• Title, Summary, Keyword: Cultured-Root

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Effects of Cultured Wild-Ginseng Root and Xylitol on Fermentation of Kimchi

  • Lee, Kun-Jong;Sung, Jung-Min;Kwon, Yong-Suk;Chung, Heajung
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.49-57
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    • 2014
  • This study evaluates the effects of cultured wild ginseng root (0.05%, 0.1% v/w) and xylitol in kimchi. The fermented characteristics of kimchi were investigated during 28 days of fermentation at $4^{\circ}C$. The pH value in the sample with the cultured wild ginseng root was higher than that of control group. The total acidity in the sugar groups (SG groups) was higher than that of xylitol groups (XG groups). Comparing total bacterial count, XG groups were lower than SG groups, regardless of the additional ratio of the cultured wild ginseng root. Reducing sugar of XG groups decreased more slowly than SG groups for seven days; glucose and fructose of XG groups were lower than the control group. DPPH radical scavenging activity was higher in groups with cultured wild ginseng root than in control. In the result of sensory evaluation, XG groups were more preferred than other groups. In conclusion, our results indicate that cultured wild-ginseng root and xylitol have a positive effect on the quality of kimchi, such as antimicrobial and antioxidant functions.

Effects of White Light and UV Irradiation on Growth and Saponin Production from Ginseng Hairy Root (광 및 UV 조사가 인삼 모상근의 생장 및 사포닌 생합성에 미치는 영향)

  • In, Jun-Gyo;Park, Dong-Sik;Lee, Bum-Soo;Kim, Se-Young;Rho, Yeong-Deok;Cho, Dong-Ha;Kim, Seong-Mu;Yang, Deok-Chun
    • Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.360-366
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    • 2006
  • To investigate the effect of culture conditions on growth and ginsenosides accumulation, we cultured the ginseng hairy root under three different media, white light or ultra-violet irradiation. The MS/B5 medium containning MS basal salt and B5 vitamin was good for the growth and ginsenoside accumulation. The light during the culture period of ginseng hairy root was irradiated. The growth was abundant in the ginseng hairy root cultured in dark. But the ginsenosides accumulation was higher than in the ginseng hairy root cultured in the light irradiation. When the ginseng hairy root was cultured in 20 L bioreactor, the ginsenosides accumulation was observed at 34% higher than the hairy root cultured in dark. UV irradiated the ginseng hairy root during the culture period. The long time irradiation of UV was caused decreasing the growth of ginseng hairy root, but the accumulation of ginsenosidess was increased as to the irradiated time.

Peroxidase Isozyme in Root Differentiation from Cultured Ginseng Root Explants (인삼 근절편 배양시 Peroxidase Isozyme에 관한 연구)

  • 김명원
    • Journal of Plant Biology
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.233-242
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    • 1986
  • In order to pursue some physiological studies on organogenesis in ginseng tissue culture, ginseng root explants were cultured on a modified MS medium containing NAA and kinetin. The activities of peroxidase and some enzymes were investigated and their isoenzyme patterns were also observed. The activity of peroxidase decreased by 20% in one week's culture and increased thereafter by 80% in culturing for 7 weeks compared with the control group. Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase activity increased by 400% after culturing for 5 weeks and increased during the days preceeding root formation. The activities of glutamate dehydrogenase and acid phosphatase also increased during the culture. After 3 weeks' culture, new peroxidase isozyme (pH 7.6) appeared and 7 weeks' culture, another new peroxidase isozyme (pH unidentified) appeared. These patterns were also identified by using FPLC. After 7 weeks' culture, a new esterase isozyme of pH 8.5 appeared and isozyme patterns of acid phosphatase were quite changed compared with the isozyme patterns of tissue cultured for 5 weeks. In so far as these new isoenzymes appear distinctively after 7 weeks' culture, root differentiation is supposed to be induced after 7 weeks' culture.

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The Effect of decalcified Root Surface as PDGF Carrier (PDGF 함유매개체로서 탈회된 치근면의 효과)

  • Woo, Hyo-Sang;Lee, Jae-Mok;Suh, Jo-Young
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.889-905
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    • 1996
  • It is known that growth factors function as potent biologic mediators regulating numerous activities of wound healing via cell proliferation, migration and extracellular matrix formation and they also promote periodontal regeneration. But, method of growth factor application is controversial yet. So purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of demineralized root surface as one of method of growth factor application. The ginigival fibroblasts were primary cultured and fifth or sixth subpassages were used in these experiments. In first experiment, root surface blocks demineralized with 100mg/ml tetracycline for 5 minutes and pH 1 citric acid for 3 minutes(experimental groups) and nonteminerilized root surface blocks (control groups) were placed in 100ng/ml PDGF-BB for 5 minutes. Then the cells were seeded on each root surface blocks and cultured for 6, 24, 48, 72 hours. In second experiment, root surface blocks deminerilized with tetracycline and citric acid and nondemineralized root surface blocks were placed in 200ng/ml PDGF-BB for 5 minutes and another non-demineralized root surfcae blocks were placed in DMEM without PDGF-BB. At 1, 2, 4, 6, 8 days, the cells were seeded in 24-well plate and using of each eluent, cultured for 72 hours. The results of the four determinants were presented as mean and S.D.. The results were as follows : The attachment and proliferation of human gingival fibroblast on root surface were more increased when PDGF-BB was applicated on root surfrace demineralized with tetracycline or citric acid than non-demineralized root surface. And, in comparision tetracycline with citric acid, there were more attachment and proliferation of human gingival fibroblast on root surface demineralized with tetracycline than citric acid, and proliferation of human gingival fibroblast on demineralized root surface was increased time dependently 1 day to 3 days. In second experiment using eluent, proliferation of human gingival fibroblast was more increased to 6 days when human gingival fibroblast was cultured in eluent that PDGF-BB was applicated on demineralized root surface than two control groups, and degree of proliferation was decreased time dependently 1 day to 6 days. Proliferation of human gingival fibroblast cultured in eluent without PDGF-BB was constant 1 day to 6 days. After 6 days, degree of proliferation of human gingival fibroblast was similar in four groups. This means that release duration of PDGF-BB from demineralized root surface is 6 days. And in comparision tetracycline with citric acid, there was more proliferation of human gingival fibroblast in tetracycline-treated group than citric acid. In conclusion, demineralized root surface as primary site for PDGF-BB application, especially demineralized with tetracycline has important roles in attachment and proliferation of human gingival fibroblast, and may be useful clinical applications in periodontal regenerative procedures.

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Production of Saponin by Hairy Root Cultures of Ginseng (Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer) Transformed with Agrobacterium rhizogenes (Agrobacterium rhizogenes에 의하여 형질전환된 인삼(Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer)의 모상근 배양에 의한 Saponin 생산)

  • Hwang, Baik;Ko, Kyeong-Min;Hwang, Kyeong-Hwa;Hwang, Sung-Jin;Kang, Young-Hee
    • Journal of Plant Biology
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.289-296
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    • 1991
  • Cultures of hairy root induced from ginseng(Panax C.A. Meyer) transformed with Agrobacterium rhizogenes (strain A4, ATCC 15834) were established and morphologically two different hairy root strains (HB1, HB2) were obtained. To determine the optimum growth rate, the hairy root (HB2) was cultured in various liquid medium supplemented with or without plant growth hormone. The growth rate of hairy root cultured on MS medium was 1.3-3.1 times higher than those cultured on other media, and the optimum sucrose concentration and pH were 3-6%, 5.5-6.5, respectively. Also, the growth rate of hairy root was increased when 0.02 M ammonium nitrate, 1.2 mM potassium phosphate (monobasic) and 0.5 mg/l IBA were supplied to liquid medium. The saponin patterns and contents of hairy root (HB2) were determined by TLC and HPLC. The crude saponin contents were 4.67% and the total saponin contents were 1.0%, on dry weight basis.

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Effect of Explant Types, Auxin Concentration and Light Condition on In Vitro Root Production and Alkaloid Content of Rauvolfia serpentina (L.) Benth. ex Kurz

  • Yahya, Andi Fadly;Hyun, Jung-Oh;Lee, Jae-Ho;Jung, Myung-Suk
    • Journal of Korean Society of Forest Science
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    • v.96 no.2
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    • pp.178-182
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    • 2007
  • Rauvolfia serpentina (L.) Benth. ex Kurz is a medicinal plant and an endangered tropical rainforest plant species. Since the field cultivation that aims to fulfill the industrial needs is never accomplished, tissue culture appears to be the most feasible way to improve the quality and quantity of R. serpentina. This experiment used two kinds of explants (roots and shoots) to induce optimal root formation in different combinations of auxin and photoperiod. Each explants exhibited different responses on given treatments. Differentiated root could be produced from explants cultured in IBA 20 mg/L with and without light. The highest number of roots, root length and root weight induced from shoot explants were effective on MS medium containing IBA 20 mg/L and incubated under dark condition, while highest total weight (callus and root) from root explants cultured on MS medium supplemented 10 mg/L IBA and 10 mg/L NAA and incubated under day length (11/13 hr). The root induced from shoot explants produced the highest major alkaloid content. The highest content of ajmaline (2.17 ppm fresh weight) and reserpine (1.30 ppm fresh weight) were observed in shoot explants cultured in MS medium containing combination of IBA 10 mg/L and NAA 10 mg/L and incubated under dark condition, yohimbine (1.47 ppm fresh weight) was in the shoot explants cultured in MS medium containing NAA 20 mg/L and incubated under day length, while serpentine was absent.

Effect of Salviae Miltiorrhzae Radix on Cultured Spinal Dorsal Root Ganglion Neurons Damaged by Reactive Oxygen Species (활성산소로 손상된 척수후근신경절세포에 대한 난참의 효과)

  • Seo Eun A;Choi Yu Sun;Yang Hyun Woong;Lee Kang Chang
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.1305-1308
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    • 2003
  • To evaluate the neurotoxicity of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in cultured cultured spinal dorsal root(DRG) neurons derived from neonatal mouse, Cytotoxicity was measured by MTS assay after cultured cells were grown for 3 hours in the media containing 1~60 μM hydrogen peroxide (H₂O₂). In addition the neuroprotective effect of Salviae Miltiorrhzae Radix (SMR) was measured in these cultrures. Cell viability was positively decreased in a dose- and time-dependent manner after exposure of cultured mouse DRG neurons to 30 tt M H202 for 3 hours. In the neuroprotective effect of SMR on H₂O₂-mediated toxicity, SMR prevented the H₂O₂-induced neurotoxicity in these cultures. From these results. it suggests that H₂0₂ is toxic in cultured mouse spinal motor neurons and selective herb extract such as Uncariae Ramulus Cum Uncis is effective in prevetion of the neurotoxicity induced by H₂O₂.

Effect of EGF against Oxygen Radical-Induced Neurotoxicity in Cultured Spinal Dorsal Root Ganglion Neurons of Mouse (산소자유기에 의해 저해된 배양 척수감각 신경절 세포에 대한 상피세포성장인자의 영향)

  • Park, Seung-Taeck;Kim, Hyung-Ryong;Chae, Han-Jung
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.41 no.1
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    • pp.99-104
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    • 1997
  • In order to elucidate the cytotoxic effect of oxygen radicals on cultured spinal dorsal root ganglion(DRG) neurons derived from mouse. the neurotoxic effect of oxygen radicals w as examined after cultured DRG neurons were exposed to xanthine oxidase(XO) and hypoxanthine(HX)-oxygen radical generating system. In addition. neuroprotective effect of epidermal growth factor(EGF) against oxidant-induced neurotoxicity was also evaluated in these cultures. The results were, as follows: 1. Lethal concentration 50(LC$_{50}$) was 35mU/ml XO and 0.1mM HX in cultured DRG neurons. 2. Oxygen radicals induced the morphological changes such as the decrease of cell number and loss of neurites in these cultures. 3. EGF increased the cell viability and neurofilament in neurons damaged by oxygen radicals. From above the results, it is suggested that oxygen radicals have a cytotoxic effect on cultured DRG neurons of neonatal mouse and selective neurotrophic factors such as EGF are, effective, in blocking the neurotoxicity induced by oxygen radicals in cultured spinal DRG neurons.

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Studies on the Effect of Ginseng Extract on Chick Embryonic Nerve and Muscle Cells (인삼이 신경 및 근육 세포에 미치는 영향에 대한 연구)

  • 김영중;김은경
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.24 no.3_4
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    • pp.143-150
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    • 1980
  • The effect of ginseng saponin on chick embryonic dorsal root ganglia organ culture and brain, spinal cord, muscle dissociation cultures was studied. The fiber outgrowth in explanted chick embryonic dorsal root ganglia was markedly induced by water and alcohol extracts of ginseng, total ginseng saponin, protopanaxadiol and protopanaxatriol glycosides as well as ginsenosides R/sub b1/, R/sub d/, R/sub 0/+R/sub a/+R/sub b1/, and R/sub b2/+R/sub c/+R/sub e/ mixtures. The life span of the cultured chick embryonic dorsal root ganglia and potentiation of nerve cell density were also observed with all of these ginseng saponins. The effect of ginseng saponin on chick embryonic dorsal root ganglia organ culture was more marked in the absence of the chick embryonic extract which was known to contain nerve growth factor-like material in the culture media. However, the ginseng saponin did not influence the cultured central nervous system such as brain and spinal cord cells and cultured skeletal muscle cells with respect to the morphological changes, maturation and life span of these cells.

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A Study on the Effects of Ramulus et Uncus Uncariae (REUU) on the Cultured Spinal Dorsal Root Ganglion Neurons Damaged by Oxygen Free Radicals (조구등(釣鉤藤)이 산소자유기(酸素自由基)에 의하여 손상(損傷)된 배영척수감각신경절세포(培養脊髓感覺神經節細胞)에 미치는 영향(影響)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究))

  • Kang, Hyung-Won;Park, Jin-Sung
    • Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.1-18
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    • 2000
  • To study the effects of Ramulus et Uncus Uncariae (REUU) on oxygen free radical-mediated damage by hydrogen peroxide $(H_{2}O_{2})$ on cultured spinal sensory neurons, in vitro assays such as MTT assay, NR assay, neurofilament enzymeimmuno assay (EIA), sulforhodamine B (SRB) assay, assay for lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activity and assay for lipid peroxidation were used in cultured spinal dorsal root ganglion neurons derived from mice, Spinal dorsal root ganglion neurons were cultured in media containing various concentrations of $H_{2}O_{2}$ for 5 hours, after which the neurotoxic effect of $H_{2}O_{2}$ was measured by in vitro assay. The protective effect of the herb extract, Ramulus et Uncus Uncariae (REUU) against H2O2-induced neurotoxicity was also examined. The results are as follows. 1. In NR assay and MTT assay, $H_{2}O_{2}$ significantly decreased the cell viability of cultured mouse spinal dorsal root ganglion neurons according to exposure concentration in these cultures. An additional time course study was done on these cultures. 2. Cultured spinal dorsal root ganglion neurons which were exposed to various concentrations of $H_{2}O_{2}$ showed a quantitative decrease of neuronal cells by EIA and of total protein by sulforhodamine B (SRB) assay, while they showed an increase of both lipid peroxidation and LDH activity. 3. The effect of Ramulus et Uncus Uncariae (REUU) on $H_{2}O_{2}$ induced neurotoxicity showed a quantitative increase in both neurofilament and total protein, but showed a decrease of lipid peroxidation and LDH activity. These results suggest that $H_{2}O_{2}$ has a neurotoxic effect on cultured spinal dorsal root ganglion neurons from mice and that the herb extract, Ramulus et Uncus Uncariae (REUU), was very effective in protecting $H_{2}O_{2}$ induced neurotoxicity by decreasing lipid peroxidation and LDH activity.

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