• Title, Summary, Keyword: Cross-cultural

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The Importance of Learning Language and Culture Integration: Focused on TOEIC Reading Comprehension

  • Shin, Myeong-Hee;Lee, Eunpyo
    • English Language & Literature Teaching
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.207-221
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    • 2012
  • This study examines the importance of learning language and cultural integration in general English class focused on TOEIC reading comprehension. The understanding of cultural learning and learners' cultural awareness has long been a subject of debate. This study was not only to analyze the improvement of students' interest and reading comprehension ability of TOEIC through cultural learning, but also to ensure students who learn American culture overcome cross-cultural miscommunication and improve their English reading comprehension skills. Pre-post surveys and the pre-post TOEIC tests were used to measure language proficiency and American cultural knowledge to two groups: the experimental and control group. The results from the study were as follows: First, students had better TOEIC scores with improved motivation after understanding American culture relevant to the lessons. Second, reading comprehension skills with regards to TOEIC also improved, compared with the students who were not exposed to American culture due to lack of opportunity.

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'Viewpoints/ Concerns' on empirical methodologies for Socio/ cultural studies

  • Ashis, Jalote Parmar;Lee, Kun-Pyo
    • Proceedings of the Korea Society of Design Studies Conference
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    • pp.212-213
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    • 2004
  • Since the advent of man there has been a constant struggle to define social pattern, and understand ways of cultural thinking. Every culture has it's own limitations and freedoms, problems and expectations. For centuries now anthropologist, ethnographers have worked on mapping and defining these differences. These findings instigate the designers to formulate new design theories and research methodologies for drafting cultural specific solutions. The question arises 'in a cross cultural application how effective and applicable are the basic research methodologies'? Quoting one such example the 'Privacy' issue seems to be a very strong component in the Japanese culture but is often a deterring factor in allowing the 'home ethnographic study to take place effectively'. However in countries like India similar studies could have a more welcoming reaction owing to the adaptive social culture. Similarly, the high rate of 'Illiteracy' in rural India closes many doors for 'form filling' user surveys. This leads to the scope of research for understanding specific cultural traits that may effect adaptation and re-improvisation of these existing methodologies. Quite often the cultural traits of a country may lead in forming new research methodologies.

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Perceptions and practices of commensality and solo-eating among Korean and Japanese university students: A cross-cultural analysis

  • Cho, Wookyoun;Takeda, Wakako;Oh, Yujin;Aiba, Naomi;Lee, Youngmee
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
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    • v.9 no.5
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    • pp.523-529
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    • 2015
  • BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Commensality, eating together with others, is a major representation of human sociality. In recent time, environments around commensality have changed significantly due to rapid social changes, and the decline of commensality is perceived as a serious concern in many modern societies. This study employs a cross-cultural analysis of university students in two East Asian countries, and examines cross-cultural variations of perceptions and actual practices of commensality and solo-eating. SUBJECTS/METHODS: The analysis was drawn from a free-list survey and a self-administrative questionnaires of university students in urban Korea and Japan. The free-listing survey was conducted with a small cohort to explore common images and meanings of commensality and solo-eating. The self-administrative questionnaire was developed based on the result of the free-list survey, and conducted with a larger cohort to examine reasons and problems of practices and associated behaviors and food intake. RESULTS: We found that Korean subjects tended to show stronger associations between solo-eating and negative emotions while the Japanese subjects expressed mixed emotions towards the practice of solo-eating. In the questionnaire, more Korean students reported they prefer commensality and tend to eat more quantities when they eat commensally. In contrast, more Japanese reported that they do not have preference on commensality and there is no notable difference in food quantities when they eat commensally and alone. Compared to the general Korean cohort finding, more proportion of overweight and obese groups of Korean subjects reported that they tend to eat more when they are alone than normal and underweight groups. This difference was not found in the overweight Japanese subjects. CONCLUSION: Our study revealed cross-cultural variations of perceptions and practices of commensality and solo-eating in a non-western setting.

Acculturation of Oriental Martial Art's Image in Literary Text ('무협' 텍스트의 근대적 변용 - 영화를 통한 문화적 재현에 관한 일고(一考))

  • Kim, Kyung-Seog
    • Cross-Cultural Studies
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    • v.22
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    • pp.29-49
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    • 2011
  • This study is focused on looking into the essence and application in the modem history of 'Martial Art Culture' that is a representative cultural code in the East Asia. Doubting and reconstructing the paradigm of the past and present, Postmodernism in the 21st century has defined marital arts as a new cultural phenomenon. This study begins by doubting whether the essence of martial arts was a cultural conduct to train both bodies and spirits. Practically used as a fighting skill since the primitive age, martial arts has fallen into sports or cultural behaviors due to the invention of the state-of-the-art modern weapons. However modern people misunderstand that martial arts of East Asia is originated a kind of cultural behaviors. It implies there is a fundamental mistake in the wat Western civilization evaluates the orientalism. This study analyzes this mistake through access method based on realities of modern history. This trial will contribute to expanding the thinking range, inquiring into varied cultural phenomena including martial arts which are misunderstood in modern history.

A Comparative Study of Differences in Environmental Awareness and Attitude between Korean and American College Students (한.미 대학생의 환경 인식 및 태도에 대한 비교 연구)

  • 이재영
    • Hwankyungkyoyuk
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.87-95
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    • 2000
  • Despite the perceived significance of cross-cultural studies in environmental education, only few of this kind have been conducted in Korea because of several barriers such as additional communicative, fanancial and administrative efforts. This cross-cultural study was conducted to examine if there were any significant differences in environmental awareness and attitude toward current environmental issues. The results revealed that the American subjects appeared to be more concerned with environmental issues, have higher willingness to act, and have more internalized Locus of Control than the Korean subjects. Similar observations have been reported by Horsley's(1984) study that compared environmental attitudes among students from 10 different countries. This study, however, suggested possibility of alternative interpretations of the results from the perspective of social- and cultural pscyhology.

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Covert Information in Names of Korean Dishes (한국 음식명 중의 비명시적 정보)

  • Maeng, Joo-Oeck
    • Korean Linguistics
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    • v.62
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    • pp.223-261
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    • 2014
  • From the perspective of cross-cultural communication, it can be easily assumed that non-natives may have great difficulty understanding names of Korean dishes with covert information considering that even understanding those with overt information is a demanding task for them. Complex issues raised by cultural and linguistic differences hinder non-natives from having a clear understanding on names of Korean dishes. In order to resolve this problem, this paper focuses on providing clues to overcoming obstacles of cross-cultural communication in understanding names of Korean dishes by presenting issues including following cases:1. Analysis on types of Korean dish names with covert information in comparison to dish names with overt information. 2. Names of dishes made with a single contain covert information regarding a specific cooking and processing method. 3. A particular aspect regarding Korean food culture is that morphemes with a meaning of meat or flesh('gogi', 'sal', 'yook') contained in dish names indicate covert information that the dish is made of 'beef'.

Conscientization and the Discursive Construction of Identity Across cultures: Using Literacy Autobiography as a Reflective and Analytical Tool

  • Pederson, Rod
    • Cross-Cultural Studies
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    • v.20
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    • pp.149-182
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    • 2010
  • This paper reports on an ongoing study that utilizes the literacy autobiographies of 10 Asian and 10 Western graduate students from TESOL Masters programs in Korea and America as data for a cross cultural study on the discursive process of identity formation and the development of critical consciousness (Freire, 2000). While the data suggests similarities and differences between cultures in terms of the effects of education, social relationships, media, and religion, no definitive claims may be made due to the small size of the research corpus. However, analysis of the data revealed that only four of the narratives could be judged as engaging in critical introspection of individual subjects systems of knowledge, values, and beliefs, as opposed to the other narratives that were primarily descriptive of individual personal experiences. As such, this study found that while the willingness and ability to engage in the critical practices which lead to the development of a critical consciousness are similar across cultures, they may be mediated by the literacy practices inscribed in education, media, and other social practices.

The Effect of Gesture during the e-Learning Class on Cross-cultural Learners

  • Shin, Sanggyu
    • Proceedings of the Korea Information Processing Society Conference
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    • pp.313-316
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    • 2018
  • In this paper, the authors reflect on how a lecturer's cross-cultural gestures affect learners from across cultures online and in the field teaching sessions for improving the service when to build an e-Learning system. The study extends to survey the way learners feel about cultural differences during a presentation from the research based on sociolinguistics research. Before starting a full-scale research, a preliminary study has been conducted to base the initial experiment, and analysis these result for main research.

A Cross-Cultural Study on Settlement and Dwelling System for a Theoretical Interpretation of Architecture (정주체계(定住體系)에 관한 비교문화적(比較文化的) 해석(解釋)을 통하여 본 건축이론에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Sang-Hae
    • Journal of architectural history
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.267-281
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    • 1992
  • This study maintains that settlement and dwelling system reflects socio-cultural value of the people to express their image of ideal-life and intrinsic way of life. To demonstrate it, the study is conducted on a cross-cultural perspective. Through the study, it is shown that the character and content of the settlement and dwelling system is largely generated by the result of a choice among possible alternatives, which provides the theoretical base of the settlement and dwelling system.

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'Nobody helps the family.' South Korean Cultural Identity in Bong Joon-ho's The Host (2006)

  • McSweeney, Terence
    • Cross-Cultural Studies
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    • v.20
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    • pp.275-294
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    • 2010
  • This article examines Bong Joon-ho's science fiction/horror film, The Host (2006) and interrogates its depiction of a contemporary South Korean family in crisis. The writer considers the film as a resonant cultural artefact and a manifestation of particularly new-millennial anxieties concerned with the continued involvement of the United States in South Korean affairs, fears of an erosion of traditional family values and mistrust of officious, state endorsed bureaucracy. The Host emerges as a profoundly visceral depiction of an ordinary family set against everyone with no one to turn to except each other.