• Title, Summary, Keyword: Cultural Heritage

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Developments of Cultural Heritage Education and the Raising of Local Cultural Heritage Education (문화유산교육의 전개과정과 지역문화유산교육의 부상)

  • Kim, Yong-Goo
    • MUNHWAJAE Korean Journal of Cultural Heritage Studies
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    • v.51 no.2
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    • pp.154-169
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    • 2018
  • In modern society, cultural heritage has played a role in constituting national identity. The Cultural Heritage Education Project started in the 2000s by the Cultural Heritage Administration was also aware of the issue of sustainable development and cultural diversity as major cultural issues at the time. However, the main purpose of previous cultural heritage education was to foster national identity. The Cultural Heritage Administration has executed cultural heritage education programs since 2006. The education program of the cultural heritage teacher visiting the school, the project to designate a cultural heritage school, and an education program to experience cultural heritage at an archaeological site were carried out. In the 2010s, the theme of cultural rights and enjoyment of cultural heritage in life was raised as an important issue. Cultural heritage education had to accept the 'new meaning of cultural heritage', 'cultural rights', and 'learnercentered education'. In this context, the local cultural heritage education project started. The region is a space where various identities are reconstructed. However, local cultural heritage education itself cannot realize cultural heritage enjoyment in life. Therefore, it is necessary to seek cultural heritage in life through the various efforts of local cultural heritage education.

Empirical Study to Strengthen the Disaster Management of Wooden Cultural Heritage - Focused on Concept and Range of Cultural Heritage Disaster Management and Investigation of On-site Manager (목조문화재의 안전관리 강화를 위한 실증적 연구 - 문화재 안전관리의 개념과 범주 및 현장 관리자 의식조사를 중심으로 -)

  • Lim, Suhng-bin;Ryu, Ho-cheol
    • MUNHWAJAE Korean Journal of Cultural Heritage Studies
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    • v.46 no.2
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    • pp.96-113
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    • 2013
  • The concept of disaster management of cultural heritage is not clearly established and the range and type of it is not organized yet. Also, there is an ever-present danger in the field control because there is no system that can provide safety of cultural heritage from various dangerous factors. Concretely, institutionally, the regulation of disaster management of cultural heritage remains limited and there are not enough reasonableness in installation and management of fire-fighting equipment and safety equipment. Also, we need to take an action to secure the safety of cultural heritage from its surroundings. In this research, we setup the concept, type and criteria for disaster management of cultural heritage to overcome limitations and problems of management of cultural heritage. In addition, in order to raise the level of disaster management of cultural heritage, this research proposes direction to reinforce the disaster management of cultural heritage by investigating and analyzing consciousness of security guards and fire-fighting officers.

A Study of the Relationship between Termite-Damaged Cultural Heritage Sites and the Forest Tending Project (숲가꾸기 사업과 흰개미 피해를 받은 문화재와의 관련성에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Minseon;Kim, Choongsik
    • MUNHWAJAE Korean Journal of Cultural Heritage Studies
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    • v.53 no.2
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    • pp.24-35
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    • 2020
  • This study aims to identify the relationship between termite-damaged cultural heritage sites and the 'Forest Tending Project' based on a comprehensive survey of the status of damage caused by termites and of the Forest Tending Project. It was observed that the Forest Tending Project started in 2004 as a five-year policy project covering over 59% of the nation's forests, which showed the maximum value in 2009 and then gradually decreased. Since then, increased damage to national cultural heritage sites by termites has been confirmed and counter measures have been expanded since 2012. Also, as a result of the National Research Institute of Cultural Heritage surveying the status of termite damage in national cultural heritage sites over these six years, it was identified that about 98% of investigated cultural heritage sites were damaged by termites, about 78% of them were adjacent to forests, and that all 46 national cultural heritage sites which had been included in the 2008 Forest Fire Prevention Cultural Heritage Afforestation Project were damaged by termites. Therefore, it is claimed that the number of termite-damaged cultural heritage sites has increased after an extensive Forest Tending Project was applied on a national scale, and it seems that all cultural heritage areas close to forests are particularly subject to termite-damage due to the number of tree stumps and lumber byproducts which can serve as habitats for the pests.

Preliminary Application of Stone Conservation Technology for Monitoring of Vat Phou World Heritage Site

  • Sengphachanh, Amphol;Lee, Myeong Seong;Choi, Tae Jeong;Chun, Yu Gun
    • 보존과학연구
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    • pp.86-96
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    • 2015
  • From the Asia Cooperation Program on Conservation Science(ACPCS) of National Research Institute of Cultural Heritage(NRICH), I gained conservation and management experience and knowledges which are highly applicable at the Vat Phou World Heritage site. Firstly, Check list, Mapping, Tape Test and Digital Image Analysis are simple and useful methods which can be introduced to the site directly. If we can get chance to learn more about GIS program, GIS based Database Management System would also be very liable to put into practical use since the site office has been already using the program for general purpose. Lastly, there are more other methods which can diversify the studies on cultural heritage conservation in Laos; Rebound Hardness Test, Ultrasonic Test, Infrared Thermography, XRF Analysis and Hyperspectral Image Analysis etc. To realize those research however, new equipments are needed along with proper education so more cooperation between Korea and Lao would be essential.

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Improvement of State Ownership of Excavated Cultural Heritage System and Establishment of Policy Direction (발굴매장문화재 국가귀속제도의 정책 개선방안 연구)

  • Kim, Jong soo
    • MUNHWAJAE Korean Journal of Cultural Heritage Studies
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    • v.49 no.1
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    • pp.22-43
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    • 2016
  • State Ownership of Excavated Cultural Heritage System was originated from the legislations concerning cultural objects during the Japanese colonial period (1910~1945) and was succeeded by the present Buried Cultural Properties Act enacted in 2011. Despite the importance of the system that completes the outcomes of excavations and determines the state-owned cultural properties, the foundation of national heritage, it has been limitedly regarded as administrative area and neglected by the academic scholars or policy researchers. Recently the traditional culture has drawn increasing domestic interest and awareness that the cultural heritage contributes to building cultural identity and vitalizing tourism has led to increasing the demand of a local government's role in management of the state-designated cultural heritage and even fighting for hegemony in securing the cultural objects between the central and local governments. Despite the continuing efforts for improving the selection process of cultural heritage and its management institution, establishment of an advanced objective system has been requested. This paper is intended to suggest the policy direction through demonstrating the problem and assignment caused in the process of implementing the Buried Cultural Properties Act and reviews the State Ownership of Excavated Cultural Heritage System from the legal point of view accordingly. First, I suggest improving the selection process of the state-owned cultural properties. Even though current law states that Administrator of Cultural Heritage Administration reviews the research reports and selects the possible candidates for the state-owned cultural properties almost all the cultural objects listed on the reports are practically selected. In this regard, two possible resolutions can be made; newly establishing a separate process for selecting the state-owned cultural properties after publishing the report or adding the selection process of the state-owned cultural properties during the heritage selection meeting. Either way should contribute to strengthening the impartiality and objectivity of the policy. My second suggestion is improving the operating system of the heritage selection meeting in which the cultural properties to be listed on the reports are determined. Given the present extensive assessment criteria, there is much room for certain experts' subjective opinions. Therefore, in order to enhance the fairness and credibility of the heritage selection meeting, specifying the assessment criteria and advance review of the expert list are necessary. Third, this paper suggests increasing the local government's role in management of the state-owned cultural heritage and diversifying the heritage management institution. Development of a local self-governing system has led to the increased demand for delegating the authority of the state-owned heritage management to the local governments. Along with this, the gradual improvements of public museum management raises the need for expanding the cultural benefits through increasing the local government's role in management of the state-owned heritage. Considering the fact that overall majority of the art collections housed at national or public museums is owned by the central government, developing a variety of heritage contents and vitalizing the heritage tourism are crucial. The true meaning and value of the state-owned cultural heritage hidden at the storage of a museum can be found when they are shared together with the public.