• Title, Summary, Keyword: CyberKnife

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Evaluation of the Accuracy of the CyberKnife

  • Jang, Ji-Sun;Kang, Young-Nam;Choi, Byung-Ock;Choi, Ihl-Bohng;Kim, Moon-Chan;Shin, Dong-Oh;Shin, Dong-Ho;Cho, Kwang-Hwan;Min, Chul-Kee;Kwon, Soo-Il
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Medical Physics Conference
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    • pp.119-119
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    • 2006
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On the Use Factor Analysis and Adequacy Evaluation of CyberKnife Shielding Design Using Clinical Data

  • Cho, Yu Ra;Jung, Haijo;Lee, Dong Han
    • Progress in Medical Physics
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.115-122
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    • 2018
  • Although the current internationally recommended standard for the use factor (U) applied to CyberKnife is 0.05 (5%), the CyberKnife shielding standard is applied more stringently. This study, based on clinical data, was aimed at examining the appropriateness of existing shielding guidelines. Sixty patients treated with G4 CyberKnife were selected. The patients were divided into two groups, according to whether they underwent skull or spine tracking. Based on the results, the use factors for each wall ranged from 0.028 (2.8%) to 0.031 (3.1%) for the intracranial treatment and 0.020 (2.0%) to 0.022 (2.2%) for the body treatment. Excessive barrier thickness resulted in inefficient use of space and higher cost to the institutions. Furthermore, because the use factor is influenced by the position of the robot, the use factor determined based on the clinical data of this study would facilitate more reasonable treatment room design.

Dosimetric comparison of volumetric modulated arc therapy with robotic stereotactic radiation therapy in hepatocellular carcinoma

  • Paik, Eun Kyung;Kim, Mi-Sook;Choi, Chul Won;Jang, Won Il;Lee, Sung Hyun;Choi, Sang Hyoun;Kim, Kum Bae;Lee, Dong Han
    • Radiation Oncology Journal
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    • v.33 no.3
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    • pp.233-241
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: To compare volumetric modulated arc therapy of RapidArc with robotic stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) of CyberKnife in the planning and delivery of SBRT for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) treatment by analyzing dosimetric parameters. Materials and Methods: Two radiation treatment plans were generated for 29 HCC patients, one using Eclipse for the RapidArc plan and the other using Multiplan for the CyberKnife plan. The prescription dose was 60 Gy in 3 fractions. The dosimetric parameters of planning target volume (PTV) coverage and normal tissue sparing in the RapidArc and the CyberKnife plans were analyzed. Results: The conformity index was $1.05{\pm}0.02$ for the CyberKnife plan, and $1.13{\pm}0.10$ for the RapidArc plan. The homogeneity index was $1.23{\pm}0.01$ for the CyberKnife plan, and $1.10{\pm}0.03$ for the RapidArc plan. For the normal liver, there were significant differences between the two plans in the low-dose regions of $V_1$ and $V_3$. The normalized volumes of $V_{60}$ for the normal liver in the RapidArc plan were drastically increased when the mean dose of the PTVs in RapidArc plan is equivalent to the mean dose of the PTVs in the CyberKnife plan. Conclusion: CyberKnife plans show greater dose conformity, especially in small-sized tumors, while RapidArc plans show good dosimetric distribution of low dose sparing in the normal liver and body.

Dosimetric Plan Comparison of Accelerated Partial Breast Irradiation (APBI) Using CyberKnife

  • Lee, Chang Yeol;Kim, Woo Chul;Kim, Hun Jeong;Lee, Jeongshim;Park, Seungwoo;Huh, Hyun Do
    • Progress in Medical Physics
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.73-80
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    • 2018
  • Accelerated partial breast irradiation (APBI) is a new treatment delivery technique that decreases overall treatment time by using higher fractional doses than conventional fractionation. Here, a quantitative analysis study of CyberKnife-based APBI was performed on 10 patients with left-sided breast cancer who had already finished conventional treatment at the Inha University Hospital. Dosimetric parameters for four kinds of treatment plans (3D-CRT, IMRT, VMAT, and CyberKnife) were analyzed and compared with constraints in the NSABP B39/RTOG 0413 protocol and a published CyberKnife-based APBI study. For the 10 patients recruited in this study, all the dosimetric parameters, including target coverage and doses to normal structures, met the NSABP B39/RTOG 0413 protocol. Compared with other treatment plans, a more conformal dose to the target and better dose sparing of critical structures were observed in CyberKnife plans. Accelerated partial breast irradiation via CyberKnife is a suitable treatment delivery technique for partial breast irradiation and offers improvements over external beam APBI techniques.

Stereotactic Radiosurgery with the CyberKnife for Pituitary Adenomas

  • Cho, Chul-Bum;Park, Hae-Kwan;Joo, Won-Il;Chough, Chung-Kee;Lee, Kyung-Jin;Rha, Hyoung-Kyun
    • Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
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    • v.45 no.3
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    • pp.157-163
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    • 2009
  • Objective : In recent years, CyberKnife has emerged as an important treatment modality in the management of pituitary adenomas. Treatment results after performing CyberKnife and the complications of this procedure are reviewed. Methods : Twenty-six patients with pituitary adenomas received stereotactic radiosurgery with the CyberKnife (CKRS). The follow-up periods ranged from 7 months to 47 months (mean$\pm$SD : $30{\pm}12.7$ months). The patients consisted of 17 with non-functioning adenomas, 3 with prolactinomas and 6 with acromegaly. The change in the tumor volume, visual acuity, hormonal function, and complications by this therapy were analyzed in each case. Results : The tumor control rate was 92.3%. Hormonal function was improved in all of the 9 (100%) functioning adenomas. Hormonal normalization was observed in 4 of the 9 (44%) patients with a mean duration of 16 months. In two patients (7.6%), visual acuity worsened due to cystic enlargement of the tumor after CKRS. No other complications were observed. Conclusion : CyberKnife is considered safe and effective in selected patients with pituitary adenomas. However, longer follow-up is required for a more complete assessment of late toxicity and treatment efficacy.

The Development of Quality Assurance Program for CyberKnife (사이버나이프의 품질관리 절차서 개발)

  • Jang, Ji-Sun;Kang, Young-Nam;Shin, Dong-Oh;Kim, Moon-Chan;Yoon, Sei-Chul;Choi, Ihl-Bohng;Kim, Mi-Sook;Cho, Chul-Koo;Yoo, Seong-Yul;Kwon, Soo-Il;Lee, Dong-Han
    • Radiation Oncology Journal
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.185-191
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    • 2006
  • [ $\underline{Purpose}$ ]: Standardization quality assurance (QA) program of CyberKnife for suitable circumstances in Korea has not been established. In this research, we investigated the development of QA program for CyberKnife and evaluation of the feasibility under applications. $\underline{Materials\;and\;Methods}$: Considering the feature of constitution for systems and the therapeutic methodology of CyberKnife, the list of quality control (QC) was established and divided dependent on the each period of operations. And then all these developed QC lists were categorized into three groups such as basic QC, delivery specific QC, and patient specific QC based on the each purpose of QA. In order to verify the validity of the established QA program, this QC lists was applied to two CyberKnife centers. The acceptable tolerance was based on the undertaking inspection list from the CyberKnife manufacturer and the QC results during last three years of two CyberKnife centers in Korea. The acquired measurement results were evaluated for the analysis of the current QA status and the verification of the propriety for the developed QA program. $\underline{Results}$: The current QA status of two CyberKnife centers was evaluated from the accuracy of all measurements in relation with application of the established QA program. Each measurement result was verified having a good agreement within the acceptable tolerance limit of the developed QA program. $\underline{Conclusion}$: It is considered that the developed QA program in this research could be established the standardization of QC methods for CyberKnife and confirmed the accuracy and stability for the image-guided stereotactic radiotherapy.

CYBERKNIFE RADIOSURGERY FOR INOPERABLE RECURRED ORAL CANCER (사이버나이프를 이용한 수술 불가능한 재발성 구강암의 치험례)

  • Kim, Yong-Kack;Lee, Tae-Hee;Kim, Chul;Kim, Sung-Jin;Kim, Hyuk
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.65-68
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    • 2004
  • CyberKnife is a stereotactic radiosurgery system which could be used to treat many tumors and lesions. It provides the surgeon unparalleled flexibility in targeting using a compact light linear accelerator mounted on a robotic arm. Advanced image guidance technology tracks patient and target position during treatment, ensuring accuracy without the use of an invasive head frame. CyberKnife with Dynamic Tracking Software is cleared to provide radiosurgery for lesions anywhere in the body when radiation treatment is indicated. It has often been used to radiosurgically treat otherwise untreatable tumors and malformations. Moreover, this instrument treats tumors at body sites, most of which are unreachable by other stereotactic systems. Compared with conventional radiotherapy, it is fundamentally different that using non-invasive, frameless, no excessive radiation exposure to normal tissue. In oral malignant neoplasm, surgical excision and radiation therapy should be tried first, additionally chemotherapy could be considered. However, after failure of conventional therapies, patients had poor systemic condition and surgical limitation. So, CyberKnife could be a suitable therapy. A 49 years man was referred in recurred mandibular cancer treated by radiotherapy. The tumor was considered inoperable, because of extensive invasion and was not expected to good response to conventional therapies. We experienced a case of CyberKnife after 4 cycle chemotherapies, so we report it with review of literature.