• Title, Summary, Keyword: DOT4.2

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A Study on the Visual Interpretation of the Clothing Image as Clothing m Form and Dot Space Variation. (의복형태와 물방울무늬 공간변화에 따른 이미지의 시각적 평가)

  • 문삼련;이경희
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.3-14
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    • 1994
  • This study is intended to identify the clothing mage as clothing form and dot space variation. This study consists of pre-experiment for setting the space between dot which shows the difference of the image and main experiment and also is made of factorial design for two variables-clothing form(H-line, A-line, V-line, X-line) dot (dot 1.0, dot 2.2, dot 3.4, dot 5.8) Qestionaire consists of 21 semantic differential scale expressing clothing form and .dot. Data is obtained from 50 female students maforing clothing and textile. The results of this study are as follows. 1) The image by the clothing form and the space dot variation is composed 5 factors' attention, activity, attraction, maturity, boldness. 2) The image by variation in clothing form dot has significant differences in attractive and attention factors, especially shows remarkable differences in attention. By choosing narrow space dot for attentive image, broden space dot for attractive image, you would be able to create the image you want. 3) The image by variation in dot clothing form has almost signific and differences in all factors, especially shows remarkable differences in activity. By choosing A-line for active image, V-line for mature and fashionable image, X-line for attractive, pretty and delicate mage, you would be able to create the image you want. 4) The interaction effect between clothing form and space dot was in attraction and maturity factor, V-line, X-line, dot 3.4 and dot 5.8 intensify attractive image, V-line and dot 1.0 mature image, X-line and dot 5.8 young image.

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Maximum Oxygen Consumption Determined by the Bruce and Inclined Treadmill Protocols

  • Kim, Kyu-Hwa;Kim, Hyeong-Jin;Kim, Kyoung-Soon
    • The Korean journal of physiology & pharmacology
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.209-215
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    • 1993
  • The aim of the present study was to derive regression equations for $\dot{V}o_{2max}\;vs.\;\dot{V}o_{2peak},\;and\;\dot{V}o_2\;vs.$ heart rate, exercise time, and other variables from maximal exercise tests on a treadmill using the Bruce and inclined protocols. Twelve male and 10 female Korean college students aged between 19 and 23 years voIunteered for this study. After the resting measurements, the subjects performed a maximal exercise on a treadmill according to the Bruce protocol. When the resting conditions were restored, the subjects performed another maximal exercise according to an inclined protocol where the speed was fixed at 8.05 $km{\cdot}h^{-1}$ and the grade was incremented starting from 09t by 2.5% for every 2 min. Peak $\dot{V}o_2$ observed during the Bruce exercise $(\dot{V}o_{2peak})$ was $37.7{\pm}2.4\;and\;31.7{\pm}1.8\;ml\;kg^{-1}\;min^{-1}$ in the male and female groups, respectively. Peak $\dot{V}o_2$ observed during the inclined exercise was higher than $\dot{V}o_{2peak}$ during the Bruce exercise. Maximum $\dot{V}o_2$ value observed during the tyro exercises $(\dot{V}o_{2max})$ was $43.0{\pm}2.8\;and\;36.2{\pm}1.4\;ml\;kg^{-1}\;min^{-1}$ in the male and female groups, respectively. Thus, $\dot{V}o_{2peak}$ by the Bruce protocol was about 12% (male) or 13% (female) lower than $\dot{V}o_{2max}$, and a linear relationship was found between $\dot{V}o_{2peak}$ and $\dot{V}o_{2max}$. The peak values of % $\dot{V}o_{max}$ with the Bruce protocol were $89.2{\pm}3.3\;and\;87.5{\pm}3.6%$ and those with the inclined protocol $97.7{\pm}1.8\;and\;96.9{\pm}2.0%$ in the male and female groups, respectively. In the female group, $%\dot{V}o_{2max}$ at a given workload was higher than in the male group, while $\dot{V}o_{2}$ per kg body weight was the same. Maximum HR observed during the two exercises was $204{\pm}2\;and\;195{\pm}3\;beat\;min^{-1}$ in the male and female groups, respectively. Linear relationships were found, excluding the last points, between 1) $\dot{V}o_{2}$ and exercise time, 2) $\dot{V}o_{2}$ and $%\dot{V}o_{2max}\;and\;%HR_{max}$.

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Prediction of VO2max Using Submaximal PACER in Obese Middle School Boys (최대하 PACER 검사를 통한 비만 남자 중학생의 VO2max 추정)

  • Kim, Do-Youn;Kim, Won-Hyun
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.371-380
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study was to develop the equation of $\dot{V}O_{2max}$ by $sub_{max}imal$ PACER method for obese middle school boys. For this, $_{max}$imal test using Bruce protocol in lab was performed and then PACER $_{max}imal$ test with portable $\dot{V}O_{2max}$ equipment. To decide the level of submaximal test, during PACER with portable equipment, we found the section in which target hreat rate(over 75%$HR_{max}$) and then per section(75%,80%,85%,90%,95%) metabolic responses were recorded, with which we analyzed multiple regression by stepwise method. Model 1(at 90%$HR_{max}$): $\dot{V}O_{2max}$(ml/kg/min) = 142.721-0.275(repetition)-0.48(HR)+0.177(weight)-1.536(age)[%error 3.90ml/kg/min; performance until 2 stage(13 repetition)]. Model 2(at 95%$HR_{max}$): $\dot{V}O_{2max}$(ml/kg/min) = 182.851-0.103(repetition)-0.744(HR)+0.186(weight)-0.324(age)[%error 4.51ml/kg/min; performance until 3 stage(25 repetitions)]. estimated $\dot{V}O_{2max}$ from Model 1 was different about $3.25{\pm}6.32ml/kg/min$(%error=6.84%), otherwise model 2 was $3.16{\pm}4.54ml/kg/min$(%error=5.75%). considering %HRmax, as the submaximal test model 1 might be fit more than model 2 for obese middle school boys.

Development of Dot Sight with Prism Beam Splitter (빔분리프리즘 도트사이트 장치의 개발)

  • Lee, Dong-Hee;Jung, Bo-Seon;Park, Seung-Hwan
    • Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.519-524
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: This study relates to the development of dot-sight device, whose length is reduced, with a prism beam splitter. Methods: We developed a new dot-sight device whose length was reduced by eliminating the optical axis tilt of the doublet reflector to reduce the occurrence of the parallax and by redesigning the doublet reflector to use a prism beam splitter. Results: We could develop the new type dot-sight device having a prism beam splitter and the dot reticle generator and the doublet reflector, of which optical axises showed a T-letter type with the optical axis of the observer's eye. Conclusions: In this study, we designed and developed a new type dot sight employing a prism beam splitter that could be able to further enhance the accuracy of the fire in comparison with the traditional dot sight, thereby reducing the overall optical length of system. The new designed dot sight was able to be reduced 2.2 times on the overall optical length, and could be improved more than three times on the accuracy of shooting in the horizontal direction, than the traditional dot sight.

Current-Voltage Characterization of Silicon Quantum Dot Solar Cells

  • Kim, Dong-Ho
    • Transactions on Electrical and Electronic Materials
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.143-145
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    • 2009
  • The electrical and photovoltaic properties of single junction silicon quantum dot solar cells are investigated. A prototype solar cell with an effective area of 4.7 $mm^2$ showed an open circuit voltage of 394 mV and short circuit current density of 0.062 $mA/cm^2$. A diode model with series and shunt resistances has been applied to characterize the dark current-voltage data. The photocurrent of the quantum-dot solar cell was found to be strongly dependent on the applied voltage bias, which can be understood by consideration of the conduction mechanism of the activated carriers in the quantum dot imbedded material.

Studies on the mycoplasmal pneumonia in slaughter pigs. 1. Seasonal detection by gross finding of lung lesion and dot-ELISA technique (도축돈의 마이코플라즈마성 폐렴에 관한 연구 1. 육안적 폐병변과 dot-ELISA에 의한 계절별 조사)

  • Lim, Young-Taek;Seok, Ho-Bong
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.42 no.2
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    • pp.219-224
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    • 2002
  • We report the seasonal prevalence of the mycoplasmal pneumoniae of swine (MPS) in slaughter pigs from July of 1999 to June of 2000. Gross finding of lung lesion observed and examined by dot-ELISA. In gross finding of lung lesion from 750 pig samples, 465 (62.0%) was MPS, and 129 (17.2%) was single or double infection with actinobacillosis and pasturellosis. However, 156 (20.8%) had no lesion. In seasonal detection, the prevalence was found to be winter (69.5%), autumn (63.5%), summer (60.0%) and spring (54.7%) in orderly frequency. In dot-ELISA, the result was showed the positive reaction (x16>titre) with 58.0% and negative (x4

A New Flow Equation for Thixotropic Systems

  • Sohn, Dae-Won;Kim, Eung-Ryul;Hahn, Sang-Joon;Ree, Tai-Kyue
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.257-262
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    • 1986
  • Thixotropy is a time-dependent shear-thinning phenomenon. We derived a new thixotropic formula which is based on the generalized viscosity formula of Ree and Eyring, $f={\Sigma}\frac{X_i}{{\alpha}_i}sinh^{-1}$ () (Refer to the text concerning the notation.) The following is postulated: (1) thixotropy occurs when small flow units attached to a large flow unit separate from the latter under stress (2) elastic energy(${\omega}$) is stored on the large flow unit during the flow process, and (3) the stored energy contributes to decrease the activation energy for flow. A new thixotropic formula was derived by using these postulations, $f={\frac}{X_0{\beta}_0}{\alpha_0}{\dot{s}}+{\frac}{X_1{\beta}_1}{{\alpha}_1}{\dot{s}}+{\frac}{X_2}{{\alpha_x}}sinh^{-1}$[$({\beta}_0)_2$ exp $(-C_2{\dot{s}}^2/RT){\cdot}{\dot{s}}$] f is the shear stress, and s is the rate of shear. In case of concentrated solutions where the Newtonian flow units have little contribution to the viscosity of the system, the above equation becomes, $f=\frac{X_2}{\alpha_2}sinh^{-1}$[$({\beta}_0)_2$ exp $(-C_2{\dot{s}}^2/RT){\cdot}{\dot{s}}$]. In order to confirm these formulas, we applied to TiO2(anatase and rutile)-water, printing ink and mayonnaise systems. Good agreements between the experiment and theory were observed.

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Development of Dot Sight with 2× Magnification (2× 배율 도트사이트 장치의 개발)

  • Lee, Dong-Hee;Park, Seung-Hwan
    • Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.435-440
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is developing the dot sight with a $2{\times}$ magnification. Methods: To magnify the target when we see the far through the non-magnified dot sight, we develop the new optical device which is detachable to the non-magnified dot sight. A new optical device is designed to facilitate the transition of an existing non-magnification ($1{\times}$) dot sight to the $2{\times}$ magnification dot sight. Results: We could design and fabricate the $2{\times}$ afocal optical system which is detachable to the non-magnified dot sight and be composed by a pair of doublet. When the system developed in this study was used, we could aim the external target by twice magnification, so we could further improve the accuracy of aim. Conclusions: We could design and manufacture the $2{\times}$ afocal optical system which can be detachable to the non-magnified dot sight. With the results, we could aim the external target by twice magnification, so we could further improve the accuracy of aim.

Radiation Shielding Calculation on Shield System of CANDU 6 Plant Using the Coupled DOT4.2 and QAD-CG Codes (DOT4.2-QAD-CG 접속법을 이용한 CANDU 6 발전소 차폐 계통에 대한 방사선 차폐 계산)

  • Kim, Kyo-Youn;Kim, Jong-Kyung
    • Nuclear Engineering and Technology
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.561-569
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    • 1993
  • DOT4.2-QAD-CG coupling method was used to analyze the dose rates outside the side and the bottom shield system of CANDU 6 plant. The average dose rates at the main airlock and the new fuel loading area are approximately 6 $\mu$Sv/h as it is required. The calculated dose rates have a good agreement with the measurements at the operating CANDU 6 plant. The method used in this paper can be applied to the radiation shielding analysis of Wolsong 2, 3, and 4 CANDU 6 type plants which will be constructed in the near future.

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Sputum Smear Conversion During mDOT (Modified Directly Observed Treatment) (변형된 복약확인 치료(mDOT) 수행 후의 균음전율에 대한 연구 부제: 보건소 균양성 폐결핵 환자를 대상으로)

  • Hwang, Taik Gun;Kim, Soon Deok;Yoo, Se Hwa;Shin, Yoo Chul
    • Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
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    • v.56 no.5
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    • pp.485-494
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    • 2004
  • Background : To assess the effects of mDOT implementation on sputum smear conversion for AFB (Acid fast bacilli) positive pulmonary tuberculosis patients, modified Directly Observed Treatment (mDOT) was started on October $8^{th}$ 2001 at a health center in Seoul. mDOT was defined through weekly interviewing and supervising of a patient by a supervisor (doctor, nurse, or lay health worker). The sputum smear conversion of a mDOT group was compared with that of a self-medication (self) group. Methods : This study included 52 AFB positive pulmonary tuberculosis patients registered at a health center in Seoul between October $8^{th}$ 2001 and April $23^{rd}$ 2002. 24 and 28 patients were enrolled in the mDOT and self medication groups, respectively. Paired (1:1) individual matching, by gender, extent of disease, relapse and age-matching variables, was performed between the two groups, resulting in 20 paired matches. This prospective study was planned as an unblinded, non-randomized quasiexperimental pilot project. Outcomes were identified from results of sputum smear examinations for AFB in both groups at 2 weeks, and 1 and 2 months. The paired matching data were analyzed using the SAS program version 8.1 by McNemar test. Results : At the end of 2 weeks of treatment, the sputum smear conversion of the mDOT group was somewhat higher than that of the self medication group (78.57 vs. 50%, p-value=0.289), and after 1 month of treatment no statistically significant difference was shown between the two groups (83.33 vs. 50, p-value=0.125). At the end of 2 months of treatment (initial intensive phase), the sputum smear conversions of the mDOT and self groups were 95 and 75%, respectively (p-value=0.219). Conclusions : The implementation of mDOT did not result in clinically significant increases in the sputum smear conversion at 2 weeks, and 1 and 2 months compared with that of the self medication group. However, the increases experienced might contribute to diminishing the infectious period of AFB positive patients, and this approach may act as a guide for a specific group of patients. In this study, mDOT was performed for one hundred percent of the intensive treatment phase. It can also be an effective treatment for pulmonary tuberculosis patients, and may be useful for some high risk tuberculosis patients.