• Title/Summary/Keyword: Cropping system

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Effect of the Application of Cattle Slurry on Productivity and Soil Organic Matter of Rye and Rye-Red Clover Mixture (Rye 단작 및 Rye-Red Clover 혼작에서 우분슬러리 시용이 작물의 생산성 및 토양 유기물 함량에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Yeun-Sik;Jung, Min-Woong;Choi, Ki-Choon;Yook, Wan-Bang
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.237-244
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    • 2008
  • This study was conducted to investigate the effects of the cropping system of forage crops and application of cattle slurry on productivity of forage crops and soil fertility. The field experiments were conducted on the silt clay loam at Gongiam, Kwangju, Kyung-gi province in Korea for two years. This study was arranged in split plot design with three replicates. Main plots were the cropping systems, such as single crop and mixed crops. Subplots were the application rate of cattle slurry, such as 0, 150 and 300 kg N/ha. The yields of dry matter (DM) and nitrogen (N) were hardly influenced by the cropping system, whereas DM and N yields enhanced as increasing the rates of cattle slurry application (p<0.05). The contents of crude protein (CP) and total digestible nutrients (TDN) were hardly influenced by the cropping system, whereas CP content increased as increasing the rates of cattle slurry application (p<0.05). TDN was not differentially influenced by cattle slurry application. Neutral detergent fiber (NDF) and acid detergent fiber (ADF) contents were hardly influenced by the cropping system and application of cattle slurry. Organic matter (OM) content in soil samples collected at the end of the experiment were remarkably higher than those in the beginning of the experiment. The OM content of soil was significantly increased by application of cattle slurry (p<0.05).

Long-term Impact of Single Rice Cropping System on SOC Dynamics (동일비료장기연용 논에서 토양유기탄소의 변동)

  • Jung, Won-Kyo;Kim, Sun-Kwan;Yeon, Byung-Yul;Noh, Jae-Seung
    • Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
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    • v.40 no.4
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    • pp.292-297
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    • 2007
  • Global warming and climate changes have been major issues for decades andvarious researches have reported their impact on our environment. According to recent researches, increased carbon dioxide ($CO_2$) concentration in the atmosphere is considered as a dominant contributor to global climate changes and thus numerous researches were conducted to control $CO_2$ concentration in the atmosphere. Soil management practices, such as reducing tillage intensity, returning plant residues, and enhancing cropping system have recommended for restoring organic carbon into the soils effectively. However, few studies on soil carbon sequestration have reported for Korean paddy soils. Therefore, evaluation of soil organic carbon (SOC) dynamics in the long-term single rice cropping system is essential in order to find out potential capacity of paddy field as a carbon sink source. The objective of this research was to evaluate SOC dynamics on the long-term single rice cropping system. Research was conducted in the research farm at National Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology, Rural Development Administration, Suwon. Long-term phosphorus and potassium fertilization and lime application didn't significantly affect on SOC compared to controls. We found that SOC contents were increased continually at the long-term composting plots with enhanced rate of carbon storage. In conclusion, continuous incorporation of plant residues (i.e., composting) is recommended to effectively sequester soil carbon for Korean paddy soils. This result implies that continuous composting in a paddy field may contributenot only for increasing SOC in the soils but also for mitigating global warming through reducing carbon dioxide emission into atmosphere. Therefore, we recommend that a strategy or policy measures to encourage farmers to return plant residues continuously for mitigation of global warming as well as soil fertility is being developed.

Emission of Green House Gases in the Agricultural Environment -1. The Cropping System and Emission of the Green House Gases-CO2, CH4, N2O)-under Different Cropping System (농작물(農作物) 재배환경(栽培環境)과 지구온난화(地球溫暖化) 원인(原因)가스 발생(發生) -1. 답전전환시(畓田轉換時) 작부체계(作付體系)와 지구온난원인기체(地球溫暖原因氣體) -이산화탄소(二酸化炭素), 메탄, 아산화질소(亞酸化窒素)- 발생(發生))

  • Lee, Sang-Kyu;Suh, Jang-Sun
    • Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.49-56
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    • 1993
  • The net flux of global green house gases such as carbon dioxide($CO_2$), methane($CH_4$), and nitrous oxide($N_2O$) emitted from the rotation of paddy-upland soil during growing sesaon under different cropping system was determined. The results obtained were summarized as follows : 1. The net flux of $CO_2$ during the growing season was the highest from continuous cultivation of rice but the lowest from rotation cultivation of rice-soybean. Under the different cropping system the highst emission was from soil of continuous cultivation of rice, but the lowest from converted system. 2. The net emission of methane was the highest from the sold of continuous cultivation of rice, but the flux was remarkably decreased by differing the cropping system. 3. $N_2O$ was emitted greatly from the every two year rotation of potato-chinese cabbage and the next rank was from continuous cultivation of rice, but was decreased notably from rotation cultivation of rice-soybean and potato-chinese cabbage under rotation of paddy-upland cropping system. 4. The ratio of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the soil air was much different with glowing season, the ratio was varied with 4~10 percents for oxygen and 1~22 percents for carbon dioxide. The ratio of carbon dioxide was dozens or hundreds times to that of air, and the variation was very high also. 5. The emission of global green house gases such as carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide was affected by the moisture, temperature and nutrients of soils and the growth period of crops.

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Grazing Utilization of Winter Rye , Sorghum-sudangrass and Oat for Dairy Cattle (호맥.Sorghum-sudangrass 및 연맥 사료작물의 젖소 방목이용에 관한 연구)

  • 김정갑;한민수;김건엽;진현주
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.192-197
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    • 1995
  • This experiment was conducted to evaluate the grazing performance of dairy cattle for winter rye, sorghum-sudangrass hybrid and oat including of rape in Hwa seong-gun, Kyeonggido, from 1993 to 1994. Each crops were utilized from the stage of 8-leaves to late blooming for sorghum-sudangrass, and from final leaves to soft dough for winter rye and oat plant. Under three different cropping system of winter rye-sorghum x sudangrass, spring oat-sorghum X sudangrass-autumn oat, and silage corn-autumn oat, a succeshl hehage production was available for grazing performance from April 26 to December 15, continuously. Annual dry matter yields for grazing allowance were 26.1 tontha in average of all cropping system. Autumn oat rnixtured with rape showed the highest herbage utilization with 91.6% grazing intensity and the lowest in sorghum-sudangrass with a value of 60.6- 69.1 %. Labor investment for herbage production were 805 hour in the cutting management and 339 hour per hectar in the grazing utilization.

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Characteristics of Climate Change in Sowing Period of Winter Crops (최근 동계작물의 파종기간 동안 기후변화 특징)

  • Shim, Kyo Moon;Kim, Yong Seok;Jeong, Myung Pyo;Choi, In Tae
    • Journal of Climate Change Research
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    • v.6 no.3
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    • pp.203-208
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    • 2015
  • This study was conducted to provide the agricultural climatological basic data for the reset of sowing period of the winter crop on the double cropping system with rice. During the past 30 years from 1981 to 2010, mean air temperature has risen by $0.45^{\circ}C$ per 10 years (with statistical significance), while precipitation has decreased by 6.74 mm per 10 years and the numbers of days for precipitation has reduced by 0.23 days per 10 years (with no statistical significance) in the sowing period ($1^{st}$ Oct. to $5^{th}$ Nov.) of winter crop. It was analyzed that double cropping system of rice and winter crops need to be reset in the way of delaying the sowing time of winter crops, because rising trend of temperature was clear while variability of precipitation was great and the trend was not clear in the sowing period of winter crops. We have also analyzed the meteorological features of the sowing period of winter crops in 2014, and found that mean air temperature in 2014 was higher than that in normal years (similar to recent temperature change feature) while precipitation in 2014 was much more frequent than that in normal years (unlike recent precipitation features). Such tendency in 2014 made the sowing of winter crops difficult because mechanical sowing could not be worked in flooded paddy fields. Heavy rain in October 2014 was also analyzed as a rare phenomenon.

Effect of Winter Crop Cultivation on Soil Organic Carbon and Physico-chemical Properties Under Different Rice-forage Cropping Systems in Paddy Soil

  • Yun, Sun-Gang;Lee, Chang-Hoon;Ko, Byong-Gu;Park, Seong-Jin;Kim, Myung-Sook;Kim, Ki-Yong
    • Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
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    • v.49 no.4
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    • pp.335-340
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    • 2016
  • Soil organic carbon plays an important role on soil physico-chemical properties and crop yields in paddy soil. However, there is little information on the soil organic carbon under different forage cultivation during winter season in rice paddy. In this study, we investigated the soil organic carbon and physico-chemical properties in 87 fields of paddy soil cultivated with Barley, rye, and Italian ryegrass (IRG) as animal feedstock during winter season. Organic carbon was 12.9, 14.3, and $16.9g\;C\;kg^{-1}$ in soil with barley, rye, and IRG cultivation, respectively. Among rice-forage cultivation systems, the rice+IRG cropping system was 19.5% higher than in the mono-rice cultivation. Bulk density ranged from 1.17 to $1.28g\;cm^{-3}$ irrespective of cropping systems, and had strongly negative correlation with the soil organic carbon in the rice+IRG cropping system. Carbon storage in rice+IRG cropping systems was average $29.6Mg\;ha^{-1}$ at 15 cm of soil depth, which was 20.4 and 10.3% higher than those of barley and rye cultivation. Increasing carbon storage in paddy soil contributed to the fertility for following rice cultivation. This results indicated that IRG cultivation during winter season could be an alternative and promising way to enhance soil organic carbon content and fertility of paddy soil.

Effect of Cattle-Manure Application on Soil Chemical Properties and Crop Yields in Rice-Forage Cropping System

  • Lee, Yejin;Yun, Hong-Bae;Sung, Jwa-Kyung;Ha, Sang-Keun;Song, Yo-Sung;Sonn, Yeon-Kyu;Lee, Deog-Bae
    • Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
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    • v.47 no.6
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    • pp.553-557
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    • 2014
  • The steady increase in livestock industry has greatly required the stable production of food and forage crops. As an alternative, rice-forage cropping system has been attempted in several southern areas. The present study was performed to understand whether an application of cattle-manure compost affects soil chemical properties and crop productivity in rice-forage cropping system, rice ${\rightarrow}$ summer oat ${\rightarrow}$ rye, in Jangheong county, south Jeolla province from 2013 to 2014. Treatments was composed of control (no compost), CM1 (compost application before rice transplanting), and CM2 (two-times compost application, before rice transplanting and after rice harvest), and inorganic fertilizers (N, P, and K) were equally dressed in all plots. Yields of rice were not significantly different between treatments, however, oat production was 1.25-fold higher in CM1 and CM2. Nutrient uptake amounts of rye were higher in CM2 than CM1 and control. Total nitrogen in soil was maintained stable level during crop cultivation. And soil organic matter contents in all treatments were increased by crop residue. Available P_2O_5$ and exchangeable K were increased by cattle manure application. Therefore, it suggested that the amount of nutrient by forage crop residue should be considered in rice-forage multiple cultivation.