• Title, Summary, Keyword: Cultural Heritage

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Material Analysis and Conservation Treatment for Mother-of-Pearl Floor Mirror at Daejojeon Hall of Changdeokgung Palace, Korea

  • Park, Su Zin;Hwang, In Sun;Yoon, Eun young;Lee, Jang Jon;Song, Ji Ae
    • Journal of Conservation Science
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    • v.35 no.1
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    • pp.61-70
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    • 2019
  • In this study, a scientific survey on the material of the mother-of-pearl floor mirror was conducted and conservation treatment processes were introduced. The survey results showed that the mother-of-pearl floor mirror in Daejojeon Hall of Changdeokgung is made of Dalbergia spp., and repair work seems to be done later with shorea spp. FT-IR analysis results showed that the varnishing is similar to the spectrum of lacquer. The metal wheels and metal line decorations set with mother-of-pearl were found to be made of brass based on XRF analysis, and the ingredient ratio showed that these were made in modern times. Foreign materials were stuck on the surface of the mother-of-pearl floor mirror before conservation treatment, which was in a structurally unstable condition owing to some missing submaterials. Conservation treatment was conducted on the damaged area to restore the mirror to its original appearance by using the same species of wood determined from the data obtained through the scientific survey.

An Introduction to Asia Cooperation Programme in Conservation Science(ACPCS, 2005) and the operation result (아시아권 문화재 보존과학 협력과정(ACPCS, 2005)에 대한 소개 및 운영 결과)

  • Jeong, So-Young;Chung, Yong-Jae;Kim, Yong-Han
    • 보존과학연구
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    • pp.203-211
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    • 2005
  • The National Research Institute of Cultural Heritage(NRICH) conducted the Asia Cooperation Programme in Conservation Science(ACPCS) to facilitate and promote the regional cooperation in the conservation of cultural heritage among Asian countries. This course was promoted to provide an opportunity to study and work together, also to share a knowledge and experience in conservation field. The target countries were from 17 Asian countries, and this year our selection committee selected 2 specialist in cultural heritage conservation field and selected persons had participated in the ACPCS course during three months. NRICH provided the round-trip airline tickets, overseas travel accident insurance and a living allowance to the course participants. And we requested programme announcement to Korean National Commission for UNESCO and Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade to progress favorably. This course period was three months from 29 August to 25 November, and the fields were conservation and restoration of tangible cultural heritage such as metal conservation, stone conservation, material analysis, DNA analysis, dating, biological control management of cultural heritage, environmental monitoring and so on.

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Research on antifungal and insecticidal activity of Natural extracts for Protecting Organic Cultural heritages (유기질문화재 보존을 위한 천연 추출물의 항균·살충활성 연구)

  • Choi, Jung-Eun;Kim, Young-Hee;Hong, Jin-Young;Jung, Mi-Hwa;Jo, Chang-Wook
    • 보존과학연구
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    • pp.89-102
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    • 2010
  • This study evaluated the activity of biocidal compounds isolated from natural products and confirmed applicable possibility as conservative agents for orgainic cultural heritages damaged by biological degradation. we used methanol extracts of 11 Korean trees and 17 medicinal plants as natural resources. Among these extracts, Phellodendron amurense was investigated on antifungal activity against Coniophora puteana, Lentinus lepideus, Tyromyces palustris and Aspergillus niger. Asarum sieboldii was investigated on insecticidal activity against adult of Lasioderma serricorne. First, the extract of Phellodendron amurense was partitioned into hexane, dichloromethan and ethylacetate fraction. Among them, the ethylacetate fraction had the most significant antifungal activity. In addition, Asarum sieboldii essential oil showed an effective antifungal and insecticidal activity. As a result, the extract of Phellodendron amurense and Asarum sieboldii essential oil could be useful for conservation of organic cultural heritage against biological deterioration by wood rot fungi and Lasioderma serricorne.

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The Market Segmentation Study in Accordance with Cultural Heritage Tourists' Motivation and A Comparative study of Satisfaction toward Cultural Heritage Utilization - Focused on The Daming Palace and The Terra Cotta Warriors in China - (문화유산 관광동기에 따른 시장세분화와 문화재활용 만족도 비교연구 - 중국 대명궁과 병마용을 중심으로 -)

  • Peng, Shuai;Qiao, Man;Guo, Hhongxia;Jeong, Gang-Hoan;Kim, Juho
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Traditional Landscape Architecture
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    • v.35 no.4
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    • pp.144-164
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the tourism motivation of Chinese tourists visiting Daming Palace and Terra Cotta Warriors and to study market segmentation according to the motivation. As well as to research the difference of satisfaction toward cultural heritage utilization between Daming Palace and Terra Cotta Warriors. According to the results of the analysis, it was found that cultural heritage tourists preferred cultural experience of tourist sites. Therefore, it is necessary to put effort into cultural experience of cultural heritage sightseeing spots. What's more, it was showed that the preservation and recovery state of cultural heritage, the reality, the value of tangible cultural heritage, the experience programs related to cultural heritage, interpretation service, travel guides, rest facilities, symbolism of souvenirs, admission tickets, nearby restaurants and accommodation facilities could be influence factors of satisfaction toward cultural heritage utilization. The Managers of cultural heritage sightseeing spots are expected to preserve the cultural heritage well and to enhance the facilities and staff professionalism, to make visitors more easily understand cultural heritage, to put more emphasis on interpretation service, to make visitors feel that they got educational effect from visit experience, which will increase the satisfaction of cultural heritages.

Characterization of Termite Inhabitation Environment on Wooden Cultural Heritages (목조문화재 흰개미 서식환경 특성 연구)

  • Seo, Min Seok;Jo, Chang Wook;Kim, Soo Ji;Kim, Young Hee;Hong, Jin Young;Lee, Jeung Min;Jeong, So Young
    • Journal of Conservation Science
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    • v.31 no.4
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    • pp.387-393
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    • 2015
  • Damages of wooden cultural heritages caused by various bio-species have been a trend that is increasing on climate change. The decay and bio-damage caused by microbial organisms or insect species are also known to factors of the shape changes and structural problems of wooden cultural heritages. There are so many phenomenons of damage and weathering in wooden cultural heritage for many years and particularly termite can threaten seriously wooden cultural heritage. We investigated with respect to internal and external environment and termite inhabitation around the wooden cultural heritage in Jeollanam-do, Jeollabuk-do, and Jeju-do. As this investigation results, we confirmed that there were the difference in between resident and non-resident about temperature, humidity, moisture contents of wooden building. Resident building is high temperature but humidity and moisture contents is low and these factors are sources of inhabitation condition change about insects as termites. Now we suggest to carry out in parallel to the target wooden cultural heritage and the surrounding habitat for wooden cultural heritage termite damage investigation. Also with the chemical control methods, we must consider necessary to present eco-friendly control management such as construction of heating facilities, residential status, periodic management.

Sustainable Development and Korea's Intangible Cultural Heritage Policy (지속가능개발과 한국무형문화유산정책)

  • Kim, Yong Goo
    • MUNHWAJAE Korean Journal of Cultural Heritage Studies
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    • v.49 no.3
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    • pp.256-269
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    • 2016
  • In September 2015, the United Nations (UN) has adopted the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development as a goal of the international community to push forward from the year 2016 to 2030. Accordingly, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization(UNESCO) has established a new chapter on sustainable development and intangible heritage the through revision of the Operational Directives for the Implementation of the Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage. Although Sustainable development is a fundamental principle of the Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage, it is believed that the Convention has not provided guidelines of safeguarding intangible cultural heritage for sustainable development. The Operational Directives provide States Parties with guidelines on the integration of sustainable development and safeguarding of the intangible cultural heritage. Intangible Cultural Property Institution of South Korea was designed to preserve the traditional culture in the economic development process of the industrialization since the 1960s. The institution played a role of cultural support on the development of the modern concepts. Now South Korea should implement intangible cultural heritage policy combined with sustainable development while succeeding the efforts from the former development. This study examines the meaning of sustainable development and how it should be implemented in the intangible cultural heritage policy in South Korea. And this study suggests that the South Korea's intangible cultural heritage policy should foster sustainable development particularly along with social development and human development.