• Title, Summary, Keyword: Curcumin

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Curcumin Inhibits Human Non-small Cell Lung Cancer A549 Cell Proliferation Through Regulation of Bcl-2/Bax and Cytochrome C

  • Li, Yue;Zhang, Shuai;Geng, Jian-Xiong;Hu, Xiao-Yang
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.8
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    • pp.4599-4602
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    • 2013
  • We intended to study the mechanism of the inhibitory action of curcumin on human non-small cell lung cancer A549 cell. The cell growth was determined by CCK-8 assay, and the results indicated that curcumin inhibited the cell proliferation in a concentration dependent manner. And to further confirm the relative anti-cancer mechanism of curcumin, RT-PCR was carried out to analysis the expression of relative apoptotic proteins Bax, Bcl-2. We found that curcumin could up-regulate the expression of Bax but down-regulate the expression of Bcl-2 in A549 cells. In addition, curcumin affect the mitochondrial apoptosis pathway. These results suggested that curcumin inhibited cancer cell growth through the regulation of Bcl-2/Bax and affect the mitochondrial apoptosis pathway.

Antimicrobial effects of curcumin against pathogenic bacteria in fish (어류의 병원성 세균에 대한 curcumin의 항균효과)

  • Heo, Gang-Joon;Kang, Jin-Hui;Shin, Gee-Wook
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.36 no.4
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    • pp.297-301
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    • 2013
  • The present study was to investigate anti-microbial effects of curcumin on major bacterial pathogens for farmed fish, such as Aeromonas hydrophila, A. salmonicida subsp. masoucida, A. salmonicida subsp. salmonicida, Edwardsiella tarda, Vibrio vulnificus, V. paraheamolyticus using disk diffusion, minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) tests. In disc diffusion test, curcumin exhibited concentration-dependent antimicrobial activities to all bacteria pathogens used in the study. Antimicrobial effects of curcumin was found differently depending on bacterial species when determined by MIC or MBC tests. For examples, E. tarda and A. hydrophila was respectively the most sensitive bacterium for bacteriostatic and bacteriocidal effect of curcumin. Collectively, curcumin could be a potential natural drug for controlling pathogenic bacteria in the aquaculture industry.

Effect of Curcuma Longa Derived-curcumin on Vascular Tension (강황 유래 Curcumin의 Rho-kinase 억제를 통한 혈관이완작용)

  • Je, Hyun Dong
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.57 no.5
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    • pp.376-381
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    • 2013
  • The present study was undertaken to investigate the influence of curcumin on vascular smooth muscle contractility and to determine the mechanism involved. We hypothesized that curcumin, the primary ingredient of Curcuma longa, plays a role in vascular relaxation through inhibition of Rho-kinase in rat aortae. Denuded arterial rings from male Sprague-Dawley rats were used and isometric tensions were recorded using a computerized data acquisition system. Interestingly, curcumin inhibited fluoride-induced contraction but didn't inhibit phorbol ester-induced contraction suggesting that additional pathways different from endothelial nitric oxide synthesis might be involved in the vasorelaxation. Furthermore, curcumin significantly inhibited fluoride-induced increases in pMYPT1 levels. On the other hand, it didn't significantly inhibit phorbol ester-induced increases in pERK1/2 levels suggesting the mechanism involving inhibition of fluoride-induced MYPT1 phosphorylation. This study provides evidence that curcumin induces vascular relaxation through inhibition of Rho-kinase in rat aortae.

Synthesis of Curcumin Glycosides with Enhanced Anticancer Properties Using One-Pot Multienzyme Glycosylation Technique

  • Gurung, Rit Bahadur;Gong, So Youn;Dhakal, Dipesh;Le, Tuoi Thi;Jung, Na Rae;Jung, Hye Jin;Oh, Tae Jin;Sohng, Jae Kyung
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.27 no.9
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    • pp.1639-1648
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    • 2017
  • Curcumin is a natural polyphenolic compound, widely acclaimed for its antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, and anticancerous properties. However, its use has been limited due to its low-aqueous solubility and poor bioavailability, rapid clearance, and low cellular uptake. In order to assess the effect of glycosylation on the pharmacological properties of curcumin, one-pot multienzyme (OPME) chemoenzymatic glycosylation reactions with UDP-${\alpha}-{\text\tiny{D}}$-glucose or UDP-${\alpha}-{\text\tiny{D}}$-2-deoxyglucose as donor substrate were employed. The result indicated significant conversion of curcumin to its glycosylated derivatives: curcumin 4'-O-${\beta}$-glucoside, curcumin 4',4"-di-O-${\beta}$-glucoside, curcumin 4'-O-${\beta}$-2-deoxyglucoside, and curcumin 4',4"-di-O-${\beta}$-2-deoxyglucoside. The products were characterized by ultra-fast performance liquid chromatography, high-resolution quadruple-time-of-flight electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry, and NMR analyses. All the products showed improved water solubility and comparable antibacterial activities. Additionally, the curcumin 4'-O-${\beta}$-glucoside and curcumin 4'-O-${\beta}$-2-deoxyglucoside showed enhanced anticancer activities compared with the parent aglycone and diglycoside derivatives. This result indicates that glycosylation can be an effective approach for enhancing the pharmaceutical properties of different natural products, such as curcumin.

Curcumin Induces Downregulation of E2F4 Expression and Apoptotic Cell Death in H CT116 Human Colon Cancer Cells; Involvement of Reactive Oxygen Species

  • Kim, Kyung-Chan;Lee, Chu-Hee
    • The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.391-397
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    • 2010
  • E2F transcription factors and their target genes have been known to play an important role in cell growth control. We found that curcumin, a polyphenolic phytochemical isolated from the plant Curcuma longa, markedly suppressed E2F4 expression in HCT116 colon cancer cells. Hydrogen peroxide was also found to decrease E2F4 protein level, indicating the involvement of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in curucmin-induced downregulation of E2F4 expression. Involvement of ROS in E2F4 downregulation in response to curcumin was confirmed by the result that pretreatment of cells with N-acetylcystein (NAC) before exposure of curcumin almost completely blocked the reduction of E2F4 expression at the protein as well as mRNA level. Anti-proliferative effect of curcumin was also suppressed by NAC which is consistent to previous reports showing curcumin-superoxide production and induction of poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) cleavage as well as apoptosis. Expression of several genes, cyclin A, p21, and p27, which has been shown to be regulated in E2F4-dependent manner and involved in the cell cycle progression was also affected by curcumin. Moreover, decreased (cyclin A) and increased (p21 and p27) expression of these E2F4 downstream genes by curcumin was restored by pretreatment of cells with NAC and E2F4 overexpression which is induced by doxycycline. In addition, E2F4 overexpression was observed to partially ameliorate curcumin-induced growth inhibition by cell viability assay. Taken together, we found curcumin-induced ROS down-regulation of E2F4 expression and modulation of E2F4 target genes which finally lead to the apoptotic cell death in HCT116 colon cancer cells, suggesting that E2F4 appears to be a novel determinant of curcumin-induced cytotoxicity.

Curcumin Induces Apoptosis and Inhibits Growth of Human Burkitt's Lymphoma in Xenograft Mouse Model

  • Li, Zai-xin;Ouyang, Ke-qing;Jiang, Xv;Wang, Dong;Hu, Yinghe
    • Molecules and Cells
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.283-289
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    • 2009
  • Curcumin, a natural compound extracted from rhizomes of curcuma Curcuma species, has been shown to possess potent anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor and anti-oxidative properties. However, the mechanism of action of the compound remains poorly understood. In this report, we have analyzed the effects of curcumin on the cell proliferation of Burkitt's lymphoma Raji cells. The results demonstrated that curcumin could effectively inhibit the growth of Raji cells in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Further studies indicated that curcumin treatment resulted in apoptosis of cells. Biochemical analysis showed that the expression of Bax, Bid and cytochrome C were up-regulated, while the expression of oncogene c-Myc was down regulated after curcumin treatment. Furthermore, poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) cleavage was induced by the compound. Interestingly, the antiapoptotic Bcl-2 expression was not significantly changed in Raji cells after curcumin treatment. These results suggested that the mechanism of action of curcumin was to induce mitochondrial damage and therefore led to Raji cell apoptosis. We further investigated the in vivo effects of curcumin on the growth of xenograft tumors in nude mice. The results showed that curcumin could effectively inhibit tumor growth in the xenograft mouse model. The overall results showed that curcumin could suppress the growth of Burkitt's lymphoma cells in both in vitro and in vivo systems.

Inhibitory Effect of Curcumin on Invasion of Skin Squamous Cell Carcinoma A431 Cells

  • Wu, Jian;Lu, Wen-Ying;Cui, Lei-Lei
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.16 no.7
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    • pp.2813-2818
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    • 2015
  • Objective: To investigate the regulatory effect of curcumin on expression of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) in skin squamous cell carcinoma tissues as well as possible mechanisms of curcumin in prevention and treatment of skin squamous cell carcinoma. Materials and Methods: Highly invasive A431 cells were treated with curcumin at various doses .The cytotoxic effects of treatment with 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35, 40 and 50 umol/L curcumin for 24, 48 and 72 hours on A431 cells were measured by MTT assay. The invasion capacity of cells treated with 5, 10 and 15 umol/L curcumin was measured by Transwell test, while adhesive ability was assessed by cell adhesion assay. The effects of 5,10 and 15 umol/L curcumin on expression levels of STAT3 were determined by Western blotting and on transcription levels of STAT3 mRNA by RT-PCR. Results: Treatment with curcumin at a doses of more than 15 umol/L for more than 24 hour inhibited the growth of A431 cells in a time-and dose-dependent fashion (p<0.001). The doses of 15 umol/L and less for 24 hours showed no significant cytotoxic effects on the cells, survival rates being more than 85%.The invasion and adhesive abilities decreased gradually with the increasing curcumin concentration, 15 umol/L exerting the strongest inhibitory effects (p<0.05). Curcumin showed significant dose-dependent inhibitory effects on the transcription level of STAT3 mRNA (p<0.05). Conclusions: Curcumin may reduce the invasive ability of A431 cells by inhibiting the activation of STAT3 signal pathway and expression of STAT3 as a target gene in the pathway.

Curcumin Inhibits Cell Proliferation of Human Colorectal HCT116 Cells through Up-Regulation of Activating Transcription Factor 3 (ATF3) (ATF3 발현을 통한 curcumin의 대장암 세포 성장 저해)

  • Kim, Hyo-Rim;Son, Jung-Bin;Lim, Seung-Hyun;Kim, Jong-Sik
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.492-498
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    • 2012
  • To investigate whether phytochemicals affect cancer cell viability, human colorectal HCT116 cells were treated with four different phytochemicals. Among these phytochemicals, curcumin is the strongest inhibitor of cell proliferation. In addition, it decreased cell viability in a dose-dependent manner. To unveil the molecular mechanisms involved in the inhibition of cell proliferation by curcumin, we carried out oligo DNA microarray analysis. We found that 137 genes were up-regulated more than 2-fold, and 141 genes were down-regulated more than 2-fold by 25 ${\mu}M$ curcumin treatment. Among the up-regulated genes, we selected 3 genes (ATF-3, GADD45A, and NR4A1) to confirm microarray data. The results of RT-PCR strongly agreed with those of the microarray data. Among the phytochemicals used in this study, curcumin is the strongest inducer of ATF3 expression, and increased ATF3 expression in a dose-dependent manner. Interestingly, FACS analysis showed that the inhibition of cell growth by curcumin was recovered by ATF3-siRNA transfection. Finally, we detected the changes of gene expression by ectopic expression of ATF3. The results indicated that many up-regulated genes were related to apoptosis. Overall, these results suggest that ATF3 may play an important role in the anti-proliferative activity of curcumin in human colorectal cancer cells.

Molecular Docking Affinity Comparison of Curcumin and Nano-micelled Curcumin with Natural Sea Salt on Transthyretin (울금의 주요 성분인 커큐민과 나노 마이셀링 기법 적용 염화 커큐민의 트랜스타이레틴 활성 부위에 대한 결합 친화도 비교분석)

  • Kim, Dong-Chan;Song, Pyo
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.253-258
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    • 2016
  • In this study, nano-micelled curcumin was produced with natural sea salt with a view to comparing the in silico molecular binding affinity of pure curcumin compound to the active site of transthyretin. Using an optical light microscope and an electron microscope, it was found that the structure of the surface and the cross-section of nano-micelled curcumin was significantly different from natural sea salt. In particular, the crystal structure and nano-components in the nano-micelled curcumin were united, and the layer was more strongly stabilized than untreated salts. In the virtual 3D structure, in silico molecular docking study, the ligand binding affinity of nano-micelled curcumin to the transthyretin active site was found to be higher than that of pure curcumin. In addition, a nano-micelled curcumin formula interacted with more amino acid residues of transthyretin domains. The pharmacophore feature of the nano-micelled curcumin also showed more condensed and constrained features than normal curcumin. These results suggest that nano-micelled curcumin may effectively bind to and stabilize transthyretin, thereby regulating transthyretin-related physiological diseases. Collectively, the nano-micelled curcumin process suggests that normal curcumin can be modified more efficiently into the novel bio-functional chemical formula to stabilize the transthyretin structure. Therefore, the nano-micelled curcumin process can be applied to the field of the regulation of Alzheimer's disease.

Curcumin suppresses the production of interleukin-6 in Prevotella intermedia lipopolysaccharide-activated RAW 264.7 cells

  • Kim, Sung-Jo
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.41 no.3
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    • pp.157-163
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: Curcumin is known to exert numerous biological effects including anti-inflammatory activity. In this study, we investigated the effects of curcumin on the production of interleukin-6 (IL-6) by murine macrophage-like RAW 264.7 cells stimulated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) from Prevotella intermedia, a major cause of inflammatory periodontal disease, and sought to determine the underlying mechanisms of action. Methods: LPS was prepared from lyophilized P. intermedia ATCC 25611 cells by the standard hot phenol-water method. Culture supernatants were collected and assayed for IL-6. We used real-time polymerase chain reaction to detect IL-6 mRNA expression. $I{\kappa}B-{\alpha}$ degradation, nuclear translocation of NF-${\kappa}B$ subunits, and STAT1 phosphorylation were characterized via immunoblotting. DNA-binding of NF-${\kappa}B$ was also analyzed. Results: Curcumin strongly suppressed the production of IL-6 at both gene transcription and translation levels in P. intermedia LPS-activated RAW 264.7 cells. Curcumin did not inhibit the degradation of $I{\kappa}B-{\alpha}$ induced by P. intermedia LPS. Curcumin blocked NF-${\kappa}B$ signaling through the inhibition of nuclear translocation of NF-${\kappa}B$ p50 subunit. Curcumin also attenuated DNA binding activity of p50 and p65 subunits and suppressed STAT1 phosphorylation. Conclusions: Although further study is required to explore the detailed mechanism of action, curcumin may contribute to blockade of the host-destructive processes mediated by IL-6 and appears to have potential therapeutic values in the treatment of inflammatory periodontal disease.