• Title, Summary, Keyword: Cross-cultural

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Development of International Versions of Pattern Identification Questionnaires using Cross-cultural Translation Methodology: Seven Emotions, Fatigue and Malaise, Phlegm, Food Retension, and Blood Stasis (칠정, 노권, 담음, 식적, 어혈 변증 설문지의 횡문화적 번역 연구)

  • Kim, Hyunho
    • The Journal of the Korean Medicine Diagnostics
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.33-44
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    • 2018
  • Objectives This study aimed to perform a cross-cultural translation of 5 kinds of pattern identification questionnaires from Korean to English: questionnaires for seven emotions, fatigue and malaise, phlegm, food retention, and blood stasis. Methods We followed the strict guideline on the cross-cultural translation of healthcare evaluation tool. Total five stages of study were conducted. First, translations of two individual translators. Second, synthesizing of the two results. Third, two back translations from synthesized version to Korean. Fourth, expert committee reviewed with the original version, synthesized version, back translated versions to make a pre-final version. Last, with the pre-final version, 5 Americans evaluated face validity of the pre-final version. We made a final version after the above-mentioned 5 stages. Result and conclusion International versions of the 5 kinds of pattern identification questionnaires were completed. We can expect this versions are widly used for clinical usage and following academical researches.

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A Cross-Cultural Study on the Effect of Group Discussion in AHP-Group Decision Making for a Car Purchase (AHP 프로그램을 이용한 자동차 구매 의사결정시 그룹토의가 의사결정에 미치는 영향에 관한 이문화 비교 연구)

  • Choe, Pilsung;Zhu, Wen
    • Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.271-281
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    • 2013
  • In the trend toward globalization, cross-cultural teams in organizations are becoming more and more common. In particular, the influence of China and Western Europe on the global economy is getting increased. With this trend, it is important to understand cross-cultural characteristics for group decision making in managerial environments. This study aims at analyzing cross-cultural differences between China and Western Europe in light of the effect of group discussion in group decision making. An experiment simulating a decision of a car purchase was conducted. A total of 48 subjects (24 Chinese and 24 Western Europeans) assigned in decision groups were asked to judge relative importance ratios of nine factors affecting their purchase decisions using the AHP program developed for the experiment. Three dependent variables (consistency, satisfaction, and consensus) were measured. Chinese were slightly more consistent than Western Europeans in discussion-involved group decision making. In terms of decision satisfaction, Western Europeans were more satisfied with discussion-included decisions than discussion-excluded decisions. Chinese, on the contrary, did not show a significant difference. There was no significant difference between two cultures in decision consensus.

Teaching Tolerance in School Education

  • Sasse, Werner
    • Cross-Cultural Studies
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    • v.20
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    • pp.203-210
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    • 2010
  • Tolerance education must be based on the fact that tolerance like democracy cannot be achieved once and for all. Students must learn to constantly watch political and cultural processes for negative developments. Tolerance for others' values and behaviour can be learnt by studying previous historiographical views. The basic attitude to be learnt is repect for other cultures - within one's own culture as well as foreign cultures.

Linking Cultural Intelligence to Satisfaction with Staying in the Host Country and Performance: the Moderating Effect of International Experience (문화지능이 이문화 적응, 해외 체류만족과 직무성과에 미치는 영향: 국제경험의 조절효과)

  • Li, Xin Tian
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.14 no.11
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    • pp.422-429
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    • 2014
  • This study aims to analyze the cultural intelligence and it's relationship with cross-culture adjustment satisfaction, and performance, and then, we prove the moderating role of international experience between cultural intelligence and cross-culture adjustment with staying in the host country. An exploratory pilot study was conducted with a sample of 188 Chinese expatriates working in Korean company in Korea. Then, we proved the moderating role of international experience between cultural intelligence and cross-cultural adjustment. The results of this study have three implications for human resource development. First this study expanded the research of CQ up to the area of empirical investigation. Second, the empirical findings also supported an incremental and predictive validity that CQ increased explained variance of cross-cultural adjustment. Third, the moderating role of international experience in this study showed the importance of both CQ and international experience with staying in the host country.

Evaluating E-Business Models from Cross-Cultural (Korea vs. US) Perspective (e-비즈니스 모델의 국가간 비교 분석에 관한 연구 : 한국과 미국을 중심으로)

  • ;;Don Amoroso
    • Journal of Information Technology Applications and Management
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.83-100
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    • 2004
  • Understanding characteristics of Internet businesses from a cross-cultural perspective could offer valuable insights on developing business strategies and policies. This work is concerned with revealing divergence and convergence of Internet businesses in their financial performance, given organizational conditions and cultural context. For this, we studied the association between static organizational attributes (core activity, origination, firm age, and industry type) and a firms financial performance (gross revenue and net income). Relevant data was gathered from representative Internet firms in Korea and U.S. Data analysis indicated that, besides industry type, overall connection between selected organizational variables and financial performance was weak. Cross-national comparison showed that Korean firms financial performance was comparable to U.S firms during the period of economic turbulence. A noticeable difference was that Korean Internet firms and their business models were more service-oriented than U.S. counterparts.

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A Study on Cross-Cultural Validation of Web-Based User Information Satisfaction (Flow) Measurement Model (웹기반 정보시스템 이용자정보만족도(Flow) 측정모델의 교차문화 검증에 관한 연구)

  • Jung, Jin-Taek
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.157-164
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    • 2008
  • The current research utilized as its target population who are current users of web based information system in Korea. The research validated the dimensions by studying he constructs within the context of the web based information system user population. Correlation was found between Flow dimensions retained as components of a ross-Cultural Model. It was determined that these two dimensions-Intrinsic Interest and Control-are significant predictors of user success. The Cross-Cultural Model was validated, and it is therefore suggested as a basis for further study of user success indicators in he cross-cultural enterprise environment.

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Family Relationship Predictors of Parent-Adolescent Conflict: Cross-Cultural Similarities and Differences

  • Bush, Kevin R.;Peterson, Gary W.;Chung, Grace H.
    • Child Studies in Asia-Pacific Contexts
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.49-68
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of the present study was to examine how dimensions of socialization practice and relationship quality may function to manage or increase parent-adolescent conflict. Of particular concern was to examine the comparative efficacy of potential predictors of parent-adolescent conflict across three cultural groups consisting of samples from Mainland China, Russia, and the U.S. as well as across gender-of-parent/gender-of-adolescent dyads from each culture. Findings from a sample of 1,365 adolescents indicated that adolescents' perceptions of parental influences on parent-adolescent conflict differ across cultural groups and gender-of-adolescent. The use of punitive behavior by parents was the strongest and most consistent predictor of parent-adolescent conflict across all cultural groups and gender dyads, suggesting that a general pattern exists for punitiveness to increase parent-adolescent conflict cross-culturally. Perceptions of support, monitoring, conformity to parents, and autonomy from parents influenced parent-adolescent conflict within some of the cultures and selectively for adolescent boys and girls.

Qualitative Cross-Cultural Study on the Expression and Perception of Digital Images: Focusing on Cultural Schema (디지털 이미지의 표현과 해석 관점에서의 정성적 비교 문화 연구: 문화적 Schema 를 중심으로)

  • Choi, Gi-Woong;Kim, So-Lyung;Kim, Ji-Hyun;Lee, In-Seong;Kim, Jin-Woo
    • 한국HCI학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.1301-1308
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    • 2009
  • In this paper, we conducted cross-cultural studies on digital images, which is an important element of the user interface. We brought in the schema theory to explain the cross-cultural difference in expressing and perceiving digital images. Participant-ethnography, in-depth interview, and card sorting were conducted to explore how expression and perception of image are influenced by schemas. Our results of qualitative studies indicate that there are differences in schemas between cultures depending on the topic of expression and perception. With these results, we suggest globalization and localization strategies of website.

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Qualitative Cross-Cultural Study on the Expression and Perception of Digital Images: Focusing on Cultural Schema

  • Choi, Gi Woong;Kim, Solyung;Kim, Jihyun;Lee, Inseong;Kim, Jinwoo
    • International Journal of Contents
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.78-87
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    • 2012
  • In this paper, we conducted cross-cultural studies on digital images, which is an important element of the user interface. We brought in the schema theory to explain the cross-cultural difference in expressing and perceiving digital images. Participant-ethnography, in-depth interview, and card sorting were conducted to explore how expression and perception of images are influenced by schemas. Our results of qualitative studies indicate that there are differences in schemas between cultures depending on the topic of expression and perception. With these results, we suggest globalization and localization strategies for websites.

Research on Instructional Design Models for Cross-Cultural Collaborative Online Learning (온라인 국제교류 협력학습 설계모형 탐구)

  • Park, SangHoon
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.16 no.10
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    • pp.1-9
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the concepts and types of cross-cultural collaborative online learning that enhance the utilization of advanced ICT in education and contribute to the promotion of educational exchanges between countries, and suggest exchange learning design models necessary for the active introduction. For this study, previous studies related to cross-cultural collaborative online learning were examined. As a result, cross-cultural collaborative online learning is an educational method based on constructivism that explore and construct knowledge by interacting and collaborating with students, teachers, and field experts who are linguistically and culturally heterogeneous based on advanced ICT. The type of cross-cultural collaborative online learning could be divided into synchronous exchange learning centered on remote video classes and asynchronous exchange learning centered on website based tasks. A PPIE learning design model considering the characteristics of each type is presented.