• 제목, 요약, 키워드: D/N value

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Association between a M-Iacking mutant D75N of pharaonis phoborhodopsin and its transducer is stronger than the complex of the wild-type pigment: Implication of the signal transduction

  • Sudo, Yuki;Iwamoto, Masayuki;Shimono, Kazumi;Kamo, Naoki
    • Journal of Photoscience
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.314-316
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    • 2002
  • In halobacterial membrane, pharaonis phoborhodopsin (or pharaonis sensory rhdopsin II, psRII) forms a complex with its transducer pHtrII. Flash-photolyis of D75N mutant did not yield M-intermediate but an O-like intermediate is observed. We examined the interaction between D75N of ppR and t-Htr (truncated pHtrII). These formed a complex in the presence of n-dodecyl-$\beta$-D-maltoside, and the association accelerated the decay of the 0 of D75N from 15 to 56 s$\^$-1/. From the decay time constants under varying ratios of D75N and t-Htr, n, the molar ratio of D75N/t-Htr in the complex, and K$\_$D/, the dissociation constant, were estimated. The value of n was unity and K$\_$D/ was estimated to 146 nM. This K$\_$D/ value can be considered as the association between the photo-intermediate and t-Htr, which is deduced by the method of estimation. Previously we (Photochem. Photobiol. 74, 489-494 (2001)) reported K$\_$D/ of 15 $\mu$M for the interaction between the wild-type and t-Htr by means of the change of M-decay rates. Therefore, this value should be the K$\_$D/ value for the interaction between M of the wild-type and t-Htr.

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농촌지역 보건소 환경에 있어서의 건강가치관에 관한 일 조사연구 (A Study on Value Orientation of Health of Rural Health Center Milieu)

  • 김순자
    • 대한간호학회지
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.17-30
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    • 1975
  • The concept and definition of nursing and her role have been changing in accordance with the socio-cultural factors of the initial society. At present, nursing is conceptualized as a health care profession assisting man to restore, maintain and promote health by providing knowledge, wilt strength and resources through various processes of interaction. Man′s behavior, of individual and group activities for health inclusive, is driven by the initial man′s value orientation. The purpose of this study is to investigate the value orientation regarding health of rural health center milieu in order to give data for; 1. the planning for the delivery of community nursing service, 2. the health education plan at all level of nursing care activities, and 3. the planning of curriculum for nursing education. A hundred opinion leaders among the labor population residing in rural areas (P-group), hundred and six professional nurses at rural health centers (N-group) were indirectly interviewed through questionaries. And ninety five of N-group were interviewed likewise of their perceptions of P-group (NP-group) from July 15, to October 15, 1974. The result is as follows: 1. Maintenance of health is revealed to be the most valued component for man′s happiness in all the three groups. (P-group: 7.30 S. D.=1.31), (N-group :7.84 S. D. =49), and (NP-group : 5.93 S. D. =2.28) 2. The average value score of the maintenance of health revealed significant difference by P〈.001 level between each of the three groups. (Between N-group and P-group : T= -4.07 P and NP ; T=-6.93, N and NP: T=-9.35) 3. Basic health maintenance activities necessary for maintenance and promotion of personal health were moderately valued by all the three groups, P-group ; 3.74 (S. D. =.43) , N-group: 3.52 (S. D. =.34), NP-group: 3.07 (S. D. :.55) Among the 8 categories of basic health maintenance activities, "food intake" was highly valued by P-group (mean value score; 4.00 S. D=.51) , "exercise and rest" and "personal cleanliness" was highly valued by both P-group (4.02, 4.08) and N-group (4.08, 4.22). 4. The mean value score of basic health maintenance activities revealed significant difference by P〈.001 level between each of the three groups (between P-group and N-group: T=-4, 07, N-and NP: T=-6.93, P and NP T=-9.35) 5. Among the 30 questionaries, dynamic activities for health maintenance were more valued in comparison to passive activities in an tile three groups. 6. In N-group, correlation between the value of basic health maintenance activities and the personal health status personal revealed moderate significance. Correlation between the value of basic health maintenance activities and the age revealed low significance. 7. In group, correlation between the value of basic health maintenance activities and; perception of personal health status revealed non significance, between the age and sex revealed low sign affiance, and between the educational status revealed moderate significance. Recommendations are as follows ; 1. The efforts towards alteration of value orientation concerning health in general in community nursing practice de focussed be that of family Planning. 2. In order to prepare professional nurses competent in understanding individual and group, social science and behavioral science be strength ended in planning nursing curriculum. 3. Milieu of nursing experience during nursing education be Planned to begin at simple nursing problem and move towards complex, f. e. home care towards health crisis situation in order to achieve dynamic role mastery.

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ON HARMONICITY IN A DISC AND n-HARMONICITY

  • Lee, Jae-Sung
    • 대한수학회보
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    • v.47 no.4
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    • pp.815-823
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    • 2010
  • Let ${\tau}\;{\neq}\;\delta_0$ be either a power bounded radial measure with compact support on the unit disc D with $\tau(D)\;=\;1$ such that there is a $\delta$ > 0 so that ${\mid}\hat{\tau}(s){\mid}\;{\neq}\;1$ for every $s\;{\in}\;\Sigma(\delta)$ \ {0,1}, or just a radial probability measure on D. Here, we provide a decomposition of the set X = {$h\;{\in}\;L^{\infty}(D)\;{\mid}\;lim_{n{\rightarrow}{\infty}}\;h\;*\;\tau^n$ exists}. Let $\tau_1$, ..., $\tau_n$ be measures on D with above mentioned properties. Here, we prove that if $f\;{in}\;L^{\infty}(D^n)$ satisfies an invariant volume mean value property with respect to $\tau_1$, ..., $\tau_n$, then f is n-harmonic.

대형 Calibration Chamber System을 이용한 ${{\sigma}_v}'-D_r-N$ 상관관계 연구 (A Study of ${{\sigma}_v}'-D_r-N$ Correlation using Large Calibration Chamber System)

  • 최성근;김상인;이충호;김동후;이우진
    • 한국지반공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.1175-1182
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    • 2005
  • Using KUCCS, which enables real-time monitoring and controlling, the various boundary condition and in-situ field stress condition was simulated, to derive the correlation among ${{\sigma}_v}'-Dr-N$in domestic sandy soils. Soil specimens, having various relative density and confined stress, were formulated to evaluate N-value from the SPT. and Pile Driving Analyzer, PDA, was employed as a measuring device for the energy transfer efficiency in the rod. From the quantitative analysis of N-value, the correlating equation, $N_{60}/{D_r}^2=16.35+14.45{{\sigma}_v}'$ was obtained on the basis of Skempton's method(1986). More reliable soil parameters can be obtained from the N-value by using this study which considered regional characters and the correlation among ${{\sigma}_v}'-Dr-N$.

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The intermediate solution of quasilinear elliptic boundary value problems

  • Ko, Bong-Soo
    • 대한수학회지
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.401-416
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    • 1994
  • We study the existence of an intermediate solution of nonlinear elliptic boundary value problems (BVP) of the form $$ (BVP) {\Delta u = f(x,u,\Delta u), in \Omega {Bu(x) = \phi(x), on \partial\Omega, $$ where $\Omega$ is a smooth bounded domain in $R^n, n \geq 1, and \partial\Omega \in C^{2,\alpha}, (0 < \alpha < 1), \Delta$ is the Laplacian operator, $\nabla u = (D_1u, D_2u, \cdots, D_nu)$ denotes the gradient of u and $$ Bu(x) = p(x)u(x) + q(x)\frac{d\nu}{du} (x), $$ where $\frac{d\nu}{du} denotes the outward normal derivative of u on $\partial\Omega$.

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Ortho-phenylphenol을 주성분을 하는 훈증소독제의 Clostridium perfringens 아포에 대한 살아포 효과 (Sporicidal Efficacy of a Fumigation Disinfectant Composited to Ortho-phenylphenol Against Spores of Clostridium Perfringens)

  • 차춘남;조유영;이후장
    • 한국식품위생안전성학회지
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.217-222
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    • 2014
  • 본 연구는 20% ortho-phenylphenol을 함유한 훈증소독제, Fumagari $OPP^{(R)}$의 Clostridium perfringens (C. perfringens) 아포에 대한 살아포 효과를 평가하기 위해, French standard NF T 72-281에 따라 수행하였다. 배양 현탁액 중 C. perfringens의 아포수(N 값), 훈증소독제에 노출된 각 담체의 아포수(n1, n2, n3), 평판배지법에 의한 시험 아포 현탁액 중 아포수(N1), 여과법에 의한 시험 아포 현탁액 중 아포수(N2), 그리고 대조 담체의 회복 아포의 평균값(T 값)을 예비실험을 통해 구하였다. 또한, 훈증소독제에 노출된 C. perfringens의 감소 아포수(d 값)는, T 값, 회복액 중 아포수의 평균값(n'1) 그리고 배지의 담체에서 증식한 아포수의 평균값(n'2) 등을 이용하여 산출하였다. N 값은 $4.4{\times}10^7spores/mL$이었으며, n1, n2, n3은 각각 0.5N1, 0.5N2, 0.5N1 보다 높게 나타났다. 그리고 T 값은 $4.9{\times}10^5spores/carrier$이었다. 훈증소독제의 살아포 효과에 있어서, d 값은 4.52 이었다. 훈증소독제에 대한 프랑스 기준에 따르면, 효과적인 살균력을 갖는 훈증소독제의 d 값이 3 이상이어야 하는 것으로 규정하고 있다. 본 연구의 결과로부터, Fumagari $OPP^{(R)}$는 C. perfringens 아포에 대해 높은 살아포 효과를 갖는 것으로 나타나, 병원성 세균의 아포로 오염된 식품재료와 주방기기의 소독에 적용할 수 있을 것으로 사료된다.

훈증소독제, Fumagari OPP®의 Staphylococcus aureus에 대한 살균효과 (Bactericidal Efficacy of Fumagari OPP®, Fumigant Against Staphylococcus aureus)

  • 차춘남;박은기;최현주;김용팔;유창열;김석;이후장
    • 한국식품위생안전성학회지
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.349-353
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    • 2013
  • 본 연구는 20% ortho-phenylphenol을 함유한 훈증소독제, Fumagari OPP$^{(R)}$의 Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus)에 대한 살균효과를 평가하기 위해, French standard NF T 72-281에 따라 수행하였다. 배양 현탁액 중 S. aureus의 균수 (N 값), 훈증소독제에 노출된 각 담체의 균수 (n1, n2, n3), 평판배지법에 의한 시험균주 현탁액 중 균수 (N1), 여과법에 의한 시험균주 현탁액 중 균수 (N2), 그리고 대조담체의 회복 균수의 평균값 (T 값)을 예비실험을 통해 구하였다. 또한, 훈증소독제에 노출된 S. aureus의 감소 균수 (d 값)는, T 값, 회복액 중 균수의 평균값 (n'1) 그리고 배지의 담체에서 증식한 균수의 평균값 (n'2) 등을 이용하여 산출하였다. N 값은 $4.0{\times}10^8$ CFU/mL이었으며, n1, n2, n3은 각각 0.5N1, 0.5N2, 0.5N1 보다 높게 나타났다. 그리고 T값은 $3.4{\times}10^6$ CFU/mL이었다. 훈증소독제의 살균효과에 있어서, d 값은 6.43 logCFU/mL이었다. 훈증소독제에 대한 프랑스 기준에 따르면, 효과적인 살균력을 갖는 훈증소독제의 d 값이 5 logCFU/mL 이상이어야 하는 것으로 규정하고 있다. 본 연구의 결과로부터, Fumagari OPP$^{(R)}$는 S. aureus에 대해 높은 살균효과를 갖는 것으로 나타나, 병원성 세균으로 오염된 식품재료와 주방기기의 소독에 적용할 수 있을 것으로 사료된다.

Isolation and Properties of $\beta$-N-Acetyl-D-glucosaminidase B from Rat Uterus

  • Jung, Jin-Ha;Yang, Chul-Hak
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.139-143
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    • 1983
  • ${\beta}$-N-Acetyl-D-glucosaminidase B was highly purified with the following sequence of steps; DEAE-cellulose, CM-cellulose, and Sephadex G-200 gel filtration chromatograpies. The specific activity of the purified ${\beta}$ -N-acetyl-D-glucosaminidase B was 2.2 units/mg protein with 12.9 % yield and 196.2 fold purity. The purified ${\beta}$-N-acetyl-D-glucosaminidase B showed single band on polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The final preparation of ${\beta}$ -N-acetyl-D-glucosaminidase B was completely free friom arylsulfatase and ${\beta}$-glucuronidase. ${\beta}$ -N-Acetyl-D-glucosaminidase B had pH optimum of 4.5 in 0.5 M sodium citrate buffer. The molecular weight of ${\beta}$-N-acetyl-D-glucosaminidase B was 133,000 by Sephadex G-200 gel filtration. The Km value of ${\beta}$-N-acetyl-D-glucosaminidase B using p-nitrophenyl-N-acetyl-${\beta}$-D-glucosaminide as substrate was 1.0 mM and $V_{max}$ was 0.014 ${\mu}$ mole/min. ${\beta}$-N-Acetyl-D-glucosaminidase B was stable at $55^{circ}C$ for 70 minutes. The crude ${\beta}$ -N-acetyl-D-glucosamiinidase in 70 % ammonium sulfate retained 93 % activity after 7 months storage at -$55^{circ}C$. Bovine serum albumin, sodium chloride, and phosphate activated ${\beta}$ -N-Acetyl-D-glucosaminidase B. N-Acetyl-D-glucosamine, ${\alpha}$-methyl-D-mannoside, and acetate inhibited ${\beta}$ -N-acetyl-D-glucosaminidase B.

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인터넷쇼핑몰의 의류상품정보 제시방법에따른 쇼핑가치와 만족 (Shopping Value and Satisfaction by Presentation Formats of Apparel Products -Information on Internet Shopping Malls)

  • 유은영;이유리
    • 한국의류학회지
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.14-26
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    • 2010
  • This study investigates the effectiveness of fashion coordination presentation formats when people buy apparel products online. This study conducted an online survey with 595 females who shopped online at the simulated website by a single apparel plan picture (n=189), coordination plane picture (n=187), and 3-D coordination image (n=216). For data analysis, factor analysis, Cronbach's alpha, MANCOVA, ANOVA, Duncan test, correlation analysis, and chi-square are used. The results of this study are: First, the hedonic shopping value was significantly the highest when respondents shopped at a 3-D coordination image shopping mall, the next highest-scored presentation type was the coordination plane picture, and the case of presenting only the single apparel picture was significantly the lowest. The utilitarian shopping value and information shopping value were higher in the coordination plane picture and the 3-D coordination image shopping mall than the single apparel picture. Second, transactions satisfaction was high when respondents shopped at a 3-D coordination image, coordination plane image, and single apparel image in decreasing order.

Bactericidal Efficacy of a Fumigation Disinfectant Containing Paraformaldehyde Against Salmonella Typhimurium

  • Cha, Chun-Nam;Son, Song-Ee;Yoo, Chang-Yeul;Park, Eun-Kee;Jung, Ji-Youn;Kim, Suk;Lee, Hu-Jang
    • 한국식품위생안전성학회지
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.216-221
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    • 2016
  • 본 연구는 S. Typhimurium을 대상으로 paraformaldehyde 35%를 함유한 훈증소독제의 살균효과를 평가하기 위해 수행되었다. 예비 시험에서, S. Typhimurium의 현탁액 균수는 모두 $3.9{\times}10^8CFU/mL$이었으며, 훈증소독제에 노출시킨 모든 담체의 균수는 평판배지법과 여과법으로 배양한 시험균주 현탁액의 균수의 50%보다 많았다. 또한, 대조 담체로부터 회복된 S. Typhimurium 균수는 모두 $3.3{\times}10^6CFU/mL$이었다. 훈증소독제의 살균효과 시험에서는, 훈증 소독제를 처리한 담체의 S. Typhimurium의 감소 균수는 5.22 log CFU/mL로 나타났다. 이상의 결과로부터, paraformaldehyde를 주성분으로 하는 훈증소독제는 S. Typhimurium에 대해 효과적인 살균력을 갖는 것으로 확인되었으며, 병원성 세균에 오염된 식품재료 및 주방용품의 소독에 적용할 수 있을 것으로 사료된다.