• Title, Summary, Keyword: Criticality

Search Result 287, Processing Time 0.034 seconds

Probabilistic Performance Evaluation Technique for Mixed-criticality Scheduling with Task-level Criticality-mode (작업별 중요도 모드를 적용한 혼합 중요도 스케줄링에서 확률적 성능 평가 기법)

  • Lee, Jaewoo
    • The Journal of Society for e-Business Studies
    • /
    • v.23 no.3
    • /
    • pp.1-12
    • /
    • 2018
  • Mixed-criticality systems consist of components with different criticality. Recently, components are categorized depending on criticality by ISO 26262 standard and DO-178B standard in automotive and avionic domain. Existing mixed-criticality system research achieved efficient and safe scheduling through system-level criticality mode. The drawback of these approaches is performance degradation of low-criticality tasks on high-criticality mode. Task-level criticality mode is one method to address the problem and improve the performance of low-critical tasks. In this paper, we propose probabilistic performance metric for the approach. In simulation results with probabilistic performance metric, we showed that our approach has better performance than the existing approaches.

Design and development of enhanced criticality alarm system for nuclear applications

  • Srinivas Reddy, Padi;Kumar, R. Amudhu Ramesh;Mathews, M. Geo;Amarendra, G.
    • Nuclear Engineering and Technology
    • /
    • v.50 no.5
    • /
    • pp.690-697
    • /
    • 2018
  • Criticality alarm systems (CASs) are mandatory in nuclear plants for prompt alarm in the event of any criticality incident. False criticality alarms are not desirable as they create a panic environment for radiation workers. The present article describes the design enhancement of the CAS at each stage and provides maximum availability, preventing false criticality alarms. The failure mode and effect analysis are carried out on each element of a CAS. Based on the analysis, additional hardware circuits are developed for early fault detection. Two different methods are developed, one method for channel loop functionality test and another method for dose alarm test using electronic transient pulse. The design enhancement made for the external systems that are integrated with a CAS includes the power supply, criticality evacuation hooter circuit, radiation data acquisition system along with selection of different soft alarm set points, and centralized electronic test facility. The CAS incorporating all improvements are assembled, installed, tested, and validated along with rigorous surveillance procedures in a nuclear plant for a period of 18,000 h.

Comparison of first criticality prediction and experiment of the Jordan research and training reactor (JRTR)

  • Kim, Kyung-O.;Jun, Byung Jin;Lee, Byungchul;Park, Sang-Jun;Roh, Gyuhong
    • Nuclear Engineering and Technology
    • /
    • v.52 no.1
    • /
    • pp.14-18
    • /
    • 2020
  • Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute (KAERI) has carried out various neutronics experiments in the commissioning stage of the Jordan Research and Training Reactor (JRTR), and this paper introduces the results of first criticality prediction and experiment for the JRTR. The Monte Carlo Code for Advanced Reactor Design and analysis (McCARD) with the ENDF/B-VII.0 nuclear library was used for prediction calculations in the process of the first criticality approach, which was performed to provide reference for the first criticality experiment. In the experiment, fuel loading was carried out by measuring the inverse multiplication factor (1/M) to predict the number of fuel assemblies at the first criticality, and the first critical was reached on April 25, 2016. Comparing the first criticality prediction and experiment, the calculated and measured CAR (Control Absorber Rod) heights for the first criticality were 575 mm and 570.5 mm, respectively, that is, the difference between the two results was approximately 5 mm. From this result, it was confirmed that JRTR manufacturing and various experiments had successfully progressed as designed.

CRITICALITY SAFETY OF GEOLOGIC DISPOSAL FOR HIGH-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTES

  • Ahn, Joon-Hong
    • Nuclear Engineering and Technology
    • /
    • v.38 no.6
    • /
    • pp.489-504
    • /
    • 2006
  • A review has been made for the previous studies on safety of a geologic repository for high-level radioactive wastes (HLW) related to autocatalytic criticality phenomena with positive reactivity feedback. Neutronic studies on geometric and materials configuration consisting of rock, water and thermally fissile materials and the radionuclide migration and accumulation studies were performed previously for the Yucca Mountain Repository and a hypothetical water-saturated repository for vitrified HLW. In either case, it was concluded that it would be highly unlikely for an autocatalytic criticality event to happen at a geologic repository. Remaining scenarios can be avoided by careful selection of a repository site, engineered-barrier design and conditioning of solidified HLW. Thus, criticality safety should be properly addressed in regulations and site selection criteria. The models developed for radiological safety assessment to obtain conservatively overestimated exposure dose rates to the public may not be used directly for the criticality safety assessment, where accumulated fissile materials mass needs to be conservatively overestimated. The models for criticality safety also require more careful treatment of geometry and heterogeneity in transport paths because a minimum critical mass is sensitive to geometry of fissile materials accumulation.

Analysis of the criticality of the shipping cask(KSC-7) (KSC-7 사용후핵연료 수송용기 핵임계해석)

  • Yoon, Jung-Hyun;Choi, Jong-Rak;Kwak, Eun-Ho;Lee, Heung-Young;Chung, Sung-Whan
    • Journal of Radiation Protection and Research
    • /
    • v.18 no.2
    • /
    • pp.47-59
    • /
    • 1993
  • The criticality of the shipping cask(KSC-7) for transportion of 7PWR spent fuel assemblies has been calculated and analysised on the basis of neutron transport theory. For criticality analysis, effects of the rod pitches, the fixed neutron absorbers(borated sus+boral) were considered. The effective multiplication factor has been calculated by KENO-Va, Mote Carlo method computer code, with the HANSEN-ROACH 16 group cross section set, which was made for personal computer system. The criticality for the KSC-7 cask was calculated in terms of the fresh fuel which was conservative for the aspects of nuclear critility. From the results of criticality analysis, the calculated Keff is proved to be lower than subcritical limit during normal transportation and under hypothetical accident condition. The maximum calculated criticalities of the KSC-7 were lower the safety criticality limit 1.0 recommended by US 10CFR71 both under normal and hypothetical accident condition. Also, to verify the KSC-7 criticality calculation results by using KENO-Va, it was carried out benchmark calculation with experimental data of B & W(Bobcock and Wilcox) company. From the 3s series of calculation of the KSC-7 cask and benchmark calculation, the cask was safely designed in nuclear criticality, respectively.

  • PDF

Failure Modes and Effects Analysis for Electric Power Installations of D University (D대학 수변전설비의 고장모드 영향 분석)

  • Park, Young Ho;Kim, Doo-Hyun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
    • /
    • v.31 no.5
    • /
    • pp.7-15
    • /
    • 2016
  • The purpose of this paper is to carry out Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (FMEA) and use criticality in order to determine risk priority number of the components of electric power installations in Engineering college building of D university. In risk priority number, GROUP A had 7 failure modes; more specifically, Transfomer had 4 modes, Filter(C)(1 mode), LA(1 mode), and CB(MCCB)(1 mode), and thus 4 components had failure modes. In terms of criticality, high-grade group a total of 16 failure modes, and 7 components-LA(1 mode), CB(MCCB)(1 mode), MOF(2 modes), PT(1 mode), Transformer(7 modes), Cable(3 modes), and Filter(C)(1 mode)-had failure modes. Comparison of risk priority number and criticality was made. The components which had high risk priority number and high criticality were Transformer, Filter(C), LA, and CB(MCCB). The components which had high criticality were MOF and cable. In particular, Transformer(RPN: 4 modes, Criticality: 7 modes) was chosen as an intensive management component.

Schedulability Analysis for Task Migration under Multiple Mixed-Criticality Systems (멀티 혼합 중요도 시스템에서 태스크 마이그레이션의 스케줄가능성 분석)

  • Baik, Jeanseong;Kang, Kyungtae
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Computer Information Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.7-8
    • /
    • 2019
  • In this paper, we applied the migration technique to real-time tasks that have relatively low criticality but still important to be dropped by the mixed-criticality scheduling algorithms. The proposed drop and migrate algorithm analyzes the schedulability by calculating CPU utilization and response time of using task migration. We provide analysis to guarantee the deadline of LO-tasks, by transforming the response time equation specified with migration time. The transformed response time equation was able to analyze the migration schedulability. This algorithm can be used with various mixed-criticality schedulers as a supplementary method. We expect this algorithm will be used for scheduling LO-tasks such as communication task that requires safety guarantee especially in platooning and autonomous driving by utilizing the advantages of multiple node connectivities.

  • PDF

Analysis of the Dietitian's Job description in the school (영양사 직무기술서 (2000년) 의 영양사 직무영역별 특성 분석 3 : 학교)

  • Mun, Hyeon-Gyeong;Jang, Yeong-Ju
    • Journal of the Korean Dietetic Association
    • /
    • v.8 no.2
    • /
    • pp.143-153
    • /
    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study was to verify the dietitian’s job description(2000) for dietitians working at schools. The survey was carried out for the frequency, criticality and difficulty of each job description with 4 point scales. The number of subject was 125 dietitians, who have been working over 3 years at their position. The results are following ; 1. Duties with high frequency and criticality were menu managements, purchasing, storage and inventory controls, food productions, meal services, managing equipments and facility, waste managements, sanitation managements and self promotions. 2. Duties with middle frequency and high criticality were human resources managements and financial managements. 3. Duties with low frequency and high criticality were nutrition assessment (life cycles, certain diseases, specific condition), medical nutritional theraphy, nutrition education and public health nutrition. 4. For difficulty, duties related food service had lower points than that of nutrition service.

  • PDF

Analysis of the Dietitian's Job description in the business and industry foodservice (영양사 직무기술서 (2000 년) 의 영양사 직무영역별 특성 분석 I : 사업체)

  • Mun, Hyeon-Gyeong;Jang, Yeong-Ju
    • Journal of the Korean Dietetic Association
    • /
    • v.8 no.2
    • /
    • pp.121-131
    • /
    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study was to verify the dietitian’s job description(2000) for dietitians working at business and industry foodservice. The survey was carried out for the frequency, criticality and difficulty of each job description with 4 point. The number of subject was 39 dietitians, who have been working over 3 years at their position. The results are following ; 1. Duties with high frequency and criticality were menu managements, purchasing, storage and inventory controls, food productions, meal services, waste managements and sanitation managements. 2. Duties with middle frequency and high criticality were managing equipments and facility, human resources managements, financial managements, self promotions. 3. Duties with low frequency and high criticality were nutrition assessment (life cycles, certain diseases, specific conditions), medical nutritional theraphy, nutrition education and public health nutrition. 4. For difficulty, duties related food service had lower points than that of nutrition service.

  • PDF

Analysis of the Dietitian's Job description in the hospital (영양사 직무기술서 (2000년) 의 영양사 직무영역별 특성 분석 2 : 병원)

  • Mun, Hyeon-Gyeong;Jang, Yeong-Ju
    • Journal of the Korean Dietetic Association
    • /
    • v.8 no.2
    • /
    • pp.132-142
    • /
    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study was to verify the dietitian’s job description(2000) for dietitians working at hospitals. The survey was carried out for the frequency, criticality and difficulty of each job description with 4 point scales. The subject was 62 dietitians, who have been working over 3 years at their position. The results are following ; 1. Duties with high frequency and criticality were menu managements, food productions, meal services and self promotions. 2. Duties with middle frequency and high criticality in food service area were purchasing, storage and inventory controls, waste managements, sanitation managements, managing equipments and facility, human resources managements and financial managements. 3. Duties with middle frequency and high criticality in nutrition service area were nutrition assessment (life cycles, certain diseases, specific condition), medical nutritional theraphy and nutrition education. 4. For difficulty, duties related nutrition service had higher points than that of food service.

  • PDF