• Title, Summary, Keyword: DA-3030

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Antigenicity of DA-3030, a Recombinant Human Granulocyte-colony Stimulating Factor, in Guinea Pigs and Mice (Guinea pig 및 mouse에 있어서 인형 과립구 콜로니 자극인자 DA-3030의 항원성)

  • 백남기;강경구;이순복;김원배;양중익
    • Biomolecules & Therapeutics
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    • v.2 no.3
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    • pp.292-297
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    • 1994
  • This study was conducted to investigate antigenic potential of DA-3030, a recombinant human granulocyte-colony stimulating factor, in guinea pigs and mice. In the active systemic anaphylaxis test, the guinea pigs sensitized with 1.25 or 12.5 $\mu\textrm{g}$/head of DA-3030 alone did not show any anaphylactic reaction. In the homologous passive cutaneous anaphylaxis reaction, anti-DA-3030 antibody was not detected in guinea pigs sensitized with 1.25 or 12.5 $\mu\textrm{g}$/head of DA-3030 alone. On the other hand, the guinea pigs sensitized with 12.5 $\mu\textrm{g}$/heed of DA-3030 incorporated in Freund's complete adjuvant(FCA) or 1 mg/head of ovalbumin incorporated in FCA showed anaphylactic reaction. Anti-DA-3030 antibody was also detected in those guinea pigs. In immunodiffusion test using the sera sensitized with DA-3030 incorporated in FCA, precipitating antibodies were detected only in the sera sensitized with DA-3030 or DA-3030 incorporated in FCA showed. In 24-hour heterologous PCA reaction with sera of C57BL/6 mice immunized with 1.25 or 12.5 $\mu\textrm{g}$/head of DA-3030 alone, none of the sera showed positive reaction. But sera of the animals immunized with 12.5 $\mu\textrm{g}$/head of DA-3030 incorporated in aluminum hydroxide gel(Alum) or 5 $\mu\textrm{g}$/head of ovalbumin incorporated in alum showed positive PCA reaction. DA-3030 did not cause anaphylactic shock or passive cutaneous anaphylaxis in guinea pigs and mice when given alone although DA-3030 incorporated in FCA or Alum induced anaphylactic shock and passive cutaneous anaphylaxis. From these results, it may be concluded the DA-3030 does not induce systemic allergic reaction when administered alone in its clinical use.

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Pharmacokinetics and Tissue Distribution of DA-3030 (recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor) after Intravenous, Intramuscular or Subcutaneous Administrations to the Laboratory Animals. (DA-3030(recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor)의 정맥, 근육 또는 피하주사시 실험동물에서의 약물동력 학 및 조직 분포)

  • 이응두;심현주;이종진;이상득;강수형;김원배;양중익
    • Biomolecules & Therapeutics
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    • v.2 no.4
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    • pp.310-315
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    • 1994
  • The pharmacokinetics and tissue distribution of DA-3030 (recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor, rhG-CSF, recently manufactured by Dong-A research laboratory of Dong-A Pharmaceutical Company) were compared with reported data in the literature. After intravenous(i.v.) administration of DA-3030, at dose of 5, 10 and 100 $\mu\textrm{g}$/kg to rats, some pharmacokinetic parameters, such as terminal half-lives(1.05, 1.19 and 1.83 hr, respectively) and clearance (84.0, 54.8 and 45.5 mι/hr/kg, repectively), were dose-dependent. This could be due to the saturable metabolism of DA-3030 in rats. Similar results were also reported. After subcutaneous(s.c.) and intramuscular(i.m.) administrations of DA-3030, 10 $\mu\textrm{g}$/kg to rats, the extent of bioavailability(absolute bioavailability) were incomplete; the values were 23.3 and 18.2% after s.c. and i.m. injections, respectively, due to the degradation of DA-3030 by protease. After 7-consecutive day i.v. administrations of DA-3030, 10 $\mu\textrm{g}$/kg/day, to rats, the plasma concentrations and pharmacokinetic parameters of DA-3030 were not significantly different from those in single administration. In mice and dogs at DA-3030 dose of 10 $\mu\textrm{g}$/kg, the plasma concentrations of DA-3030 were also declined rapidly with terminal half-lives of 1.31 and 1.15 hr, respectively. DA-3030 was highly concentrated in the kidney after i.v. administration of DA-3030, 10 $\mu\textrm{g}$/kg, to rats, and the results were similar to those obtained using radiolabelled rhG-CSF in the literature. Above data indicate that DA-3030 has similar properties to rhG-CSF manufactured by other companies in view of pharmacokinetics.

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Studies on Local Irritation of DA-3030, a new granulocyte colony stimulating factor (새로운 과립구 콜로니 자극인자(rhG-CSF) DA-3030의 국소자극성에 관한 연구)

  • 김옥진;안병옥;이순복;김원배;양중익
    • Biomolecules & Therapeutics
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    • v.2 no.3
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    • pp.247-255
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    • 1994
  • As a series of safety studies of DA-3030, a new rhO-CSF, its local irritancy was examined in the rabbits after the following treatment; application into the conjunctival sac of the eye(single), subcutaneous injection(single), intramuscular injection(single), and intravenous injection(8-day repeated). In addition, paravenous irritation of DA-3030 was investigated in mice. The results obtained were as follows. 1. In the result of ocular irritation test, 0.03% solution of DA-3030 could be considered as a non-irritating material. 2. The local irritation of DA-3030 by an injection of 0.5mι of its solution subcutaneously or intramuscularly was negligible and not so much different from that of saline. 3. In the vascular irritancy test, macro- and microscopic observations revealed that the irritating activity of DA-3030 in blood vessels was not different from that of saline when they were injected once a day into vein retroauricularis of rabbits for 8 days.4. The paravenous administration of DA-3030 did not induce any abnormal changes at injection sites except mild swelling in 1 mouse at 3 hours after injection which was thought to be due to slow absorption. The above-mentioned results suggest that DA-3030 has no irritating activity when injected through intravenous or subcutaneous route for clinical practice as 0.03% solution.

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General Pharmacology of Recombinant Human Granulocyte-colony Stimulating Factor DA-3030 Expressed in E. coli (유전자 재조합 인형 과립구 콜로니 자극인자 DA-3030의 일반약리작용)

  • 배은주;신명수;김순회;강수형;김원배;양중익
    • Biomolecules & Therapeutics
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    • v.2 no.3
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    • pp.281-285
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    • 1994
  • Neutropenia is a major dose-limiting factor in cancer chemotherapy diminishing its usefulness and increase patient's susceptibility to infectious disease. Some recombinant human granulocyte colony stimulating factors(rhG-CSFs) are in use to reduce the risk of this serious side effect. In this study, we examined the pharmacological properties of DA-3030, a rhG-CSF expressed in E. coli. DA-3030 100 and $\mu\textrm{g}$/kg, i. v., had no significant effect on the central nervous, gastrointestinal system in mice and cardiovascular system in rabbits, but it slightly inhibited the spontaneous motility of isolated nonpregnant uterus in rats. It also had no influence on excretion of urinary electrolytes. DA-3030 administered for successive 3 days increased the blood WBC count in zymosan air pouch inflammed rats and in normal rats. These results indicate that DA-3030 has little side effects in animals.

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Four-Week Intravenous Toxicity of DA-3030 (G-CSF) in Beagle Dogs (Beagle dog에서 DA-3030(G-CSF)의 정맥내 4주간 반복투여 독성)

  • 이영순;조재진;남기환;서광원;강성근;박재학;김원배
    • Biomolecules & Therapeutics
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    • v.2 no.3
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    • pp.260-269
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    • 1994
  • This study was performed to determine the toxic effect of DA-3030(granulocyte-colony stimulating factor, G-CSF) in beagle dogs. DA-3030(G-CSF) was injected intravenously at doses of 115 $\mu\textrm{g}$/kg/day, 11.5 $\mu\textrm{g}$/kg/day and 1.15 $\mu\textrm{g}$/kg/day seven days per week for 28 days. After completion of the treatments, the dog were necropsied. The number of dead animal was zero in all groups. No specific clinical sign was found, either. In hematological results, WBC was significantly increased dose-dependently in treated groups. In histopathological findings, megakaryocyte and rubricyte were found in the liver and spleen at the dose of 115 $\mu\textrm{g}$/kg/day. Therefore, we could find the extramedullary hematopoiesis was increased. Megaka yocyte and rubricyte were increased in bone marrow, too. In conclusion, those signs were estimated the pharmacological effect of DA-3030(G-CSF). According to the results, non toxic dose of DA-3030(G-CSF) was higher than 115 $\mu\textrm{g}$/kg/day.

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Four-week Intravenous Toxicity Study of DA-3030, a Recombinant Human G-CSF, in Rats (재조합 인 과립구 콜로니 자극인자 DA-3030의 랫드에 대한 4주 정맥내 반복투여 독성연구)

  • 강경구;김옥진;안병옥;백남기;이순복;김원배;양중익
    • Biomolecules & Therapeutics
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    • v.2 no.3
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    • pp.270-280
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    • 1994
  • This study was conducted to evaluate the repeated dose toxicity of DA-3030, a recombinant human granulocyte colony stimulating factor(rhG-CSF), in rats. DA-3030 was administered intravenously once a day for 4 weeks to 20 males and 20 females per group at doses of 0(control), 115 and 1150 $\mu\textrm{g}$/kg, and to 15 males and 15 females per group at doses of 1.15 and 11.5$\mu\textrm{g}$/kg. After the administration period, 5 males and 5 females per group in the 0,115 and 1150 $\mu\textrm{g}$/kg groups were placed on withdrawal for 2 weeks. Through-out the study, all the rats survived. The administration of DA-3030 induced, a marked increase in the number of peripheral neutrophils, elevation of serum alkaline phosphatase activity, and splenomegaly in the rats of both sexes receiving 115 or 1150 $\mu\textrm{g}$/kg. Histopathologic examination revealed extramedullary granulopoiesis in spleen and liver, and increase in the number of activated macrophages in spleen in rats of both sexes in 115 and 115 $\mu\textrm{g}$/kg groups, and increased M/E ratio in 11.5, 115 and 1150$\mu\textrm{g}$/kg groups. Most of the changes produced by DA-3030 were thought to be attributable to exaggerated pharmacological effect of the drug, and subsided or disappeared after the recovery period. Under the present condition, no effect dose of DA-3030 is estimated at 1.15 $\mu\textrm{g}$/kg/day.

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Acute toxicity of DA-3030(G-CSF) in rats and mice (랫드와 마우스에서 DA-3030(G-CSF)의 급성독성에 관한 연구)

  • 이영순;조재진;김영석;남정석;박재학;이순복
    • Biomolecules & Therapeutics
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    • v.2 no.3
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    • pp.256-259
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    • 1994
  • This study was performed to evaluate the acute toxicity of DA-3030(granulocyte-colony stimulating factor, G-CSF) in mice and rats via intragastrical and intravenous routes. DA-3030(G-CSF) in the acute toxicity study did not induce any toxic signs in the mice and rats in mortalities, clinical findings, body weights and gross findings. It is suggested that LD$_{50}$ values in mice and rats would be >13, 800 $\mu\textrm{g}$/kg in the oral route and >6, 900 $\mu\textrm{g}$/kg in the intravenous route.e.

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Mutagenicity Study of DA-3030, A New Recombinant Human G-CSF(rhG-CSF) (새로운 재조합 인 과립구 콜로니 자극인자 DA-3030의 변이원성연구)

  • 강경구;최성학;김옥진;안병옥;백남기;김계원;김원배;양중익
    • Biomolecules & Therapeutics
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    • v.2 no.3
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    • pp.286-291
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    • 1994
  • The mutagenicity of DA-3030(rhG-CSF)was studied by reverse mutation test, chromosome aberration test and micronucleus test. The reverse mutatuon test in bacteria was performed using salmonella typhimurium strain TA100, TA98, TA1535 and TA1537 with rhG-CSF in any of the concentrations(150, 75, 37.5, 18.75, 9.375 and 4,6875 $\mu\textrm{g}$/plate), no increase in the number of revertant colonies in each strain was observed, irrespective of treatment with the metabolic activation system(S-9 mix) The chromosome aberration test was carried out using CHL cells, cell line from chinese hamster lung. With 4 doses(75, 37.5, 18.75 and 9.375 $\mu\textrm{g}$/ml) of rhG-/CSF the cells were treated for 24 or 48 hours in the direct method or for 6 hours followed by 18 hour-expression time in the metabolic activation method. Results of the study showed, by the direct method or metabolic activation method, no trend toward increase in the number of aberrant metaphase. The micronucleus test was carried out using ICR mice at the age of 8 weeks. Three doses(862.5, 1725 and 3450 $\mu\textrm{g}$/kg) of DA-3030 were admintstered intraperitoneally with single shot and bone marrow cells were sampled at 24 hours after administration. Neither the number of polychromatic erythrocytes with micronuclei nor the ratio of normochromatic erythrocytes to polychromatic erythrocytes increased singinficantly in each dose, compared with a vehicle control. These results indicate that rhG-CSF has not mutagenic potential under the condiions.

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