• Title, Summary, Keyword: DM yield

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Effect of Different Harvest Dates on Dry Matter Yield and Forage Quality of Corn ( Zea mays L. ) (옥수수의 수확시기가 사초의 생산성과 품질에 미치는 영향)

  • 임상훈;김동암
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.75-80
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    • 1996
  • The corn is one of the most important forage crop in Korea. The harvest time for silage affects dry matter (DM) yield and silage quality. This study was carried out to determine the effect of harvest time on the DM yield and nutritive value of corn forage at the Experimental Livestock Farm, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Seoul National University, Suweon in 1991. Forage DM yield and DM content of corn forage significantly increased mainly due to increase of ear. And also the ear to total DM ratio increased from 30% to 55% as the harvest was delayed. Chemical composition of the corn forage was improved by reduction in crude fihr, neutral detergent fiber and acid detergent fiber as the harvest was delayed. This results indicated that the harvest time of corn forage plays an important role to determine DM yield and DM contents for silage materials.

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Studies on the Mixture Combination in Permanent Pasture II. Effects of cutting management and nitrogen fertilization on the dry matter production (영년채초지에 있어서 혼파조합에 관한 연구 II. 예취빈도와 질소시비수준이 건물수량에 미치는 영향)

  • ;H. Jacob
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.129-134
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    • 1989
  • This experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of cutting frequency and nitrogen fertilization on th change of vegetation and the yield of dry matter on the different mixture combination of permanent pasture. 1. DM yield was increased as the increasing Arrhenatherum elntius but was decreased as the increasing Tkisetum fkavescens. 2. DM yield was unaffectdd by the different mixture combination of permanent pasture eventually. 3. In case of cutting frequency, 2-cutting showed higher DM yield than that of 3-cutting, and N-fertilization level showed significant increase in DM yield as the increasing N-level, especially 2-cutting block of N-3 showed the highest yield and 3-cutting block of N-l showed the lowest yield. 4. Mixture combination, N-level and cutting frequency did not show significant changes in DM yield of permanent pasture eventually.

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Studies on the Grassland Management in Late-Autumn and Early-Spring VII. Effect of N application time and N fertilizer kind in early spring on grass growth, yield and nutritive value in orchardgrass meadow. (월동전후 초지관리에 관한 연구 VII. Orchargrass 채초지에서 이른 봄 질소시비시기와 질소비종이 목초의 생육과 수량 및 사료가치에 미치는 영향)

  • Song, Ki-Woong;Seo, Sung;Kim, Jae-Kyu;Cho, Han-Ki
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.21-26
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    • 1990
  • This field experiment was carried out to determine the effects of nitrogen(N) application time (March 30, April 9 and April 19) and N fertilizer kind (urea and ammonium sulfate) in early spring on the grass growth, dry matter (DM) yield, crude protein (CP) content, CP yield (CPY), acid detergent fiber (ADF) content, DM digestibility (DMD) and N recovery in orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata L.) meadow for soiling, 1989. The amount of N applied in early spring was 70 kg $ha^{-1}$, and non-fertilized plot was involved as control. In all fertilized plots the growth, DM yield, CP, CPY and regrowth yield of grasses were significantly increased compared with control. The best grass growth and DM yield were observed on March 30, and the best CP, CPY and N recovery were observed on April 9 among all fertilized plots. Also there were not significant differences between urea and ammonium sulfate fertilizer in grass growth, DM yield, CP, CPY, ADF, DMD and N recovery. In Suwon area, therefore, the optimum time of N application for soiling in early spring may be recommended early April, regardless of fertilizer kind of N.

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A Study on the Dry Matter Yield and Nutritive Values of Wild Korean Lespedeza (Lespedeza stipulacea Maxim.)

  • Lee, Hyung Suk;Lee, In-Duk
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.396-400
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    • 2002
  • This study was conducted to evaluate the dry matter (DM) yield, quality and utilization of nutrients in Korean lespedeza (Lespedeza stipulacea Maxim.) swards as a roughage source. DM yield in various stages, chemical composition, and DM digestibility were observed, and DM intake, digestibility and utilization of nitrogen and energy by Korean native goat were determined. Experimental diets include three treatments: mixture hay (MH) 100%, MH (80%)+wild Korean lespedeza hay (LH) 20% and MH (60%)+LH (40%). As growth stage advanced, the DM yield of Korean lespedeza tended to increase significantly (p<0.05). The mean DM yield of all growing stages was observed as 7,336 kg/ha. Crude protein (CP) content of Korean lespedeza tended to decrease, but fibrous contents tended to increase when the growth stage advanced. The tannin content of Korean lespedeza was the highest at the bud stage (64.7 mg/g). However, it showed a tendency to decrease as the growth stage advanced, and thus it was the lowest at the ripe seed stage (26.8 mg/g) (p<0.05). With increasing level of LH, voluntary DM intake by Korean native goats slightly increased, but no differences were observed between diets. The digestibility of DM, cellular constituents and NDF was slightly higher in LH containing diets than that of MH 100% diet (p<0.05). There was no significant difference in apparently digested N% among all diets, but retained N% and retained N% of the absorbed were higher in MH (60%)+LH (40%) than those of other diets (p<0.05). A difference in the utilization of energy was not detected. In conclusion, Juvenile LH improved the digestibility of nutrients, presumably due to its high CP content and low fibrous compound. Especially, tannin in LH did not affect in DM intake, but increased the nitrogen utilization of Korean native goats. Accordingly, it could be suggested that Korean lespedeza has a potential to be provided as a roughage source for Korean native goats.

effect of Pasture ages on the Dry Matter Yield , Botanical Composition and Forage Quality of Pasture Mixtures (초지경년이 건물수량 , 식생비율 및 사료가치에 미치는 영향)

  • 한인규;김동암;조무환;이필상
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.264-270
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    • 1994
  • This experiment was undertaken to determine the effect of pasture ages on the total production and seasonal yield trends, botanical composition and forage quality of pasture mixtures. This experiment was conducted at the Livestock Experiment Station, RDA, Suweon. The results obtained were as follows : 1. Total dry matterDM) yield of pasture mixtures was the highest in the first year, and thereafter no significant reduction in the 2nd through the 4th year, but decreased by 30% in the 5th year. 2. The 34.4% of total DM yield was produced at the first cut, and decreased from then on. Total DM yield of pasture mixtures varied by year and climatic facton. In 1992, Total DM and TDN yields of pasture mixtures were 13.4 and 8.5 IvlT/ha, respectively. 3. The content of crude protein(CP), in virro DM digestibility(IVDMD) and TDN of pasture mixtures were 12-14, 70-80, and 62-65%, respectively. The highest forage quality was obtained at the 4th cutting. 4. The botanical compositions of legumes and weeds were increased as the year of establishment advanced, and highly increased at the 3rd cut after summer growth. 5. Based on the results of this study it appears that economic forage production could be expended to the 4th year with proper management, and the special renovation techniques may be needed for maintenance of pasture yield from the 5th year.

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EFFECT OF SOWING METHODS AND SEED RATES ON PRODUCTION PARAMETERS AND AVERAGE CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF FODDER MAIZE cv. SAVAR-1

  • Rahman, M.M.;Islam, M.R.;Islam, M.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.123-126
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    • 1993
  • Hand dibbling in rows produced higher (p < 0.05) fresh and dry matter (DM), fodder yield, higher plant density and cob yield than broadcasted. However, the varying seed rates (40, 50 and 55 kg/ha) did not affect (p < 0.05) the fresh and DM yield and cob yield except for 30 kg/ha seed rate which produced the lowest (p < 0.01). However, the overall average fresh fodder yield and the fresh and DM yield of cob were 24.97, 10.04 and 6.90 t/ha respectively. The overall average plant height (cm), cob/plant (nos.) plant/ha, (nos.) cob/ha (nos.) and weight (g) of one cob were 178, 1.11, 664141, 70104 and 145 respectively for both the sowing methods and the four seed rates. Crude protein contents of maize plant and cob by-products (8.12% and 7.34% respectively) indicated promising cattle feeds along with human food.

A Study on the Dry Matter Yield and Nutritive Values of Crabgrass(Digitaria Sanguinalis L.) Dominant Swards (바랭이 우점 야초지의 건물수량 및 사료가치에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, I.D.;Lee, H.S.
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.197-202
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    • 1999
  • This study was conducted to evaluate the dry matter yield, quality and utilization of nutrients of crabgrass (Digitaria sanguinalis L.) dominant swards as a roughage sources. Dry matter yield of stages, chemical composition, DM digestibility was obserbed, and DM intake, digestibility and utilization of nitrogen and energy by Korean native goats was determined. Average DM yield of crabgrass dominant swards was obtained 8,473kg/ha, and average contents of CP, NDF, ADF and lignin was 13.0%, 74.1%, 38.6% and 10.4%, respectively. DM intake by Korean native goats was lower for crabgrass dominant swards than for sown grass swards(P>0.05). Digestibility of DM, celluar constituents, NDF and ADF by Korean native goats was significantly lower for crabgrass dominant swards than for sown grass swards(P<0.05). Utilization of nitrogen and energy by Korean native goats was significantly lower for crabgrass dominant swards than for sown grass sward(P<0.05). Above the results, although crabgrass dominant swards was lower than in DM yield, digestibility, and utilization of N and energy, but the DM yield of crabgrass dominant swards was obtained 8,471kg/ha without fertilizer. Therefore it appears that crabgrass dominant swards have a potential to provide roughage sources.

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A Study on the Dry Matter Yield and Nutritive Values of Wild Korean Lespedeza(Lespedeza Stipulacea Maxim.) (야생 코리언 레스페데자(Lespedeza stipulacea Maxim.)의 건물수량 및 사료가치에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, In D.;Lee, H.S.;Kim, D.S.
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.189-196
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    • 1999
  • This study was conducted to evaluate the dry matter yield, quality and utilization of nutrients of wild Korean lespedeza as a forage legume sources. Dry matter(DM) yield of stages, chemical composition and DM digestibility were observed, also DM intake, digestibility and utilization of nitrogen and energy by Korean native goats were determined. Experimental diets include three treatrnents ; mixture grass hay(GS), GS 80% + lespedeza(LA) 20% and GS 60% + LA 40%, respectively. The DM yield of Korean lespedeza(LA) with advancing the growing stage tended to significantly increase(P<0.05). The average DM yield was observed 7,336kg/ha. CP content of LA tended to decrease, but fiber content tended to increase at growing stage advanced(P<0.05). The tannin content of LA was highest in bud stage (54.5mg/g), but tended to decrease at growing stage advanced, lowest in seed ripe stage(26.8mg/g) (P<0.05). With increasing the level of LA supplementation, DM intake by Korean native goats slightly increased, but no differences were observed in all diets. The digestibility of DM, cellular constituents and NDF were slightly lower for GS 100% diets than LA 20% and 40% supplemented diets(P<0.05). Apparently digested N% was not detected significant differences in all diets, but retained N and biological value were higher for LA supplemented diets than for GS 100% diets (P<0.05). Utilization of DE and ME was not detected significant differences in all diets. Above the results, it could be suggested that LA have a potential to provide as forage legume sources considering the DM yield, DM digestibility and nitrogen utilization.

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Studies on the Endophyte Status and Cutting Frequency of Tall Fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schreb. ) I. Agronomic charateristics , DM yield and weed development of tall fescue (Tall Fescue의 Endophyte 감염과 예취횟수에 관한 연구 I. 생육특성 , 수량 및 잡초율에 미치는 영향)

  • 이종경;김동암;조무환;이성철
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.9-16
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    • 1996
  • 'This experiment was canied out to investigate the effects of endophyte status(end0phyte-free and -infect) and cutting frequency(3, 4, 5 and 6 timeslyear) on the agronomic characteristics, DM yield and weed development of tall fescue(Festuca arundinacea Schreb.) at the Experimental Field of Grassland and Forage Crops Division, National Livestock Research Institute, Suweon, from 1993 to 1994. 'Ihe results obtained are summarized as follows: DM yield of endophyte-infected tall fescue was slightly higher than that of endophyte-free tall fescue. DM yield of two tall fescue varieties was significantly decreased with frequent culting(p<0.05). Weed development of pasture tended to be decreased with endophyte-infected tall fescue and infrequent cutting, and endophyte-infected tall fescue had a good adaptation to the poor environment. Based on the results of this experiment, it is suggested that a slight increase in forage yield could be obtained from endophyte-infected tall fescue and endophyte-infected tall fescue was more persistant than endophyte-free tall fescue under poor conditions.

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Yield and Chemical Composition of Cassava Foliage and Tuber Yield as Influenced by Harvesting Height and Cutting Interval

  • Khang, Duong Nguyen;Wiktorsson, Hans;Preston, Thomas R.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.18 no.7
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    • pp.1029-1035
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    • 2005
  • A 3${\times}$4 factorial field experiment with a complete randomised split-plot design with four replicates was conducted from June 2002 to March 2003 at the experimental farm of the Nong Lam University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, to determine effects of different harvesting heights (10, 30 and 50 cm above the ground) and cutting intervals (45, 60, 90 and 285 days) on yield of foliage and tubers, and chemical composition of the foliage. Cassava of the variety KM 94 grown in plots of 5 m${\times}$10 m at a planting distance of 30 cm${\times}$50 cm was hand-harvested according to respective treatments, starting 105 days after planting. Foliage from the control treatment (285 days) and all tubers were only harvested at the final harvest 285 days after planting. Dry matter and crude protein foliage yields increased in all treatments compared to the control. Mean foliage dry matter (DM) and crude protein (CP) yields were 4.57, 3.53, 2.49, and 0.64 tonnes DM $ha^{-1}$ and 939, 684, 495 and 123 kg CP $ha^{-1}$ with 45, 60, 90 and 285 day cutting intervals, respectively. At harvesting heights of 10, 30 and 50 cm the DM yields were 4.27, 3.67 and 2.65 tonnes $ha^{-1}$ and the CP yields were 810, 745 and 564 kg $ha^{-1}$, respectively. The leaf DM proportion was high, ranging from 47 to 65%. The proportion of leaf and petiole increased and the stem decreased with increasing harvesting heights and decreasing cutting intervals. Crude protein content in cassava foliage ranged from 17.7 to 22.6% and was affected by harvesting height and cutting interval. The ADF and NDF contents of foliage varied between 22.6 and 30.2%, and 34.2 and 41.2% of DM, respectively. The fresh tuber yield in the control treatment was 34.5 tonnes $ha^{-1}$. Cutting interval and harvesting height had significant negative effects on tuber yield. The most extreme effect was for the frequent foliage harvesting at 10 cm harvesting height, which reduced the tuber yield by 72%, while the 90 day cutting intervals and 50 cm harvesting height only reduced the yield by 7%. The mean fresh tuber yield decreased by 56, 45 and 27% in total when the foliage was harvested at 45, 60 and 90 day cutting intervals, respectively. It is concluded that the clear effects on quantity and quality of foliage and the effect on tuber yield allow alternative foliage harvesting principles depending on the need of fodder for animals, value of tubers and harvesting cost. An initial foliage harvest 105 days after planting and later harvests with 90 days intervals at 50 cm harvesting height increased the foliage DM and CP yield threefold, but showed only marginal negative effect on tuber yield.