, for example, the optimization of the hardware (GPU) environment automatically. Fifth, the deep learning framework tool service team complements the developers' expertise through sharing the information of the external deep learning open source framework community to the in-house community and activating developer retraining and seminars. To implement the identified five success factors, a step-by-step enterprise procedure for adoption of the deep learning framework was proposed: defining the project problem, confirming whether the deep learning methodology is the right method, confirming whether the deep learning framework is the right tool, using the deep learning framework by the enterprise, spreading the framework of the enterprise. The first three steps (i.e. defining the project problem, confirming whether the deep learning methodology is the right method, and confirming whether the deep learning framework is the right tool) are pre-considerations to adopt a deep learning open source framework. After the three pre-considerations steps are clear, next two steps (i.e. using the deep learning framework by the enterprise and spreading the framework of the enterprise) can be processed. In the fourth step, the knowledge and expertise of developers in the team are important in addition to hardware (GPU) environment and data enterprise cooperation system. In final step, five important factors are realized for a successful adoption of the deep learning open source framework. This study provides strategic implications for companies adopting or using deep learning framework according to the needs of each industry and business.

A Comparative Study on Performance of Deep Learning Models for Vision-based Concrete Crack Detection according to Model Types (영상기반 콘크리트 균열 탐지 딥러닝 모델의 유형별 성능 비교)

  • Kim, Byunghyun;Kim, Geonsoon;Jin, Soomin;Cho, Soojin
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.34 no.6
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    • pp.50-57
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    • 2019
  • In this study, various types of deep learning models that have been proposed recently are classified according to data input / output types and analyzed to find the deep learning model suitable for constructing a crack detection model. First the deep learning models are classified into image classification model, object segmentation model, object detection model, and instance segmentation model. ResNet-101, DeepLab V2, Faster R-CNN, and Mask R-CNN were selected as representative deep learning model of each type. For the comparison, ResNet-101 was implemented for all the types of deep learning model as a backbone network which serves as a main feature extractor. The four types of deep learning models were trained with 500 crack images taken from real concrete structures and collected from the Internet. The four types of deep learning models showed high accuracy above 94% during the training. Comparative evaluation was conducted using 40 images taken from real concrete structures. The performance of each type of deep learning model was measured using precision and recall. In the experimental result, Mask R-CNN, an instance segmentation deep learning model showed the highest precision and recall on crack detection. Qualitative analysis also shows that Mask R-CNN could detect crack shapes most similarly to the real crack shapes.

Analysis of Feature Extraction Algorithms Based on Deep Learning (Deep Learning을 기반으로 한 Feature Extraction 알고리즘의 분석)

  • Kim, Gyung Tae;Lee, Yong Hwan;Kim, Yeong Seop
    • Journal of the Semiconductor & Display Technology
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.60-67
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    • 2020
  • Recently, artificial intelligence related technologies including machine learning are being applied to various fields, and the demand is also increasing. In particular, with the development of AR, VR, and MR technologies related to image processing, the utilization of computer vision based on deep learning has increased. The algorithms for object recognition and detection based on deep learning required for image processing are diversified and advanced. Accordingly, problems that were difficult to solve with the existing methodology were solved more simply and easily by using deep learning. This paper introduces various deep learning-based object recognition and extraction algorithms used to detect and recognize various objects in an image and analyzes the technologies that attract attention.

Deep Dependence in Deep Learning models of Streamflow and Climate Indices

  • Lee, Taesam;Ouarda, Taha;Kim, Jongsuk;Seong, Kiyoung
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • 2021.06a
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    • pp.97-97
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    • 2021
  • Hydrometeorological variables contain highly complex system for temporal revolution and it is quite challenging to illustrate the system with a temporal linear and nonlinear models. In recent years, deep learning algorithms have been developed and a number of studies has focused to model the complex hydrometeorological system with deep learning models. In the current study, we investigated the temporal structure inside deep learning models for the hydrometeorological variables such as streamflow and climate indices. The results present a quite striking such that each hidden unit of the deep learning model presents different dependence structure and when the number of hidden units meet a proper boundary, it reaches the best model performance. This indicates that the deep dependence structure of deep learning models can be used to model selection or investigating whether the constructed model setup present efficient or not.

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Deep Learning in MR Image Processing

  • Lee, Doohee;Lee, Jingu;Ko, Jingyu;Yoon, Jaeyeon;Ryu, Kanghyun;Nam, Yoonho
    • Investigative Magnetic Resonance Imaging
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.81-99
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    • 2019
  • Recently, deep learning methods have shown great potential in various tasks that involve handling large amounts of digital data. In the field of MR imaging research, deep learning methods are also rapidly being applied in a wide range of areas to complement or replace traditional model-based methods. Deep learning methods have shown remarkable improvements in several MR image processing areas such as image reconstruction, image quality improvement, parameter mapping, image contrast conversion, and image segmentation. With the current rapid development of deep learning technologies, the importance of the role of deep learning in MR imaging research appears to be growing. In this article, we introduce the basic concepts of deep learning and review recent studies on various MR image processing applications.