• 제목, 요약, 키워드: Cropping system

검색결과 505건 처리시간 0.037초

Changes of Soil Properties and Temperature by Green Manure under Rice-based Cropping System

  • Jeon, Weon-Tai;Kim, Min-Tae;Seong, Ki-Yeong;Lee, Jong-Ki;Oh, In-Seok;Park, Sung-Tae
    • 한국작물학회지
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    • v.53 no.4
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    • pp.413-416
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    • 2008
  • The cultivation of green manure crop is considered as a good management practice by increasing soil organic matter and fertility levels. This experiment was conducted to improve the soil environment under rice-based cropping system at paddy soil (fine loamy, mixed, nonacid, mesic, family of Aeric Fluventic Haplaquepts) in National Institute of Crop Science (NICS), Korea in 2006 to 2007. The variation of soil temperature in green manure plots was lower than without green manure (control) during spring season (April to May). The temperature variation of no tillage plot (broadcast before rice harvest) was the lowest among treatments. After green manure cropping, the soil bulk density and porosity ratio were improved at the top soil. The production of green manure was the highest athairy vetch and barley mixture plot by partial tillage. However, mixture treatment had no improvement on soil organic matter. After rice cropping with green manure application, soil quality was improved such as soil physical properties except mixture treatment. Therefore, we suggest that soil quality should be improved by green manure cultivation under rice-based cropping system.

풋땅콩 작부체계와 수확 후 잔존 유기물의 친환경적 효과 (Cropping Systems for Vegetable Peanut and Environmental Effect of Residue Incorporation in Soil)

  • 김정태;배석복;박향미;윤을수;김민태;최진용
    • 한국작물학회지
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    • v.48 no.6
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    • pp.452-459
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    • 2003
  • 땅콩의 완전종실생산을 위해서는 150-180일의 생육기간이 소요되나 풋땅콩용으로 출하하면 총생육일수를 20-30일 정도 단축할 수 있을 뿐만 아니라 수확후 지상부 잔존유기물도 많이 남게 된다. 땅콩재배기간 단축에 따른 풋땅콩-무, 보리, 마늘과의 relay-cropping system에서 수확후 잔존 유기물의 토양환원 유무에 따른 각 작물들의 생육과 토양의 이화학성, 미생물상의 변화양상에 관한 기초자료를 얻어 남부지역 풋땅콩 안정생산기술을 확립하고자 수행한 시험결과를 요약하면 다음과 같다. 1. 작부체계별 시험후 토양경도는 풋땅콩 단작에서 가장 높았고, 토양 공 극율은 풋땅콩 단작 대비무, 보리, 마늘과 2모작 작부체계 처리에서 높 았으며 수확후 잔존유기물을 환원하였을 때 더욱 높아졌다. 2. 단작의 풋땅콩은 보리, 마늘과 2모작 작부체계상에서 재배된 풋땅콩에 비하여 도복 및 병 발생이 심하였다. 작부체계별 풋땅콩 수량은 단작에 비하여 풋땅콩-보리 및 풋땅콩-마늘 작부체계에서 증수하였으나, 유기 물 환원에 따른 수량 차이는 없었다. 3. 풋땅콩 후작의 마늘과 보리의 수량은 유기물 환원에 의하여 증대되었다. 4. C/N율이 높은 보리짚의 토양 환원에서 질소무기량이 증가하였고, 풋땅콩-보리와 풋땅콩-마늘의 작부체계에서 Pseudomonas spp.균 및 Trichoderma spp.균의 밀도가 높아져 풋땅콩의 친환경 작부체계로 추정되었다

영.호남 작부체계의 바이오에너지용 신품종 도입시 경제적 가치 비교분석 (The Comparative Analysis for the Economic Value of the Southern Part Cropping System Introducing New Bio-energy Crops.)

  • 김충실;이현근
    • 한국유기농업학회지
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.1-17
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    • 2009
  • The production of bio-energy crops is a major research project in the emphasizing the "low carbon green growth" strategy. For this, the possibility of the introduction of the new energy crops improve the agricultural income from fanning must be diagnosed. This study describes the level of agricultural income per unit area by cropping system based on the income of crops in the field. Especially, we have chosen the southern part attracting the attention in the possible area of the bio-energy crop production. This study consists of five chapters. Chapter I is the introduction. Chapter II is on the status of the southern part cropping system and the analysis of the economic value. Chapter III is on the economic value analysis introducing new bio-energy crops. Chapter IV is on the comparative analysis for the economic value of the croping system introducing new bio-energy crops. Chapter V is the conclusion.

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Yield and Nitrogen Uptake of Corn in Corn after Soybean Cropping

  • Seo, Jong-Ho;Lee, Ho-Jin;Lee, Jin-Wook
    • 한국작물학회지
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    • v.46 no.4
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    • pp.266-271
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    • 2001
  • Soybean can produce high-N residue due to N-fixation, so soybean rotation may increase yield of subsequent corn and reduce N fertilizer on the corn fairly. To find out the contribution of nitrogen to subsequent corn following soybean cultivation, soil nitrate, corn yield, and nitrogen uptake were measured for three continuous corn cropping years after soybean rotation. Three N rates of 0, 80, and 160 kg/ha were applied to three continuous corn following soybean cropping. At 6-leaf stage, soil nitrate amount at the soil depth of 0-30cm ranged from 60 to 80 kgN/ha higher in the first corn cropping year than that in the second and third corn cropping years. Judging from corn N status such as SPAD value, N concentration of ear-leaf and stover at silking stage, N contribution of previous soybean to corn in the first corn year was N fertilizer of approximately 80 kg N/ha. Stover N uptake at silking stage increased from 47 to 52 kg N/ha at the 0, and 80 kg N/ha of N rates in the first corn cropping year compared with those in the second and third corn cropping years. Corn grain yield at the 0 kg N/ha of N rate was 6-7 ton/ha higher in the first corn cropping year than that in the second and third corn cropping years, respectively. When compared the first corn year following soybean cropping with the second and third corn cropping years, N uptake of grain and stover at harvest with low N rates such as 0 and 80 kg N/ha increased from 45 to 67kg N/ha, from 35 to 60 kg N/ha, respectively. N uptake of whole plant by soybean rotation increased from 93 to 118 kg N/ha in the first year compared with that in the second and third corn cropping years. However, the N contribution by soybean cropping was small in the second and third continuous corn cropping years. Therefore, it was concluded that the nitrogen fertilizer of 80-100 kg N/ha in the first corn cropping year could be saved by soybean rotation and annual alternative corn-soybean rotation could be the best rotation system.

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자운영 환원답의 벼 품종간 생육특성과 수량에 관한 연구 (Growth Characteristics of Six Rice Cultivars under Rice-Chinese Milk Vetch (Astragalus sinicus L.) Cropping System)

  • 이병진;안종웅;황동용;오성환;김준환;김상열;구연충;최진룡
    • 한국작물학회지
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    • v.51 no.spc1
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    • pp.84-91
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    • 2006
  • 자운영답에서 벼의 생육특성 등을 조사하여 벼-자운영 작부체계에 적합한 품종의 생리생태적 특성을 구명하고자 영남농업연구소 답작 포장에서 실시한 시험결과를 요약하면 다음과 같다. 1. 자운영 재배답은 무재배답에 비해 이앙 후 환원장애에 의한 초기 활착이 떨어졌으나, 풍미벼, 소비벼, 화영벼가 초장 및 개체군생장률 감소가 적은 편이었다. 2. 부위별 질소함량은 자운영 재배답이 무재배답에 비해 높았고, 반대로 질소흡수량은 단위면적당 건물중이 높았던 자운영 무재배답에서 높았다. 3. 자운영 재배답이 무재배답에 비해 수량이 낮았던 원인은 단위면적당 수수가 적었기 때문이다. 4. 수량에 영향을 미친 수량구성요소로써 자운영 재배답에서는 단위면적당 영화수가, 자운영 무재배답에서는 등숙율이 크게 작용하였다. 5. 쌀의 완전미율과 단백질 함량은 자운영 재배답이 자운영 무재배답에 비해 높게 나타났으며, 식미값은 유의적인 차이가 인정되지 않았다.

Performance of Mixed Cropping of Barley and Hairy Vetch as Green Manure Crops for Following Corn Production

  • Shim, Kang Bo;Kim, Min Tae;Kim, Sung Gook;Jung, Kun Ho;Jeon, Weon Tai;Shin, Su Hyun;Lee, Jae Un;Lee, Jong Ki;Kwon, Young Up
    • 한국환경농학회지
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    • v.37 no.3
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    • pp.160-165
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    • 2018
  • BACKGROUND: Mixed cropping of legume and grass was effective system in view point of providing organic matter and nitrogen or reducing the nitrogen starvation of following crop. The relation of the change of N and P constituents depending on the cropping types and those effects on the growth and nutrient uptake of the following crop were observed. METHODS AND RESULTS: Three cropping types, hairy vetch mono cropping, barley mono cropping, and mixed cropping of hairy vetch and barley were applied. Soil properties, growth characteristics, and nitrogen production of green manure crops were observed. In additions, the effect of cropping types on the growth pattern of corn as the following crop was observed. In the mixed cropping system, creeping type hairy vetch climbed to the erect type barely for light utilization resulting in improvement of light interception rate and higher LAI (Leaf Area Index) than in mono cropping. Mixed cropping showed higher biomass production and soil nitrogen availability among the cropping types, indicating relatively much more nutrient supply and higher yield production of following crop. CONCLUSION: Mixed cropping showed relatively higher LAI (dry matter) mainly because of intense competition for light utilization usually after flowering stage. Mixed cropping also showed relatively higher yield of corn, the following crop rather than other types, mainly due to the more biomass production potential and higher N and P production ability. Therefore, mixed cropping was adaptable method to reduce or replace chemical fertilizer application for environmentally-friendly agriculture.

Correlation between Cultivation Environment, Cropping System, and Quality Elements of Cut Flower and in Dendranthema grandiflorum 'Jinba'

  • Roh, Yong Seung;Kim, In Kyung;Yoo, Yong Kweon
    • 인간식물환경학회지
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.329-339
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    • 2017
  • This study was conducted to analyze the correlation between cultivation environment, cropping system, and the quality of cut flower in autumn-winter season chrysanthemum'Jinba', and to suggest the cultivation factors that can improve the quality of cut flower. It was examined for cultivation environment such as average day and night temperature, average day and night relative humidity, average day and night vapor pressure deficit (VPD), and integrated solar radiation of 4 farms planted in mid-October. Also, it was surveyed for cropping system such as cutting condition, growth period, irrigation method, soil chemical properties. Chrysanthemum 'Jinba' was harvested in order to investigate the quality of cutting of four farms, and then growth, chlorophyll content, and vase life of cut flowers were investigated. Based on these data, it was analyzed for the correlation between cultivation environment, cropping system, and quality of cut flower elements. In correlation between cultivation environment and quality of cut flower, the average night temperature showed a negative correlation with the growth of cut flower, and it was no correlation with other environmental factors. The vase life showed a negative correlation with the average day and night temperature and VPD, and a most positive correlation with the average day and night humidity. In correlation between cropping system and quality of cut flower, the cutting length, period of vegetative growth, daily irrigation amount, and total irrigation amount showed a less positive correlation, and leaf number of cutting and soil pH showed a most positive correlation with growth of cut flower. On the other hand, soil EC showed a less negative correlation, and days to flowering after light out showed a most negative correlation with growth of cut flower. The vase life of cut flower was not correlated with the cropping system factors.

작부형태가 보리의 토양전염성 Bymovirus 발생과 매개균(Polymyxa graminis)의 밀도 변화에 미치는 영향 (Effect of Cropping System on Disease Incidence by Soil-borne Bymovirus in Barley and on Density of the Vector, Polymyxa graminis)

  • 박종철;노태환;김미정;이상복;박철수;강천식;이정준;김태수
    • 식물병연구
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.115-120
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    • 2010
  • 보리바이러스 발생 상습 논에서 관행(벼+보리)과 콩+보리의 작부체계가 보리의 바이러스병 발생과 수량에 미치는 영향을 5개년간 조사하였고, 윤작과 바이러스 매개균(Polymyxa graminis)의 밀도 변화를 검정하였다. 보리 감염 바이러스 종류를 검정한 결과 Barley yellow mosaic virus(BaYMV)와 Barley mild mosaic virus(BaMMV)가 혼합감염 되어 나타났다. 발병정도는 관행에서는 4년차를 제외하고는 7~9로 조사되었다. 반면 콩+보리 연작이나 3년 동안 휴경한 경우는 발병정도가 7정도로 관행과 비슷한 결과를 보였다. 콩+벼 작부체계 중에서 보리를 1년 또는 2년(1년/2년) 휴경하면서 콩을 재배한 경우 발병정도가 중 정도(5)로 감소하는 결과를 보였다. 작부형태에 따른 BaYMV와 BaMMV의 매개균인 P. graminis의 보리 뿌리와 토양 중 밀도 변화를 조사하였다. 보리를 1년 휴경한 처리에서 보리 뿌리와 토양 중 매개균의 밀도가 가장 낮아졌다. 콩을 재배하면서 보리를 1년 휴경한 처리에서 5년차에는 관행에 비해 초장은 비슷하였으나, 경수는 158개/$m^2$ 많아 생육이 좋은 결과를 보였다. 콩과 보리를 연작하거나 3년간 보리와 콩을 재배하지 않고 휴경한 경우에는 관행에 비해 초장이나 경수 등 생육이 저조한 결과를 보였다. 수확기에 간장 등 수량 구성요소가 관행에 비해 보리+콩의 윤작처리에서 좋은 경향을 보여 콩과의 윤작 처리가 수량에도 영향을 미친 것으로 나타났다. 간장은 보리를 1년/2년 휴경한 처리에서 5년차에 관행과 보리+콩 연작 처리에 비해 1.3~2.8 cm 컸고, 수수도 36~90개/$m^2$ 많게 조사되었다. 그러나 콩+보리 연작이나 3년간 휴경한 처리에서는 관행에 비해 낮게 조사되었다. 수량성에서도 보리를 1년/2년 휴경한 처리에서는 3년차, 4년차, 5년차에서 모두 관행에 비해 수량이 많아지는 결과를 보였다.

작부체계를 고려한 새만금유역의 토양유실량 추정 (Estimating Soil Losses from Saemangeum Watershed based on Cropping Systems)

  • 이은정;조영경;박승우;김학관
    • 한국농공학회논문집
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    • v.48 no.6
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    • pp.101-112
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    • 2006
  • A Geographic Information System (GIS) was developed to estimate basin-wide soil losses using the Universal Soil Loss Equation (USLE). It was applied to estimate the annual average soil losses from the Saemangeum watershed. The USLE factors for each subarea of uniform land use and treatments were estimated from the GIS routines from digital topographic maps, land cover and detailed soil maps. A routine was developed to estimate the averaged cropping management factors (C) of USLE for multi-cropping farmlands, based on cropping system records from the district offices. The resulting C factors ranged from 0.28 to 0.35 for multi-cropping areas. The estimated annual average soil loss was approximately 2.9 million tonnes. Typical soil losses from different land uses were 0.8 t/ha at paddies, 33.7 t/ha at uplands and 1.1 t/ha from forested mountains. It was also found that 6.0% of the arable land of the watershed possessed high risks of soil losses, and conservation measures were needed to reduce soil losses.