• Title, Summary, Keyword: Cross-country comparison

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Cross-National Effect in the Diffusion of Mobile Communication Service (이동통신서비스 확산에 대한 국가 간 영향)

  • Joo, Young-Jin
    • The Journal of Society for e-Business Studies
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.115-127
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    • 2012
  • The diffusion of the mobile telecommunication service in a country could be affected by the diffusions of the services in her neighbor countries. Previous studies on the diffusions of the telecommunication service among countries have been mainly focussed on the comparison after individual diffusion estimation. However, it would be natural to think the diffusion of the mobile telecommunication service in one country could affect to and be affected by the diffusion of the mobile telecommunication service in her neighbor country. In this study, we have applied the multinational diffusion model to model the crossnational effect in the diffusion of the mobile communication service in China, Korea, U.S., Japan, and Hong Kong. Among these 5 countries China is the latest country to adopt the mobile communication service, and we were interested in whether the diffusion of the mobile communication service in Korea, U.S., Japan, or Hong Kong has affected the diffusion of the mobile communication service in China or not. In our application result, the diffusion of the mobile communication service in China has been affected significantly by those in all of the 4 neighbor countries.

A Study of Cross-Country Comparison of ICT Usage in Family Context (가족적 맥락에서의 ICT 이용에 관한 국가 간 비교 연구)

  • Brady, John T.;Lee, Bohan;Rha, Jong-Youn
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.14 no.8
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    • pp.277-291
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    • 2016
  • This study examined the impact of information and communications technology (ICT) on the sociocultural dimensions of the family by comparing ICT use in Korean, Chinese, and American families. This study investigated attitudes to ICT usage in the family context by country and explored how various consumers use ICT in the family context. The study explored how families can be clustered based on usage. ICT device ownership had differences in the use of ICT services including blogs and video chatting accounts. ICT usage in the family was also similar in all three countries in the study, but the depth of use differed. The cluster analysis indicated that users could be classified into four groups, however the proportion in each group differed by country. This study has implications for understanding ICT ownership and use by families in various countries and indicates that sociocultural elements are important in ICT use.

Cross-Cultural Comparison of Consumer Attitudes toward US Brand Jeans -among Korean and Mexican consumers- (미국산 청바지에 대한 소비자 태도의 비교문화 분석 -한국과 멕시코의 남녀소비자를 대상으로 -)

  • ;Jai-Ok Kim
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.493-501
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    • 1996
  • An understanding of consumers' evaluative processes and the consumer variables that influence cross-cultural evaluations of foreign products is essential to effectively penetrate international markets. This study compared consumers in two developing countries, Korea and Mexico, regarding their product evaluations and purchase intentions for US Levi's jeans. Both Korean and Mexican consumers are generally quality and price conscious. Korean consumers appeared to be more value-conscious than Mexican consumers. Mexican consumers exhibited high level of brand and prestige conscious behavior. Findings in this study support that culture bound consumer characteristics vary from country to country resulting in differences in perception of quality, value and purchase intentions for a particular product. The perception of product quality differs from perception of value and subsequent willingness to buy. For a comprehensive understanding of consumer purchase behavior, the impact of value-conscious attitude on percetion of quality and on purchase intentions should be examined.

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A Cross Country Comparative Study of Key Research Areas Through Analysis of Technology-Fusion Research in the Construction Industry (건설 분야 첨단융합기술 관련 연구 분석을 통한 각 국가별 관심 분야 비교 연구)

  • Son, Hyo-Joo;Kim, Tae-Woo;Kim, Chang-Wan;Kim, Hyoung-Kwan;Han, Seung-H.;Kim, Sang-Bum;Kim, Mun-Kyum
    • Proceedings of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute Conference
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    • pp.361-366
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    • 2007
  • This study reflects on the subjects of tile papers published by Journal of Automation in Construction, which has focused on such fusion-technology research areas in civil engineering as robotics and automation and observed a growing number of papers and extensiveness of participation during the 2000-2006 periods. This paper provides a current perspective on technology-fusion research in civil engineering, as reflected in the journal of Automation in Construction. Journal of Automation in Construction (AIC) is intended to be of interest of industry personnel, government personnel and researcher in Information Technology (IT) and Automation research in civil engineering. This paper is intended to show a cross country comparison of technology-fusion research through analysis of papers. The research results show that there is a need to increase research collaboration between industry and academia, government and academia, and industry and government to advance the construction industry.

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Understanding Post-Crisis Growth of the Korean Economy: Growth Accounting and Cross-Country Regressions (경제위기 이후 한국경제의 성장: 성장회계 및 성장회귀 분석)

  • Hahn, ChinHee;Shin, Sukha
    • KDI Journal of Economic Policy
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.33-70
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    • 2008
  • This paper examines sources of growth of Korea's economy for the period from 1980 to 2005, based on both primal and dual growth accounting methodology employed by Young (1995) and Hsieh (2002). Also, this paper evaluates post-crisis growth performance of Korea, using cross-country comparison of growth accounting results and cross-country regressions. Main results of this paper are as follows. First, the growth slowdown after the crisis has been mainly driven by the slowdown of per worker capital accumulation. By contrast, the estimated TFPG of Korea for the period from 2001 to 2005 seems higher than, or at least roughly comparable to, the estimated TFPG in the pre-crisis period of 1991-1995. In theses respects, there were no substantial differences between the results obtained from primal and dual growth accounting methodology. Second, the cross-country regressions revealthat post-crisis growth slowdown of the Korea's economy can be largely attributed to world growth slowdown (decade effect) and East Asia-specific effects. In particular, it was found that the noticeable decelerationin per worker capital accumulation can be mostly attributed to some unknown factors which commonly affected East Asian countries. Viewed from an international perspective, the lowered post-crisis per worker GDP growth rate, as well as per-worker capital growth, which triggered concerns and debates in varying contexts, still seems respectable. So, the slowdown in capital accumulation is likely to be mainly a story of spectacularly high rate of capital accumulation in the pre-crisis period, not a story of 'weak' investment after the crisis.

A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Academic Attitudes for Gifted Elementary and Middle School Students (청소년기 영재들의 학업 태도에 대한 국제 비교)

  • Moon, Jeong-Hwa;Van Eman, Linnea;Montgomery, Diane
    • Journal of Gifted/Talented Education
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.867-883
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    • 2010
  • Recognizing the importance of motivation, goal orientation, and attitudes toward schools is an important component for educators to consider as they establish positive learning communities for gifted learners. The purpose of this study was to describe attitudes toward school and self relationship to schoolwork for students who are enrolled in the 5th, 6th, and 7th grade, identified as gifted, accelerated in at least one subject (mathematics), and living in Korea or the United States. Comparisons were conducted for country of origin and gender for all subscales on the School Attitude Assessment Survey-Revised (McCoach & Siegle, 2004). Of the 507 participants (278 Korean and 229 American), girls scored higher on the motivation/self-regulation scale than boys and American students scored higher than Korean students on attitudes toward school, academic self perceptions, goal orientation, and motivation. There were no differences by country or gender on attitudes toward teachers.

An Evaluation of Cross-National Information and Communication Technology Practices Using Data Envelopment Analysis and Malmquist Index (국가 정보통신기술의 활용성과 평가: 자료포락분석과 맘퀴스트지수 분석을 중심으로)

  • Yang, Chang Hoon
    • Journal of Technology Innovation
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.41-72
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    • 2013
  • In this study, a comparison has been made among the countries regarding recent ICT practices being performed based on the measures of relative efficiency and productivity growth that use multiple inputs and outputs. Efficiency measures a country's ICT performance relative to a benchmark at a given point of time and productivity measures a country's performance over a period of time. An output-oriented Data Envelopment Analysis and Malmquist Index has been used for comparison among 28 countries over the period 2008-2011 by incorporating 9 variables. The empirical findings disclose gross inefficiencies in national ICT practices, which show that there is room for enhancing output gains through increased efficiency in their operations. In addition, 13 countries have performed better than others in total factor productivity mainly because of their improvement in the underlying technological progress in ICT. For those technically inefficient countries, however, technical inefficiency may hamper the growth of total factor productivity of ICT practices.

Small Business Innovation Research Program in the United States: A Political Review and Implications for East Asian Countries

  • Ryu, Youngbok
    • STI Policy Review
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.54-86
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    • 2015
  • The study examines the U.S. Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program, with a focus on the recent Reauthorization, and compares, in the political context, the U.S. and East Asian countries-Japan, Korea and Taiwan-that adopted the U.S. SBIR program. For the systematic analysis and cross-country comparison, the study employs Kingdon (2003)'s framework-his political theory and Garbage Can Model-to identify political participants and processes underlying the SBIR Reauthorization and to analyze the differences in problem, policy, and politics streams between the U.S. and East Asian countries. For the cross-country comparison, specifically, the study uses various data sources such as OECD, Global Entrepreneurship Monitor, Hofstede's Cultural Dimensions, and World Value Survey. Based on the analysis outcomes, implications of U.S. practices on East Asian countries are extracted as follows. East Asian countries tend to: Have higher entrepreneurial aspiration while lower entrepreneurial activity and attitude than the U.S.; bear higher long term orientation and uncertainty avoidance while lower individualism than the U.S.; and have greater expectations of technology development and higher confidence in political parties while participating less in political action than the U.S. Drawing on the differences, the following policy recommendations are suggested. East Asian countries should: Improve entrepreneurs' access to resources (in particular, financial resource) in order to link their high entrepreneurial aspiration to actual entrepreneurial activities; cultivate failure-tolerating culture and risk-taking entrepreneurs, for instance, by providing a second chance to SBIR-participating businesses that failed to materialize their innovative ideas; and leverage their high expectations of new technology in order to take bold actions regarding their SBIR programs, and update the programs by drawing out constructive dialogues between SBIR stakeholders.

Relationship between Motivations and Performances on the Internet Use: A Multinational Comparative Study-University Students in Canada, the U.S., and S. Korea (인터넷 사용 동기와 성과의 관계 분석: 한국, 미국, 캐나다 3 개국 대학생 비교 연구)

  • John, Yong-Jean
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.69-76
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    • 2011
  • With a concentration on online university student behavior in highly-wired countries of Canada, the US, and South Korea, this study is aimed at identifying and comparing students' perception to the Internet use, willingness to use, and performance from its use. The cross-national comparison unveiled that students in each country did not have a compatible pattern of relationship among perception, intention, and performance. This study also examines the impact of levels of Internet use motivations on users' attitude, intentions to use, and performance. The results of the study help understand the factors affecting the Internet use in three countries and identify the differences in willingness to use and performance from cultural heterogeneity. Implications of the study, limitations, and further research directions are also discussed.

Assessment of Flexibility and Security in Korean Labor Market : An International Comparison (국제비교를 통한 우리나라 노동시장의 유연성 및 안정성 평가)

  • Nam, Min-Ho
    • Journal of Labour Economics
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    • v.41 no.3
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    • pp.129-159
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    • 2018
  • The foremost aim of the paper is to evaluate the flexibility and stability of the Korean labor market through a cross-country comparison with OECD countries. Evaluating by the OECD Employment Protection Legislation Index, the flexibility of permanent job layoff in Korea is close to the average of OECD countries. Employment of temporary workers appears to be relatively flexible allowing for effective indicators such as the proportion of temporary workers among paid employees. As regards security, the levels of job security, income security and combination security are all far below the OECD average. A panel data analysis of OECD countries reveals that labor productivity increases as regulations on permanent job layoff become looser and regulations on temporary employment become more rigorous.

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