• Title, Summary, Keyword: Cultural Property

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Development for the Water Mist Package Having a Low Pressure Nozzles on Wooden Cultural Properties and Temples (중저압 노즐을 이용한 사찰 및 목조 문화재용 미분무 패키지 소화설비 개발)

  • Kim, Tae-Hwan;Myeong, Sang-Yeong
    • Fire Science and Engineering
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.62-68
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    • 2010
  • The present study purposed to develop the water mist package system for the cultural properties fire prevention and fire suppression system through analyzing fire protection system and cultural property's characteristic, and to suggest directions for the development of cultural property fire prevention system in the future. Maximum safety with minimum damage has issued a main objective in fire protection of the cultural property in Korea. Two types of the water mist nozzles having a low pressure had been developed by KEI. The one is for inside using in wooden cultural properties, the flow rate is 30~35 l/min and the discharging pressure is 13~14 bar. The other one is for out-side of wooden properties, the flow rate is 25~30 l/min and the discharging pressure is 14~15 bar. To evaluate the nozzles performance test, we made the fire scenario and full-scale model of wooden cultural properties for fire test. The size of full-scale model was 4.9 m length, 4 m wide, 6.6 m height, all was made by wooden. This real fire test results showed that the low pressure water mist nozzles having a $200{\mu}m$ dour size were very effectively fire extinguishing and suppression on wooden cultural properties fire. Even though the oil fuel fire was not extinguished, the fire suppression effects for the during mobilization of fire brigade was enough.

A Study on the Improvement of Disaster and Safety Management for Local Cultural Heritages (지방문화재 재난안전관리 개선방안에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Twe-Hwan;Kim, Jung-Gon;Been, Ju-Hee
    • Journal of the Society of Disaster Information
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.358-366
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: This paper aims to clarify the problems and to examine the improvement methods by investigating the management condition of local-designated cultural property of which management is relatively poor in comparison with state-designated cultural heritage. Method: In order to grasp the management situation of the local-designated cultural heritage, a research on cultural heritage management situation and problems will be carried out with 35 cultual heritages in Goryeong-gun. Also, the improvement methods about the property type vulnerability on the basis of interview with cultual property managers, fire-fighting officers and civil servants, etc. Results: Local cultural heritages were investigated to be very vulnerable to the fire of wooden buildings, the theft of movable cultural heritages, and the effects of wind and water damage. It is because cultural heritages are scattered over wide areas fundamentally. As the result, it has difficulty in the patrols of police officers and fire fighters, and in the situation that it lacks disaster monitoring and CCTV for countermeasures to replace them, electronic security including fire hydrant, sensors, etc and fire extinguishing facilities and so on. It is difficult for local governments managing local-designated cultural heritages to enhance their management systems directly due to their lack of budget and manpower. Conclusion: In order to strengthen disaster and safety management system for the cultural heritages designated by local governments, they have to clarify disaster countermeasure task of fire fighting, police, and cultural heritage managers prepare their manuals, and systematize them through disaster drill mainly in local autonomous governments. Also, so as to establish a surveillance system every day, they have to enhance the community for local cultural heritage manage consisting of local volunteer fire departments, local voluntary disaster prevention organizations, volunteers, etc.

Feasibility of Scenic Site Protection Area on the Basis of the Concepts of Authenticity and Integrity (진정성과 완결성에 기초한 명승 보호구역의 타당성 검토)

  • Yi, Young-bae;Ryu, Je-hun
    • MUNHWAJAE Korean Journal of Cultural Heritage Studies
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    • v.46 no.3
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    • pp.32-47
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    • 2013
  • The concepts of authenticity and integrity are very important standards to be satisfied in the conservation and utilization of Scenic Site (名勝), literally meaning the places of scenic beauty, as a public heritage. These concepts, which are frequently used in the conservation and utilization of the World Heritage inscribed by UNESCO, can be applied to all kinds of heritages. Recently, it has been widely recognized that the concepts of authenticity and integrity are not separable but interconnected. Accordingly, the maintenance of authenticity in Scenic Site should include not only the physical preservation but also the succession of historical tradition of enjoyment. The integrity in Scenic Site refers to the physical and social conditions under which authenticity can be satisfactorily protected. The aim of this study is to reconstruct the traditional ways of enjoying historical and cultural Scenic Site with emphasis on the Yeongnam Region and make a critical examination of cultural property protection areas that have been designated. Then, this study aims to find the ways to utilize Scenic Site to secure the standards of authenticity and integrity. As a result it was discovered that cultural property protection areas are not designated well enough to satisfy the standards of authenticity and integrity. Considering the fact that cultural property protection areas are the minimal institutional systems to maintain the original value of Scenic Site, it is necessary to pay more careful attention to the ways of securing the authenticity and integrity in Scenic Site.

Photographic Virtual Reality-based Education Systems for Cultural Property Learning (문화재 학습을 위한 PVR 기반 교육 시스템)

  • Han, Seon-Kwan;Yoon, Kyoung-Nam
    • Journal of The Korean Association of Information Education
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.159-168
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    • 2009
  • This study is a project case research on PVR-based e-book systems for the cultural property learning effectively. In this study, we designed and implemented the systems and contents using a photographic virtual reality technique. This system could provide the students an effectiveness of virtual experience such as a student is at place that has the cultural property. Moreover we developed the educational contents in image DB. We also converted these contents into e-book typed contents that the students easily searched and used the system in class. This systems were applied the students in elementary school. As the result of applying, we found that the PVR-based e-book systems were more effective than plain web-based systems. This study will give advanced education environment to students as well as teachers in future.

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The Principle and Method for the Spatial System Modification of Cultural Property Villages for the Compatibility of Habitation and Tourism - Based on the Analysis of Tourists' Behavior in Asan Oeam-maeul - (거주와 관광의 양립을 위한 문화재마을 공간체계의 조정 원칙과 방법에 관한 연구 - 아산 외암마을 관광객의 관광행태 분석을 중심으로 -)

  • Han, Pil-won;Hong, Jeong-A
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.47-54
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    • 2016
  • The objective of this study is to propose the principle and method of the spatial system modification for the compatibility of habitability and tourism convenience in cultural property villages. Based on the field survey on tourists' routes, activities and their durations in Oeam-maeul, the problems of conflict, between habitability/residents and tourism/tourists, and their causes are analyzed. And the modification principle and method of spatial system is proposed as follows; The basic principle of the spatial system modification is to respect the traditional hierarchy in village roads, between the main road and sub-roads, and the territoriality of settlement space that is typically differentiated as the social, individual, and ceremonial domains, from the front to rear part of settlement. With this principle, it is recommended to restrict the tour route to one that is composed of the main road and the periphery road of housing area, and some connecting sub-roads. based on the surveyed tourists's routes. And it is suggested that the tourist facilities, whether they are existing houses or newly built buildings, and the tourist programs are necessary for experience tourism to cultural property villages, and they are proposed to be placed along the restricted tour route.

Resilience of Cultural Heritage by Integrating Historic Maps and Geospatial Information (고지도와 시계열 공간정보를 활용한 문화재 리질리언스에 대한 연구)

  • Bae, Junsu;Yang, Yunjung;Choi, Yoonjo;Kim, Sangkyun
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.39 no.6
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    • pp.945-954
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    • 2019
  • Cultural property is a valuable asset that connects the past with the present, and cultural heritage is now included in the international agenda of disaster risk reduction. Accordingly, the importance of building resilience of cultural assets has been on the rise, and the necessity of spatial information has been emphasized in building resilience. Therefore, in this study, A methodology for studying the resilience contained in cultural assets through linkage with historical map and time series spatial information is proposed and the proposed methodology was applied to cultural assets located in Gongju area. Georeferencing was performed on time-series images of aerial images and topographical map, and the changes in cultural assets and surrounding areas were found. The width of the river has changed due to the installation of the Keum River Estuary Dam and the dammed pool for irrigation. Nevertheless, the main cultural assets and monuments are located in the high-altitude area and thus have been well preserved. In this study, cultural property resilience was extracted using only map data and in future, it is necessary to conduct research to extract cultural property resilience through analysis of historical records such as geography.

A Study on the Research of the Actual Conditions and Using Plan of Modern Registered Cultural Architecture - Focused on Jae Cheon Leaf Tobacco Receipt Agency - (근대 등록문화재 건축물의 실태조사 및 활용방안에 관한 연구 -제천 엽연초 영업소 수납 취급소를 중심으로-)

  • Lee, Dong-Young
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.1-10
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    • 2010
  • Knowing in a view of legislation, we are able to use modernly the interior of registered cultural property with its preservation and its use freely in the limit of not changing the outer appearance. And on investigation, many building registered as cultural property has been used continuously with the function kept or changed. It means that modern building must keep their function at kept to survive in a change of city construction. Likewise, even Jae cheon leaf tobacco receipt agency lose the original function, there will be great possibilities that the agency may be changed or disappeared if we don't preserve it or give it a new function by making out the meaning of preservation. So, if Jae Cheon leaf tobacco receipt agency is restored as mentioned above in close cooperation with related organization, Jae Cheon area will demonstrate the meaning as a representative producing district of leaf tobacco with its cultural value in Korean modern ages.

State of the Arts of the Conservation Science of Stone Monuments and Our Tasks (석조문화재 보존과학의 세계적 연구동향과 우리의 과제)

  • KIM, Soo-Jin
    • 한국문화재보존과학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.1-14
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    • 2004
  • World state of the arts of the conservation of stone monuments is reviewed and the modern conservation program based on conservation science is proposed for the scientific conservation of stone monuments in Korea. The conservation program suggests that the site environment diagnosis, decay diagnosis, petrophysical property analysis, and conservation experiment should always be carefully studied before conservation treatment. It is an up-to-date widely accepted concept in the world of stone conservation science. Our urgent national tasks that should be accomplished for the scientific conservation of stone monuments in Korea are proposed in the following: 1) The stone monument conservation projects should be planned in accordance with 'Conservation Concept of Stone Cultural Properties' and executed in accordance with the proposed 'Conservation Program for Stone Cultural Property' based on conservation science. 2) It is proposed that 'National Institute of Conservation Science for Cultural Properties' be established for systematic conservation research on the tangible cultural properties. 3) The conservation projects of stone monuments should be executed under the control of stone conservation specialist for their quality control. 4) Special national budget should be prepared for quick development of researches on conservation science in Korea.

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Current status and issues on prevention from the biological damage of cultural property (국내 문화재 생물피해 방제의 현황과 과제)

  • Choi, Yu Ri;Kang, Dai Ill
    • MUNHWAJAE Korean Journal of Cultural Heritage Studies
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    • v.48 no.3
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    • pp.138-153
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    • 2015
  • For preventing the biological damage domestically, insect damage control method using chemical medicine has been applied. However, it is trend to avoid existing chemical medicine such as Methyl bromide because of the problem of being harmful to human body and environment. Therefore, the research for new medicine to replace this has been done and the interest to the physical treatment such as temperature(high & low) treatment, hypoxic treatment, carbon dioxide treatment, and radiation treatment has increased. However the systematic application standard and way has not been established. Therefore, in this research, we are going to organize present condition of domestic cultural asset preventing biological damage after the 1980's. It will also consider the direction through the characteristic of technology, limit, and replacement medicine by examining the past research.