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The Outlook of the Global Dairy Industry and Its Current Situation - III. 2015 World Dairy Situation of Milk Production - (세계 낙농산업 동향 - III. World Dairy Situation 2015 액상우유 및 유제품 생산을 중심으로 -)

  • Lim, Jin-A;Oh, Sejong
    • Journal of Dairy Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.281-285
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    • 2015
  • The international dairy federation's main objectives are to enhance the international dairy market and industry by producing an annual world dairy situation report. The IDF National committee and other international contributors provide a questionnaire to be completed for the country reports on top of other various official studies. Through this report, one can understand the full overview of the global dairy market and specified dairy studies across the world. Due to the economic boom of many developing nations, in 2014 the dairy market saw great increase in the total milk production. The estimated volume is at 802 million tons which is a 3.3% increase from the previous year. The world dairy trade states that due to the abundance of milk, other bi-products such as dairy powder and butter production increased as well. Generally, there is an increasing trend for the demand and supply of milk and all dairy products in the international dairy market.

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The Diversification of Dairy Products in the Era of Trade Liberalization (무역자유화 시대에 따른 유가공 제품의 다양화 방향)

  • Jeon, Ho-Nam;Yang, Jin-O
    • Journal of Dairy Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.37-51
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    • 2004
  • The liberalization of imports under the system of World Trade Organization (WTO) will provide a serious impact on Korean dairy industry when foreign competitive dairy products are introduced from any countries in the world. With the importation of dairy products, Korean dairy industry may bring about the limitation of raw milk production, decline of the working ration in facilities and loss of diversification of dairy products. Therefore, Korean dairy industry should prepare high quality dairy products to secure international competitions against the opening of importation. In conclusion, development of high quality and functional dairy products that are satisfied to consumers are the most important subjects to overcome the adverse circumstance as WTO. This report reviews the direction of the diversification of dairy products in the Era of trade liberalization.

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Today and Tomorrow in Dairy Industry (유가공산업의 오늘과 내일)

  • Lee, Man-Jae
    • Journal of Dairy Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.45-51
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    • 1997
  • Korea dairy industry is placed on the very critical situation with the progression of free trade marketing system internationally. The sterilized milk or pasteurized extended shelf life milk can be considered as the international trade dairy products. Now all dairy foods would be selling in international market. To keep and improve our dairy foods market, the Korea dairy system improvement committee was inaugurated in 1995. This committee has done so many works to improve or dairy system such as the settlement of raw milk supply and demand, centralization of raw milk collection, ideal raw milk price system and dairy foods marketing structure, etc.

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The Consideration of Chinese Dairy Industry (중국의 유가공 산업 고찰)

  • Lee, Jong-Uk;Min, Byeong-Tae
    • Journal of Dairy Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.49-63
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    • 2005
  • China that holds various and plentiful food resources had little growth in dairy industry compared with her long history. But after the establishment the People's Republic of China, It began to activate. Because of the economic growth and the improvement of living standard of China, dairy products were becoming common food, so Chinese dairy industry was considering as a industry which accomplishes a rapid growth. On the ground of a sudden economic growth, the progress of income level of China and the open economy, the world dairy industry was concerned about the Chinese market, so, the Chinese dairy industry would bring an exorbitant change in the world dairy industry. Therefore, We Korean dairy industry must make inroads into the Chinese market by making a royalty profit through the transfer of technical know-how and the export of dairy products.

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Global Dairy Industry and Current Situation: III. 2010 World Dairy Report (세계 낙농산업 동향: III. 2010년 현황을 중심으로)

  • Song, Soo-Yeon;Oh, Se-Jong
    • Journal of Dairy Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.11-16
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    • 2012
  • During the 2009 global economic downturn, the dairy industry was also affected. Global milk production had gradually decreased, and the dairy industry was failing. However, in 2010, China's sudden consumption increase of dairy products, the price of dairy products recovered due to the great demand in China. The Asian continent as a whole played a significant role in maintaining the health of the global dairy industry, by preventing its total collapse. Currently, the price of all dairy products, except that of whole milk powder, has increased. The International Dairy Federation (IDF) expects that milk production will grow by 2% annually over the next 10 years, owing to Asia's high demand for all kinds of dairy products.

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Physical Properties of Estrus Mucus in Relation to Conception Rates in Dairy Cattle

  • Lim, Hyun-Joo;Son, Jun-Kyu;Yoon, Ho-Beak;Baek, Kwang-Soo;Kim, Tae-Il;Jung, Yeon-Sub;Kwon, Eung-Gi
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.157-161
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    • 2014
  • The study aimed to determine the physical characteristics of estrus mucus and conception rates in dairy cattle. Samples of estrus mucus from the cervix were collected from 108 dairy cattle during heat and were examined for color and consistency. Samples were taken from bred animals at starting from day of breeding to the completion of one estrus cycle. The color of the cervical mucus was studied based on its transparency while the consistency was based on the thinness and thickness of the cervical mucus. The dairy cattle were bred and the pregnancy diagnosis was performed at the $60^{th}$ day post breeding. Findings showed that the estrus mucus of the dairy cattle was transparent in 58.3%, turbid in 31.5% and dirty in 10.2%. It was further observed that the mucus consistency of the dairy cattle was thin in 74.1% and thick in 25.9%. In the pregnant group, 67.3% mucus samples were found transparent, turbid in 23.6% and dirty in 9.1%. However, the corresponding figures for the non-pregnant group had 49.1%, 39.6% and 11.3%. The consistency of cervical mucus was found to be thin in 74.1% and thick in 25.9% of dairy cattle. The conception rates of dairy cattle with thin and thick consistency of cervical mucus were 81.8% and 18.2%, respectively. Pregnant was associated with consistency of cervical mucus (p<0.10). Findings indicated that dairy cattle with thin consistency of cervical mucus and had clear discharge were pregnant cows.

Effect of Barn or Grazing on Biochemical Indices in Prepartum, and Milk Composition in Postpartum of Dairy Cows

  • Lim, Dong-Hyun;Ki, Kwang-Seok;Park, Seong-Min;Kim, Sang-Bum;Park, Ji-Hoo;Jung, Jeong Sung;Vijayakumar, Mayakrishnan;Kim, Dong-Hyeon;Lee, Hyun-Jeong;Choi, Hee-Chul;Kim, Tae-Il
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
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    • v.39 no.4
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    • pp.272-280
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    • 2019
  • The present study was designed to determine the effect of barn or cycle of grazing on changes of biochemical metabolites in prepartum and changes of milk composition in postpartum of dairy cows. For this purpose, a total of sixteen 25 months old Holstein primiparous dairy cows were allocated in two groups (n=8) with an average body weight of 571.61 ± 35.30 kg (Barn) and 578.10 ± 39.20 kg (Grazing). The study was conducted from June 2018 to October 2018. Results revealed that barn raised dairy cows had a higher increase in their serum albumin and calcium level on day 14 prepartum. However, the level of palmitic acid, saturated fatty acid increased significantly, and the level of fat, oleic acid, γ-linoleic acid, arachidonic acid and unsaturated fatty acids decreased significantly in barn raised dairy cow's milk on day 14 postpartum. There were no significant differences observed with respect to all other biochemical metabolites, fatty acids and minerals between barn raised and cycle grazing dairy cows during prepartum and postpartum. Our study results could serve to a better understanding of barn raised cow with respect to changes of biochemical metabolites in prepartum and changes of milk composition, fatty acids and minerals content in grazing dairy cows in postpartum for estimating their physiological status.

Environmental Conditions and Resource Management in Smallholder Dairy Farms in Thailand. II. Effects of Dairy Wastes on Water and Soil

  • Chantalakhana, C.;Korpraditsakul, R.;Skunmun, P.;Poondusit, T.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.220-225
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    • 1999
  • The environmental conditions in smallholder dairy farms especially the effects of dairy wastes on waters and soil were the main objectives of this investigation. Forty-three dairy farms from an older dairy cooperative (Nongpho Dairy Cooperative, NP) were compared with four dairy fauns from relatively new dairy cooperative (Kamphaengsaen Dairy Cooperative, KS) for the quality parameters of water and soil samples during a 12-month period. Forty-three farms at NP were from three geographical areas and three levels farm crowdedness. The results from this study clearly showed that the waste waters from older dairy barns contained much higher levels of organic and inorganic substances which could create environmental pollution if not properly managed. The differences in waste water qualities due to areas and seasons were not significant, while waste water samples from crowded farms tended to contain higher averages of waste water parameters such as COD and BOD. Highly significant correlations between pairs of waste water parameters indicated that certain parameters can be used without the need for chemical analysis of some other parameters. The qualities of well water on dairy farms as well as water samples from public waterways nearby indicated some contamination of dairy wastes such as manure. Storage and sun-drying of dairy manure on bare soil surface could result in the contamination of underground water and nearby water sources. Some recommendations from this study if implemented can prevent environmental pollution in smallholder dairy farms.

A Study on the Blood Chemical Values of the Infertile Dairy Cattle Raised in the High-land (고지사육 번식장해 유우의 혈액화학치에 관한 연구)

  • Kim Doo;Goh Gwang-Du;Park Choon-Keun;Kim Hyun-Ki
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.193-198
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    • 1989
  • This study was performed to determine the blood chemical values of the 50 normal multiparous and 98 infertile dairy cattle which were raised in the high-land of kangweon area. The results obtained in this study were summerized as follow. 1. The mean values of the serum total protein, albumin and A/G ratio the infertile dairy cattle were lower than those of the normal multiparous dairy cattle. 2. The mean value of the serum globulin of the infertile dairy cattle was higher than that of the normal multiparous dairy cattle. 3. The mean values of the serum total cholesterol, glucose, calcium and inorganic phosphorus of the infertile dairy cattle were lower than those of the normal multiparous dairy cattle. 4. The mean value of the SGOT of the Infertile dairy cattle was higher than that of the normal multiparous dairy cattle.

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Development of Korean Dairy Industry - Market Milk (한국 유가공업의 발전과 전망 - 시유)

  • Kim, P.J.
    • Journal of Dairy Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.143-148
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    • 2005
  • Korea dairy market has greatly expanded recently by growing up the consumer's demands of high quality of milk products and their functionality due to expanding of well being lift trends. However, life cycle of dairy products is shorter than ever before and low birth rate is a common trend of Korean people. Moreover due to the national economy crisis, most of dairy companies are faced with the pressure of new milk products development and their sales. This paper deals with the development of Korea dairy industry by chronological order and deals with the future applicable new dairy foods and advanced dairy technology.

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