• Title, Summary, Keyword: DGGE

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Analysis of Bacterial Community Structure in Gossi Cave by Denaturing Gradient Gel Electrophoresis (DGGE) (DGGE를 이용한 동굴 생태계 세균 군집 구조 분석)

  • 조홍범;정순오;최용근
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Biology
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.213-219
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    • 2004
  • The bacterial community of water stream, soil and guano in Gossi cave was examined by using PCR amplified the 16S rDNA-denaturing gradient gel electrophoyesis (DGGE). In this study, the genetic diversity and the similarity of bacterial community between open area and non - open area toy cave tour were investigated, and the seasonable variation pattern was compared each other. DGGE is attractive technique, as it sepayate same length dsDNA according to sequence variation typical 16S rDNA genes. The diversity and similarity of bacterial community in cave was analyzed by GC341f and PRUN518r primer sets foy amplification of V3 region of eubacteria 16S rDNA. The specific DGGE band profile of the cave water gives the possibility that the specific bacterial cell can be adapting to the specific cave environment and living in the cave. The DGGE band profiles of all samples with guano were compared and analyzed by image analyzer, in which mutual band profile was compared to be and the band intensity of guano was the highest. From these result, it is thought that the guano was main nutrient source and influenced on the community structure of the cave environment where is nutritionally limited. Pseudomonas sp. NZ060, Pseudomonas pseudoalcaligenes, uncultured Variovorax sp. and soli bacterium NS7 were identified to be on some sample from analysing DNA sequence of some DGGE band.

Analysis of Microbial Diversity in Nuruk Using PCR-DGGE (PCR-DGGE를 이용한 누룩에서의 미생물 다양성 분석)

  • Kwon, Seung-Jik;Sohn, Jae-Hak
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.110-116
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    • 2012
  • Nuruk plays a significant role in the flavor and quality of Takju and Yakju, which are produced through saccharification and alcohol fermentation by various microorganisms. In this study, we identified microbial strains isolated from a plate count and PCR-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) analysis targeting the 16S and 28S rRNA genes, in order to characterize bacterial and fungal diversity in Sansung Nuruk. The numbers of bacteria and fungi in Nuruk were $1.5{\times}10^9$ CFU/g and $2.2{\tims}10^8$ CFU/g, respectively. The 16S rRNA gene sequence indicated that the predominant bacteria in the isolates and PCR-DGGE profile of Nuruk were Kocuria spp., Pantoea spp., Lactobacillus spp., Pediococcus spp., Weissella spp., Staphylococcus spp., endophytic bacterium, uncultured Gamma-proteobacteria, uncultured Cyanobacteria, and Actinobacteria. Dominant bacteria from the PCR-DGGE profile were Pediococcous pentosaceus and uncultured Cyanobacteria. The 28S rRNA gene sequence indicated the predominant fungi in the isolates and PCR-DGGE profile to be Trichomonascus spp. Pichia spp., Torulaspora spp., Wickerhamomyces spp., Sacharomycopsis spp., Lichtheimia spp., Mucor spp., Rhizopus spp. Aspergillus spp., and Cladosporium spp. Dominant fungi from the PCR-DGGE profile were Pichia kudriavzevii and Aspergillus oryzae. The PCR-DGGE technique was used for the first time in this study to assess a microbial community in Nuruk and proved to be an effective protocol for profiling microbial diversity.

A Comparison of Bacterial Diversity Associated with the Sponge Spirastrella abata Depending on RFLP and DGGE (RFLP와 DGGE에 따른 해면 Spirastrella abata 공생세균의 다양성 비교)

  • Jeong, Eun-Ji;Im, Choon-Soo;Park, Jin-Sook
    • Korean Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.46 no.4
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    • pp.366-374
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    • 2010
  • Culture-dependent RFLP and culture-independent DGGE were employed to investigate the bacterial community associated with the marine sponge Spirastrella abata. A total of 164 bacterial strains associated with the sponge were cultivated using Zobell and Natural sea salt media. PCR amplicons of the 16S rDNA from the bacterial strains were digested with the restriction enzymes HaeIII and MspI, and then assigned into different groups according to their restriction patterns. The 16S rDNA sequences derived from RFLP patterns showed more than 95% similarities compared with known bacterial species, and the isolates belonged to four phyla, Proteobacteria (Alphaproteobacteria, Gammaproteobacteria), Actinobacteria, Firmicutes, and Bacteriodetes, of which Alphaproteobacteria was dominant. DGGE fingerprinting of 16S rDNAs amplified from the sponge- derived total gDNA showed five major DGGE bands, and their sequences showed more than 96% similarities compared with available sequences. The sequences derived from DGGE bands revealed high similarity with the uncultured bacterial clones. DGGE revealed that bacterial community consisted of four phyla, including Proteobacteria (Alphaproteobacteria, Gammaproteobacteria), Actinobacteria, Spirochetes, and Chloroflexi. Alphaproteobacteria, Gammaproteobacteria, and Actinobacteria were commonly found in bacteria associated with S. abata by both RFLP and DGGE methods; however, overall bacterial community in the sponge differed depending on the analysis methods.

Bacterial diversity of the Marine Sponge, Halichondria panicea by ARDRA and DGGE (ARDRA와 DGGE를 이용한 Halichondria panicea 해면의 공생세균 다양성)

  • Park, Jin-Sook
    • Korean Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.51 no.4
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    • pp.398-406
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    • 2015
  • Culture-dependent ARDRA and culture-independent DGGE were employed to investigate the bacterial community associated with the marine sponge Halichondria panicea collected from Jeju Island. A total of 120 bacterial strains associated with the sponge were cultivated using modified Zobell and Marine agar media. PCR amplicons of the 16S rRNA gene from the bacterial strains were digested with the restriction enzymes HaeIII and MspI, and then assigned into different groups according to their restriction patterns. The 16S rRNA gene sequences derived from ARDRA patterns showed more than 96% similarities compared with known bacterial species, and the isolates belonged to four classes, Alphaproteobacteria, Gammaproteobacteria, Bacteroidetes, and Firmicutes, of which Alphaproteobacteria was dominant. DGGE fingerprinting of 16S rRNA genes amplified from the sponge-derived total gDNA showed 14 DGGE bands, and their sequences showed 100% similarities compared with the sequences available in GenBank. The sequences derived from DGGE bands revealed high similarity with the uncultured bacterial clones. DGGE revealed that bacterial community consisted of seven classes, including Alphaproteobacteria, Gammaproteobacteria, Acidobacteria, Actinobacteira, Bacteroidetes, Cyanobacteria, and Chloroflexi. According to both the ARDRA and DGGE methods, three classes, Alphaproteobacteria, Gammaproteobacteria, and Bacteroidetes, were commonly found in H. panicea. However, overall bacterial community in the sponge differed depending on the analysis methods. Sponge showed more various bacterial community structures in culture independent method than in culture-dependent method.

Dynamics of Bacterial Communities Analyzed by DGGE during Cyanobacterial Bloom in Daechung Reservoir, Korea (대청호 수화발생시기의 미생물 다양성 및 계통분류학적 분석)

  • Ko, So-Ra;Ahn, Chi-Yong;Lee, Young-Ki;Oh, Hee-Mock
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Biology
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.225-235
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    • 2011
  • The change of microbial communities during cyanobacterial bloom was comparatively analyzed by 16S rDNA PCR-DGGE in Daechung Reservoir during 2003~2005. Morphological analysis showed that Cyanophyceae dominated algal community in the bloom. Dominant cyanobacteria were Microcystis, Planktothrix (Oscillatoria), Phormidium and Anabaena. We used 16S rDNA-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) profiles and phylogenetic affiliations of the DGGE bands to analyze the community structure and diversity of the predominant microbial community. The DGGE band patterns demonstrated that the most frequent bands were identified as Microcystis during the monitoring periods, Planktothrix also dominated on September 2003 and 2004, whereas Anabaena was showed a peak on September 2005 and Aphanizomenon on August 2003. DGGE and phylogenetic analysis provided us new information that could not be obtained by traditional, morphological analysis. The relationship between cyanobacteria and other aquatic bacteria can be traced and their genetic diversity also identified in detail.

Bacterial Diversity of the South Pacific Sponge, Dactylospongia metachromia Based on DGGE Fingerprinting (DGGE에 의한 남태평양 해면 Dactylospongia metachromia의 공생세균 다양성)

  • Jeong, In-Hye;Park, Jin-Sook
    • Korean Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.49 no.4
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    • pp.377-382
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    • 2013
  • The bacterial community structures of the marine sponge, Dactylospongia metachromia, collected from Chuuk of Micronesia on February 2012, were analyzed by denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE). The DGGE fingerprints of two individuals of D. metachromia, CH607 and CH840 showed the same band patterns. The sequences derived from DGGE bands revealed 93~100% similarities with known bacterial species in the public database and high similarity with uncultured bacterial clones. The bacterial community structures of both D. metachromia sponges (CH607, CH840) were composed of 6 phyla, 8 classes: Alphaproteobacteria, Betaproteobacteria, Gammaproteobacteria, Acidobacteria, Actinobacteria, Chloroflexi, Cyanobacteria, Spirochaetes. DGGE fingerprint - based phylogenetic analysis revealed that the bacterial community profiles were identical in two individuals of the same sponge species collected from the same geographical location.

Community Structure of Bacteria Associated with Two Marine Sponges from Jeju Island Based on 16S rDNA-DGGE Profiles (16S rDNA-DGGE를 이용한 2종의 제주도 해양 해면의 공생세균의 군집 구조)

  • Park, Jin-Sook;Sim, Chung-Ja;An, Kwang-Deuk
    • Korean Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.45 no.2
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    • pp.170-176
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    • 2009
  • Culture-independent 16S rDNA-DGGE profiling and phylogenetic analysis were used to examine the predominant bacterial communities associated with the two sponges, Dictyonella sp. and Spirastrella abata from Jeju island. The culture-independent approach involved extraction of total bacterial DNA, PCR amplification of the 16S ribosomal DNA using primer pair 341f-GC and 518r, and separation of the amplicons on a denaturing gradient gel. Denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis banding patterns indicated 8 and 7 bands from the two sponge species, Dictyonella sp. and Spirastrella abata, respectively. There were not common major bands in two different sponges. Comparative sequence analysis of variable DGGE bands revealed from 93% to 98% similarity to the known published sequences. The dominant bacterial group of Dictyonella sp. belonged to uncultured Gammaproteobacteria, while, that of Spirastrella abata belonged to uncultured Alphaproeobacteria and Firmicutes. DGGE analysis indicated predominant communities of the sponge-associated bacteria differ in the two sponges from the same geographical location. This result revealed that bacterial community profiles of the sponges were host species-specific.

Plankton community analysis in the lake of North-Han river system using PCR-DGGE method (PCR-DGGE 방법을 이용한 북한강 수계 호수의 플랑크톤 군집 분석)

  • Kim, Yoon-Jung;Kim, Min-Kyung;Lee, Sang-Don
    • Journal of Wetlands Research
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.419-428
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    • 2012
  • Taxonomic identification of phytoplankton has been a difficult task, even for the experienced taxonomist. Many non-descript, yet abundant, phytoplanktons do exist without distinguishing features which cause difficulties in morphological identification. Using PCR(polymerase chain reaction)-DGGE(denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis)method, which is known to be a powerfulfingerprinting technique to analyze diversity and dynamics of microbial populations, this study aimed to find the way to overcome the limitation of morphological identification. As a result, a total of 46 bands from samples in five lakes were detected in September and 27 bands in November. Fingerprinting results showed convenient and comparative analyses among each sampling site. In this study, PCR-DGGE method was used to figure out diversity and dynamics of plankton community in the lakes of North-Han River system. Also, the possibility of DGGE technique as an identification tool for phytoplankton was estimated.

Analysis of Microbial Communities During Cyanobacterial Bloom in Daechung Reservoir by DGGE (DGGE를 이용한 대청호 수화 발생시기의 세균군집 분석)

  • Ko So-Ra;Park Seong-Joo;Ahn Chi-Yong;Choi Aeran;Lee Jung-Sook;Kim Hee-Sik;Yoon Byung-Dae;Oh Hee-Mock
    • Korean Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.40 no.3
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    • pp.205-210
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    • 2004
  • The change of bacterial communities during cyanobacterial bloom was analyzed by DGGE in Daechung Reservoir from July to October in 2003. The traditional morphological analysis showed that the genera of Microcystis, Chroococcus, Oscillatoria, and Phormidium were dominated. The most frequent band in the DGGE profile by 16S rDNA sequence analysis was identified as Microcystis flos-aquae and the cyanobacterial bloom was peaked on September 2. Oscillatoria spp. were also identified and Aphanizomenon flos-aquae dominated in the middle of August. Judging from the analysis of the digitalized DGGE profiles using the cluster analysis technique, the microbial community on September 2 was considerably different from others. Consequently, it seems that the gene fingerprinting method can give not only the similar results to the traditional morphological method but also additional information on the bacterial species and similarity among the examined microbial communities.

Phylogenetic Analysis of Bacterial Diversity in the Marine Sponge, Asteropus simplex, Collected from Jeju Island (제주도에서 채집한 해양 해면, Asteropus simplex의 공생세균에 관한 계통학적 분석)

  • Jeong, In-Hye;Park, Jin-Sook
    • Korean Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.48 no.4
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    • pp.275-283
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    • 2012
  • Culture-dependent RFLP and culture-independent DGGE were employed to investigate the bacterial community associated with the marine sponge Asteropus simplex collected from Jeju Island. A total of 120 bacterial strains associated with the sponge were cultivated using modified Zobell and MA media. PCR amplicons of the 16S rDNA from the bacterial strains were digested with the restriction enzymes HaeIII and MspI, and then assigned into different groups according to their restriction patterns. The 16S rDNA sequences derived from RFLP patterns showed more than 94% similarities compared with known bacterial species, and the isolates belonged to five phyla, Alphaproteobacteria, Gammaproteobacteria Actinobacteria, Bacteroidetes, and Firmicutes, of which Gammaproteobacteria was dominant. DGGE fingerprinting of 16S rDNAs amplified from the sponge-derived total gDNA showed 12 DGGE bands, and their sequences showed more than 90% similarities compared with available sequences. The sequences derived from DGGE bands revealed high similarity with the uncultured bacterial clones. DGGE revealed that bacterial community consisted of seven phyla, including Alphaproteobacteria, Betaproteobacteria, Gammaproteobacteria, Deltaproteobacteria, Actinobacteira, Chloroflexi, and Nitrospira. Alphaproteobacteria, Gammaproteobacteria, and Actinobacteria were commonly found in bacteria associated with A. simplex by both RFLP and DGGE methods, however, overall bacterial community in the sponge differed depending on the analysis methods. Sponge showed more various bacterial community structures in culture-independent method than in culture-dependent method.