• Title, Summary, Keyword: CuZn-SOD

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Anaerobic Respiration of Superoxide Dismutase-Deficient Saccharomyces cerevisiae under Oxidative Stress

  • Lee, Sun-Mi;Nam, Doo-Hyun
    • Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering:BBE
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.15-18
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    • 1998
  • The entanol productivity of superoxide dismutase (SOD)-deficient mutants of Saccharo-Myces cerevisiae was examined under the oxidative stress by Paraquat. It was observed that MnSOD-deficient mutant of S. cerevisiae had higher ethanol productivity than wild type or CuZnSOD-deficient yeast both in aerobic and in anaerobic culture condition. Pyruvated dehydrogenase activity decreased by 35% and alcohol dehydrogenase activity increased by 32% were observed in MnSOD-deficient yeast grown aerobically. When generating oxygen radicals by Paraquat, the ehanol productivity was increased by 40% in CuZnSOD-deficient or wild strain, resulting from increased activity of alcohol dehydrogenase and decreased a activity of pyruvate dehydrogenase. However, the addition of ascorbic acid with Paraquat returned the enzyme activities at the level of control. These results imply that SOD-deficiency in yeast strains may cause the metabolic flux to shift into anaerobic ethanol fermentation in order to avoid their oxidative damages by Paraquat.

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Effect of Treadmill Exercise Training on the Expression of PGC-1α, GLUT-1, Tfam Proteins and Antioxydent Ezymes in Brain of STZ-Induced Diabetic Rats (트레드밀 지구성 운동이 streptozotocin으로 유발된 당뇨 흰쥐의 뇌에서 PGC-1α, GLUT-1, Tfam 단백질 및 항산화 효소(Cu, Zn-SOD, Mn-SOD)의 발현량에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Noh-Hwan;Lee, Jin;Jung, Kook-Hyun;Choi, Bong-Am;Jang, Hyung-Chae;Lee, Suk-In;Lee, Dong-Soo;Cho, Joon-Yong
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.435-443
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study is to identify the effects of exercise training [ET, 10~18 m/min (speed), 20~30 min (exercise duration)/a day for 5 day/wk, 6 wk) on PGC-$1{\alpha}$, GLUT-1, Tfam, Cu,Zn-SOD and Mn-SOD proteins in brain of STZ-induced diabetic rats. The male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were single-injected intraperitoneally with 50mg/kg of streptozotocin (STZ) to produce STZ-induced diabetic rats. Rats were divided into 3 experimental groups with 8 rats in each group, as follows: (1) non-STZ group (n=8), (2) STZ-CON group (n=8), (3) STZ-EXE group (n=8). The results of this study suggest that i) serum glucose level was significantly reduced in STZ-EXE group compared with STZ-CON group (p<0.05), ii) PGC-$1{\alpha}$ (p<0.001), mtPGC-$1{\alpha}$ (p<0.001), GLUT-1 (p<0.001), and mtTfam (p<0.001) proteins in brain of STZ-induced diabetic rats were significantly increased in STZ-EXE group compared with STZ-CON group, iii) Cu,Zn-SOD (p<0.001) and Mn-SOD (p<0.01) proteins in the STZ-induced diabetic rats were significantly increased in STZ-EXE group compared with STZ-CON group. In conclusion, the findings of the present study reveal that treadmill exercise training increases brain GLUT-1 protein level possibly through up-regulation of PGC-$1{\alpha}$ and Tfam proteins which represent key regulatory components of stimulation of brain mitochondrial biogenesis. In addition, treadmill exercise training may prevent oxidative stress by up-regulation of Cu,Zn-SOD and Mn-SOD proteins in the STZ-induced diabetic rats.

In Vivo Protein Transduction: Delivery of PEP-1-SOD1 Fusion Protein into Myocardium Efficiently Protects against Ischemic Insult

  • Zhang, You-en;Wang, Jia-ning;Tang, Jun-ming;Guo, Ling-yun;Yang, Jian-ye;Huang, Yong-zhang;Tan, Yan;Fu, Shou-zhi;Kong, Xia;Zheng, Fei
    • Molecules and Cells
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.159-166
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    • 2009
  • Myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury is a medical problem occurring as damage to the myocardium following blood flow restoration after a critical period of coronary occlusion. Oxygen free radicals (OFR) are implicated in reperfusion injury after myocardial ischemia. The antioxidant enzyme, Cu, Zn-superoxide dismutase (Cu, Zn-SOD, also called SOD1) is one of the major means by which cells counteract the deleterious effects of OFR after ischemia. Recently, we reported that a PEP-1-SOD1 fusion protein was efficiently delivered into cultured cells and isolated rat hearts with ischemia-reperfusion injury. In the present study, we investigated the protective effects of the PEP-1-SOD1 fusion protein after ischemic insult. Immunofluorescecnce analysis revealed that the expressed and purified PEP-1-SOD1 fusion protein injected into rat tail veins was efficiently transduced into the myocardium with its native protein structure intact. When injected into Sprague-Dawley rat tail veins, the PEP-1-SOD1 fusion protein significantly attenuated myocardial ischemia-reperfusion damage; characterized by improving cardiac function of the left ventricle, decreasing infarct size, reducing the level of malondialdehyde (MDA), decreasing the release of creatine kinase (CK) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), and relieving cardiomyocyte apoptosis. These results suggest that the biologically active intact forms of PEP-1-SOD1 fusion protein will provide an efficient strategy for therapeutic delivery in various diseases related to SOD1 or to OFR.

Effects of Antioxidant on Reduction of Hindlimb Muscle Atrophy Induced by Cisplatin in Rats (항산화제가 시스플라틴에 의해 유발된 쥐의 뒷다리근 위축 경감에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Jin Il;Choe, Myoung-Ae
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.44 no.4
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    • pp.371-380
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of Cu/Zn SOD on reduction of hindlimb muscular atrophy induced by cisplatin in rats. Methods: Forty-two rats were assigned to three groups; control group, Cisplatin (CDDP) group and cisplatin with Cu/Zn SOD (CDDP-SOD) group. At day 35 hindlimb muscles were dissected. Food intake, activity, withdrawal threshold, muscle weight, and Type I, II fiber cross-sectional area (CSA) of dissected muscles were measured. Relative SOD activity and expression of MHC and phosphorylated Akt, ERK were measured after dissection. Results: Muscle weight and Type I, II fiber CSA of hindlimb muscles in the CDDP group were significantly less than the control group. Muscle weight and Type I, II fiber CSA of hindlimb muscles, food intake, activity, and withdrawal thresholds of the CDDP-SOD group were significantly greater than the CDDP group. There were no significant differences in relative SOD activities of hindlimb muscles between the CDDP-SOD and CDDP groups. MHC expression and phosphorylated Akt, ERK of hindlimb muscles in the CDDP-SOD group were significantly greater than the CDDP group. Conclusion: Cu/Zn SOD attenuates hindlimb muscular atrophy induced by cisplatin through increased food intake and activity. Increment of phosphorylated Akt, ERK may relate to attenuation of hindlimb muscular atrophy.

Characterization of Antioxident Enzymes in the Lung of Rat Exposed to Cigarette Smoke (흡연한 흰쥐 폐조직 항산화효소들의 특성)

  • 이영구;손형옥;임흥빈;이동욱;박준영
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Tobacco Science
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.3-14
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    • 1993
  • Oxidants in environment or cigarette smoke are known to be implicated in the oxidative damages of pulmonary system. Such cellular damages are prevented by the presence of adequate levels of antioxidants in the tissue. In the present study, we investigated the influences of smoking duration and concentration of smoke on lung antioxidant defense in rats. Subchronic exposure of rats to smoke generated from 6 cigarettes per day for 90 days caused the activities of catalase and superoxide dismutase (SOD) to increase. However, glutathione peroxidase (GP-Xase) was not significantly changed. Total sulfhydryl compounds (Total-SH) in the lung homogenates from the rats inhaled with cigarette smoke for 15 days was decreased by 44% , thereafter it was returned to the level of normal rats. On the contrary, when rats were daily exposed to a different concentration of smoke generated from 1 to 20 cigarettes per day for 15 days, the activity of catalase was increased gradually with dose, but total SOD activity was increased only in the rats of low dose groups less than 5 cigarettes. Three types of SOD (one Cu, Zn-SOD with pI 4.9, and two Zn-SOD with pI 4.7 and 7.9)were detected in the lung homogenates and Zn-SOD with pI 4.7 was the major and cigarette-smoke inducible form. These results indicate that the protection of lung against oxidants from cigarette smoke seems to be accomplished by the induction of catalase and SOD, especially a cyanide resistant Zn-SOD with pI 4.f, following the consumption of antioxidants such as GSH in the beginning of inhalation period.

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Modified SOD for Cosmeceuticals

  • Kang, Nae-Gyu;Lim, Jun-Man;Chang, Min-Youl;Park, Sun-Gyoo;Cho, Wan-Goo;Kang, She-Hoon;Park, Soo-Young
    • Proceedings of the SCSK Conference
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    • pp.630-644
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    • 2003
  • A human Cu, Zn-superoxide dismutase (Cu, Zn-SOD) was fused with a Tat PTD of HIV-1 to produce a novel anti-aging ingredient, Tat-SOD for cosmeceuticals. Test of stability and evaluation of transduction efficacy and enzymatic activity suggest Tat-SOD is an effective active ingredient for anti-aging treatment.

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Characterization of Transgenic Tall Fescue Plants Expressing Two Antioxidant Genes in Response to Environmental Stresses (두 가지 항산화유전자를 동시에 발현시킨 형질전환 톨 페스큐 식물체의 환경스트레스에 대한 내성 특성 해명)

  • Lee, Sang-Hoon;Lee, Ki-Won;Kim, Ki-Yong;Choi, Gi-Jun;Seo, Sung;Kwak, Sang-Soo;Kwon, Suk-Yoon;Yun, Dae-Jin;Lee, Byung-Hyun
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.109-116
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    • 2007
  • Environmental stress is the major limiting factor in plant productivity. As an effort to solve the global food and environmental problems using the plant biotechnology, we have developed transgenic tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schreb.) plants via Agrobacterium-mediated gene transfer method. To develop transgenic tall fescue plants with enhanced tolerance to the environmental stresses, both CuZn superoxide dismutase (CuZnSOD) and ascorbate peroxidase (APX) genes were incorporated in a pIG121 binary vector and the both of the genes were controlled separately by an oxidative stress-inducible sweet potato peroxidase 2 (SWPA2) premoter expressed in chloroplasts. Leaf discs of transgenic plants showed 10-30% less damage compared to the wild-type when they exposed to a wide range of environmental stresses including methyl viologen (MV), $H_2O_2$ and heavy metals. In addition, when $200{\mu}M$ MV was sprayed onto the whole plants, transgenic plants showed a significant reduction of visible damage compared to wild-type plants that were almost damaged. These results suggest that over expression of CuZnSOD and APX genes in transgenic plants might be a useful strategy to protect the crops against a wide range of environmental stresses.

Expression of Antioxidant Isoenzyme Genes in Rice under Salt Stress and Effects of Jasmonic Acid and ${\gamma}$-Radiation

  • Kim, Jin-Hong;Chung, Byung-Yeoup;Baek, Myung-Hwa;Wi, Seung-Gon;Yang, Dae-Hwa;Lee, Myung-Chul;Kim, Jae-Sung
    • Journal of Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.48 no.1
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    • pp.1-6
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    • 2005
  • Analysis of chlorophyll (Chl) fluorescence implicated treatment of 40 mM NaCl decreased maximal photochemical efficiency of photosystem II (PSII) (Fv/Fm), actual quantum yield of PSII (${\Phi}_{PSII}$), and photochemical quenching (qP) in rice, but increased non-photochemical quenching (NPQ). Decreases in Fv/Fm, ${\Phi}_{PSII}$, and qP were significantly alleviated by $30\;{\mu}M$ jasmonic acid (JA), while NPQ increase was enhanced. Transcription levels of antioxidant isoenzyme genes were differentially modulated by NaCl treatment. Expression of cCuZn-SOD2 gene increased, while those of cAPXb, CATb, and CATc genes decreased. JA prevented salt-induced decrease of pCuZn-SOD gene expression, but caused greater decrease in mRNA levels of cAPXa and Chl_tAPX genes. Investigation of vacuolar $Na^+/H^+$ exchanger (NHX2) and 1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate synthetase (P5CS) gene expressions revealed transcription level of NHX2 gene was increased by JA, regardless of NaCl presence, while that of P5CS gene slightly increased only in co-presence of JA and NaCl. Unlike JA, ${\gamma}$-radiation rarely affected expressions of antioxidant isoenzyme, NHX2, and P5CS genes, except for increase in mRNA level of Chl_tAPX and decrease in that of pCuZn-SOD. These results demonstrate enhanced salt-tolerance in JA-treated rice seedlings may be partly due to high transcription levels of pCuZn-SOD, NHX2, and P5CS genes under salt stress.

Effects of Dietary Conjugated Linoleic Acid (CLA) on Antioxidant System in the Liver of Chronically Ethanol-Treated Rats (식이에 첨가한 Conjugated Linoleic Acid (CLA)가 만성적으로 알코올을 섭취한 쥐에서 간조직의 항산화 체계에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Se-Na;Kim, Min-Seok;Park, Hyun-Suh
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.40 no.2
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    • pp.105-110
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    • 2007
  • The study was designed to observe antioxidant activities of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) by determining antioxidant enzyme protein levels [cytochrome P4502 El (CYP2E1), Copper, Zinc-superoxide dismutase (CuZn-SOD), glutathione peroxidase (CSH-Px), glutathione S-transferase (GST)] by Western blot analysis and the levels of ${\alpha}$-tocopherol and 2-thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) in the liver of chronically ethanol-treated rats. Sixty Sprague Dawley male rats were divided into 3 groups (Control, EtOH, EtOH+CLA). All rats were fed Lieber-DeCarli liquid diet for 4 weeks by pair-feeding against the EtOH group. The liquid diet was supplemented with 1.77g CLA mixture per kg diet in the EtOH+CLA group. Isocaloric maltose dextrin was added in replace of 50g ethanol (36%kcal) for the Control group. Ethanol ingestion significantly increased the levels of CYP2E1 protein and TBARS, but significantly reduced CuZn-SOD protein level and increased GST protein level. There was no significant effect on the level of GSH-Px protein and ${\alpha}$-tocopherol in the liver by ethanol. CLA supplementation with ethanol significantly increased the levels of CuZn-SOD, GSH-Px and GST and also significantly attenuated TBARS level, whereas there was no significant effect on the levels of CYP2E1 protein and ${\alpha}$-tocopherol by CLA. Overall, the CLA supplemented to ethanol could significantly increase the levels of CuZn-SOD, GSH-Px and GST proteins and reduce the level of TBARS in the liver of chronically ethanol-treated rats.

Comparison of genetic structure of the Cu,Zn superoxide dismutase (SOD1) from Cordyceps militaris, Paecillomyces tenuipes and P.sinensis

  • Park, Nam-Sook;Lee, Sang-Mong;Sohn, Hung-Dae;Jin, Byung-Rae
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Sericultural Science Conference
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    • pp.71-74
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    • 2003
  • Superoxide dismutase (SOD), one of the essential element of the antioxidant defense system, mainly removes $O^{-10}$ $_2$ and also prevents $O^{-10}$ $_2$ mediated reduction of iron and subsequent OH$^{-10}$ generation, which is highly toxic to the organism. Of these SOD enzymes, Cu, Zn-containing SOD (SODI) is an important component of the antioxidant defense system in eucaryotic cells. The SODI enzyme binds one copper and one zinc ion and displays the Greek Key $\beta$-barrel fuld. (omitted)

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