• Title, Summary, Keyword: Cultural Competence

Search Result 155, Processing Time 0.032 seconds

The Influence of Self Esteem, Interpersonal Relations and Intercultural Communicative Competence on Cultural Competence of Nursing Students (간호 대학생의 자아존중감, 대인관계, 문화간 의사소통능력이 문화적 역량에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Dong-Young;Jung, Kyung-Hwa
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
    • /
    • v.14 no.11
    • /
    • pp.337-346
    • /
    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study was to examine self esteem, interpersonal relations, and intercultural communicative competence on the cultural competence in nursing students. The design of this research was descriptive cross-sectional study. Regression analysis was the statistical method used for data analysis. There were significant positive correlations for self esteem, interpersonal relations, intercultural communicative competence and cultural competence in nursing students. Regression analysis showed that 18.2% of the variance for Cultural Competence was significantly accounted for Self Esteem, Interpersonal Relations and Intercultural Communicative Competence. The study's finding suggest the need for a cultural competency education programs designed to the appropriate grade level of nursing students. The finding's also suggest that education programs are necessary so that a nursing students can enhance there self-esteem, interpersonal relationships, and intercultural communicative competence.

Relationship Between Self-Reflection, Critical Thinking Disposition, Muti Cultural Experience and Cultural Competence in nursing students (간호대학생의 자아성찰, 비판적 사고성향 및 다문화 경험과 문화적 역량과의 관계)

  • Pak, So-Young
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
    • /
    • v.14 no.12
    • /
    • pp.345-355
    • /
    • 2016
  • As Korea has been rapidly transformed to be a multi cultural society, it becomes essential for nursing provider to develop cultural competency. The purpose of this study was to identify impact of self-reflection, critical thinking disposition and multi cultural experience on nursing student's cultural competence. A convenience sample of 148 nursing students was obtained from a university in Gyeonggi Province. Data was analyzed using Pearson correlation and multiple regression. Significant relationships were found between self-reflection, critical thinking disposition, multi cultural experience and cultural competence in nursing student. The result of multiple regression indicates that critical thinking disposition (${\beta}=0.27$, p=.005), self-reflection (${\beta}=0.21$, p=.040) were the most consistent predictors of cultural competence and explained 26.0%. Thus, it is necessary to develop multi cultural education program including self-reflection and critical thinking disposition. The findings suggest the necessity to explore further various factors affecting the cultural competence and to conduct research for establishment a theoretical model.

Predictors of Multi Cultural Competence of Secondary School Students (중·고등학생의 다문화 역량에 영향을 미치는 요인 연구)

  • Park, Keun-Soo;Shin, Hee-Jung
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
    • /
    • v.12 no.10
    • /
    • pp.307-319
    • /
    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study was to find whether national identity, value orientation, cultural sensitivity influence Multi cultural competence of secondary school students. The significant result out of this research was that Multi cultural competence were different by its concerned variables. The results of hierarchical regression analysis reveal that changes to each of the models were checked by introducing a new group of variables in each stage. Then the influences of the concerned variables including national identity, value orientation, and cultural sensitivity on multi cultural competence were tested through the influence and significance of the variables and the changing explanatory power of the entire models.

A Study on the Antecedent Factors Affecting Helping Professions' Cultural Competence - Focusing on Social Workers, Teachers, Nurses, and Social Work Civil Servants - (원조전문직의 문화적 역량 선행요인에 관한 연구 - 사회복지사, 교사, 간호사, 사회복지공무원을 중심으로 -)

  • Choi, So-Yun
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
    • /
    • v.64 no.2
    • /
    • pp.5-29
    • /
    • 2012
  • This study examines the present conditions and antecedent factors affecting helping professions' cultural competence, focusing on such groups as social workers, teachers, nurses, and social work civil servants. The analysis of data shows that teachers' cultural competence is the highest, social workers, social work civil servants, and nurses are descending order. The study also found significant antecedent factors: (1)individual antecedent factors are age, education, and foreign language skill; (2)work-related antecedent factors are multicultural working hours and working duration; (3)organizational antecedent factors are education/training and organizational support. Finally, the study suggests policy directions and practical implications for enhancing cultural competence.

  • PDF

A Study on the Relationship of Cultural Competence, Self Efficacy and Job Stress in Nurses Caring for Hospitalized Foreign Patients (외국인 환자 입원병동 간호사의 문화적 역량, 자기효능감, 직무 스트레스 간의 상관관계)

  • Ko, Mi Suk;Choi, Eun Hee;Choi, Kyung Ok
    • Journal of Korean Clinical Nursing Research
    • /
    • v.22 no.1
    • /
    • pp.68-77
    • /
    • 2016
  • Purpose: The present study was done to identify the relationship of cultural competence, self efficacy and job stress of nurses working on wards for foreign patients. Methods: The participants were 133 clinical nurses who agreed to participate in the study and were working on wards for foreign patients in three general hospitals in Seoul. A structured questionnaire that covered the three tested constructs was conducted between Dec. 15, 2014 and Jan. 15, 2015. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, one-way ANOVA, and Pearson correlation coefficients with SPSS/WIN 21.0 program. Results: Cultural competence was found to have a significant positive correlation with self efficacy (r=.464, p<.001) and self efficacy had a significant negative correlation with job stress (r=-.397, p<.001). Conclusion: The findings of the study suggest that programs designed to nourish cultural sensitivity and cultural skills need to be developed in order to promote cultural competence. The results also suggest that in these programs to improve self efficacy and reduce job stress should be considered.

The Effectiveness of a Cultural Competence Training Program for Public Health Nurses using Intervention Mapping

  • Kim, Yune Kyong;Lee, Hyeonkyeong
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
    • /
    • v.27 no.4
    • /
    • pp.410-422
    • /
    • 2016
  • Purpose: This study evaluated the effects of a cultural competence training program for public health nurses (PHNs) using intervention mapping. Methods: An embedded mixed method design was used. Forty-one PHNs (experimental: 21, control: 20) and forty marriage migrant women (MMW) (20, in each group) who were provided nursing care by PHN participated in the study. The experimental group was provided with a four-week cultural competence program consisting of an eight hour offline and online course, e-mail newsletters and social networking services (BAND). Transcultural Self-efficacy (TSE) of the PHNs, client-nurse trust, and satisfaction with nursing care of MMW were measured. Ten PHNs in the experimental group were interviewed after the experimental study. Results: The experimental group showed a significantly greater improvement in TSE, client-nurse trust, and satisfaction with nursing care than did the control group. Six themes emerged from qualitative data: (a) Recognizing cultural differences, (b) Being interested in the multicultural policy, (c) Trying to communicate in MMW's own language, (d) Providing medical information using internet and smart phone, (e) Embracing culturally diverse people into society, and (f) Requiring ongoing cultural competence training. Conclusion: Cultural competence training enabled PHNs to provide culturally competent care and contribute to MMW's health outcomes.

Influence of Cultural Competence on Nursing Professionalism of Nursing Students (간호대학생의 문화적 역량이 간호전문직관에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Mijeong;Yoo, Hana
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
    • /
    • v.25 no.1
    • /
    • pp.38-47
    • /
    • 2019
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of cultural competence on nursing professionalism among nursing students in South Korea. Methods: A sample of 218 nursing students in three universities answered a self-report questionnaire. Descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Mann-Whitney U-test, Kruskal-Wallis test, Pearson's correlation analyses, and hierarchical multiple regression were used to analyze the data. Results: There were significant differences in cultural competence depending on the use of foreign language, having foreign friends, frequency of interaction with foreigners, multi-cultural education experiences, and level of demand for multicultural education. There were significant differences in nursing professionalism depending on grade level, satisfaction with major choice, college life satisfaction, and foreign language learning experience. There was a significant positive correlation between cultural competence and nursing professionalism. Lastly, significant predictors of nursing professionalism included satisfaction with major choice (${\beta}=.22$, p=.004), cultural awareness (${\beta}=.22$, p=.007) and cultural experience (${\beta}=.17$, p=.026). The regression model explained 20.2% of nursing professionalism. Conclusion: In order to establish desirable nursing professionalism, strategies for enhancing cultural awareness and cultural experiences in nursing education courses are needed both inside and outside the curriculum.

Designing Cultural Syllabus and Lesson Plan Based on Developmental Stages of Acculturation of Intercultural Communicative Competence

  • Jang, Eun-Suk
    • English Language & Literature Teaching
    • /
    • v.17 no.1
    • /
    • pp.37-52
    • /
    • 2011
  • The purposes of this study were to review developmental stages of acculturation, to establish dimensions and components of intercultural communicative competence, and to suggest teaching methods in the elementary school based on the dimensions and the components of the stages. In order to achieve these purposes, theoretical research on the nature of intercultural communicative competence and teaching methods of intercultural dimensions and components was carried out in terms of developmental stages of acculturation. The stages of acculturation have relation to cognitive domain, affective domain, and cultural awareness. In the domain of cognitive development, the models such as Cummins (1981), Wong-Fillmore (1983), and Ausubel (1968) were presented. In the affective domain of second language research, the models of Gardener and Lambert (1972), Maslow (1954), and Bloom (1974) were argued. Modifying the models of Ausubel, Cummins, Wong-Fillmore, the dimensions and components of intercultural communicative competence were established. In addition, it was suggested that cultural syllabus and lesson plan based on tourist and survivor stage should be considered.

  • PDF

The Effect of a Teaching Model for Improving Undergraduate Nursing Students' Cultural Competency (간호대학생의 문화역량 강화를 위한 교수학습모형의 효과)

  • Choi, Kyung Sook;Lee, Woo Sook;Park, Yeon Suk;Jun, Myunghee;Lee, So Young;Park, Yeonwoo;Park, Soo Young;Bev, Zabler
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
    • /
    • v.24 no.1
    • /
    • pp.100-109
    • /
    • 2018
  • Purpose: This study evaluated the effect of a teaching model to improve cultural competency (TMCC) for Korean undergraduate nursing students. Methods: A nonequivalent control group pretest/posttest quasi-experimental study was conducted with a convenience sample of 168 undergraduate nursing students in South Korea. The experimental group of 121 seniors was taught a 13-week teaching model in order to improve cultural competence. A control group with 47 junior students underwent nursing major courses, but did not take this teaching model. Before and after the program, students' level of cultural competency was measured using the Questionnaire for Cultural Competence (QCC) consisting of three sub-scales: "awareness and desire," "encounter," and "nursing skill and knowledge." Results: After the experiment, the experimental group showed significantly higher improvement in the Questionnaire for Cultural Competence in the three sub-scales of "awareness and desire," "encounter," and "nursing skill and knowledge" than the control group (p=<.050). Conclusion: A teaching model to improve cultural competence was effective in improving Korean undergraduate nursing students' cultural competency. Further studies need to be repeated in order to identify the effectiveness of the teaching model to improve cultural competency with graduate or clinical nurses.

Cultural Knowledge, Empathy and Cultural Sensitivity of University Students Majoring in Health And Welfare (보건의료 및 복지 전공 대학생의 다문화 지식, 공감, 문화적 민감성에 관한 연구)

  • Oh, Won-Oak;Jung, Woo-Sik;Kang, Hyung-Gon;Kim, Eun-Hye;Suk, Min-Hyun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of School Health
    • /
    • v.23 no.2
    • /
    • pp.192-199
    • /
    • 2010
  • Purpose: Multi-cultural families are increasing highly in Korea. Health care professionals and students majoring in health and welfare need to develop their cultural competence for quality of life from multi-cultural families. This study was to be conducted by examining the level of culture knowledge, empathy, and cultural sensitivity of university students majoring in health and welfare. Methods: Convenience sampling method was used and 408 students from 3 universities were evaluated for final analysis. Data collection was conducted through the use of questionnaires. Results: The score of cultural knowledge of students was very low. Empathy and cultural sensitivity showed middle range. There was a significant correlation between cultural knowledge and empathy, empathy and cultural sensitivity. However, there was no significant correlations between cultural knowledge and cultural sensitivity. Conclusion: An understanding of multi-cultural enables health and welfare providers to specialize service in cross- cultural situations of multi-cultural families in Korea. Ways to improve cultural competence for students majoring in health care and welfare is needed.