• Title, Summary, Keyword: Cultural Competence

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Factors Affecting Cultural Competence of Nursing Students

  • Park, Mi-Sook
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.24 no.5
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    • pp.113-120
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    • 2019
  • This study was conducted to identify the level of cultural empathy, self-esteem, and cultural competence and factors affecting cultural competence of nursing students. Participants were 157 nursing students who were 2nd, 3rd, and 4th grade in one university located at the Chungbuk provinces. Data collected using questionnaires which consisted of general characteristics, cultural empathy, self-esteem, and cultural competence. The mean score for cultural empathy was $3.63{\pm}.34$(scores ranged from 1 to 5), The mean score for self-esteem was $2.91{\pm}.42$(scores ranged from 1 to 4). The mean score for cultural competence was $3.31{\pm}.43$(scores ranged from 1 to 5). There were significant differences between cultural competence and age(t=-2.242, p=.027), grade(F=3.473, p=.033), and fluency of foreign language(F=5.053, p=.007). There were significant correlation between cultural competence and cultural empathy(r=.49, p<.001), and self-esteem(r=.33, p<.001)), and self-esteem and cultural empathy(r=.33, p<.001). Cultural empathy and self-esteem explained 29.4% of cultural competence and major predictor variable for cultural competence was cultural empathy. In this paper, we propose various multicultural education programs in curriculum and extra curriculum that can enhance cultural empathy and self-esteem to improve cultural competence of nursing students. Especially, continuous education of cultural knowledge among cultural competence will be done.

Healthcare Workers' Cultural Competence and Multi-Cultural Job Stress (의료종사자의 다문화 역량과 직무스트레스)

  • Kwon, Su A;Yang, Nam Young;Song, Min Sun;Kim, Nam Yi
    • Journal of Korean Academic Society of Home Health Care Nursing
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.206-215
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the level of cultural competence, intercultural communicative competence, and multi-cultural job stress among healthcare workers and to explore factors that are related to their cultural competence. Methods: The study subjects were 142 healthcare workers at a general hospital. Data were collected using a questionnaire on cultural competence, intercultural communicative competence, and multi-cultural job stress. A t-test, ANOVA Pearson's correlation coefficient, and multiple regression analysis were conducted using SPSS. Results: Cultural competence was significantly related to the necessity of multi-cultural education, and intercultural communicative competence was significantly related to age, a vocational career, communication in foreign languages, and having multi-cultural neighbors. Moreover, multi-cultural job stress was significantly related to religion. In multiple regression results, cultural competence was found to be related to intercultural communicative competence and multi-cultural job stress. Conclusion: Healthcare workers who are set to care for multi-cultural patients should improve intercultural communicative competence and reduce multi-cultural job stress.

Influence of Self-Efficacy and Intercultural Communicative Competence on the Cultural Competence of Allied Health College Students (보건의료계열 대학생의 자신감과 문화 간 의사소통능력이 문화적 역량에 미치는 영향)

  • Yang, Nam Young;Song, Min Sun
    • Journal of Korean Academic Society of Home Health Care Nursing
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.147-154
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: The study examined the effects of self-efficacy and intercultural communicative competence on the cultural competence of allied health college students. Methods: The participants were 176 allied health college students. Data collection was conducted from June 12 to 30, 2018. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and multiple linear regression analysis with the SPSS program. Results: The mean self-efficacy score was 3.52;, the mean intercultural communicative competence score was 3.24;, and the mean cultural competence score was 3.26. Cultural competence differed significantly by grade(p=.008), major(p<.001), overseas study exchange(p=.020), foreign language skill(p=.011), domestic multicultural friends (p=.002) and contact with people(p=.026) of general characteristics. Statistically significant positive relationships were observed between self-efficacy(r=.23), intercultural communicative competence(r=.58), and cultural competence. A total of 35.9% of cultural competence was explained by intercultural communicative competence and grade. Conclusion: These results can be used to develop cultural education programs to improve cultural competence, with consideration for intercultural communicative competence and grade levels.

A Concept Analysis of Cultural Nursing Competence (문화간호역량 개념 분석)

  • Jeong, Geum Hee;Park, Hye-Sook;Kim, Kyung Won;Kim, Young Hee;Lee, Sun Hee;Kim, Hyun-Kyoung
    • Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.86-95
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: The aim of this study was to conduct a concept analysis of cultural nursing competence. Methods: Cultural nursing competence was analyzed using Rodgers' evolutionary concept development method. A literature search using the keywords "cultural nursing competence", "intercultural nursing competence", "cultural nursing", "cultural health nursing", and "cultural competence" was conducted in PubMed, CINAHL, ERIC, and RISS on material published before 2015. Database and bibliographic searches yielded 35 records. Results: Cultural nursing competence comprised cognitive, affective, and behavioral domains. The critical attributes of the concept were sensitivity, equality, and activity. The analysis identified the following dimensions: awareness, openness, and coherence. The consequences of cultural nursing competence were personal satisfaction and social justice. The definition contained competence on both an individual and social level. Conclusion: Cultural competency enhances quality of care by narrowing health disparities and increasing client satisfaction. The concept analysis of cultural nursing competence may offer an acceptable framework which can be used to develop psychometric tools of this concept and provide guidelines in nursing practice.

A Study on the Relationship between Cultural Competence and Empathy of Nursing Students (일 간호대학생의 문화적 역량과 공감능력과의 관계)

  • Bae, Yeong Suk
    • Journal of East-West Nursing Research
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.52-60
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: This study investigated the relationship between cultural competence and empathy of nursing students who can provide appropriate health care to their patients in the future. Methods: All the participants (N=364) were nursing students and completed a survey of the Caffrey Cultural Competence in Health Scale (CCCHS), Cultural Competence Assessment (CCA), and Interpersonal Reactions Index (IRI). Results: The mean of cultural competence and empathy of participants were 2.8 and 3.7, respectively. The cultural competence score in male students was higher than the score of female students (p=.044). In addition, the cultural competence score of nursing students who had an experience with foreigners was higher than the score of students who had not (p=.017). However, the cultural competence score of nursing students who did not take a multicultural education was higher than the score of students who took it. The empathy score of female students was higher than the score of male students (p=.003). The empathy score of students who had a multicultural education was higher than the score of students who did not take it (p=.008). Conclusion: The findings suggest that nursing students need to enhance cultural competence and empathy.

Review of Self-Administered Instruments to Measure Cultural Competence of Nurses - Focused on IAPCC · CCA (간호사의 문화적 역량 측정도구에 대한 고찰 - IAPCC와 CCA를 중심으로)

  • Chae, Duck Hee;Kang, Kyeong Hwa
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.48-62
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: As Korean society has rapidly become multicultural in the last few decades, it is essential for nurses to become culturally competent to provide effective care for ethnically and culturally diverse populations. Considering the advantages of standardized instrument, there is a need to evaluate current cultural competence instruments to assess adaptability to Korean nurses. Methods: Using Macdowell's instrument evaluation guideline, a review and evaluation was done of the Inventory for Assessing the Process of Cultural Competence among Healthcare Professionals (IAPCC) and Cultural Competence Assessment (CCA), which were both developed based on cultural competence theoretical models and have been commonly used in nursing research. Two other Korean instruments were also evaluated. Results: The instruments reviewed have limitations in reliability and validity, as well as cultural background and development process, for measurement of cultural competence in Korean nurses. Conclusion: The results of this study indicate that it is necessary to discuss and agree on a definition of what cultural competence is and to develop instruments to measure cultural competence in Korean nurses.

Mediating and Moderating Effects of Multicultural Efficacy in the Relationship between Cultural Empathy and Cultural Competence in Child Care Teachers (보육교사의 문화적 공감과 문화적 역량에 대한 다문화 효능감의 매개효과와 조절효과)

  • Oh, Won-Oak;Park, Il Tae;Song, Minju
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.214-222
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: This study examined the mediating and moderating effects of multicultural efficacy in the relationship between cultural empathy and cultural competence in child care teachers. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive survey design was used. The participants were 277 child care teachers at private and public daycare centers in G and S districts of Seoul. The survey instruments included a cultural empathy questionnaire, a multicultural efficacy scale, and a cultural competence scale. Data were analyzed using the SPSS and AMOS programs. For data analysis, descriptive statistics, correlation, and mediating and moderating effect analyses were performed. Bootstrapping was implemented to verify the mediating effect of the model developed herein. Results: Positive correlations among cultural empathy, multicultural efficacy, and cultural competence were noted. Multicultural efficacy showed a significant mediating effect on the relationships between cultural empathy and cultural competence. However, there was no moderating effect. Conclusion: In order to enhance the cultural competence of child care teachers, it is necessary to develop a strategy that can promote their cultural empathy and multicultural efficacy. Furthermore, these results will ultimately enhance the role of child care teachers, thus contributing to the normal growth and development of multicultural children.

Cultural Competence, Health Promotion Behavior, and Quality of Life in Married Immigrant Women in Korea (결혼이주 여성의 문화적 역량, 건강증진 생활양식 및 삶의 질)

  • Chung, Myung Sill
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.36-45
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the correlation coefficient cultural competence, health promotion behavior, and quality of life of married immigrant women in Korea. Methods: The participants included 88 married immigrant women who applied to educational programs for medical tour coordinators and agreed to participate in the study. Data were collected through self-report questionnaires that were constructed to include scales to measure cultural competence, health promotion behavior, and quality of life. Data were analyzed using ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficients with SPSS/WIN 19.0. Results: Both cultural competence and health promotion behavior were different according to the husband's occupation. There was a positive correlation between cultural competence and quality of life, a positive correlation between health promotion behavior and quality of life, and a positive correlation between health promotion behavior and cultural competence. Conclusion: From a long-term point of view, various programs for married immigrant women should greatly strengthen their cultural competence and help them become genuine members of our society and live an independent life. Developing detailed and active programs for nursing intervention to constitute a healthy lifestyle and improve the quality of life is recommended.

Comparison of Perceived Nurses' Cultural Competence of Nurses and Foreign Patients (간호사의 문화적 역량에 대한 외국인 환자와 병원 간호사의 인식 비교)

  • Lee, Ja-yin;Lee, Hyeonkyeong;Kim, Sue;Jang, Yeonsoo
    • Journal of Korean Clinical Nursing Research
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.267-278
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: This study aimed to examine the differences in Korean nurses' cultural competence perceived by nurses and foreign patients in a general hospital. Methods: The study participants were recruited from outpatient clinics and wards in H General Hospital located in Busan. Cultural competence was measured by the Cultural Competence Scale for Korean Nurses, consisting of 4 subscales: cultural perception, cultural knowledge, cultural sensitivity, and cultural skills. Data were collected from March 31 to April 30, 2014 by distributing and collecting a self-administrated questionnaire set. Data of the 90 foreign patients and 90 nurses were analyzed using PASW statistics 18.0 for independent t-test and ANOVA. Results: The level of cultural competence of Korean nurses perceived by foreign patients was significantly higher than that of nurses. On the cultural awareness dimension, nurses rated themselves more highly than foreign patients did while ratings on the dimensions of cultural knowledge and cultural skill were the opposite. Conclusion: This study indicates that there was a statistically significant difference in the perception of nurses' cultural competence between nurses and foreign patients. The findings can be used for developing education programs to enhance nurses' cultural competence, integrating the perspectives of foreign patients.

Cultural Competence and Influencing Factors of Dental Hygiene Students

  • Han, Ji-Hyoung;Kim, Ki-Eun
    • Journal of dental hygiene science
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.242-249
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the level of cultural competence and its influencing factors among 530 dental hygiene students. The analysis was performed using PASW Statistics ver. 18.0, and the following conclusions were drawn. Cultural knowledge levels showed a significant difference according to general characteristics in four components of cultural competence levels. Cultural competence and its four components were higher in subjects who have a religion (p<0.05). The differences in cultural competence levels according to culture-related characteristics are as follows. In individuals with experience of taking foreign culture-related classes, intention to work overseas, or fluency in a foreign language, cultural competence levels and its four components such as cultural comfort, knowledge, awareness, and behavior intent were higher (p<0.05). Intention of overseas employment was the factor most strongly influencing the level of cultural competence of the subjects. The more intention the subjects have to work overseas, the more they have experienced foreign culture-related lessons, the more fluently they speak a foreign language, and the higher level of cultural competency they reached (p<0.05). As the research results show, it is necessary to establish a continuing plan to understand and communicate with individuals of other cultures through foreign language and foreign culture classes in schools in order to improve the level of cultural competence. This education would reduce the fear and stress that subjects might make a mistake in meeting with people from other cultures, and it could be a preparatory process to actively carry out dental hygiene practice with foreigners.