• Title, Summary, Keyword: Critical thinking disposition

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Relationship between Critical Thinking Disposition and Problem Solving Ability of Nursing Students (3년제 간호학생의 비판적 사고성향과 문제해결능력과의 관계)

  • Yang, Hae-Ju
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.14 no.12
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    • pp.6387-6394
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    • 2013
  • This study examined the relationship between the critical thinking disposition and problem solving ability as well as the influencing factors the problem solving ability in nursing students. The data was collected from 422 nursing students of 4 colleges and analyzed using the SPSS/WIN 18.0 program. The mean score of the critical thinking disposition was $3.42{\pm}0.42$ and the problem solving ability was $3.84{\pm}0.50$. A significant positive correlation was observed between the critical thinking disposition and problem solving ability. Multiple regression analysis showed that the predictors of the problem solving ability were the critical thinking disposition and interpersonal relationship. These findings suggest that there is a need to increase the critical thinking disposition and problem solving ability in nursing students. These results should be reflected in an evaluation and development of the curriculum and learning method.

A Correlation Study on Self-Efficacy, Disposition to Critical Thinking and Nursing Competency of New Nurses (신규간호사의 기본간호 업무에 대한 자기효능감과 비판적 사고성향 및 간호실무능력간의 상관성 연구)

  • Song, Young-Shin
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.56-63
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify self-efficacy, disposition to critical thinking and level of nursing competency in new nurses and to exam the correlation among these variables. Method: The sample was composed of 286 new nurses who had worked at E hospital for 1 year. Descriptive and correlation analysis using the SPSS program were used to analyze the data. Results: The mean score for self-efficacy was 67.10, disposition to critical thinking, 3.01 and nursing competency, 3.02. There were significant differences in scores for 3 variables between nurses with College degrees and nurses with Baccalaureate degrees. There was a significant positive correlation between disposition to critical thinking and nursing competency scores. Conclusion: Further study of the various components that influence nursing competency is necessary. Also based on the disposition to critical thinking, there is a need to develop education programs to strengthen curiosity and other related variables. The results of this study confirmed the necessity of developing a clinical model of nursing competency ability.

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Factors Influencing Nurses' Clinical Decision Making - Focusing on Critical Thinking Disposition - (간호사의 임상 의사결정능력 영향 요인 - 비판적 사고 성향을 중심으로 -)

  • Park, Seung-Mi;Kwon, In-Gak
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.37 no.6
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    • pp.863-871
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    • 2007
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the factors influencing nurses' clinical decision making focusing on critical thinking disposition. Methods: The subjects of this study consisted of 505 nurses working at one of the general hospitals located in Seoul. Data was collected by a self-administered questionnaire between December 2006 and January 2007. Data was analyzed by one way ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficients, and stepwise multiple regression using SPSS Win 14.0. Results: The mean scores of critical thinking disposition and clinical decision making were 99.10 and 134.32 respectively. Clinical decision making scores were significantly higher in groups under continuing education, with a master or higher degree, with clinical experience more than 5 years, or with experts. Critical thinking disposition and its subscales have a significant correlation with clinical decision making. Intellectual eagerness/curiosity, prudence, clinical experience, intellectual honesty, self-confidence, and healthy skepticism were important factors influencing clinical decision making(adjusted $R^2=33%$). Conclusion: Results of this study suggest that various strategies such as retaining experienced nurses, encouraging them to continue with education and enhancing critical thinking disposition are warranted for development of clinical decision making.

The Study of critical thinking disposition, clinical competence, and satisfaction of clinical practice in nursing students (간호학생의 비판적 사고 성향과 임상수행능력 및 임상실습만족도에 관한 연구)

  • Yang, Jin Ju
    • The Journal of the Convergence on Culture Technology
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.443-449
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify critical thinking disposition, clinical performance, and satisfaction of clinical practice in a college nursing students. Methods: The data were collected from self reported questionnaires about clinical performance, and critical thinking disposition given to 55 nursing students at June, 2017. Results: The mean score of total clinical performance was 3.70 (${\pm}.54$). Total critical thinking disposition was 3.57 (${\pm}.44$) and clinical satisfaction was 3.93 (${\pm}.72$). Regarding clinical performance, psycho-social competence was highest followed by basic care competence, educational care competence, nursing process competence, observing and monitoring competence, and nursing intervention competence. Critical thinking disposition had a significant positive correlation with clinical competence. Conclusion: Results of this study suggest that developing various clinical education and teaching learning methods for clinical competence is necessary to promote critical thinking disposition of nursing students.

The Effects of the Experience of Media Education and the Media Literacy on Critical Thinking Disposition (미디어 교육 경험과 미디어 리터러시가 비판적 사고 성향에 미치는 영향 : 중고등학생의 사례를 중심으로)

  • Lee, Wonsup
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.14 no.10
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    • pp.795-809
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    • 2014
  • The aim of this study is to confirm the effect of the experience of media education and the media literacy, the ability to understand and use media rightly. In the research results in this study, the experience of media education has a positive effect on the critical thinking disposition. Especially, the experience of media education in school influences all constituents of the critical thinking disposition positively and the experience of media education in home also does the constituents except for only truth-seeking positively. The industrial motivation, one of factors of the media literacy, has influence on all constituents of the critical thinking disposition, and the technical use ability, one of them, does the constituents except for systematicity. And inquisitiveness, objectivity, systematicity, and self-confidence of the critical thinking disposition are affected by the self-expression of the media literacy. The media audience factor has open-mindness, systematicity, and self-confidence of the disposition, and the media language factor does truth-seeking, open-mindness, and objectivity.

The effects of Flipped Learning Method on a college student's self directed learning ability, critical thinking disposition, learning motivation, and learning satisfaction (플립러닝 학습법이 대학생의 자기 주도적 학습능력, 비판적 사고성향, 학습 동기, 학습 만족도에 미치는 효과)

  • Jung, Hyo-kyung;Lee, Seung-Hee
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Dental Technology
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    • v.39 no.3
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    • pp.171-177
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: The purpose of the study is to analyze the effects that Flipped Learning Method has on a college student's self directed learning ability, critical thinking disposition, learning motivation, and learning satisfaction, and determine its effectiveness as a new pedagogical approach. Methods: The survey was conducted on dental technology students. The collected data was analyzed by the statistical program SPSS 21.0. The results were analyzed by reliability, frequency, t-test. To test for significance on each item, p<0.05 has been decided as a standard. Results: According to the analysis, the student who attended a class that utilized Flipped Learning Method was found to have higher levels of self directed learning ability, critical thinking disposition, learning motivation, and learning satisfaction than a student who attended a class that did not utilize such a method. Conclusion: The study results show that, in order to enhance students' self directed learning ability, critical thinking disposition, learning motivation, and learning satisfaction and to improve the quality of class instruction, it may be necessary that Flipped Learning Method be adopted more widely and recommended more strongly. Such changes will promote a long term improvement in educational environments and play a major role in strengthening students' abilities.

The Effects of Team-Based Learning on Problem Solving Ability, Critical Thinking Disposition and Self-Directed Learning in Undergraduate Nursing Students (팀기반학습(Team-Based Learning)이 간호학생의 문제해결능력과 비판적사고 및 자기주도학습에 미치는 효과)

  • Choi, Kyung Ock;Park, Young Mi
    • Journal of East-West Nursing Research
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.154-159
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of team-based learning (TBL) program on problem solving ability, critical thinking disposition and self-directed learning in junior nursing students caring for patients with respiratory diseases. Methods: One-group pretest-posttest design was used. TBL program was carried out for 2 hours a week for 6 weeks. Data were collected by questionnaires from 167 nursing students from March 6 to June 5, 2013. Data were analyzed by paired t-test and Pearson correlation coefficient. Results: At the completion of TBL program, significant improvement was found in problem solving ability (t=-6.04, p<.001), critical thinking disposition (t=5.02, p<.001) and self-directed learning (t=5.96, p<.001). There was a significant positive correlation among problem solving ability, critical thinking disposition and self-directed learning. Conclusion: In conclusion, TBL is a useful teaching and learning method on nursing students. We suggest that it is needed to measure the educational effects of TBL against other teaching methods in the future studies.

Relationship of Clinical Nurses' Task Complexity, Critical Thinking Disposition and Intuition (임상간호사의 업무의 복잡성, 비판적 사고 성향 및 직관의 관계)

  • Park, Min kyung;Shin, Hwa jin
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.20 no.8
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    • pp.66-74
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze work complexity, critical thinking disposition, and the degree of intuition for nurse practitioners and determine the associations among the variables. 150 nurses at hospitals and general hospitals in D City participated in this study and data collection was performed from June 15 to July 8, 2017. The data were processed by using SPSS WIN 24.0 to estimate the mean, standard deviation and Pearson's correlation coefficient and perform one-way ANOVA. They scored $2.33{\pm}.45$ for work complexity, $3.58{\pm}.36$ for critical thinking disposition, and $2.69{\pm}.52$ for intuition. Work complexity differed significantly by age (F=4.55, p=.012), education (F=11.61, p=<.001), department (F=26.69, p=<.001), and clinical career (F=4.30, p=.006) among their general characteristics. Critical thinking disposition differed significantly by education (F=5.25, p=.006) and position (F=5.35, p=.006) and differed statistically insignificantly by intuition. Work complexity was positively correlated with critical thinking disposition (r=.323, p=<.001) and intuition (r=.201, p=.013) and no significant correlation was found between critical thinking disposition and intuition (r=.033, p=.685). On the basis of these results, it is necessary to develop education and programs that can allow nurses who regard nursing work as complex to improve their critical thinking disposition and intuition.

Critical Thinking Disposition and Problem-Solving Ability of Dental Hygiene Students (치위생과 학생의 비판적 사고 성향과 문제해결능력)

  • Kim, Ji-Hee;Sung, Hee-Kyung;Kim, Hye-Jin
    • Journal of dental hygiene science
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.356-363
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    • 2014
  • This study attempts to measure the critical thinking disposition and problem-solving ability levels of dental hygiene students and to investigate their correlation. A self-administered survey was conducted with respect to dental hygiene students from three-year colleges in Busan, Ulsan and the Gyeongsangbuk-do region between April 2013 and May 2013. A total of 649 surveys were subject to a final analysis. Critical thinking disposition of the dental hygiene students resulted in a score of 3.20 out of a total of 5.0. Freshmen, students with high academic performance results, students with good interpersonal relations, students with a high level of satisfaction regarding major subject and clinical training and students with no clinical training experience showed a high score for critical thinking disposition. Problem-solving ability of the dental hygiene students resulted in a score of 3.06 out of a total of 5.0. Students with high academic performance results, students with good interpersonal relations and students with a high level of satisfaction regarding major subject and clinical training showed a high score for problem-solving ability. It was found that critical thinking disposition and problem-solving ability had a pure correlation. The critical thinking disposition appeared to problem solving, interpersonal relations, major factors affect satisfaction, was a critical thinking disposition, academic factors affect the ability to problem solve. Regarding education for dental hygiene students, the reinforcement of training to increase critical thinking and problem-solving abilities is necessary and the development of an educational curriculum and change in educational environment that can increase interpersonal skills and communication skills is necessary.

Critical Thinking Disposition and Problem Solving Ability in Nursing Students (간호대학생의 비판적 사고성향과 문제해결능력)

  • Yang, Seung-Ae
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.389-398
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: This study was done to identify the relationship between critical thinking disposition and problem solving ability in nursing students, thereby providing basic data for nursing education. Method: A convenience sample was drawn from 161 nursing students. Data were collected from June 2008 to October 2008. Instruments used in the study were the California Critical Thinking Disposition Inventory (CCTDI) developed by Facione & Facione (1992) and the Problem Solving Inventory (PSI) developed by Heppner & Petersen (1982). The collected data were analyzed using t-test, ANOVA, Scheffe' test, Pearson correlation coefficients and multiple regression with SPSS 12.0. Results: The total mean score for CCTDI was 278.41 and PSI was 119.23. For general characteristics, there were statistically significant differences in CCTDI according to satisfaction with nursing majors (F=6.29, p=.00) and PSI according to academic achievement (F=3.45, p=.02) and marital status (t=2.43, p=.02). A statistically significant negative correlation was found between CCTDI and PSI. Critical thinking self-confidence, Analyticity and Inquisitiveness were significant predictors of PSI. Conclusion: The findings of this study indicate that critical thinking disposition influences problem solving ability. Therefore, the findings provide significant basic data for nursing education and nursing practice.