• Title, Summary, Keyword: Cultural Competence

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The Influence of Empathy and Communicative Competence on Cultural Competence in Nursing Students (간호대학생의 공감능력과 의사소통능력이 문화적 역량에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Jiyoung
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.20 no.5
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    • pp.367-374
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship between empathy, communicative competence, and cultural competence among nursing students and investigate the factors influencing cultural competence. The subjects of the study consisted of 173 nursing students. Data were analyzed based on Pearson's correlations, and multiple regressions using the SPSS 18.0 program. The mean value of cultural competence was 3.44, showing significant positive correlations with empathy(r=.450, p<.001) and communicative competence(r=.579, p<.001) in nursing students. Empathy, communicative competence and foreign language skill accounted for 37.1% of the total variance in cultural competence among nursing students. Overall cultural competence can be improved by empathy, communicative competence enhancement program.

The Study on Relationship between Cultural Competency and Empathy of Nursing Students (간호대학생의 공감 능력과 문화적 역량과의 관계)

  • Yang, Sun Yi;Lim, Hyo Nam;Lee, Ju Hee
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.183-193
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study aimed to describe the empathy and cultural competence and to find the relationship between the empathy and cultural competence in Korean nursing students. Methods: A total of 276 nursing students participated in this study. Data collection was conducted through the use of questionnaires which were constructed to include an Interpersonal Reaction Index, the Caffrey Cultural Competence in Healthcare scale, and Cultural Competence Assessment. Results: Empathy and cultural competency of participants in this study were shown to have moderate levels (Empathy: M=3.5, SD=0.41; Cultural competency: M=2.7, SD=0.42). And the nursing students who exhibited more frequent interaction with foreigners and willing to have multicultural education were found to have significantly higher empathy and cultural competence. There was a significant positive correlation between empathy and cultural competency(r=.189, p<.001). Conclusion: The findings suggest that nursing students need to enhance empathy and cultural competence.

Research on Core Competence of Cultural Industry in Korea

  • Li, Yu;Li, Hao
    • The Journal of Business Economics and Environmental Studies
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.17-20
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    • 2017
  • Purpose - This paper will go deep into the analysis of Korean Cultural industry development, and the result of the analysis shows that the cultural value of cultural product, competitive product lines and mature Market Mechanism are core competences of Korean Cultural industry. Research design, data, and methodology - This is a case study in the era of knowledge based economy, Cultural industry has become a new increasing point of economic development. Cultural industry, commonly regarded as an industry with high-ended value, is occupying more important role in economic development and social welfare promotion process. Results - Moreover the increasingly important role of cultural industry will hopefully help to promote industrial upgrading process and finally become a driving force for economic growth and technological innovation. During the process of cultural development, improving core competence of Cultural industry is a key consideration to help the development of Cultural industry in a positive way. Conclusions - From the study above, we find that in order to ensure sustainable development of Cultural industry, emphasis should be put on finding and improving core competence. Core competence of Korean Cultural industry is important and inspiring to the development of Chinese Cultural industry and regional integration in the East Asian area.

Marital Conflicts and Expectations to Family Counselors' Cultural Competence Among Immigrated Women Focusing on Typology of Cultural Adaptation (문화적응 유형화를 중심으로한 국제결혼이주여성의 부부갈등과 가족상담자의 문화적 역량에 대한 기대)

  • Lee, Ah-Jin;Choi, Youn-Shil
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.71-90
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    • 2011
  • The aim of this study was to investigate on characteristics of sociological and demographic population, marital conflicts and expectations to family counselors' cultural competence surrounding factors of cultural adaptation among immigrated women. This study conducted a survey of 236 immigrated women in Kyonggi province, Seoul metropolitan cities, Cholla and Chunchung provinces and Incheon. The results of this study are as follows: First, a relatively few marital conflicts were found, as a whole, while they had the high levels of expectation to family counselors' cultural competence. Second, immigrated women can be clustered as three different types: 'multiplicity type', 'undifferentiated type' and 'adaptation type'. Third, sociological and demographic population characteristics which were subdivided and clustered according to cultural adaptation made the significant difference between each population. Population with multiplicity type out of the above-stated three types accounted for the highest conflict rates, while population with 'adaptation' type accounted for the lowest conflict rates. Lastly, expectations to family counselors' cultural competence made the significant difference among each population. Population with multiplicity type showed the highest expectation levels on expectations to family counselors' cultural competence, while population with undifferentiated type showed the lowest levels.

The Study on Relationship between Characteristics of Cultural Exchanges, Self-efficacy, and Cultural Competency of Nursing Students (간호대학생의 문화적 교류 특성 및 자기 효능감과 문화적 역량의 관계)

  • Yang, Sun-Yi
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.14 no.7
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    • pp.334-345
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study aimed to find the relationship between characteristics of cultural exchanges, self-efficacy and cultural competence in Korean nursing students. Method: A total of 301 nursing students participated in this study. Data collection was conducted through the use of questionnaires which were constructed to include the General Self-efficacy Scale, the Caffery Cultural Competence Healthcare Scale(CCCHS), and the Cultural Competence Assessment(CCA). Result: Self-efficacy and cultural competency of participants in this study were shown to have moderate levels (Self-efficacy: M=3.0, SD=0.38; Cultural competency: M=2.8, SD=0.55). And the nursing students who have higher grade and foreign friends were found to have significantly higher self-efficacy and cultural competence. Moreover, there was a significant positive correlation between self-efficacy and cultural competency (r=.394, p .001). Conclusion: The findings suggest that nursing students need to enhance cultural exchanges and self-efficacy to reinforce cultural competence.

A Qualitative Study on University Students' Multicultural Competence - Focusing on the Cultural Cognition, Cultural Knowledge and Cultural Skill - (대학생의 다문화 역량에 관한 연구 - 문화적 인식, 지식, 기술을 중심으로 -)

  • Kim, Min-Kyeong
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.19 no.6
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    • pp.945-965
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    • 2010
  • The present study examined the cultural competence of university students on migrants and multicultural society in Korea. A total of 11 university students living in Seoul, Gyeonggido and Chungcheondo, were selected for the interview. The participants provided their cultural cognition, cultural knowledge and cultural skill on a variety of issues related to migrants and multicultural society in Korea. Interview results indicated that participants perceived negative and positive affects to Korean society and prejudice about immigrants, thaught economic support as a emergent policy, and didn't experience multicultural society. They wanted to take a trip and learning foreign language. On the cultural skill participants had progressive perspectives about immigrants' right, discrimination and evaluation and had a multiculturism based on assimilation. Implications of the study and directions for future research were discussed. It is needed to educations and programs for development of university students' cultural competence.

Factors Affecting Cultural Competence of Nurses Caring for Foreign Patients (외국인 환자 간호에 대한 간호사의 문화역량 영향요인)

  • Ahn, Jung-Won;Jang, Hye-Young
    • Health Policy and Management
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.49-57
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    • 2019
  • Background: The purpose of this study was to examine the cultural competence of nurses caring for foreign patients in general hospitals. Methods: The subjects are 308 nurses who work in general hospitals in Seoul and Gyeonggi-do. The data, collected using a structured questionnaire on cultural competence, coping strategy, multicultural experience, intercultural uncertainty, and intercultural anxiety, were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, analysis of variance, Pearson's correlation analysis, and hierarchical multiple regression. Results: Cultural competence was significantly associated with marital status, level of education, type of ward, and number of cared foreign patients. In hierarchical multiple regression analysis, the level of cultural competence was significantly associated with married, master degree qualified, high level of coping strategy and multicultural experience, and low level of cultural uncertainty. Conclusion: The findings revealed the need for educational programs which can contribute to lower the intercultural uncertainty and to enhance coping strategies dealing with foreign patients. In addition, individual and organization efforts to provide opportunities to expand nurses' multicultural experience will affect nurses' cultural competence development.

A Study on the Cultural Competence of Community Health Practitioners (일 지역 보건진료원의 문화적 역량)

  • Lee, Eun-Jee;Kim, Yune Kyong;Lee, Hyeonkyeong
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.179-188
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: This study aimed to describe the cultural competence among community health practitioners (CHPs). Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study design was used with a convenience sample of 257 CHPs. Data collection was conducted with a structured questionnaire, including Cultural Competence Assessment. Data were analyzed by t-test and ANOVA with the SPSS/WIN 17.0 program. Results: Most participants reported a moderate level of cultural competence (M=3.0,SD=0.41). Scores for culturally competent behaviors were high (M=3.4, SD=0.48) and cultural knowledge scores were low (M=2.6, SD=0.54). Those CHPs who were living with their family, were working in rural area, and had more opportunities to contact with multicultural patients and experience abroad showed significantly higher cultural competence. Conclusion: The findings support the need for future education and training to enhance CHPs' cultural competence.

Empathy and Cultural Competence of College Female Students Majoring in Aviation and Tourism Service (항공 및 관광서비스 전공 여대생의 공감능력, 문화적 역량에 관한 연구)

  • Joo, Kyung-Sook
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.10
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    • pp.163-174
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    • 2016
  • This study is intended to check the empathy and cultural competence of female college students majoring in aviation and tourism service. The number of study subjects was 274. And the descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Scheffe test, and pearson correlation coefficient of data was analyzed through SPSS 20.0. According to the results of study, an average mark of empathy was $3.72{\pm}0.35$, and an average mark of cultural competence was $3.48{\pm}0.47$. When the level of difference in empathy and cultural competence was examined according to the general characteristics, the level of empathy showed a significant difference in the purpose of visiting foreign countries and foreign language skills. And the level of cultural competence showed a significant difference in religion, foreign language skills, foreign friend, experience in international exchange, experience in cultural education abroad, a method of cultural education abroad, and a necessity for cultural education abroad. With regard to correlation, there was a positive correlation between empathy and cultural competence(r=.425, p<.001). And in case of sub-attribute, it was shown that the cognitive factor and emotional factor of empathy has a positive correlation with cultural competence. It was verified that an education plan making it possible to improve cultural competence is required by checking a mutual relationship between empathy and cultural competence through these study results.

Effects of a Cultural Competence Promotion Program for Multicultural Maternity Nursing Care: Case-based Small Group Learning (다문화 산모 간호를 위한 문화적 역량증진 프로그램의 효과: 사례기반 소그룹 학습방법 적용)

  • Park, Myung-Sook;Kweon, Young-Ran
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.43 no.5
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    • pp.626-635
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a cultural competence improvement program for maternity nurses. Methods: A quasi-experimental study using a non-equivalent control group pre and posttest design was used. Participants were 67 maternity nurses caring for multicultural pregnant women in G city. The cultural competence improvement program was developed based on the 3-D Puzzle Model and was provided using case-based small group learning methods for the experimental group (n=31). The control group (n=36) did not receive any intervention. Data were collected using self-report structured questionnaires at two time points: prior to the intervention and after the intervention and were analyzed with descriptive statistics, ${\chi}^2$-test, and t-test. Results: Compared to the control group, the experimental group reported significant positive changes for cultural knowledge (t=6.39, p<.001), cultural awareness (t=3.50, p<.001), and cultural acceptance (t=4.08, p<.001). However, change in cultural nursing behaviors (t=0.92, p=.067) was not significantly different between the two groups. Conclusion: Findings from this study indicate that a cultural competence improvement program with case-based small group learning is a useful intervention strategy to promote multicultural maternity care. Further, strategies to improve cultural nursing behavior should be developed to promote culturally congruent nursing care.