• Title, Summary, Keyword: Criteria pollutant

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Evaluation of Regression Models with various Criteria and Optimization Methods for Pollutant Load Estimations (다양한 평가 지표와 최적화 기법을 통한 오염부하 산정 회귀 모형 평가)

  • Kim, Jonggun;Lim, Kyoung Jae;Park, Youn Shik
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • pp.448-448
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    • 2018
  • In this study, the regression models (Load ESTimator and eight-parameter model) were evaluated to estimate instantaneous pollutant loads under various criteria and optimization methods. As shown in the results, LOADEST commonly used in interpolating pollutant loads could not necessarily provide the best results with the automatic selected regression model. It is inferred that the various regression models in LOADEST need to be considered to find the best solution based on the characteristics of watersheds applied. The recently developed eight-parameter model integrated with Genetic Algorithm (GA) and Gradient Descent Method (GDM) were also compared with LOADEST indicating that the eight-parameter model performed better than LOADEST, but it showed different behaviors in calibration and validation. The eight-parameter model with GDM could reproduce the nitrogen loads properly outside of calibration period (validation). Furthermore, the accuracy and precision of model estimations were evaluated using various criteria (e.g., $R^2$ and gradient and constant of linear regression line). The results showed higher precisions with the $R^2$ values closed to 1.0 in LOADEST and better accuracy with the constants (in linear regression line) closed to 0.0 in the eight-parameter model with GDM. In hence, based on these finding we recommend that users need to evaluate the regression models under various criteria and calibration methods to provide the more accurate and precise results for pollutant load estimations.

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Water quality management of Jeiu Harbor using material cycle model(II) - Characteristics of water quality in Jeiu harbor and the estimation of pollutant loadings - (물질순환모델을 이용한 제주항의 수질관리(II) - 제주항의 수질 특성과 오염부하량 산정 -)

  • 조은일;강기봉
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.299-306
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the characteristics of water quality in Jeju harbor and to estimate pollutant loadings discharged into Jeju Harbor. To know characteristics of water quality in Jeju harbor, and pollutant loadings of Sanzi river, we have investigated from August, 2000 to May, 2001. The results showed that the concentrations of COD, DIN and DIP were in the range of 1.00∼4.85 mg/L (mean 2.15 mg/L), 2.14∼74.0 $\mu\textrm{g}$-at/L(mean 12.20 $\mu\textrm{g}$-at/L) and 0.52∼4.00 $\mu\textrm{g}$-at/L(mean 1.18 $\mu\textrm{g}$-at/L), respectively. These values were under III class of seawater quality criteria. The ratio of nitrogen to phosphorus was lower than 16 except for Station 1 in Jeju harbor. Therefore, nitrogen was playing an important role in phytoplankton growth as limiting factor in Jeju harbor. The mean values of eutrophication index were exceeding 1, which was the eutrophication criteria. The results of estimating pollutant loadings at Sanzi river are 0.30 ton/day for COD, 300 kg/day for DIN and 18.0 kg/day for DIP, respectively.

Water quality management of Jeiu Harbor using material cycle model(III) - Quantitative Management of Pollutant Loadings - (물질순환모델을 이용한 제주항의 수질관리(III) - 오염부하의 정량적 관리 -)

  • 조은일;강기봉
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.307-317
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    • 2003
  • In this study, the material cycle model was applied to suggest alternative management of water quality for Jeju Harbor. The distribution of COD, DIN (dissolved inorganic nitrogen) and DIP (dissolved inorganic phosphorus) concentrations was reasonably reproduced by simulations on the model area of the Jeju Harbor using a material cycle model. The simulations of COD, DIN and DIP concentrations were performed under the conditions of 20∼100% pollution loadings reductions from pollution sources. In case of the 100% reduction of the input loads from Sanzi river, concentrations of COD, DM and DIP were reduced to 39%, 78% and 52%, respectively at Jeju harbor. In contrast, in case of the pollutant loadings reductions from sediment, the effect of DIN and DIP reduction relatively seemed to increase around the center of study area. The 95% reduction of the pollutant loadings from river and sediment is required to meet the COD and nutrients concentration of second grade of ocean water quality criteria.

Dynamic EMCs and Optimum Treatment Criteria for Stormwater Runoff of a Railway Station (철로 역사 건설에 따른 강우 유출수내 비점오염물질의 동적 EMCs 및 처리방안 연구)

  • Lim Kyeong-Ho;Kim Kee-Dong;Lee Byung-Sik;Kim Lee-Hyung
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.308-313
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    • 2005
  • In order to successfully propel the stormwater management program, administration plan of stormwater management is enacted in Spring, 2005. Hereafter, in a newly developing area such as a railway station, the best management practices should be established to control the nonpoint pollutant. Construction of a railway station means the increasing of imperviousness rate and lots of nonpoint pollutant emissions during rainfall. Therefore this research was performed to determine the pollutant EMC and to suggest the possible best management practice for treating nonpoint pollutants from a railway station. The $95\%$ confidence intervals of pollutant EMC were ranged to 69.4-115.2mg/L for TSS, 132.7-190.4mg/L for COD, 5.4-15.1ug/L for Oil & Grease, 4.9-12.4mg/L for TKN and 568.4-620.1ug/L for TP. The first flush criteria was ranged to 5-10mm accumulated rainfall using dynamic EMCs, Also laboratory reactor testing was performed. It shows that Zeolite media is useful for removing the washed-off pollutants from a railway station, especially for metal ions.

Performance of ISC model-Predicting short-term concentrations around waste incinerator plant (ISC모델의 적용성 평가 - 소각장 주변지역의 단기농도예측)

  • 정상진
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.12 no.7
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    • pp.809-816
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    • 2003
  • The short-term version of Industrial Source Complex Model(ISCST3) was evaluated for estimating short-term concentrations using criteria pollutant(SO$_2$, NO$_2$, CO, PM10) data from emission inventory of Young Tong area in Suwon for the year 2002. The contribution of pollutant concentration from point, line, area sources was found 21.8, 76.5 and 1.6%. Statistical parameters, such as correlation coefficient, index of agreement(IA), normalized mean square error(NMSE) and fractional bias(FB) were calculated for each pollutants. The model performance were found good for PM10(82%) and NO$_2$(69%), but poor for SO$_2$(34%) and CO(13%).

Analysis of the Present State of Air Pollutant Emission Data for the Greater Seoul Area (서울.수도권 지역 주요 대기오염물질 배출원 자료 현황 분석)

  • 김진영;김영성;김용표
    • Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment
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    • v.15 no.6
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    • pp.813-826
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    • 1999
  • To understand the present status of air pollutant emission data for the greater Seoul area, existing air pollutant emission data were analyzed and compared. For the criteria pollutants, estimation methods of emissions from point, line, and area sources adopted in the previous studies were analyzed and their results were compared. Two sets of VOC emission estimation were also compared and analyzed. There exists a large discrepancy among previous emission data due to the differences in the scope of emission sources and the estimation method including emission factors employed in each estimation. Applications of previous air pollutant emission studies for air quality modeling and related problems were discussed.

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The Delineation of Water-Pollutant Buffering Zone for Sustaining Better Drinking Water Quality Using a GIS (GIS를 이용한 상수원 보호를 위한 수변구역 지정에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Kye-Hyun;Yoon, Ho-Seok;Kwon, Woo-Suk
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.239-248
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    • 2000
  • The aggravating water quality from the expansion of industrialization along with increasing population lead to develop more intensive physical measures to secure better drinking water quality. This study was mainly initiated to establish a water-pollutant buffering zone for the upper stream basin of Paldang--the major source area of drinking water for the metropolitan Seoul and suburban areas with a population more than 13 million. Two different criteria were considered in determining the buffering distance from the edge of the streamflow : 1km-width buffer zone for the special protection area which has been strictly controlled by the conventional laws for the protection of drinking water supply, and 500m-width buffer zone for the rest of the area. To delineate the exact boundaries of the water-pollutant buffering zone, GIS database was created integrating topography, hydrography, cadastral, and other related layers. The newly designated water-pollutant buffering zone would contribute to improve the water quality in a long term along with the conservation of the wet land. More study, however, should be made within the water-pollutant buffering zone such as the detailed survey of the pollutants, vegetation, and ecosystem for more effective management of the buffering zone.

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Characteristics of Pollutant Loads and Water Quality in Kwangyang Bay, Korea

  • Lee Dae-In;Park Chung-Kil;Cho Hyeon-Seo
    • Fisheries and aquatic sciences
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    • v.6 no.3
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    • pp.149-154
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    • 2003
  • The characteristics of pollutant loads from the various sources and seawater quality in Kwangyang Bay were evaluated. Total flow rate was estimated to be $10,868,066.8 m^3/day$ with a flow rate of R2l (the Seomjin River) as the highest one. Total COD, TN and TP loads of the input rivers and the ditches were about 27,591.8, 25,029.6 and 586.4 kg/day, respectively. Wastewater discharging loads was the greatest contributors to pollutant loads in the inner part of Kwangyang Bay. COD values in the inner part of the bay was over 3.0 mg/L, which exceeded the seawater quality criteria III of Korea. The average values of DIN and DIP were 8.62 ${\mu}gN/L\;and\;1.26\;{\mu}gP/L$, respectively. The limiting factor for algal growth was DIN. In he total discharging loads of the watershed from unit loading estimations, BOD, TN and TP were 9,132.3, 2,727.2 and 304.2 kg/day, respectively. In addition, municipal sewage by the population as pollution sources and the city of Kwangyang as administrative district had the highest loads. For a appropriate water quality recovery of Kwangyang Bay, it is suggested that it is essential to estimate reduction rate of total pollutant loads by water quality modeling.

Application of Water Quality Management System of Freshwater Lake

  • Kim, Sun-Joo;Kim, Phil-Shik;Lee, Joo-Young
    • Magazine of the Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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    • v.45 no.7
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    • pp.38-48
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    • 2003
  • Lake water quality assessment information is useful to anyone involved in lake management, from lake owners to lake associations. It provides lake water quality criteria, which can improve the ways how to manage out lake resources and how to measure current conditions. It also provides a knowledge base so that the lakes can be protected and restored. Here, the Freshwater Lake Water Quality Management System(FLAQUM) was developed. The results of FLAQUM application by scenario proved that pollutant load at rainfall by the nonpoint sources was much more than normal times at rainfall. From the result of Scenario I (pollutant source increase case), the concentrations of Boryeong freshwater lake were BOD 9.43mg/L, T-N 4.53 mg/L and T-P 0.21 mg/L, respectively, and those values exceed the standard of agricultural water. And in case of Scenario I and II(the present case) excluding Scenario III (pollutant source decrease case), all of T-N and T-P are either mesotrophication or eutrophication, on the other hand when 60% of pollution source is removed, the concentrations of Scenario III were BOD 3.21 mg/L, T-N 0.95 mg/L, T-P 0.11 mg/L, respectively, and which satisfies the standard of agricultural water quality.

Status of the Copper as a Priority Water Pollutant and Management in Korea (특정수질유해물질 구리(Cu)의 수계에서의 현황 및 관리방향)

  • Kim, Youngchul
    • Journal of Korean Society on Water Environment
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.440-447
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    • 2007
  • This paper is dealing with recent hot issues related with copper toxicity and its criteria, which was caused by a new government policy relocating some industries discharging priority-water quality pollutants from the watershed of Han River to other regions. Author is not interested in arguments between two sides of anti- and pro-policy but would like to go over status of copper pollution and its management and regulatory policy in Korea. From the data of published Research Journals and Reports, it can be concluded that copper is very common metal not only in the effluent from publically owned wastewater treatment plants, but also as a non-point source pollutant in the rainfall runoff. In addition, there have been very few studies personal interests, not by National Fund Basis. In order to enforce a new regulation, national-wide macro and micro-mass balance work of heavy metals should be performed in advance. In particular, background concentration and measurement errors have to be clearly defined before a new standard or criteria is established. The new standard has to be acceptable in terms of the best available technology and cost.