• Title, Summary, Keyword: Cultural Property

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A Legislative Study on Cultural HeritageBetween 1945 and 1960 - Focused on the Cultural Heritage Protection Act Legislated in 1962 - (1945~1960년 문화재 관련 입법 과정 고찰 - 1962년 문화재보호법 전사(前史) 관련 -)

  • Kim, Jongsoo
    • MUNHWAJAE Korean Journal of Cultural Heritage Studies
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    • v.52 no.4
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    • pp.78-103
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    • 2019
  • The Conservation Decree of the Chosun Treasures Historic and Natural Monuments (hereinafter referred to as the Conservation Decree), which was enacted during the Japanese colonial period, was preserved in accordance with the provisions of article No. 100 of the constitutional law. However, legislative attempts were made to replace the Conservation Decree during the US military administration and early Korean Government. The first attempt was about the National Treasures Historic and Natural Monuments which were brought in by the Legislative Assembly of South Chosun (1947) during the US military administration. The second was a bill by the government for preservation of historical interests (1950), which was submitted to the National Assembly on March 15, 1950 (the so-called Preservation Act (1950)). These two bills were amended and supplemented on the basis of the existing contents of the Conservation Decree. Afterwards, from 1952 to 1960, the legislation of the Cultural Heritage Protection Act (1959) and the Cultural Heritage Bill (1960) were subsequently introduced and enacted. The government's attempt to enact such a cultural property bill was aimed at the legislature to replace the preservation order system that had been in effect since the Japanese colonial period. However, due to the political situation at the time, these laws did not reach final legislation. In October 1960, the government enacted the Regulations for the Preservation of Cultural Property, which was an administrative edict that was promulgated and enacted in November. This was the first official cultural property decree introduced by the Korean government. With the enactment and promulgation of the Cultural Heritage Protection Act in January 1962, Korea's judicial cultural property legislation was established, based on the Korean government's unremitting efforts and experience in legislation of cultural property. In that context, the Cultural Heritage Protection Act is a historical product. The Cultural Heritage Protection Act, which was enacted in 1962, is known to emulate or transplant Japan's Cultural Heritage Protection Act (1950). It was not fully recognized that it was an extension of the Korean government's legislative process of cultural property during the period of 1945-1960. Therefore, it is important to examine the legislative process of cultural property from 1945 to 1960 to understand the background of enacting the Cultural Heritage Protection Act in 1962 along with the establishment of the Korean Cultural Property Law.

Study of Optimal Gamma Irradiation using Monte Carlo Simulations for the Control of Fungi on Wooden Cultural Property (목재 유물 돈궤의 미생물 제어를 위한 몬테카를로 방법을 이용한 감마선 조사 연구)

  • Yoon, Min-Chul;Chung, Yong-Jae;Kang, Dai-Ill;Kim, Ik-Joo;Kim, Gwang-Hoon;Lee, Yun-Jong;Lee, Ju-Woon;Choi, Jong-Il
    • Journal of Conservation Science
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.127-134
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    • 2011
  • In this study, there has been investigated the simulation of irradiation dose using Monte Carlo methodology and experimental substantiation for the biological control of wooden cultural property. In the evaluation of fungal contamination on wooden cultural property, Dongyae, from exhibition storage, Aureobasidium pullulans was mainly identified. But these microorganisms were completely inactivated by 20 kGy gamma irradiation. For dosimetry simulation of Dongyae, Monte Carlo methodology with MCNP was used. The real dosimetry was measured using alanin dosimeters (at 7 different points on the front plan and 7 points on the back plan). Simulated and experimental results are compared and good agreement is observed. These result shows that irradiation can offer biologic control of wooden cultural property by optimal irradiation dose through high penetration power and Monte Carlo simulation.

Fire due to an important national cultural protection measures research (화재로 인한 국가 중요 문화재 보호대책 연구)

  • Lee, Jeong-Il
    • Proceedings of the Safety Management and Science Conference
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    • pp.485-500
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    • 2013
  • Cultural assets of the country's history and cherish the living conditions of the people, conscious and cohesive crystals, and the pride of the hearts of the people as a haven. In the country worth preserving national treasure, bomulgeup, local cultural heritage as a major cultural property protection are. Cultural properties, etc. Most are wooden, is vulnerable to fire, and, moreover battling to far away from the city and due to the geographical conditions are very challenging aspects. The national cultural assets, such as the many temples, vows to fire one if the loss of a centuries-old cultural property is a big loss of national posterity to great shame is not. Still cultural assets and a large number of visitors have flocked temples. All of us to keep the look and feel of the cultural assets pleasure to conserve cultural assets preserved to ensure that fire prevention is always unmistakably bear in mind that sees.

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A Visual Preference Study on Namdaemun and its Surroundings Using Visual Simulation Techniques (시뮬레이션 기법을 이용한 남대문 및 주변 경관의 시각적 선호도에 관한 연구)

  • 조시현;진양교
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.12-24
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    • 1997
  • One argument of this study is that the policy to handle and landscape of cultural and historical property had to do with people's visual preferences. This study seeks to investigate people's visual preferences toward the landscape of cultural /historical property, specifically dealing with 'Namdaemun', which is the first class cultural property of Korea. People's visual preference was specifically examined into the four specific concepts : 'visual identity','harmony','beauty of the target property', and 'overall beauty'. Two objective variables, such as, 'distance' between the viewer and the cultural property, and 'height' of background buildings were considered possible predictors of the four visual preference variables. Photos of 'Namdaemun' were taken at three different directions and at three different distances. The photographed images of 'Namdaemun' were transferred ito the digitalized graphic images, where the height of background buildings was artificially changed and simulated. The simulated visual images were taken into the slides again. A total of 59 students of the Department of Landscape architecture at Seoul City University were sampled as subjects. A series of 17 slides were shown to the subjects four times. The subjects were asked to check their preference ratings concerning the four concepts on a 7-point Likert scale. The results found in this study were as follows : 1) In the results of ANOVA, it was clear that people visually preferred the view where the height of background buildings were lower than 15 floors to the view of more than 15 floors . 2) From the results of the path analysis, it was found that 'harmony','visual identity' and 'beauty of the target property' were direct predictors of 'the overall beauty'. The 'height ' of background buildings and the viewer's 'distance' were not found to be direct predictors, however, they demonstrated their effects on 'the overall beauty' through the other variable, which were direct predictors of 'the overall beauty'. In sum, the longer the distance and the higher the background buildings, the lower people's preference with the 'overall beauty'. These indirect paths, in turn, also explain why and how the 'height' of background buildings and the viewer's 'distance' negatively influence the 'overall beauty'. An implication from the these results is that when the height of background buildings were not controllable, there would be some other strategies for improving people's visual preference toward the historical /cultural view. To increase 'visual identity' of the cultural property, for example, changing colors of the cultural property or increasing the lighting level, etc., would be one strategy, since the increased 'visual identity' will, in turn, increase 'the overall beauty'.

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Evaluation on Biological Sensitivity of Three Fumigants Used for Conservation of Wooden Cultural Property

  • Kim, Si Hyun;Kim, Dae Woon;Lee, Hyun Ju;Lee, Byung Ho;Kim, Bong Su;Chung, Yong Jae
    • Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology
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    • v.44 no.4
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    • pp.526-538
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    • 2016
  • Fumigants are used worldwide for control of biological agents that damage wooden cultural property. To establish a policy for fumigant use, biological evaluation of insects and microorganisms considering many factors is required. This study was performed to evaluate biological sensitivity and wood penetration of three fumigants applied for control of biological agents that damage wooden cultural properties in Korea. Among these, methyl bromide and ethylene oxide can control insects and fungi when exposed directly. However, they were unable to completely control biological agents within deeper parts of wood. Ethanedinitrile, which was developed as an alternative fumigant, exhibited outstanding wood penetration and biocidal efficacy. Further research involving various environmental conditions is warranted.

Studies on the epoxy resins of stone cultural properties (석조문화재 에폭시수지 개발 시험 연구)

  • Kim, Sa-Dug;Kim, Soon-Kwan;Kim, Chang-Suk;Hong, Jung-Ki;Kang, Dai-Il;Lee, Myong-Hee
    • 보존과학연구
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    • pp.139-154
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    • 1999
  • We tested to obtain the excellent Epoxy resins on the property of matter. Existing Epoxy resins is tested to regulate the viscosity, color and hardening time etc. Benzen-ring structure of Bisphenol A type (AY 103) is replaced by Hydrogenated B.P.A type. And hardener is replaced by Polyoxyalkylene Amine. So we are developed into the two resins(L-30, L-40).To know if this Epoxy resins was fitted to repairing and restoration of stone cultural properties. Three kinds of Epoxy resins (AY 103, L-30, L-40) are tested on the artificial weathering test, freezing-melting test, exposure test etc. As a result of test, L-30 is less the discoloration than that of other Epoxy resins and was superior to the excellent property of matter.

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The Study on Recording Method for Buried Cultural Property Using Photo Scanning Technique (사진스캐닝 기술에 의한 매장문화재 기록방법에 대한 연구)

  • Koo, Ja-bong
    • Journal of Digital Contents Society
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    • v.16 no.5
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    • pp.835-847
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    • 2015
  • Photo scanning can create point cloud and polygon models like 3D scanners bringing an object into the 3 dimensional world by combining several sheets of photographic information. The created data give us information about planes and sectional forms required for a 2 dimensional survey as well as 3 dimensional figures of buried cultural property. It requires a lot of time to record buried cultural property in the field, however, the photo scanning technique does not need additional equipment and manpower so the work may begin immediately while the property is protected. Moreover, it reduces financial burdens as it creates 3 dimensional data using images acquired by photography but provides the optimal condition to check 3 dimensional information quickly and easily.

The present condition and problems of non-destructive investigation methods for cultural property (문화재 비파괴 분석법의 현황과 문제점)

  • Kang, Dai-Iil;Hong, Jong-Wook
    • 보존과학연구
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    • pp.35-60
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    • 1998
  • Cultural properties are valuable objects, which have exposed insevere environment and inherited for a long time but we don’t have correct information concerning materials, structure and skill of manufacture. Because the cultural properties have been destroyed by the deterioration elements as like wind, this must be carefully treated for investigation of exhibition and storage. Even if the observation is scientific research, we must not take actual sample from the object for obtaining information concerning the nature materials and skill of manufacture. so it is elementary principle to use non-destructive investigation method as analytical methods for cultural property. This contribution discusses the present condition and problem of X-ray fluorescence acting as a representative non-destructive investigation method and the difference of statistics to be connected with determination and finally explains the intend facts for analysis of data.

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Current Transmission of Intangible Cultural Property in Ibuk 5-do and Proposal for its Development (이북5도 무형문화재의 전승현황과 발전방안)

  • Cha, Ji-eon
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.19 no.8
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    • pp.653-666
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    • 2019
  • This study is designed to find out the protection system of intangible cultural property as the current national policy and analyze the foundational problems in order to suggest the future vision in a way of transmitting the traditional cultural heritage to the descendants, based on the policy support for the intangible cultural property under the control of Commission for Ibuk 5-do (5 Northern Provinces of Korean peninsula). The research issue is first, the aging of the holders of the important cultural properties in Ibuk 5-do and the overcoming of the incomplete transmission system. The second issue is the protective policy of the transmission from the national perspective and the justification of the government's financial support. The third issue is the development of cultural contents by using the intangible cultural properties in Ibuk 5-do and the suggestion of the creative development for the resourcing of culture. As for the research methods, reference research and analysis on interview data and data from the related entities was done were analyzed and the results were actively adopted. The research results showed the followings to be required; first, the aged holders of the cultural properties shall be treated well and at the same time, the holders recognized to hold the transmission ability shall be dually designated. Second, the training system for the younger generation to keep the traditional cultural heritage shall be established; Third, the educational program and school education shall be extended so that the importance of the transmission of the intangible traditional cultural properties in Ibuk 5-do (northern 5 provinces of Korea) shall be recognized; Fourth, the recording system shall be constructed and its application system shall be required. In the end, in order for such development methods to be implemented effectively, active government support is desperately required.

A Study of the Suppression System based on the Fire Protection System the Korea Cultural Property due to the Forest Fire -About Water Mist System- (산림화재로부터 문화재를 보호하는 소방시설에 관한 연구 -미분무수설비를 중심으로-)

  • Kong, Ha-Sung
    • Fire Science and Engineering
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.44-51
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    • 2007
  • Most of the Korea temples of cultural property are wooden buildings and easy combusted. They are often located in mountain area far away from the city. It is very difficult to approach the fight area. The putting out is very difficult in the initial fire time. And for protecting the cultural property in the long-term continuous fire source there are some restrictions in water source and suppression system. In this paper the initial putting out fire due to the forest fire and the protection of cultural property in the long-term continuous fire source were researched. The improved project about fire control facilities of the Korea cultural property was proposed. In the proposed project the facilities using Water mist which can reduce more loss than existing facilities using water are applied. In view of the topographic position the method of eliminating the energy of combustibles and wall for cutting off the heat in the fire control facilities are also mentioned.