• Title, Summary, Keyword: Cultural Heritage

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Improvement of State Ownership of Excavated Cultural Heritage System and Establishment of Policy Direction (발굴매장문화재 국가귀속제도의 정책 개선방안 연구)

  • Kim, Jong soo
    • MUNHWAJAE Korean Journal of Cultural Heritage Studies
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    • v.49 no.1
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    • pp.22-43
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    • 2016
  • State Ownership of Excavated Cultural Heritage System was originated from the legislations concerning cultural objects during the Japanese colonial period (1910~1945) and was succeeded by the present Buried Cultural Properties Act enacted in 2011. Despite the importance of the system that completes the outcomes of excavations and determines the state-owned cultural properties, the foundation of national heritage, it has been limitedly regarded as administrative area and neglected by the academic scholars or policy researchers. Recently the traditional culture has drawn increasing domestic interest and awareness that the cultural heritage contributes to building cultural identity and vitalizing tourism has led to increasing the demand of a local government's role in management of the state-designated cultural heritage and even fighting for hegemony in securing the cultural objects between the central and local governments. Despite the continuing efforts for improving the selection process of cultural heritage and its management institution, establishment of an advanced objective system has been requested. This paper is intended to suggest the policy direction through demonstrating the problem and assignment caused in the process of implementing the Buried Cultural Properties Act and reviews the State Ownership of Excavated Cultural Heritage System from the legal point of view accordingly. First, I suggest improving the selection process of the state-owned cultural properties. Even though current law states that Administrator of Cultural Heritage Administration reviews the research reports and selects the possible candidates for the state-owned cultural properties almost all the cultural objects listed on the reports are practically selected. In this regard, two possible resolutions can be made; newly establishing a separate process for selecting the state-owned cultural properties after publishing the report or adding the selection process of the state-owned cultural properties during the heritage selection meeting. Either way should contribute to strengthening the impartiality and objectivity of the policy. My second suggestion is improving the operating system of the heritage selection meeting in which the cultural properties to be listed on the reports are determined. Given the present extensive assessment criteria, there is much room for certain experts' subjective opinions. Therefore, in order to enhance the fairness and credibility of the heritage selection meeting, specifying the assessment criteria and advance review of the expert list are necessary. Third, this paper suggests increasing the local government's role in management of the state-owned cultural heritage and diversifying the heritage management institution. Development of a local self-governing system has led to the increased demand for delegating the authority of the state-owned heritage management to the local governments. Along with this, the gradual improvements of public museum management raises the need for expanding the cultural benefits through increasing the local government's role in management of the state-owned heritage. Considering the fact that overall majority of the art collections housed at national or public museums is owned by the central government, developing a variety of heritage contents and vitalizing the heritage tourism are crucial. The true meaning and value of the state-owned cultural heritage hidden at the storage of a museum can be found when they are shared together with the public.

Expanding the Concept of Cultural Heritage Utilization and Classifying the Types (문화재 활용의 개념 확장과 활용 유형 분류체계 구축)

  • Ryu, Ho-cheol
    • MUNHWAJAE Korean Journal of Cultural Heritage Studies
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    • v.47 no.1
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    • pp.4-17
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    • 2014
  • The more income and free time people have, the more interest in cultural heritage they get to improve the quality of life. In light of this, Local governments put more effort to create colorful events using their cultural heritage resources, and the central government also starts to implement policies to enhance the value of cultural heritage. To keep those efforts on utilizing cultural heritage, however, several issues seem to be addressed in advance. Firstly, it needs to define the concept of cultural heritage utilization that could cover its current policy trend. Secondly, the utilization methodology should be categorized and classified. Therefore, the study for those issues should be carried out to utilize the cultural heritage efficiently and systematically. This study contains the current status of the relevant policies and projects; the trend and meaning of the utilization. And, in this study, the cultural heritage utilization was defined as all activities producing positive effects or influences by cultural heritage such as enjoying cultural heritage values and creating additional profits. Furthermore, the cultural heritage utilization was categorized according to several criteria; the value, the objective, and the type of cultural heritage utilization. Finally, the final part of the study includes proposals on the future policy direction of cultural heritage utilization.

Antifungal and Insecticidal Activity of Methanol Extracts from 17 Medicinal Plants against Biological Deterioration of Organic Cultural Heritage (약용식물 17종 메탄올 추출물의 유기질문화재 생물학적 열화원에 대한 항진균 및 살충활성 조사)

  • Lim, Jin-A;Choi, Yun-A;Jung, Mi-Hwa;Kang, So-Yeong;Chung, Yong-Jae
    • 보존과학연구
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    • pp.125-136
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    • 2008
  • To investigate bioactive materials for development of natural conservative agent on organic cultural heritage, methanol extracts from 17 medicinal plants were screened for antifungal and insecticidal activity against 6 wood rot fungi and adult of Lasioderma serricorne. Antifungal activity of extracts was tested by using paper disc soaking method against wood-rot fungi. Among these extracts, the most significant antimicrobial activity was observed from the extract of Coptis japonica at 5 mg/disc against all wood rot fungi tested. The insecticidal activity of extracts was examined by topical application against L. serricorne adults. The extracts from Asarum sieboldii gave 83.3 % mortality at $25{\mu}g/adult$ for 24hr. From these result, the methanol extract from C. japonica and A. sieboldii described could be useful for conservation of organic cultural heritage against biological deterioration by wood rot fungi and L. serricorne.

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Conservation Treatment for Gilt-bronze Shoes Excavated from Ahndong tumulus, Gildu-ri, Goheung (고흥 길두리 안동고분 출토 금동식리의 과학적 보존)

  • Kwon, Hyuk-nam;Seo, Jung-eun;Lee, Jung-min;Ham, Chul-hee
    • 보존과학연구
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    • pp.17-30
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    • 2010
  • There were excavated many relics about 200 pieces including gilt-bronze cap, gilt-bronze shoes, bronze mirror and armor, etc. in Ahndong tumulus, Gildu-ri, Goheung. The National Research Institute of Cultural Heritage was undertaking excavation of major damaged relics that were corroded by several environment and were destroyed by a lump of earth. Shoes are consolidated with soils in order to stop destroy during excavation. And these are relocated in order to treat for conservation. Before treatment, X-ray radiography and CT(Computed Tomography) are used in order to examine the original surface and the shape of shoes. As a result, we confirm the condition of shoes. If soils are removed, gilt-bronze shoes are crumbling into little pieces because gilt-bronze shoes are damaged by corrosion and deformation. So, shoes are consolidating with inner soils and are removing outer soils. Throughout conservation treatment, shoes recovered original form and inner soils are consolidated in order to keep the shape of shoes.

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The Need and the Direction to Improve the System of Measures for the Preservation of Buried Cultural Heritage (매장문화재 보존조치 제도의 개선 필요성과 방향)

  • Ryu, Ho-cheol
    • MUNHWAJAE Korean Journal of Cultural Heritage Studies
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    • v.47 no.3
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    • pp.146-159
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    • 2014
  • After inspecting ground surface or excavating cultural heritage site, the government can take measures for the preservation of buried cultural heritage based on the related law. It means that the provisions complement the limitation of current cultural heritage management system by extending the scope of cultural heritage to be preserved. But we neither have set any matters about implementing the measures for preservation of the buried cultural heritage, nor manage the heritage and its surroundings after implementing the measures. Due to these insufficiency of the law, there arise several problems in the field. For example, the measures for preservation are not complete, or preserved cultural heritage is damaged due to inappropriate management. We have to resolve the problems in order to accomplish the original purpose of taking measures for preservation of the heritage. First, it is necessary to make sure of the legal status of preserved buried cultural heritage, to establish the standards to decide whether to preserve it or not. We need to have regulations by law or internal rule on the daily management, who should manage it, what and how the manager should manage. It is also important for local residents to take an active part in preserving and utilizing the cultural heritage as the owner. Through building up the foundation mentioned above, the meaning and value of preserved buried cultural heritage can be expanded widely.

Studies on the epoxy resins of stone cultural properties (석조문화재 에폭시수지 개발 시험 연구)

  • Kim, Sa-Dug;Kim, Soon-Kwan;Kim, Chang-Suk;Hong, Jung-Ki;Kang, Dai-Il;Lee, Myong-Hee
    • 보존과학연구
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    • pp.139-154
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    • 1999
  • We tested to obtain the excellent Epoxy resins on the property of matter. Existing Epoxy resins is tested to regulate the viscosity, color and hardening time etc. Benzen-ring structure of Bisphenol A type (AY 103) is replaced by Hydrogenated B.P.A type. And hardener is replaced by Polyoxyalkylene Amine. So we are developed into the two resins(L-30, L-40).To know if this Epoxy resins was fitted to repairing and restoration of stone cultural properties. Three kinds of Epoxy resins (AY 103, L-30, L-40) are tested on the artificial weathering test, freezing-melting test, exposure test etc. As a result of test, L-30 is less the discoloration than that of other Epoxy resins and was superior to the excellent property of matter.

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The Conservation Status and Vitalization Plan for Railroad Car Heritage (철도차량유산의 보존현황과 활성화 방안)

  • Seok, Min-Jae
    • MUNHWAJAE Korean Journal of Cultural Heritage Studies
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    • v.51 no.2
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    • pp.38-57
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    • 2018
  • Led by the Cultural Heritage Administration, studies on the cultural heritage of railways have merely focused on modern registered cultural heritage and on excavating the cultural heritage of modern rail transportation. Endeavors of institutions relevant to railways to protect the cultural heritage of railways were not sufficiently made. Only the internal guideline to protect the cultural heritage of railways made by the railway corporation is being implemented. This study aims to assert the need to examine the protective measures of the heritage of railroad cars and to vitalize plans of conserving the heritage of railroad cars. Also, plans to protect the heritage of railroad cars and methods to invigorate schemes of protecting the heritage of railroad cars will be suggested. The current situation of protecting the heritage of railroad cars was investigated via a field trip. Through exploring overseas examples of protecting the heritage of the railroad cars, ways to vitalize plans of widely publicizing the heritage of the railroad cars with their historical values were suggested. Results showed that first, the way of openly exhibiting conserved railroad cars by setting up stands other than the way of exhibiting and conserving in one site was necessary. Second, in order to properly preserve and manage the cultural heritage of railways, railroad cars, much like natural monuments or intangible cultural properties, need to be perceived as cultural properties. Also, it is necessary to amend the Cultural Properties Protection Law to include railway heritage. Third, the perception of the cultural heritage of railways should be heightened, and SNS, blogs, and cafes need to strategically promote this heritage in order to increase the public's interest. Fourth, in addition to enacting legislations and gaining institutional support for the cultural heritage of railways, the budget to operate the responsible department, and employing staff for the heritage of railroad cars should be resolved as a priority in order to enhance the capability of managing this cultural heritage. In order to rationally protect the cultural heritage of railways and invigorate plans to protect the cultural heritage of railways, it is necessary to garner administrative and financial support, and enact the appropriate legislation. The heritage of railroad cars is priceless and has a social value in terms of regional icons, historic marks, and the record of life. It is considered that in this situation, the standard of amending both policy and the Cultural Properties Protection Law for the heritage of railroad cars should be urgently established.