• Title, Summary, Keyword: Cultural Competence

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Effects of Critical Thinking Disposition and Empathy on Cultural Competency in Dental Hygiene Students

  • Hwang, Ji-Min;Han, Ji-Hyoung
    • Journal of dental hygiene science
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.24-31
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    • 2018
  • This study investigated the effects of critical thinking and empathy on the cultural competence of dental hygienists and students. A total of 529 dental hygiene students were randomly sampled and included as subjects. PASW Statistics for Windows ver. 18.0 was used to obtain the following results. Among the critical thinking sub-domains, cognitive integration was the highest and the lowest. Empathic ability had the highest acceptance factor among the sub-domains. Cultural competence was the highest among the sub-domains, while cultural knowledge was the lowest. According to their general characteristics, subject age, grade, religion, and economic level influenced the cultural capacity. Cultural awareness and sensitivity were high when there were foreign visiting experiences. Cultural awareness, sensitivity, skills, and knowledge were high when subjects had experienced multicultural education (p<0.05). Cultural awareness, sensitivity, skill, experience, and knowledge were correlated with critical thinking and cultural competence, among which cultural sensitivity showed the highest correlation (p<0.001). There was a correlation between cultural awareness and sensitivity, skill, and experience among the empathy and cultural competency sub-domains (p<0.001). The factors influencing cultural awareness included intellectual integration, openness, prudence, and perspective-taking (p<0.001). The factors influencing cultural sensitivity included intellectual integration, openness, and empathic concern (p<0.001). The factors influencing cultural skill included intellectual integration, creativity, and conductivity (p<0.001). The factors influencing cultural experience included prudence, objectivity, perspective-taking, and personal distress (p<0.001). Finally, the factors influencing cultural knowledge included creativity and conductivity (p<0.001). The results indicate that dental hygiene students should be equipped with cultural competence to enhance critical thinking and empathy required by the modern society and optimized dental hygiene courses should be provided for multicultural subjects.

Development of the Cultural Competence Scale for Registered Nurses (CCS-RN) (간호사의 문화간호역량 측정도구의 개발)

  • Kim, Kyung Won;Kim, Sun-Hee;Kim, Young Hee;Kim, Hyun Kyoung;Park, Hae Sook;Lee, Sun Hee;Jeong, Geum Hee
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.281-294
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: This study is to develop the Cultural Competence Scale for Registered Nurses (CCS-RN) and to examine its validity and reliability. Methods: The item pool was generated based on related scales, a wide review of the literature, and in-depth interviews with nurses according to Purnell's cultural competence model. Content validity was verified by nursing experts. Construct validity using exploratory factor analysis, convergent validity using correlation coefficients, discriminant validity, internal consistency reliability, and test-retest reliability were examined. Results: The CCS-RN consists of a 35-item/7-factor solution with 54.1% of the total variance explained. The convergent validity of CCS-RN was supported. Cronbach's ${\alpha}$ was .94 for the total scale and ranged from .77 to .90 for the seven factors. Test-retest reliability was moderate. Conclusion: The evaluation of the psychometric properties of the CCS-RN shows that this scale is expected to be a valid and reliable measure of cultural competence among nurses. This scale may be useful for assessing nurses' own cultural competence and thus contribute to strengthening cultural competence.

Level of Cultural Competence (CC) and Educational Needs for Cultural Competence in Nursing (CCN) in Undergraduate Nursing Students (간호대학생의 문화적 역량과 문화간호역량 교육요구 분석)

  • Lee, Nae Young;Eo, Yong Sook;Lee, Ji Won
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.16-27
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: This study evaluates the level of cultural competence (CC) and educational needs for cultural competence in nursing (CCN) in undergraduate nursing students. Methods: A self-report instrument was used to measure CC and educational needs for CCN. Questionnaires were completed by 330 nursing students in three nursing colleges. Descriptive statistics, a t-test, an ANOVA, Pearson correlation analyses, and multiple regression were used to analyze the data. Results: The mean CC score was 2.99 and the mean CCN educational needs score was 7.1. CC positively correlated with educational needs for CCN. The regression model explained 36% of the variance in CC. Factors affecting CC were school grades, multicultural education experience, frequency of meeting foreigners, length of encounters with foreigners, foreign-language fluency, and degree of interest in multicultural nursing. Conclusion: To strengthen the CC of students, nursing educators should develop an educational program for CCN and incorporate CCN into nursing school curricula.

Effects of a Multicultural Education Program on the Cultural Competence, Empathy and Self-efficacy of Nursing Students (다문화 교육프로그램이 간호대학생의 문화적 역량, 공감 능력, 자기효능감에 미치는 효과)

  • Peek, Eun-Hee;Park, Chai-Soon
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.43 no.5
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    • pp.690-696
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: This study was done to examine the effects of a multicultural education program on nursing students' cultural competence, empathy, and self-efficacy. Methods: In this quasi-experimental study, the participants were assigned to an experimental group (n=40) or a control group (n=40). The data were analyzed using independent t-test, Chi-square or Fisher's exact test, and paired t-test with the SPSS windows 18.0 program. Results: After receiving the multicultural education program, the levels of cultural competence and self-efficacy in the experimental group were higher than in the control group. The level of empathy increased slightly in the experimental group while it decreased in the control group. Conclusion: The results of this study indicate that multicultural education is effective in raising the level of cultural competence and self-efficacy in nursing students. Thus, there is a need for continuous effort to integrate multicultural education programs in the nursing curriculum. Repeated study to test effects of these multicultural education programs should be also necessary.

Development of Cultural Competence Scale for Prospective Social Workers (예비 사회복지사의 문화적 유능감을 측정하는 척도 개발에 관한 연구)

  • Jung, Sunyoung
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.65 no.2
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    • pp.29-51
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    • 2013
  • This study aims to develop and validate Cultural Competence Scale for prospective social workers. The scale adopted three constructs of cultural competence, which include multicultural awareness, knowledge, and skills. It was made up with concrete episodes based on which respondents rate sets of competing statements relating to multicultural awareness, knowledge, and skills. The score of each item was calculated by subtracting each score of non-cultural awareness, knowledge, and skills from the corresponding score of cultural awareness, knowledge, and skills when cultural statements got higher scores than did non-cultural statements. Each score was summed up to make a total cultural competence score. Through preliminary and main test, 16 episodes and corresponding sets of statements were selected for the final version. The final scale showed satisfactory levels of reliability and validity. Based on the results, implications for the application and the further improvement of this scale were discussed.

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The Effect of the Cultural Competence in Multicultural Nursing Education by Action Learning (액션러닝 기반의 다문화 간호교육이 문화적 역량 증진에 미치는 효과)

  • Kim, Yeon-Soon;Kim, Jin-Young
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.15 no.11
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    • pp.6527-6535
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    • 2014
  • This research aims is to confirm the effects of cultural competence of an action learning based teaching method in multicultural nursing education. Cultural competence was composed of cultural knowledge, cultural awareness and cultural acceptance. A total of 118 college students were enrolled in this study. Both before and after learning, the students were guided to fill out a questionnaire regarding culture competence. The students from each group studied multicultural nursing by different teaching types: the Traditional Lecture-based Teaching method (TLT) and Action Learning based Teaching method (ALT). Data analysis was carried out by SPSS 21.0. A pre-post comparison within the group was performed using a paired t-test and the comparison between groups was performed using ANCOVA. The results showed that there was a significant difference in the culture competence in both teaching methods. In addition, ALT showed higher cultural acceptance results than TLT; however, there was no difference in cultural knowledge and cultural awareness between the two groups Therefore, ALT should be considered as a teaching method to enhance cultural competence in multicultural nursing education for Nursing students. Further studies on instructional design according to the task types, nursing performance, and the validity of ALT will be needed.

Development of Educational Program for Cultural Competence in Nursing for Nursing Students and its Effects (간호대학생을 위한 문화간호역량 교육 프로그램의 개발 및 효과)

  • Kim, Sun-Hee
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.580-593
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to develop and implement an educational program for cultural competence in nursing for nursing students, and to evaluate its effects on transcultural self-efficacy, intercultural communication competence, and state anxiety. Methods: A nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design was used with an experimental group (n=22) and a control group (n=27). Outcome variables were measured by transcultural self-efficacy, intercultural communication competence, and state anxiety before and after the program. The experimental group participated in an educational course for cultural competence in nursing for 14 weeks while the control group did not participate in any course. Chi-square test, Fisher's exact probability test, t-test, MANCOVA, and ANCOVA were performed to analyze the data. Results: The experimental group showed significantly higher posttest scores in the transcultural self-efficacy score (F=19.76, p<.001, partial ${\eta}^2=.34$, observed power .99) and the intercultural communication competence score (F=17.56, p<.001, partial ${\eta}^2=.32$, observed power .98) than that of the control group. The experimental group showed a significantly lower state anxiety score (F=5.30, p=.027, partial ${\eta}^2=.12$, observed power .61) than that of the control group. Conclusions: This educational program was effective on nursing students' cultural competence. Therefore, it is suggested that this program be used for other nursing students. It is also necessary to evaluate its effects after a longer period.

Effects of Multicultural Awareness and Cultural Empathy on Cultural Competency in Nursing Students (간호대학생의 다문화 인식과 문화적 공감이 문화적 역량에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Kyoung-Ha
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.21 no.8
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    • pp.241-247
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    • 2020
  • This study was a descriptive research that attempted to provide the basis for improving cultural competence by identifying the effect of multicultural awareness and cultural empathy on the cultural competence of nursing students. The subjects were nursing students from grades 1 to 4 who were enrolled in two nursing colleges in Gwangju and Chonnam. The data were collected from September to December 2018. The 201 data collected were analyzed by descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and multiple regression analysis with SPSS 25.0 for windows. Multicultural awareness(r=.451, p<.01) and cultural empathy(r=.582, p<.01) had high positive correlations with cultural competence. The factors that affected the cultural competence were cultural empathy(β=.422, p<.001) and multicultural awareness(β=.222, p<.001) order. The explanatory power of these factors was 40.5%. These findings suggest that in order to promote the cultural competence of nursing students, strategies to promote multicultural awareness and cultural empathy should be developed, and these strategies should focus more on cultural empathy than on multicultural awareness.

Reliability and Validity of a Korean Version of the Cultural Awareness Scale (K-CAS)

  • Choi, Heeseung;Suh, Eunyoung E.;Park, Chang;Park, Jisun;Fernandez, Eric
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.472-479
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    • 2015
  • Few instruments are available to measure nurses' perceptions of cultural competence in South Korea. Furthermore, the equivalence of factors between original and translated instruments has not been evaluated. The specific aims of this study were to identify the validity and reliability of a Korean version of the Cultural Awareness Scale (K-CAS) and to evaluate the equivalence of factors between the original CAS and the K-CAS. A total of 515 nursing students completed the 26-item K-CAS, 28-item Caffrey Cultural Competence in Healthcare Scale (CCCHS), and eight-item Openness to Diversity and Challenge Scale (ODCS). The K-CAS exhibited good reliability (${\alpha}=.83$) and construct validity by correlating with the CCCHS (r=.344, p<.001) and ODCS (r=.394, p<.001). Confirmatory factor analysis results of the K-CAS confirmed the same factor structure as the original CAS. The K-CAS could be a useful tool to assess the concept of cultural competence among nursing students and nurses.

A Study on the Cultural Competence of the Staff in Saeil Center (새일센터 실무자들의 문화적 역량에 관한 연구)

  • Sung, Hyang-Sook
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.481-491
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the nature of the cultural competence of the staff in Saeil Center, which supports the self-reliance of immigrant women by marriage, and to find ways to improve their cultural competence. The assumption is that the higher cultural competence of the staff enhances the quality of their job training for immigrant women by marriage. I conducted the study from June to September, 2017, and in-depth interviewed the staffs from seven Saeil Centers across the country, who had been involved in the job training for immigrant women by marriage for at least three years. The interview data elicited 60 meaningful statements, 27 themes, and 11 thematic units, and I discussed, based on the findings, 1) the low level of contemplation of the staffs on the issues related to immigrant women 2) their limitations of friendly communication and altruistic stance 3) their own conscience of main stream and 4) insufficient cultural competence of the staffs as well as in terms of the organizational operation. Finally, I suggested the necessity of educational programs, and also emphasized the importance of developing multiculturalism in the centers.