• Title, Summary, Keyword: Cultural Distance

Search Result 236, Processing Time 0.038 seconds

A Study on Correlation of Multi-Cultural Social Distance with Immigrant upon Xenophobia in Korea Society

  • Jung, Myung-Hee
    • The Journal of Distribution Science
    • /
    • v.15 no.5
    • /
    • pp.39-47
    • /
    • 2017
  • Purpose - This study investigated xenophobia that has been a serious social problem, and classified multi-cultural groups in Korea into married immigrant, foreign labor workers and foreign students studying in Korea to examine the effects of fixed idea on multi-cultural persons, multi-cultural education experience, multi-cultural sensitivity, good feeling on multi-cultural persons upon social distance with multi-cultural persons, and to find out counteractions and cultural capacity on the xenophobia. Research design, data, and methodology - The study classified multi-cultural persons into married women immigrant, foreign labor worker, and foreign students studying in Korea to examine the effects of their thoughts on cultural cognition. Self-administered questionnaire was used. The subject was college students in Gyeonggi, Gyeongnam and Chungcheong with industrial complexes, more married women immigrants and more foreign students studying in Korea. Results - As shown in the findings, Korean people had different emotion and preference on married immigrant or foreign students studying in Korea and foreign labor workers. Conclusions - This study investigated the effect of multi-cultural person's cultural distance upon xenophobia. Different preference to multi-cultural persons depending upon fixed idea might produce xenophobia, so that the government was demanded to establish various kinds of policies of lives to live life together with immigrant at government level.

An Empirical Study on the Effects of Empowerment on International Marriage Migrant Women -focusing the Feasibility Approach with the Case of Korea - (국제결혼이주여성의 임파워먼트 효과 타당성에 관한 실증 연구 - 한국 사례를 중심으로 -)

  • Jung, Myung Hee
    • International Area Studies Review
    • /
    • v.13 no.3
    • /
    • pp.849-871
    • /
    • 2009
  • This paper examined the effects of empowerment on international marriage migrant women. The assimilation, integration, separation, and marginality were as proxy for the cultural adaptiveness. The power distance, uncertainty avoidance, individualism, masculinity, long term orientation were as proxy for the cultural distance. The self-image, real power, the extent of social participation were as proxy for the empowerment. Based on the analysis of two hundred cases, the following results were found. First, international marriage migrant women's cultural adaptiveness have a positively significant influence on their empowerment. Second, international marriage migrant women's cultural distance have a positively significant influence on their empowerment. Third, international marriage migrant women's cultural adaptiveness and cultural distance have a positively significant influence on their empowerment. This study suggests that cultural adaptiveness and cultural distance are main factors for the empowerment of international marriage migrant women.

Psychic Distance and Country Image Influencing on Consumers' Competitive Brand Choice on Cross-Cultural Perspectives (교차문화적 관점에서 경쟁적 브랜드 선택에 영향을 미치는 심리적 거리 및 국가이미지)

  • Chun, Myung-Hwan
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
    • /
    • v.6 no.10
    • /
    • pp.53-61
    • /
    • 2006
  • Culture, consumers' value and attitude play an important role for global marketing strategy on cross-cultural perspectives. The aim of this research was to investigate how consumer ethnocentrism and cultural affinity affect psychic distance, country image and competitive brand choice. data were collected through personal interview. A total of 234 responses are put to final analysis. The results are as follows: First, cultural affinity play an important role for psychic distance and country image. Second, consumer ethnocentrism has directly affected country image and psychic distance. Finally, country image has affected competitive brand choice, but psychic distance doesn't have affected.

  • PDF

Cultural Characteristics and Product Appeals Reflected on Fashion Ads (패션상품의 광고에 나타난 문화적 특성과 소구유형)

  • 전양진
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
    • /
    • v.26 no.8
    • /
    • pp.1196-1204
    • /
    • 2002
  • This research was to see if the fashion product ads are standardized or differentiated, and to find what were the determinants if any differentiation existed. The purpose of this study was to identify cultural characteristics significant on marketing fashion produce. In addition, the relative importance of product appeals between rational and emotional in the fashion ads was examined. Hofstede's(l991) three cultural characteristics dimensions such as individualism-collectivism, power distance, masculinity-femininity were used. Content analysis was applied in the study. Magazine ads of apparel, cosmetics and accessories were collected from France, Japan, Korea and the US in 1999-2000. Cultural characteristics of the fashion ads were evaluated and compared in terms of country, product type and product involvement. Also ten consumption appeals were examined for county and product type. ANOVA, Duncan test and $X^2$ test were applied to analyze data. The results were shown as follows: First, all the cultural characteristics such as individualism-collectivism, power distance, and femininity-masculinity were different among countries. Second, two product appeals were significantly different among countries. Hedonic appeals were dominant fur France and the US while those were not for Korea and Japan. Third, product involvement level had significant impact on power distance characteristic and product appeals. Ads of high involvement fashion goods showed larger power distance and more emotional appeals. In conclusion, global fashion ads should be differentiated in terms of some cultural characteristics and product appeals.

A Study on the and Its Related Variables Social Distance of Adolescent of Multicultural Family in Rural Areas (농촌 다문화가정 청소년의 사회적 거리감과 관련 변인)

  • Jeong, Jin-Hwan;Lee, Chang-Seek
    • Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
    • /
    • v.18 no.1
    • /
    • pp.73-99
    • /
    • 2011
  • As multicultural family gradually increased, our society is changing towards multicultural society. This study tried to identify the factors related with social distance of adolescent of multicultural family. The participants were 568 middle school students living in S city, D and H county in Chungnam province. Data for the study were analyzed by frequency, mean comparison, correlation and regression analysis. The study results were summarized as follows. First, there were significant differences in social distance according to gender, school record, and place of residence. Second, there were significant differences in social distance according to degree of intimacy between general adolescents. Third, as a result of correlation analysis, the lower self-esteem was, the lower value orientation was, the lower cultural diversity was; the higher social distance is. Accordingly, social distance for adolescents had negative correlations with self-esteem, value orientation, and cultural diversity. Fourth, variables affecting social distance were gender, school record, family composition, place of residence, friend from multicultural family, intention to be a friend, experience of overseas travel, self-esteem, value orientation, cultural diversity. Among them, intention to be a friend was a main predictor.

Effect of Home-Host Country Psychic Distance (HHCPD) Perception of Chinese Tourists on Tourism Shopping Motivation and Fashion Brand Attitudes in Korea

  • Cui, Yu Hua;Choo, Ho Jung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
    • /
    • v.42 no.1
    • /
    • pp.104-120
    • /
    • 2018
  • The contribution of foreign tourist consumption on national economies is becoming increasingly important for many countries. This study examines the relationship of home-host country psychic distance (HHCPD), tourism shopping motivation and attitudes towards local and global fashion brands in host countries. Survey data from a sample of 500 Chinese tourists were collected at an international airport in Korea. The results reveal that all three key factors of HHCPD (economic, geographic and cultural distance) positively affect social shopping motivation. Moreover, only economic distance has a positive effect on commodity shopping motivation, while both cultural and economic distance positively influence souvenir shopping motivation. All three factors of tourism shopping motivation positively affect local fashion brand attitudes, while only commodity shopping motivation positively affects consumer attitudes towards global fashion brands. Thus, fashion marketers should trigger the shopping motivation of foreign tourists by maximising the psychic distance from their home in order to satisfy fashion-seeking tourists.

The Influencing Factors associated Cultural Awareness of Immigrants for Marriage, Foreign Workers in Korean Nursing Students (간호대학생의 결혼이민자 및 외국인노동자에 대한 문화적 인식 영향요인)

  • Kim, Kyung Sook;Yu, Mi
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
    • /
    • v.24 no.5
    • /
    • pp.531-539
    • /
    • 2012
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the influencing factors associated to students nurses' cultural awareness toward immigrants for marriage and foreign workers. Methods: The participants were 107 nursing students in C city in Chungnam province. The data were collected with structured questionnaire. Collected data were analyzed using t-test, ANOVA, correlation analysis, and stepwise multiple regression. Results: The mean score of cultural awareness was 3.67. The degree of cultural awareness was different according to educational experience related multiculture and age. The variables predicting cultural awareness were social distance of foreign workers, emotions of immigrants for marriage and age. These factors accounted for 26% of the variance of cultural awareness in nursing students. Conclusion: The results indicate education related multiculture should be provided to nursing students to reduce the social distance between students and foreign workers and enhance positive emotions for immigrants.

An Exploratory Study on Success Model for Smart-Phone Game Applications According to Users' Cultural Difference: Focusing on Uncertainty Avoidance and Power Distance (스마트폰 게임 애플리케이션 환경에서 불확실성 회피성향과 권력거리 문화적 성향에 따른 품질 결정 요인에 대한 연구)

  • Choi, Hun;Choi, YooJung
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
    • /
    • v.13 no.2
    • /
    • pp.62-70
    • /
    • 2013
  • This study proposes smart-phone game applications success model based on mobile internet success model and investigates the effects of cultural propensities especially, uncertainty avoidance and power distance at the individual level. To achieve our research purposes, the study conducted survey in Korea and a total of 221 people participated in the survey. We classified user types by cultural difference as a moderating variable. User's cultural propensity classified two groups: high uncertainty avoidance and high power distance, low uncertainty avoidance and low power distance. This study results reveal that the impact of quality factors on user satisfaction have difference according to cultural propensities.

A Cross-Cultural Study on the Clothing Value - Focusing on Korea and the United States - (한국과 미국 여대생의 문화에 따른 의복가치관의 비교 연구)

  • Im, Sung-Kyung;Han, Myung-Sook
    • The Research Journal of the Costume Culture
    • /
    • v.16 no.4
    • /
    • pp.619-633
    • /
    • 2008
  • This study is to compare cultural characteristics and the clothing value between Korean and American college women. Also this study is to analyze the culture effect on the clothing value. The cultural characteristics is explained by Hofstede's five Cultural Dimensions- power distance, individualism, masculinity, uncertainty avoidance and long-term orientation. 800 questionnaires, were utilized for this study. The SPSS 12.0 was used to analyze the technical statistics like average and frequency, 1-test, $x^2$, factor analysis and multiple regression analysis. Also the LISREL 8.0 was used to Perform a confirmatory factor analysis. The result showed, first, there were 5 major cultural differences between Korean and American college women. Comparatively, Korean college women showed higher uncertainty avoidance and long-term orientation, and lower power distance, individualism and masculinity. Second, there were differences in the clothing value aspect. Korean college women considered the aesthetic clothing value to be most important, however, American college women considered the economic clothing value to be most important. Third, there were some differences in the clothing value because of the cultural differences. For Korean college women, there were 5 major cultural differences that had an effect on the aesthetic, social, religious and economic clothing values, however, for America college women, the 5 major cultural differences had an effect on the aesthetic, social, and religious values but no effect on the economic value.

  • PDF

Emotional Intelligence across Cultures: The Relationship between Emotional Intelligence and Cultural Distance (문화와 정서지능 : 정서지능과 문화적 거리의 관계를 중심으로)

  • Moon, Tae-Won
    • Management & Information Systems Review
    • /
    • v.29 no.2
    • /
    • pp.119-151
    • /
    • 2010
  • This study focuses on the workplaces of two distinct nations, the United States and Korea, to ascertain the impact of culture on emotional intelligence (EI). This paper examines if EI is dependant on culture by finding significant variances of emotional responses under a given situation. The results suggest that EI is significantly impacted by national culture. In addition, this study investigates the relationship between cultural distance and EI by using the secondary data of 19,402 participants across 13 nations. The results demonstrate that only power distance among Hofstede's dimensions has significant effect on EI.

  • PDF