• Title/Summary/Keyword: DE406

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Prediction of Communication Outage Period between Satellite and Earth station Due to Sun Interference

  • Song, Yong-Jun;Kim, Kap-Sung;Jin, Ho;Lee, Byoung-Sun
    • Journal of Astronomy and Space Sciences
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.31-42
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    • 2010
  • We developed a computer program to predict solar interference period. To calculate Sun's position, we used DE406 ephemerides and Earth ellipsoid model. The Sun's position error is smaller than 10arcsec. For the verification of the calculation, we used TU media ground station on Seongsu-dong, and MBSAT geostationary communication satellite. We analysis errors, due to satellite perturbation and antenna align. The time error due to antenna align has -35 to +16 seconds at $0.1^{\circ}$, and -27 to +41 seconds at $0.25^{\circ}$. The time errors derived by satellite perturbation has 30 to 60 seconds.

Daylight Observations of Venus with Naked Eye in the Goryeosa

  • Lee, Ki-Won
    • Journal of Astronomy and Space Sciences
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.67-73
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    • 2017
  • In this paper, we investigate the observations of Venus in daytime that are recorded in the Goryeosa (History of the Goryeo Dynasty, A.D. 918-1392). There are a total of 167 accounts of such observations in this historical book, spanning a period of 378 yr (from 1014 to 1392). These include six accounts where the days of the observation are not specified and two accounts where the phase angles are outside the calculation range of the equation used in our study. We analyze the number distribution of 164 accounts in 16 yr intervals covering the period from 1023 to 1391. We find that this distribution shows its minimum at around 1232, when the Goryeo dynasty moved the capital to the Ganghwa Island because of the Mongol invasion, and its maximum at around 1390, about the time when the dynasty fell. In addition, we calculate the azimuth, altitude, solar elongation, and apparent magnitude of Venus at sunset for 159 observations, excluding the eight accounts mentioned above, using the DE 406 ephemeris and modern astronomical algorithms. We find that the average elongation and magnitude of Venus on the days of those accounts were ${\sim}40^{\circ}$ and -4.5, respectively, whereas the minimum magnitude was -3.8. The results of this study are useful for estimating the practical conditions for observing Venus in daylight with the naked eye and they also provide additional insight into the corresponding historical accounts contained in the Goryeosa.

태양간섭현상 예측을 위한 프로그램 개발

  • Song, Yong-Jun;Lee, Cheong-U;Kim, Il-Hun;Kim, Gap-Seong
    • Bulletin of the Korean Space Science Society
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    • pp.37.3-37.3
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    • 2009
  • 태양물리연구실에서는 춘 추분기를 전후한 일정 기간 사이에 수분 정도 발생하는 태양간섭 현상을 예측하기 위하여 프로그램을 개발하였다. TU 미디어에서 제공해준 3개의 통신위성 PAS-8, TELSTAR-10, MEASAT-1에 대한 2006, 2007년도 춘 추분기의 통신장애 자료와 계산한 자료를 비교 분석하였고, 이를 이용하여 2009년도 추분기의 태양간섭 현상 시간을 예측하였다. 태양위치변화 계산은 NASA/JPL에서 발행하는 DE406 역서 자료를 이용하여 정밀도를 높였으며, 지구 타원체 모델을 통해 기지국에서의 정확한 태양 및 위성의 고도, 방위각을 구하였다. 또한 기지국 안테나 이득률을 계산하여 기지국 안테나에서 예상 되는 태양 간섭 시간을 얻어 냈다. 기지국 안테나의 빔 패턴은 안테나의 중심 부근에서 가장 강하게 나타나며, 중심에서 멀어질수록 특수한 감쇄 형태를 보인다. 이러한 빔 패턴은 안테나의 이득률과 관련이 있으며, 빔 패턴의 적분을 통해 얻어진 이득률과 태양 디스크가 얼마나 안테나의 범위에 들어오는가에 따라 안테나에 수신되는 전파의 강도가 달라진다. 이러한 강도 변화량을 계산함으로써 태양 간섭 시간을 계산할 수 있다. 본래 안테나 빔 패턴은 개개의 안테나에 따라 다르며 직접 측정하여 얻을 수 있다. 사용한 빔 패턴 모델은 ITU에서 채택된 WARC-79 모델을 이용하였고 모든 위성 기지국 안테나의 빔 패턴은 이 모델에서 벗어나지 않는다. 이 연구에서는 빔 패턴 모델을 적용하여 기존의 TU미디어 성수기지국에서의 태양간섭 시간을 다시 계산하였다. 또한 새롭게 KT 용인 위성 관제센터의 자료를 추가하여 태양 간섭시간을 계산하고 예측하였다. 위성데이터는 기존의 PAS-8, TELSTAR-10, MEASAT-1 통신위성과 KT에서 운용하고 있는 무궁화 3호와 무궁화 5호 통신위성 자료를 사용하였다. 이러한 계산 방법은 전국 임의의 지역에서 춘 추분기에 발생할 수 있는 태양간섭 시간을 예측하고 적용할 수 있다.

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ANALYSIS OF THE LUNAR ECLIPSE RECORDS FROM THE GORYEOSA

  • LEE, KI-WON;MIHN, BYEONG-HEE;AHN, YOUNG SOOK;AHN, SANG-HYEON
    • Journal of The Korean Astronomical Society
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    • v.49 no.4
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    • pp.163-173
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    • 2016
  • In this paper, we study the lunar eclipse records in the Goryeosa (History of the Goryeo Dynasty), an official history book of the Goryeo dynasty (A.D. 918 - 1392). In the history book, a total of 228 lunar eclipse accounts are recorded, covering the period from 1009 to 1392. However, we find that two accounts are duplications and four accounts correspond to no known lunar eclipses around the dates. For the remaining lunar eclipses, we calculate the magnitude and the time of the eclipse at different phases using the DE406 ephemeris. Of the 222 lunar eclipse accounts, we find that the minimum penumbral magnitude was 0.5583. For eclipses which occurred after midnight, we find that some accounts were recorded on the day before the eclipse, like the astronomical records of the Joseonwangjosillok (Annals of the Joseon Dynasty), while others were on the day of the lunar eclipse. We also find that four accounts show a difference in the Julian dates between this study and that of Ahn et al., even though it is assumed that the Goryeo court did not change the dates in the accounts for lunar eclipses that occurred after midnight. With regard to the contents of the lunar eclipse accounts, we confirm that the accounts recorded as total eclipses are accurate, except for two accounts. However, both eclipses were very close to the total eclipse. We also confirm that all predicted lunar eclipses did occur, although one eclipse happened two days after the predicted date. In conclusion, we believe that this study is very helpful for investigating the lunar eclipse accounts of other periods in Korea, and furthermore, useful for verifying the calendar dates of the Goryeo dynasty.